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Partly cloudy in morning}
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Vol. LXXXI, No. 46
Ann Arbor, Michigan - Sunday, October 25, 1970
Ten Cents Ten Pages
By MARK DILLEN
Special to The Daily
Daily News Analysis
KENT, Ohio - While disunity and
apathy have dominated the mood
here at Kent State University, at-
tention is beginning to focus on dis-
crepencies which have been uncov-
ered, in legal and administrative ac-
tion surrounding the indictment of
The indictments were included in a
report issued by a special Portage
County grand jury on the disorders
last May which resulted in the shoot-
ing deaths of four students. The
jury was composed of 15 county re-
sidents, only two of whom had
attended college. The foreman was.
a local insurance salesman, Robert
The jury's report has aroused sub-
stantial opposition - its conclus-
ions directly contradicted the c o n-
clusions reached in two separate in-
vestigations by the FBI and by the
President's Commission on Campus
While these two governmental bod-
ies found the shooting by the Ohio
National Guardsmen to be "unne-
cessary", the Portage County grand
jury disagreed. They exonerated the
Guard and indicted 25 students and
faculty members whose names they
refused to divulge until their arrest.
One high administration official
said secret indictments "were a com-
mon thing around here." ,
In addition, an injunction was is-
sued forbidding anyone indicted. or,
anyone who had testified before the
/jury, from commenting on the report.
This left nearly all the administra-
tion and faculty unable to say any-
And a local judge, Edwin W. Jones,
refused to lift the injunction when
it was challenged by the American
Civil Liberties Union. Thus, the nni-
versity news director James Bruss is
the only administrator able to com-
Bruss, who is also a local Repub-
lican city councilman, refuses to say
Also a prominent Republican is
Robert Dix, president of the Kent
State Board of Trustees and publish-
er of the Kent-Ravenna Record-
Courier, the only local daily news-
paper. The paper has editorially sup-
ported the indictments and jury re-
The 18-page report begins by com-
mending the local media, saying it
thanked them for "following t h e
court's restriction on publicity
(which) provided an atmosphere of
The jury report examined the
events leading to the May 4 slayings
and said they "constituted a riot".
"There can never exist any jus-
tification for burning an ROTC
building," they said. (On May 2,
a group of students trashed and burn-
ed the ROTC building on the Kent
The jury said that being college
students "further aggravated the ser-
iousness of the offense."
Continually referring to the stu-
dents as a "mob", the report stated
that on May 21 "the protestors sat
down in the streets and engaged in
their usual obscenities, rock-throw-
ing and other disorderly conduct."
The report found particularly ob-
jectionable the student's language.
"The verbal abuse directed at the
guardsmen by the students during
the period in question represented a
level of obscenity and vulgarity which
we have never before witnessed! It
is hard to accept the fact that the
language of the gutter has become
the common vernacular of many
persons posing as students in search
of a higher education."
See JUSTICE, Page 10
Kent students at Friday's rally
KENT, Ohio (P) - A bomb explosion yes-
terday caused minor damage to an old wood-
en building on the Kent State University
campus. No one was injured.
Campus police said no motive was estab-
lished for the bombing, which occurred a
few hours after the 14th arrest was made
on indictments returned by a special state
grand jury investigation campus disorders
Don Schwartzmiller, chief of the campus
security force, said the type of explosive
used was not determined. Pieces of wire
and tape found at the scene were taken to-
Schwartzmiller said the early morning
blast damaged the back door and porchy
and broke the windows in the building,
which was formerly known at the Ward
The house is assigned to the Human Re-
lations Center and has been used by the
Black -United Students. No one was in it
when the explosion occurred.
The 14th person arrested among the 25
indicted by the grand jury Oct. 16 was
Ronald Weissenberger, 25, of Kent, who was
apprehended Friday night on a four-count
He pleaded innocent Saturday to charges
of first- and second-degree riot, inciting to
riot and interference with firemen at the
scene of a fire. He was released on $7,000
In other developments, the Akron Beacon
Journal reported that Sen. Stephen M.
