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April 11, 1971 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1971-04-11

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THE POISONING
OF AMERICA
See Editorial Page

Si i& au

:4Da itM

SUN DAY
High--74
Law-35
Sunny, warmer,
windy

L

Vol. LXXXI, No. 156 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, April 11, 1971 Ten Cents

Ten Pages

' U

investment priority:

Profit

or

social

concerns?

By MARK DILLEN
Daily News Analysis
In an office on the fifth floor
of the University Administrations
bldg. a small portfolio contains a
list of 90 corporations. Occasionally,
upon routine approval of the Re-
gents, names on the list are replaced,
signifying a change in what com-
panies University investment officers
think will yield the greatest return
on their nearly $60 million worth of
investments.
However, the expectation of profit
will be the only thing causing t h e
names to change - no consideration
is given the rising criticism of cer-
tain profitable but unpopular in-
vestments on moral and social
grounds.
This fact is the heart of the recent

controversy over how universities and
other large institutions decide where
and how to invest; should these in-
stitutions subordinate profits a n d
acquire and vote stock as an ex-
pression of their "moral" concern?
Increasingly, the University is
among a group of many educational
institutions being challenged on this
question. Starting a year ago with
consumer advocate Ralph Nader's
"project on corporate responsibility''
- Campaign GM - organized groups
have tried, with no success, to revise
the University's investment policy.
The Regents, who would have to
approve any change, last year re-
fused to consider the question, a
stand which has not been altered
in the subsequent months. Campaign
GM's attempts to have large share-

holders in General Motors unite at
GM's annual shareholders' meeting
to vote reforms on social questions
failed, and the University's policy
of never opposing the management of
their corporate investments remained
unchanged.
Nevertheless, many of the "ap-
proved" firms the University invests
in are known to have dealings in the
Union of South Africa - whose rac-
ial policy of aparthiad has caused
the United Nations to urge that its
products and services be boycotted.
In addition, many firms on the list,
University administrators freely ad-
mit, are also probably guilty of var-
ious kinds of discrimination w i t h i n
their own business. Still others con-
tribute to pollution or contract heav-
ily for the military.

Yet none of these grounds is suf-
ficient to the administrators con-
nected with the investment process
to warrant recommendation of a
policy change.
Wilbur Pierpont, Vice-President for
Financial affairs, would have per-
haps the most influence in proposing
such a change in policy. According
to his subordinates in the Univer-
sity investments office, Pierpont must
approve every transaction they re-
commend, and often consults with
them on the wisdom of proposed in-
vestments.
However, Pierpont remains tight-
lipped concerning his views on these
"moral" questions. "It's a matter of
policy for the -Regents and I have
no comment beyond that," he says.
Those who give Pierpont invest-

ment advice though, freely admit
their opposition to any plan which
would involve value judgments of
corporations aside from economic
criteria.
"When you try to make invest-
ments serve the dual purpose of mak-
ing money and achieving political
change you're heading for trouble,"
says chief investment officer R.
Gordon Griffith.
"If a company observes the law
and has reasonable employe rela-
tions we are satisfied," he adds.
This sole unwritten qualification
that a prospective investment have
good relations with its employes is
apparently only applied insofar as
poor relations might affect an in-
vestment's economic performance.
According to the Gulf-Angola Pro-

ject and Campaign GM, the two or-
ganizations who sent proposals to the
University this year urging voting
University stocks in GM and Gulf
Oil Corp. against the management,
these two companies' African subsid-
iaries exploit their employes econom-
ically and socially.
Graham Conger, another Univer-
sity investment specialist, furthers
the University view on investment,
saying objections would be raised to
a company's employe relations "only
if it affected production and cost.
"The closest we ever came to mak-
ing an investment decision on moral
grounds was when we declined to
invest in tobacco," Conger says. "And
the decision that tobacco investment
was not necessary was made not only
See 'U', Page 2

Wilbur Pierpont

City atty.
to appeal
Hunter case
City Atty. Jerold Lax has revealed in a
memo to the Ann Arbor City Council that
he will appeal Wednesday's court order by
federal District Judge John Feikens, which
stated that Robert Hunter was not accorded
"procedural due p r o c e s s" when fired as
assistant director of the city's Human Rela-
tions Department on Feb. 1.
Feikens ordered Wednesday that "Hunter
be reinstated immediately" with pay retro-
active to his firing. "This is not an order
which should be construed as preventing the
complete termination of Hunter's services,"
the injunction said, "but the city of Ann
Arbor must observe the requirements of
procedural due process" in its dismissal cases.
If Hunter's dismissal is upheld by "due
process," Feikens added, then he need not
be reinstated to "active duty" at City Hall
because of the "administrative problems"
that might be involved.
H u m a n Relations Department Director
James Slaughter told The Daily that he
had fired Hunter last February "because he
(Hunter) refused to respond to supervisory
directives and questions. Beyond that I do
not care to discuss the matter," Slaughter
said.
The controversial Hunter immediately
charged that the firing was "politically
motivated." He said that Mayor Robert
Harris wanted employes who "cause no em-
barrassment to his political ambitions."
Lax said in presenting the city's case be-
fore the court Wednesday, that Hunter's fir-
ing was not, as Hunter had contended, "based
upon his race, but was rather based on his
insubordination and failure to fulfill the du-
ties of his position."
In his memo Lax called the injunction
order "an abuse of judicial discretion". He
stated that the "nature of the order" sug-
gests a "local level" hearing concerning
Hunter, while the appeal is pending.
"The order appears to require that Mr.
Hunter be returned to the payroll", Lax said
in his statement, "but may once again be re-
moved if a hearing indicates that his ter-
mination was justified. Such a hearing may
therefore have the effect of clarifying the
city's financial obligation at the earliest pos-
sible time," he stated.
Responding to what Lax felt was a vague-
ness in clarifying the "procedural due pro-
cess", he said that he would "shortly make
specific recommendations as to the form
the hearing might take." Lax expressed con-
cern that the proposed hearing "should not
be regarded as establishing a precedent but
rather as a unique response to the judicial
order in this particular case."

