BEST ACTRESS GP
B"ST SUPPORTING ACTOR
BEST ORIGINAL SCREENPLAY
BEST ORIGINAL MUSICAL SCORE
By D. GARETH PORTER
Dispatch News Service International
PAKSE, Laos - The Central Intelli-
gence Agency is taking advantage of its
traditionally close relationship with
right-wing prince Boun Oum, the mod-
ern-day feudal lord of Southern Laos,
to carry on clandestine operations in
that part of the kingdom.
The Champassak family which Boun
Oum heads, and not the Souvanna Pho-
uma government in Vientiane, wields
power in the southern provinces, and
the Prince himself is more then happy
to accomodate the CIA's needs. In re-
turn for the freedom to carry on their
activities, the CIA is paying Boun Oum
a regular compensation of unknown size.
As part of the arrangement the CIA
chartered airline, Air America, several
years ago donated a small fleet of air-
craft, including both Dakotas and heli-
copteus to the Prince, according to au-
thoritative sources here. The CIA has
used the planes in southern Laos under
the cover of the name "Boun Oum Air-
lines." In return Boun Oum has received
a substantial income for "leasing" the
aircraft to Air America.
The aircraft have been used primar-
ily to fly from Pakse and other towns
in southern Laos to secret CIA bases in
the region, according to these sources.
Late last year it was revealed that one
of the CIA operations in southern Laos
is the training of 1500 Cambodian sol-
diers, in order to evade Congressional
restrictions on l.S. operations in Cam-
Boun Oum is indebted to both France
and the U.S. for support in his past bids
for national power in the foreign- ma-
nipulated politics of Laos. The French
named him vice-regent of the kingdom
in 1947, making him the second-rank-
ing figure behind the king. In 1948, he
formed a government with French sup-
port and went on to sign an agreement
with France in 1949 preserving a pre-
dominant French role in Laos.
In 1960, the U.S. and through the
CIA, supported the right-wing a r m y
based in southern Laos which marched
north and drove the neutralist govern-
ment from Vientiane. Boun Oum was
named prime minister of the new pro-
U.S. government, which then received
U.S. arms and advisers in its civil war
against neutralist and Pathet Lao forces.
After the Geneva settlement of 1962
which . followed the failure of Boun
Oum's right-wing forces to defeat the
neutralist Pathet-Lao allies, he had to
settle for a vice-premiership and the
title of "inspector-general of the king-
dom." Nevertheless Boun Oum's close
links with the CIA have remained in-
tact, as has his tight c ontr o1 over
Military leadership in southern Laos,
for example, is a Champassak family
prerogative, which is shared only par-
tially with the powerful Insisiengmay
family to which Boun Oum is linked
through his wife. Generals in both third
and fourth military regions are related
to the Champassaks by marriage, as is
the deputy commander for the third
The civil government in southern La-
os is also essentially at family affair.
Province governments are laced with
officials related to Boun Oum either
directly or through marriage.
National Assembly deputies for South-
ern Laos are hand-picked by Boun Oum
and include both family members and
wealthy businessmen w h o enjoy the
The most spectacular symbol of Boun
Oum's dynasty in southern Laos is the
enormous palace now being constructed
in Pakse, at a cost estimated by one of
his assistants at 400 million kip ($800,-
000,000). The palace, a blend of Lao
and French colonial architecture, was
begun two years ago and is not expected
to be completed for two more years.
Q 1971 Dispatch News Service International
Ali MacGraw" Ryan 0}Neal'
A HOWARD 6 MINSKY-ARTHUR Hill FR Producton
John Marley&Ray Milland
603 E. Liberty
Doors Open 12:45
Shows at 1, 3, 5, 7, 9
Free List Suspended
THE ANN ARBOR
April 29, 30; May 1, 2, 5 concerts
THE PHILADELPHIA ORCHESTRA AT ALL CONCERTS
Thursday, April 29, 8:30 p.m.
EUGENE ORMANDY, Conductor
LEONTYNE PRICE, Soprano
Two Portraits, Op. 5 ...... .. . .. . Bartok
"Come Scoglio" from Cosi fan tutte ................Mozart
"Ritorna vincitor" from Aida . .... ...... Verdi
Symphony No. 8 in B minor ("Unfinished") ........Schubert
Four Last Songs .. Richard Strauss
"Pace, pace, mio Dio" from La Forza del Destino ........Verdi
"Till Eulenspiegel's Merry Pranks" ..........Richard Strauss
Friday, April 30, 8:30 p.m.
THOR JOHNSON, Conductor
UNIVERSITY CHORAL UNION
MARALIN NISKA, Soprano
DONALD BELL, Bass
Rhapsody on a Theme by Paganini .... . Rachmaninoff
"Sea Symphony" ................ .. . Vaughn Williams
UNIVERSITY CHORAL.UNION, MARALIN NISKA,
and DONALD BELL
Saturday, May 1, 8:30 p.m.