Young, D-Ohio, had quoted an FBI report
as saying the guardsmen had fabricated the
story that their lives were endangered by
students on May 4.
The grand jury indicted no guardsmen
and said in its report that the troops fired
because they felt their lives were in danger.
But Young was quoted by the newspaper
as saying, "Most of the National Guards-
men who did fire their weapons do not
specifically claim that they fired because
their lives were in danger.
"One guardsman admitted that his life
was not in danger and that he fired indis-
criminately into the crowd. He further stat-
ed that the guardsmen had gotten together
after the shooting and decided to fabricate
the story that they were in danger of
serious bodily harm or death from t h e
students," Young was quoted as saying.
Leary goes to
ALGIERS (P) - Dr. Timothy Leary, the
LSD advocate who escaped from a Cali-
fornia prison last month, left Algiers by
plane yesterday for the Middle East at
the invitation of the Al Fatah guerrillas,
authoritative sources said.
His actual destination in the Middle East
was not immediately known. But the in-
formants said the invitation to Leary came
in the name of the Al Fatah leader, Yasir
They said Leary left with his wife Rose-
Policeman killed in battle
with Detroit' Panther group
Coach Lo-en--sign him tp!
WOLVERINE WINGBACK Glenn Dought y (22) performs a gymnastic back flip as
he is upended by Minnesota's Walter Bow ser (11) and Jeff Wright (27) after a 19-
yard pass in Michigan's 39-13 victory yes terday.
grad student in hiring
disputewith1 Neb. regents
DETROIT (A') - One black plainclothes
policeman was killed and another was
wounded last night in an exchange of gun-
fire at the headquarters of the National
Committee to Combat Fascism, a branch of
the Black Panther party.
Police barricaded streets surrounding the
headquarters, moved up armored equipment
and floodlighted the building where one man
identifying himself as a Black Panther said
50 members were inside. Police described the
situation as stalemated.
Police commissioner John Nichols took
command at the scene and awaited a search
warrant before attempting to enter. Several
city officials also were at the scene.
Nadine Brown, reporter for a black weekly
newspaper, was permitted to enter the head-
quarters in an effort to convince the Panth-
ers to surrender peacefully.
Police identified the dead officer as Pa-
trolman Glenn E. Smith, 25, and said Patrol-
man Marshall Emerson Jr., 25, suffered a
superficial hand wound.
Police gave this account of leading to the
A police car, answering a "trouble call"
on the near West Side, radioed for assistance
in issuing loitering tickets when a street-
corner group refused to break up. The scene
was two blocks from committee head-
Emerson, driving an unmarked police car,
was en route to assist when he suddenly
was fired upon and hit in the hand while
driving by the headquarters.
Emerson reported via radio that he had
been shot and Smith drove up within five
minutes. They said when Smith stepped out
of his car, also unmarked, to ascertain the
source of the gunfire, he was struck in the
head by a bullet.
Rocky Boy Lewis, 35, who identified him-
self as a Black Panther member, said there
were about 50 Panthers in the two-story
building. He said he was outside the head-
quarters when he saw four policemen in a
car stop a youth selling newspapers and
then "begin to beat the boy," who ran into
Panther headquarters with policemen in
pursuit. It was then, Lewis said, that the
POLICE GUARD INTERSECTION leading into area where one policeman was killed
and another wounded in an exchange of gunfire last night near the Detroit branch of
the Black Panther Party.
Illinois state police move
into Cairo ter gun battles
By STEVE KOPPMAN
The denial of an instructorship to a
University graduate student for apparently
political reasons by the University of Ne-
braska Regents has created a major furor
at the Lincoln campus.
In a letter to Michael Davis, a philosophy
doctoral candidate here, the Nebraska Re-
gents cited four incidents involving Davis
to account for their August veto of an ap-
pointment offered to him in May b'y the
Nebraska philosophy department.
