See Editorial Page
Cloudy, windy, colder;
chance of flurries
Vol. LXXXI, No. 78
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Sunday, December 6, 1970
By CHUCK WILBUR
Campus police F r i d a y sealed up the
English department of Fresno State College
with metal plates and bolts and stationed
officers on the building's roof following the
ouster of a professor as head of the depart-
ment. Nine other faculty members were dis-
missed from the school earlier this week.
Police refused to explain their actions.
The campus experienced three days of
protest rallies and a $1 million firebombing
at its computer center last spring after
eight members of the ethnic studies faculty
Dr. Eugene Zumwalt, who was ousted as
chairman of the English department, des-
cribed the police action as "an armed in-
vasion" which he felt was only one example
of the college's misuse of police power on
campus. Zumwalt said he saw no justifica-
tion for the measures taken by the police.
Referring to the college administration,
Zumwalt said yesterday, "We are dealing
with very frightened and unstable men who
have a history of this kind of action."
According to Zumwalt, twenty to thirty
faculty members have been fired in the past
year for political reasons. He described the
firings as a "political purge, an attempt to
wipe out opposition of any kind," on the
part of the administration.
Zumwalt, a liberal, has been an outspoken
critic of the administration. Despite his
strong criticism he has been described as
measured and soft-spoken.
Questioned about the closing of the Eng-
lish department and Zumwalt's removal, col-
lege information director Curt Turk said
yesterday, "The college has no official com-
Zumwatt said he could see "little reason
for welding metal plates on office doors
because. there was nothing much inside ex-
cept routine records and mailboxes for the
department's 33 professors."
Officers bolted entrances to the depart-
ment, shut windows and metal plates, and
communicated from the roof via walkie
talkies. They said all locks would be changed
and the building guarded by patrols. Zum-
walt was banned from any further admin-
istrative functions but remains as a teacher
because of tenure.
The professors from various departments
dismissed starting Tuesday includes Ran-
dall Mabey and Everett Frost, who addressed
anticollege administration rallies at which
See FRESNO, Page 8
Protest condemns Soviet action
Demonstrators in Chicago yesterday burn a Russian flag in front of the Chicago Civic
Center. The flag burning was a protest of Soviet action in seizing a Lithuanian sailor
who had jumped ship and requested asylum in the United States earlier in the week.
COST SET AT $415,850
Cross returns home
Surrounded by security (above), James Cross, British trade commissioner to Montreal,
leaves the hospital in Montreal yesterday morning. He is reunited (below) with his wife
Barbara (right) and daughter Susan at London airport, after being held captive six
weeks by Quebec Liberation Front terrorists.
'U' students, workers
ask boycott on lettuce
Irish jail 11
in hunt for
DUBLIN, Ireland (P) - Irish detectives,
backed by emergency powers allowing in-
ternment without trial, seized 11 men yes-
terday in a widening hunt for underground
terrorists suspected of hatching a kidnap
plot against the Dublin government.
While a puzzled Irish public awaited de-
tails of an alleged conspiracy outlined yes-
terday by Prime Minister Jack Lynch, police
increased guards on the homes and offices
of foreign diplomats and top government
In Britain, a special police "Irish Squad"
tightened surveillance of Irish extremists be-
lieved planning raids on British military
armories and weapons factories.
An Irish citizen held in a British j a i I
emerged as a key figure behind Lynch's un-
expected decision to revive parts of a 1940
law giving the government power to intern
citizens without trial.
Authorities were not talking but unof-
ficial sources said Irish radicals had threat-
ened to rob banks and kidnap or kill top
public officials if Britain extradites Patrick
Francis Keane to face murder and robbery
charges in Ireland.
Keane, 32, is accused of killing an Irish
policeman during an armed bank holdup
in Dublin last April. His appeal against ex-
tradition will be heard in January by the
House of Lords, Britain's highest court.
As usual in Irish upheavals, the outlawed
Irish Republican Army was involved. The
IRA, a splintered paramilitary group dedi-
cated to revolution and ending British rule
in neighboring Northern Ireland, said four
of its men were among the 11 detained in
An IRA spokesman said the four were re-
leased after two hours of questioning. There
was no word on the fate of the o t'h e r
seven, seized in a house near Dublin air-
The government made no statement on
the arrests. A similar policy of official si-
lence was maintained when internment pow-
ers were invoked during a wave of IRA
attacks 10 years ago.
