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September 24, 1970 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1970-09-24

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Conferences held each semester,
each series 6 sessions.
Newman enter Basement
531 Thompson

page three


S idrian


NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Thursday, September 24, 1970 Ann Arbor, Michigan Page Three

27, 30

7:3 P..4, 7,11, 14

Women's Liberation emerges




"AThousand Clowns"
Thursday, Sept. 24

LONDON (R)/Much of the women's liberation
movement in Europe is in a lower key than its
U.S. counterpart. Some Europeans, in fact, see
their American sisters as too aggressive.
"They can't cope with sexuality or present any-
thing but the reverse of domination," says Sheila
Rowbotham, a Marxist lecturer. "Not much to
make a social revolution for . . The so-called
women's question is% a whole people's question.
The creation of a new woman demands the cre-
ation of a new man."
Europe's liberation movement sometimes looks
as much political as feminist. The New States-
man, a leftist London weekly, commented that
women's liberation "is no longer a stylish pink;
it is very red."
In general, the European movement stresses
women's worth and specific reforms to the benefit
of both sexes.
Feminists in Britain, Denmark and the Nether-
lands are Europe's current leaders, even if their
numbers are small. The outcry carries the same

ring as in the United States: women are second-
class citizens who suffer gross and sytematic lack
of opportunity in education, vocational training
and jobs.
Their demands include equal pay for equal
work, abortion reform, more nursery schools and
day care centers, chances to invade economic
strongholds manned until now by males.
The British movement began to crystallize
last March, when a conference in Oxford drew 500
delegates. Now Women's Liberation Workshop has
700 members organized into local groups 'with,
their own publication, "Shrew," formerly called
"Harpies Bizarre."
The workshop is concerned primarily with
"raising consciousness." The practical initiative
still rests firmly with a committee and a Con-
servative member of Parliament, Dame Joan Vick-
ers. While the committee lobbies in Parliament
for equal rights and an end to discrimination in
jobs, the workshops attacks the advertising in-
dustry,, which it claims presents women as "sex

objects, consumer dustbins, unreal unless being
regarded by men."
In Denmark a dozen of the 600-strong Red-
stockings are awaiting trial for refusing to pay.
more than 80 per cent of bus fares. This is an
attempt to protest wage discrimination.
Eva Hammer Hansen, 57-year-old president of
the Danish Women's Society, said: "It is now
primarily a question of changing mentality and
attitudes to eliminate all lines of thought that
distinguish between man and woman-except in
the one field where it is and always has been
Amsterdam is stirred up by some 3,000 femin-
ists, led by the formidable Dolle Minas, whose at-
tack on the male dominance and wage discrimina-
tion reached a peak last spring.
Swiss women still cannot vote. The largest
existing feminist group, in Zurich, today has only
about, 20 members. '
In Belgium, women demand only equal pay,
for equal work.

In Spain and Italy, a woman's place is still
in the kitchen,. but there are signs of a stir among
Latin women.
"This is fertile territory," says Italy's Anselma
dell'Olio, 29, founder of a New York feminist
theater. "Women are very oppressed and very
anxious to be liberated."
A young Barcelona actress, Emma Cohen,
agrees. In Spain a wife needs her husband's writ-
ten consent to obtain a driver's license or pass-
port, to hold political office or to take a job.
Women's lib has not yet hit Eastern Europe-
officially, there is nothing for women to complain
The principle of economic equality has been
law in Communist states since their founding. In
practice, a woman earns two-thirds of a man's
Poland, however, has just appointed its first
woman naval captain. Mrs.,,Danuta Walas-Ioby-
linska commands the 15,000-ton freighter Biesz-
czardy. Her husband is third mate.