Davis has sent a letter of reply to be dis-
tributed at the University of Nebraska, and
has been invited by the student union to
speak at the campus Nov. 5. Daily Nebras-
kan editor Kelly Baker says the Davis case
is currently "the leading issue" on the
The Nebraska Regents' statement cites
statements allegedly made by Davis at a
reception following the inauguration of
President Robben Fleming in March 1968,
a sit-in conducted by Davis in March 1970
in support of changes in regental bylaws,
Davis' arrest for participation in the Wash-
tenaw County Bldg. welfare sit-in in Sep-
tember 1968, and testimony critical of the
University administration given by Davis to
a state legislature appropriations committee
The statement claims the Regents' evi-
dence indicates Davis is "intellectually arro-
gant and lacking in tact, objectivity and
An investigation into Davis' activities was
apparently launched on the recommenda-
In his letter, Davis suggests that character
is not the issue and asks, "Could it be .-..
that what the Regents want of new faculty
is a history of abstinence from political
action, especially where that action con-
cerns the governance of a university? That,
after all, there is in their action a question
of academic freedom and civil liberties?"
Davis is a former Student Government
Council (SGC) administrative vice presi-
dent, a member of the Committee for a
Permanent Judiciary, and has been an ad-
vocate of a greater student voice in Univer-
See GRAD, Page 10
CAIRO, Ill. O) - State police moved into
this racially divided community yesterday
afternoon after three separate attacks on the
Cairo police headquarters, reportedly by
rifle-wielding blacks in Army fatigue uni-
The three assaults were reported by the
mayor to have taken place Friday night and
The troopers and Cairo police - some
armed with machine guns - were deployed
TEACHING FELLOW AS DADDY
A little pay g
By DAVID EGNER
Second of two parts
Living on a teaching fellow's salary isn't always easy.
Single persons usually manage on their $1,000-$2,000
each term without much difficulty, but married teaching fel-
lows sometimes run into financial hardships.
One of theim is Larry Rudnicki. He is married and has
a two-year-old son, and his wife, Marianne, is pregnant.
Rudnicki earns $4,000 a year. He has no summer income
because he goes to school year-round. Marianne Rudnicki
How do the Rudnickis manage to live on their income?
They don't. Rudnicki takes out a National Defense Edu-
cation Act loan for $2,500 every year. He's been doing that
since his senior year in college when he and Marianne were
es a little a
Rudnicki explains. She says food costs the family between
$17 and $20 a week. What about restaurants? "We go about
once every three months" Rudnicki says.
Entertainment is almost as rare. "We see a movie once
every two months, and take trips around Michigan between
semesters," says Rudnicki.
And most of the furniture for the house the family rents
for $190 a month "was given to us second-hand by our par-
ents or friends," Mrs. Rudnicki says.
Like everyone else, the Rudnickis have suffered from in-
flation. Although Rudnicki is making $350 more this year
than he did last year, he says it has brought no increase in
Despite all this, Rudnicki says, "We don't think about
money very much, because we're not hung up about collect-
around the police station and at other
strategic locations as the black United Front
massed for its regular weekly rally.
Mayor Albert "Pete" Thomas, fearful of
fresh outbreaks of the racial violence that
has disrupted this community at the ex-
treme southern tip of Illinois for two years,
called on the state police to help maintain
At Carbondale, 58 miles north of Cairo, a
group called the Black Survival Conference
was meeting yesterday and today. There
were indications some participants planned
to travel to Cairo or take part in the-
United Front rally.
Cairo, 'economically depressed and with
a large unemployment problem, principally
among the black population, has been the
scene of frequent outbreaks, including snip-
ing, arson and other forms of violence.
Thomas, after the three attacks on police
headquarters Friday night and early yes-
terday, said he is convinced "mercenaries
and revolutionaries" from outside the com-
munity are deeply involved with the town's
He said the situation "has gone beyond the
stage of being a civil rights dispute."
Two persons were reported injured in the
latest outbreak of gunfire involving police
and militant blacks.
Thomas was inside the police building,
the first floor of which is protected by dou-
ble shets of steel plate, when the initial