Lynch said Friday the government had
received information about "a secret armed
conspiracy in the country." He appeared to
brandish internment as a warning to ex-
tremists, saying the governmet would use its
powers "unless this threat is removed."
Internment centers were reported being
prepared, including a military detention
camp outside Dublin near the Curragh, Ire-
land's biggest horse race track.
Liam Cosgrove, leader of the opposition to
Lynch's Fianna Fail party, said he would
demand that the government explain its
internment plans in Parliament Wednesday.
Brendan Corish said the Labor party he
leads is unalterably opposed to detention
Students at University College in Dublin
picketed Fianne Fail offices to protest the
"introduction of a police state."
The Irish Independent said the prime
minister's move "may herald a s e c o n d
national crisis within seven months" and
a spokesman for one radical group comment-
ed: "If Mr. Lynch opens his concentration
camps, we will have them closed again inside
a month, at whatever cost."
Powers of internment- were last used in
Ireland in 1957-62 during an IRA cam-
paign along the border with northern Ire-
land. Scores of IRA suspects were held then
at the internment camp.
By CHRIS PARKS
Ann Arbor may soon become the second
city in the United States to possess a "Dial-
Dial-A-Bus is a variable route, mini-bus
service, developed by the Ford Motor Com-
pany and the Massachusetts Institute of
The city's application for $208,000 to help
fund the project is presently awaiting ap-
proval by the State of Michigan.
The rest of the money will come from 'City
Council, which has pledged $16,000, and from
various organizations that have agreed to
donate equipment and technical assistance.
The initial revenues from the system are
also being counted upon to help meet the
total cost of the project, set at $415,850.
City director of Parking and Traffic En-
gineering John Robbins says the city is also
exploring the possibility of getting federal
assistance for the project. The assistance
would come in the form of grants for the
purchase of capital equipment such as com-
puters and communication equipment.
Robbins says that although buses would
still "go from point A to point B" they
would be able to make detours along the
route to drop off and pick up passengers.
To summon a bus, a prospective pas-
senger would have to call a computerized
dispatching center and register his or her
location and destination, according to a city
hall infortnation display.
The computer would then calculate a route
for the mini-bus when the bus left on its
way to pick up passengers.
The projected fare, for a trip of any
length, would be 50 cents, according to
The project, if implemented, will operate
under the jurisdiction of the Ann Arbor
Transportation Authority, which presently
runs a regular bus service in the city. The
new system would not serve areas already
served by the existing bus network, says
The system would, at first, be confined
to the city of Ann Arbor, although Rob-
bins says the specific service area has not
yet been defined. Service could, according to
Robbins, be expanded in the future to ex-
tend to neighboring areas including Ypsi-
lanti if an agreement was made to share the
Robbins says that there is "deep interest
by both the city and the Ann Arbor Trans-
portation Authority" in the Dial-A-Bus pro-
ject. The importance of the program to Ann
Arbor lies; he says, in the fact that the
number of heavy traffic hours in a Uni-
versity town renders a traditional line-haul
bus system ineffective.
State Supreme Court to I
on Ann Arbor voter regis
By GERI SPRUNG
The State Supreme Court will hear an ap-
peal by three former University students
who are disputing the current residency re-
quirement for registering to vote in local
The court decided last week to hear the
case, the outcome of which will affect stu-
dents at the University and whether they
will be able to vote in Ann Arbor if they
The controversy stems from a statute that
in defining residency, provides "no. elector
shall be deemed to have gained or lost a
residence by reason of his being . . . a stu-
dent at any institution of learning."
State courts have interpreted this "no
elector" statute to require a student, before
being allowed to vote in a local election,
to show that he intends to reside in that
locality for an appreciable length of time.
Sally Wilkins, Jeanne D'haem and Ken-
neth Jendryka plan to challenge the courts'
decision on three grounds.
First, they are challenging the power of
the Legislature to define residency in the
manner in which they did. In 1963, when the
present state constitution was adopted, the
Legislature was given the power to define
residency and to establish the time required
for local residency.
The legislature proceeded to define resi-
dency as "that place at which a person
habitually sleeps, keeps his or her personal
effects and has a regular place of lodging."
If that person has more than one resi-
dency, "that place at which such person
resides the greater part of the time shall
be his or her official residence for the pur-
poses of this Act," the provisions continued.
Then the Legislature went further to pass
the "no electors" statute.
The appellants are therefore challenging
that by adding the "no electors" provision,
the Legislature went further than it was
granted to define residency.