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news briefs
By The Associated Press
LIVING COSTS last month posted the smallest rise in nearly
two years, the government announced yesterday, cheering Presi-
dent Nixon and his economists in their battle against the nation's
worst inflation in 20 years.
"We are jconfident ?it is being won," said presidential economic
adviser Herbert Stein at the White House. Press secretary R o n a 1 d
Ziegler reported Nixon very pleased at the two-tenths of one per cent
August price rise.
"This was the smallest month-to-month change since December
1968," said the Bureau of Labor Statistics in Wednesday's price report.
On a seasonal basis - adjusted for usually expected factors - it
was the smallest in three years, the bureau said.
* * *
THE REV. CARL McINTIRE welcomed peace groups to his
rally including South Vietnam's Vice President Nguyen Cao Ky
and sent a telegram inviting Vice President Spiro Agnew too.
"We welcome them if they come for peace," McIntire said to
the possibility that peace groups will stage counter-demonstrations.
"We are going to try to impress them that the victory stance is
the quickest and surest way to peace. He talked of "peace based on
triumph over the enemy."
Spokesmen for various peace groups have said they will try to
make a citizen's arrest of Ky "for being a war criminal," and a
spokesman for the Yippies said that group has declared the Oct. 3
rally a "free fire zone."
McIntire, a,fundamentalist radio preacher who heads the "United
States March for Victory" wired Agnew that "it is possible that his
(Ky's) rhetoric will be similar to yours as he pleads for his people
and desires that he hasten the day of victory."
* * *
gested yesterday that the Paris talks on Vietnam be broadened to
include the Soviet Union, Britain and France,
in a policy declaration before the 126-member U.N. General
Assembly, Knoman said this would be "a reasonable way out" of
what he called the stagnation in efforts to restore peace in South-
east Asia.
* * f
CAMBODIAN FORCES, mounting the biggest offensive of '
their six-month-old war, pressed forward yesterday toward a
major Communist strongpoint north of Phnom Penh.
On the move opce again after being stalled for 10 days by
powerful opposition from the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong, the
government force was reported closing in slowly on the town of Taing
Kauk" 46 miles north of Phnom Penh.
Reports reaching the capital said ;that up to 2,000 North
Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops were still in Taing Kauk.
Advance elements were said to be meeting only light resistance
as they reoccupied villages on the flanks of the government force's
forward lines, about two miles from Taing Kauk.

Govt. tries t
avert strike
WASHINGTON (L) -, Government mediators straggled
yesterday to head off a possible midnight nationwide railroad
shutdown, working under heavy pressure from Congress to
settle the labor dispute or leave it time to enact an emergency
a..} Aw

-Associated Press
Spiro spreaks
Vice President Spiro Agnew was in Indianapolis, Ind. last night
on the third and final stop of a two-day campaign swing. Agnew
spoke at a rally for Rep. Richard Roudebush, the GOP senatorial
candidate (left) against Sen. Vance Hartke.
*.Nxon aide hits
federal health plan


on administration took a strong
stand yesterday against a pro-
posed cradle-to-grave federal
health-care program for Ameri-
cans, declaring it would raise gov-
ernment health costs sevenfold
and violate tradition.
John Veneman, undersecretary
of welfare, told a Senate commit-
tee the Health Security Act pro-
posed by Sen. Edward Kennedy,
(D-Mass.), would boost federal
health-care spending from $11
billion to $77 billion and would be
"entirely alien to our basic tra-.
Veneman said if it became law
it would force diversion of federal
funds from income maintenance,
nutrition, housing, the environ-
ment and other health-related ef-
forts. And he claimed its financing

would require a federal health tax
averaging $1,000 a year for every
household in the land.
At issue is a bill sponsored by
Kennedy and 14 others w hi c h
would guarantee free medical care,
including hospitalization, doctors'
fees and dental care, to all Amer-
icans, regardless of income. It
would do away with present pro-
grams including medicare and,
medicaid aimed specifically at they
elderly aqjd poor.
Its passage would be expected
also to make private health a n d
medical insurance unnecessary.
Declaring "there is no person in
the nation who has not felt t h e
burden of the soaring cost of
medical care," Kennedy urged
committee approval of the bill as
the hearings began.
Veneman conceded a need for
improved health care for t h e
poor and said the Nixon adminis-
tration is drafting legislation aim-
ed at that, goal.
I ________