EUGENE ORMANDY, Conductor
"Le Mer"rois esquisses symphoniques............Debussy
Symphony No. 5 in B-flat major, Op. 100... Prokofieff
Sunday, May 2, 2:30 p.m.
THOR JOHNSON, Conductor
UNIVERSITY CHORAL UNION
CHRISTOPHER PARKENING, Guitarist
MARALIN NISKA, Soprano
ELEANOR FELVER, Contralto
JOHN STEWART, Tenor
- DONALD BELL, Bass
"Great Mass" in F Minor .... ............ . .... Bruckner
"Fantasia Pora un Gentilhombre".... .. ..........RodrigoI
Sunday, May 2, 8:30 p.m.
EUGENE ORMANDY, Conductor
ANDRE WATTS, Pianist
Toccata, Adagio, and Fugue.......... . ...............Bach
Variations on an Original Theme,I
Op. 36 ("Enigman")....................... Elgar
Concerto No. 2 in B-flat for Piano
and Orchestra, Op. 83 ........ . ..... . ........ Brdhms
Series Tickets: $32.06-$26.00-$20.00-$15.00-$10.00
Single Concerts: $7.00-$6.50-$6.00-$5.00-$3.50-$2.50
THE UNIVERSITY MUSICAL SOCIETY
BURTON TOWER, ANN ARBOR 48104
Office Hours: Mon. thru Fri. 9 to 4:30; Sat. 9 to 12
ir ri ttn
NEWS PHONE: 764-0552
BUSINESS PHONE: 764-0554
Sunday, March 21, 1971
Ann Arbor, Michigan
By The Associated Press
ABOUT 3,000 PERSONS rallied on a grassy expanse near the
White House yesterday in the first large spring demonstration
thus far this year.
The Progress Labor Party, Students for a Democratic Society,
various high school groups, and groups representing the Spanish
speaking minority turned out in the near-freezing weather.
The demonstration began with a march which began in the black
section of Washington near Howard University, and ended at the
I Ellipse, the oval park across from the White House.
Witnesses report that about 200 demonstrators attempted to
march around to the front of the White House, but were repelled by
a heavily-reinforced contingent of local police.
ISRAELI SOLDIERS thrust into southern Lebanon yester-
day and conducted a house-to-house search for Palestinian guer-
rillas in the village of Adeisse, a government spokesman in Beirut
The spokesman said the Israelis crossed the border about 30
minutes after commandos took up roof and hilltop positions aroundE
Adeisse and began exchanging fire with a border patrol.I
A Beirut spokesman for the Popular Front for the Liberation of
Palestine claimed responsibility for attacks yesterday on the Israeli
border settlements of Metulla and Misgav Am.
lead i n poll
WASHINGTON WI) - Senate
foes of the supersonic transport!
are ahead in their effort to ground
the government-subsidized airlin-
er project, an Associated P r e Sss
survey showed yesterday, but un-
committed senators hold the cru-
cial balance of voting power.
With two days of cloakroom in-
fighting and corridor lobbyingI
ahead, the count is 44 senators
against the SST, four more in-j
clined to oppose it; with 36 sup-:,
porting the project and three'
leaning that way.
Th srey ase S d npbi
THE TURKISH 'PEOPLE'S LIBERATION ARMY, a leftist The survey, b a s e d on pubc
group whose members kidnaped and released four American air- ofies, swd 1 senator en-
men, threatened yesterday to commit more terrorist acts against committed. Four of them voted
Americans if members now in police hands are killed or tortured. against the SST in its last Sen-
Deniz Germis, who has admitted that he robbed a bank, and kid- ate test, an equal number for it.
naped U.S. airmen, was arrested last week by police in eastern Tur- The others did not vote last time.
key, after a two-month hunt. Yusuf Aslan, an accomplice of Germis, The crucial roll call comes at 4
was wounded during a shootout before Germis was captured. p.m. Wednesday after two days
of debate. Both sides expect lob-
The group said that if Germis was tortured or Aslan died, they bi desue. o mount s t
would destroy "all American buildings and foreign business centers test approaches. And both sides
in Turkey." expect the outcome to be closer
than that recorded last Dec, 3,
when SST appropriations were re-
SENATE DEMOCRATIC LEADER Mike Mansfield praised jected by the Senate, 52 to 41.
the performance of television newsmen yesterday and said he Sen. Hiram L. Fong (R-Hawaii)
hopes Republican criticism "will not have the effect of intimid- who had opposed the SST appro-
ing the networks." priation in that vote, disclosed he
Mansfield said he disagrees with the criticism expressed by Spiro will support it this time.ts
Agnew and Sen. Robert Dole (R-Kan.), the Republican national All t h e evidence points to a
chairman.. close count on the Wednesday rol
Agnew, in a Thursday night speech, criticized television docu- ctal. Two ailingsenators are ex-
pected to be absent, thus 50 votes
mentaries of the Columbia Broadcasting System. He later criticized would represent a majority.
network coverage of operations in Laos. Dole said Friday that net- The House, in a surprise rever-
work news coverage seems "to favor those who hold liberal views and sal, voted 215 to 204 Thursday
are antiwar." against continued SST spending.