-Daily-Terry McCarthy
PARTICIPANTS at yesterday's Learn-In on women's health care discussed sexuality,
masturbation, lesbianism, heterosexual relations and special problems of women and
mental health, among other subjects. About 40 women attended the conference at the
Newman Center.
r w
Learn-in at explores
health care for women

-Associated Press
500 WOMEN march against the Pentagon yesterday to protest the Indochina war. The
women aired a list of demands, including the freeing of Black Panther Erica Huggins;
abortion on demand; victory for Palestinian women guerrillas and welfare rights
movements.-
SNewO protective reacton'
strike made against North

Govt. bars
protesters
from park
WASHINGTON () - The federal govern-
ment has denied antiwar groups' request to
"avoid another Chicago" by allowing use of a
Washington park as a campground during two
weeks of demonstrations.
The Interior Department said Friday it
barred use of Rock Creek Park under Na-
tional Park Service regulations prohibiting
overnight camping on federal land in the Dis-
trict of Columbia.
The People's Coalition for Peace and Jus-
tice, a group of more than 100 antiwar and
civil rights organizations, had asked permis-
sion to camp in Rock Creek Park during
demonstrations April 24 to May 8.
Rennie Davis, an antiwar spokesman, urged
Interior to bend the regulations "to avoid
another ,Chicago."
The decision, he said, "leaves our people
with no place to go ... Thousands of people
are coming anyway. Most likely we will
recommend that they still come and camp
in Rock Creek Park."
Meanwhile, the National Peace Action Coa-
lition allied with People's Coalition, has asked
permission to use the Capitol grounds for an
April 24 rally.
Phil Hirschkop, a lawyer representing the
National Peace Action Coalition, said the
government has been reluctant to allow use
of the Capitol, and has suggested alternate
sites.
"Any of the areas off the Capitol grounds
are inadequate and unusable for a demon-
stration of this size and nature," he said.
Hirschkop relayed the request to Vice Presi-
dent Spiro T. Agnew and House Speaker Carl
Albert who, as presiding officers of Congress,
have authority over the Capitol.
Hirschkop said up to 50,000 people are ex-
pected for the rally. "The contemplated
demonstration will be completely peaceful.
We are ready to supply more than 2,000 of
our marshals . . ." he said.
The two antiwar groups opened the season
of protests Friday with demonstrations across
from the White House, and at Internal Reve-
nue Service and Justice Department build-
ings.
President Nixon encountered a few demon-
strators as he left afternoon services at St.
John's Episcopal Church. The protesters
shouted "Christ died for all men" and "peace
now" as Nixon walked toward his car.
A short time earlier police turned about
300 demonstrators away from a Pennsyva-
nia Avenue corner near the White House. The
demonstrators offered no resistance when told
they could not march in front of the executive
mansion without a permit.
Yesterday, yelling war whoops and wav-
ing Viet Cong flags, about 500 women's lib-
erationists demonstrated against the Vietnam
war and aired a list of grievances at the
Pentagon.
See WOMEN, Page 2

By KRISTIN RINGSTROM
and SARA FITZGERALD
Approximately 80 women yesterday at-
tended a Womens Health "Learn-In" organ-
ized by the Ann Arbor Women's Health Col-
lective.
The Learri-In was the first large scale event
held by the two-month-old group. It served
more the purpose of making women aware
of their need for information than actually
disseminating knowledge in an organized,
' concrete fashion, spokeswomen said.
One of the most widely attended workshops
was "Our Bodies". It began with discussions
on anatomy, women's diseases, menstral
cramps and interuterine contraceptive de-
vices, (IUD's). Later the group discussed
nutrition exploring vegetable, macrobiotic
and other diets.
Another workshop was "Sexuality-Lesbian-
ism, Masturbation and Hetrosexual Rela-
tions. With members of radicalesbians acting
as resource leaders, about 40 women divided
into two groups to explore the concept of
sexuality. The women discussed lesbianism
and how women come to know about sex and
their bodies. The differences between "sex-
uality" and "senuality" were also explored.
As time went on, the women began to relate
and compare their own experiences in dis-
covering their bodies and masturbating.
"Women in Mental Health" hit such topics
as the socialization of young girls, women's
sexual fears, how men's aggression can
make women unsure of what they want for
themselves, the effect of women's liberation
on lower class women and inferiority com-
plexes in non-working married women.
"Abortion and Birth Control" brought on
debate over the safest birth control methods
available. While IUDs, various birth control
pills, diaphrams and foam were advocated
by some women no cnensun wa reched