E l .
"The heat is on," said one source in the negotiations,
speaking of congressional pressure on the White House and
its Labor Department mediators.
President Nixon already has used all his strike-delaying
powers under existing law.
The dispute over the elimination
of locomotive firemen's jobs is
one of the longest and toughest in Power loss
U.S. labor history. It has dragged
through the courts, Congress and
the White House for more than
10 years,d rk n
"There's only a couple of issues
left but they're big and' sticky,"
said one well-placed source in the
negotiations. Mediators have beenE asthC oast
trying to lead the AFL-CIO United
Transportation Union and ,t h e By The Associated Press
rail industry toward a, comprom- The first day of fall brought
ise of combining firemen's a n d more power reductions or "brown-
brakemen's jobs, outs" from New England to the
Assistant Secretary of L a b o r Carolinas yesterday as hot wea-
W. J. Usery and mediator Fred- ther and equipment failures com-
,erick Livingston declined comment bined again to causeelectricity
on the talks. shortages.
But the mediators reportedly The Eastern . Seaboard got;
were attempting to forestall in- 'through the business day, how-
tervention by Congress in hopes ever, without the selective black-
of achieving a settlement, or at outs that affected thousands on
least a further postponement of Tuesday.
the deadline at one minute after Although there were no actual
midnight.scutoffs of electricity, millions of
Union spokesman Ed Gilbert people sweltered, squinted or put
said no specific strike call h a s off chores like doing the laundry
been issued, but that workers in response to appeals from util-
would be free to walk out at 12:01 ities to cut back the use of non-
a.m. early today if 'there is 'no essential electricity. Large indus-
settlement or postponement. If trial users partieularly were asked
past management practice is fol- to cut down air conditioning and
lowed, a strike against even a few lights.
lines would bring on a lockout by The Pentagon turned off its air
all the carriers, conditioning in midafternoon and
The railroads eliminated some allowed nonessential employes to
20,000 firemen under a special go home half an hour early. The
1963 act of Congress, leaving some. United Nations and Rockefeller
18,000 firemen still on the rail- Center complexes in New Y o r k
roads. City were among office buildings
The union contends that since that dimmed lights, shut off some
the 1963 law expired, it has the .elevators and escalators and turn-
right to demand the jobs be ed down air conditioning.
restored. The voltage reductions began
Railroad industry negotiators early in the day, only hours after
headed by John Hiltz contended the officisl arrival of fall at 6:59
Congress meant the elimination of a.m. EDT.
the jobs to be permanent, and Consolidated Edison Co. of New
called the union's efforts to re- York cut voltages in successive
store them "featherbedding" b y stages by 8 /per cent and left it
insisting on jobs for men who at that level for eight hours -
aren't needed, the entire business day. The util-
ity announced the voltage reduc-
tion level was 5 per cent at 5:15
p.m. EDT. Other systems reduced
u voltage 5 per cent -" some because
Studio . of shortages themselves, others
so they could sell eitra electricity
668-7942 to beleaguered areas.
Officials worked overtime to re-
!ents pair broken generators - includ-
ing the 820,000 kilowatt Keystone
A R Station at Johnstown, Pa., serv-
ing the New Jersey - Pennsylvania
- Maryland grid, and a 690,000
record Changers kilowatt generator in the Virginia
Electric & Power Co., system -
that failed Tuesday.



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National Director-Clergy ond Laymen Concerned About Vietnam
Minister-United Church of Christ
Steering Committee Member for the 1968 Demonstrations at the Chicago Democratic
Member of Steering Committee of the New Mobe
A chief neaotiator with the Justice Department for the March Against Death and the

10 '.

I . .-...-.-

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