It was House insistence on an ap-
* propriation rejected by the Sen-1
SURVIVORS of an avalanche in a Peru mountain valley fled ate that led to an SST stalemate'
yesterday after officials warned that further slides might be im- in the waning hours of the 91st
A valanche Search
Two Indian women watch as rescue workers search for victims
buried under the rubble caused by Thursday's avalanche in
Ghungar, Peru. The earthquake-triggered landslide killed between
400 and 600 people.
Calley defense fails
to block trial reviewv
BELFAST, Northern Ireland
(N - Prime Minister James
Chichester - C la r k resigned
last night, plunging Northern
Ireland into a major political
British Prime Minister Edward
Heath postponed a visit to West
Germany that he was to h a v e
started Sunday and called top ad-
visers to his country h o m e at
Chequers near London to discuss
Chichester-Clark became prime
minister of the largely Protestant
province on May 1, 1969. He step-
ped down in the, face of right-
wing Protestant demands f o r
harsher measures against ele-
ments of the Roman Catholic-or-
iented Irish Republic Army that
seek a union of Northern Ireland
with the Irish Republic.
Chichester-Clark said in his
"I have decided to resign be-
cause I see no other way of bring-
ing home to all concerned the re-
alities of the present constitution-
al, political and security situation.
"It is apparent that public and
parliamentary opinion in North-
ern Ireland looks to the Northern
Ireland government for measures
which can bring the current IRA
campaign swiftly to an end.
"I h a v e expressed to British
ministers the full force of this...
and have pressed upon them my
view that some further initiative
The prime minister asked last
Tuesday for 4,000 m o r e British
troops to bolster the 8,250 already
in Ulster, but was promised only
No successor was named imme-
diately for Chichester-Clark, a 48-
year old former army major. Men-
tioned as a probable replacement
was Brian Faulkner, 50, develop-
ment minister in Chichester-
FT. BENNING, Ga. UP) - Lt.
William Calley's defense counsel
failed in an effort yesterday to
block an additional rereading of
,prosecution testimony from his
My Lai murder trial - which it
claims gives the government a sec-
ond chance of convicting him.
"It's a second trial, that's what
it is - that's cruel and unusual,
punishment, keeping this boy
waiting, waiting while we retry
this case," was the complaint of
chief defense attorney George
Latimer after the court martial
jury asked that the entire testi-
The judge, Col. Reid Kennedy,
tried by means of a note to get
the jury to settle for certain pi-
votal areas in the testimony they
had cited. But they sent him back
a note which said they "wanted
the entire testimony."
Kennedy announced that t h e
rereading of testimony already
frnrib d ld b11r hin nt 2.nm
transcrea woud pegln atG p. .
Sunday. Meanwhile, he said, he
will sit down with the lawyers and The Michigan Daily, edited and man-
try to gain agreement that unof- aged by students at the University of
Michigan. News phone: 764-0552. Second
ficial tape recordings may be class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Mich-
played t4 the jury in lieu of the igan, 420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor,
untranscribed testimony, Michigan 48104. Published daily Tues-
nThensry, menwileontin day through Sunday morning Univer-
sity year. Subscription rates: $10 by
its deliberations for a fourth day carrier, $10 by mail.
within a locked room, presumably Summer Session published Tuesday
unaware of the controversy over through Saturday morning. Subscrip-
their requestion rates: $5 by carrier, $5 y mail.
their request~~~. _________________
Police estimated that almost 600 persons were killed in the ava-
lanche that wiped out the Ghungar mining camp, 62 miles north-
east of Lima, Thursday. Only 215 survivors were found of the more
than 800 persons living in the camp.
The settlement then was an ex- mony of four key witnesses be re-
tension of the project funds un- # read -'a process that could take
til March 3. At issue 'now is the many hours. Some of it has not
$134 million needed to continue been transcribed from the court-
the SST subsidy through June 30. 1 room stenographic notes.
LAST CHANCE-2:30 & 8:00!
"Honestly written . .
"Compelling . .
and UNIVERSITY ACTIVITIES CENTER
Uf. ONGEST RUNNING OFF-B'WAY HIT!
"MARVELOUS!" "A MILESTONE!"z
--James Baldwin -TIME MAGAZINE -
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