Second, if the State Supreme C o u r t
By CHUCK WILBUR
Groups of students and workers at the
University are moving to support a nation-
wide boycott of all lettuce not picked by
members of the AFL-CIO United Farm
Workers Organizing Committee (UFWOC).
Local 1583 of the American Federation of
State, County, and Municipal Employes
1AFSCME), which represents the Univer-
sity's 2700 service and maintenance em-
ployes, is supporting the boycott called by
farm labor leader Cesar Chavez.
According to Willy Collins, an AFSCME
steward, "We have been urging our mem-
bers to do all their grocery shopping at
should decide the "no electors" provision is
indeed constitutional, the appellants will
challenge the lower courts' interpretation of
the statute. The question would then center
around establishing guidelines to define
The former students contend the present
law is ambiguous and most of the interpreta-
tion is left to local clerks. As a result of the
ambiguity, they say, students have been un-
justly denied the right to register.
Neil Hollenshead, who was involved in the
case at an earlier stage, pointed to an in-
stance when a student was not permitted
to register. The student's wife, he said, was
permitted to register, since she was not a
student and did not have to show intent to
reside "for an appreciable length of time."
Third, the appeal will contend that the
statute fences out the student population
from the rest of the population and by pre-
venting them from voting violates the due
process of the 14th amendment.
The case was originally brought to cir-
cuit court in February 1968 by eight students
who were denied the right to register to
vote under the "no electors" provision.
The case was judged on whether the stu-
dents had sufficient intent to reside in Ann
Arbor "an "appreciable lentgh of time." It
was decided that four of the students did
have intent and were therefore allowed to
vote, while four were not permitted to vote
because they could not prove intent.
One of the four students who lost the
case moved out of the district. The remain-
ing three appealed to the State Court of
Appeals, which upheld the "no electors" sta-
Winter re oistration
be ins- tomorrow
Early registration for the winter term be-
stores that carry UFWOC lettuce and to
boycott stores that do not."
Workers are urging students to refuse
lettuce served in University dormitories and
cafeterias and to register complaints with
the University, she continued. She said she
believed the University would change its
purchasing policy if "enough students made
a fuss about it."
The University presently purchases let-
tuce picked by non-UFWOC labor. Accord-
ing to Halket Pattullo, manager of Univer-
sity Food Stores, the University purchases
"the best products at the best prices" with-
out regard to other factors.
An ad hoc student group, working in
collaboration with the UFWOC office in
Detroit, is seeking to encourage support of
the boycott on campus.
Arturo Rangel, a member of the group,
says that the approach of finals has made
it difficult to generate widespread support
for the boycott.
Rangel said some students were partici-
pating in vigils at the Office of the Dow
Chemical offices at Midland and the North-
land shopping center. Dow is a part owner
of Bud Antle, Inc., a lettuce grower who has
obtained an injunction against boycott ac-
At a meeting of the Social Work Student
Union Assembly on November 18 a motion
to support the lettuce boycott was passed
Another unanimous motion called upon
stndents to boycott A&P stores, which, the
motion said, do not stock UFWOC lettuce
and to shop at Great Scott, K-Mart, Farmer
Jacks or Wrigleys, which do.
FACULTY CRITICIZES LEGISLATURE
By ROBERT KRAFTOWITZ
A flurry of sharp criticism from literary college faculty
members appears to have assured the defeat of a controversial
proposal for creating a college-wide legislature composed of
equal numbers of students and faculty members.
In a series of recent memos to the student-faculty commit-
tee which drafted the proposal, many LSA faculty members
expressed their belief that the plan goes too far in granting
students a voice in governing the college.
The proposal would seat 40 student representatives and
40 faculty representatives on an "LSA Assembly," whose decis-
ions would become literary college policy unless formally vetoed
at a meeting of the faculty.
Current legislative authority in the literary college is
exercised by the faculty at its monthly meetings. Under the
-The judgment of students in matters of college govern-
ance is inferior to that of the faculty, and they should therefore
not be given an equal role in legislative decisions;
-More specifically, students should not have voting power
in certain key areas which would come under the purview of
the Assembly, including the setting of degree requirements,
the determination of policies for admitting students to the
college, and the setting of priorities for allocating the college's
-The veto power which the faculty would have over
measures passed by the Assembly is "inadequate," because it
would be politically difficult to use.
The criticism of the proposal has resulted in a sharp
split between the five students and five faculty members on the
committee which drafted the nronosal
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