pregnancies locally and they discussed things
they disliked about local hospitals. They plan
to form a loose organization to provide moral
support for pregnant women.
In a closing analysis session, "Local Action
for Better Health Care", women planned fu-
ture tasks for the organization. Things that
may be done include: courses given on health,
anatomy, sexuality and other 'fareas of
women's health; distribution of birth control
information; work on eliminating ads for
commercial abortion referral agencies; get-
ting ads for non-profit referral services and
setting up a support group for people inter-
ested in natural childbirth.
A meeting to discuss these concerns will
be held April 18 at 4 p.m. on the third floor
of the SAB.
The learn-in, held at the Newman Center,
was equipped with child-care facilities for
the conference.
Medical students, nurses and women from
the community acted as discussion leaders.

By The Associated Press
Two U.S. Air Force F4 fighter-bombers
attacked radar-controlled anti-aircraft guns
inside North Vietnam and destroyed two of
them in the 21st "protective reaction" strike
over the north this year, the U.S. Command
announced today.
The strike was carried out Friday 30 miles
north of the demilitarized zone after the
enemy guns fired on a U.S. observation air-
craft operating over the Ho Chi Minh trail
in the upper panhandle of Laos, the com-
mand said.
"There was no damage to U.S. aircraft,"
a communique said.
"As the command nas previously stated,
protective reaction is the inherent right of
self-defense."
The command said the guns were located
seven miles northeast of Ban Laboy and
about two miles.from the Laotian border in-
side North Vietnam.
South Vietnamese jets meanwhile joined
U.S. B52 Stratofortresses on Saturday in

pounding North Vietnamese troops trying to
overrun Fire Base 6 in the central highlands.
During yesterday, U.S. B52 bombers also
mounted three new raids against the North
Vietnamese force which has been attacking
Fire base 6 every day since March 31.
Since the siege began, the U.S. Strategic
Air Command has staged 14 raids by B52
bombers close to the base. In all, the B52s
unloaded 1,200 tons of explosives.
South Vietnamese military headquarters
said the North Vietnamese also shelled three
other South Vietnamese positions near Fire
Base 6.
North Vietnam said yesterday that Presi-
dent Nixon's withdrawal of U.S. troops from
Vietnam is inevitable, but claimed his refusal
to set a date for complete withdrawal means
he still has aggressive intentions.
The official Communist party newspaper
Nhan Dan said withdrawal is inevitable "on
account of the bitter failure of the preceding
administration's 'local war,' the impossibil-
ity for the United States to continue the war
in a manner as costly as in the 1965-68 period,
and the mounting antiwar movement at
home."
The paper's commentary, broadcast by
Hanoi's official news agency, said Nixon's
announcement this week of further troop
withdrawals "was a move to placate the
American people" and declared that the num-
ber of men involved is insignificant.
It said Nixon admitted in his speech that
South Vietnamese forces had suffered heavy
casualties in operations in Laos but claimed
that Vietnamization has succeeded .
But, it declared, the Laos operations were
planned in the White House, controlled by
American officers and given U.S. air and ar-
tillery support "which went beyond the nor-
mal limits of the Nixon doctrine."
"So, the U.S. president has lied again,"
the paper said.
The only fighting involving U.S. troops was

Prof

wages war on dossiers

/

By SUE STARK
EDITOR'S NOTE: A review of Miller's
book appears in today's Daily Supplement
issue of Books and the Arts.
Super Prof, living up to his reputation,
strikes again.
In his recently released University of Michi-
gan Press book, Assault on Privacy, law prof.
Arthur Miller is waging a super-cam-
paign against the evils of what he terms the
"dossier dictatorship"-computers and data
files that are destroying the rights of privacy
and individuality.
Miller's reputation as Super Prof caught on

fessor alone. "People must become aware that
they're being informationally-raped," he as-
serts. "Unless we're very, very careful, com-
puter technology may be used by unsensitive,
unthinking people to destroy our invaluable
right to privacy and other individual rights."
Maintaining that anyone who really thinks
about computertechnology can realize its fan-
tastic capacity for building files on individuals,
Miller points out that not only is data being
collected on extremist organizations but on per-
fectly lawful people too.
"There are files on the ACLU, NAACP, Con-
gressmen, judges, and everyone else in a gov-

Senator seeks

draft law, limit
WASHINGTON (R) - An attempt will be
made in the Senate to limit an extension of
the draft to one year, rather than two. A
similar effort failed in the House by a vote
of,198-200.
Sen. Harrison A. Williams Jr., (D-N.J.),
said in a statement released yesterday he
will introduce such an amendment when the
Senate reconvenes next week following its

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