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March 16, 1971 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1971-03-16

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THE CLASSIFIED
RESEARCH QUESTION
See Editorial Page

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REGRESSIVE
High--44
Low--25
Windy and cloudy,
chance of snow flurries

VoL XXXI, No. 133 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, March 16, 1971 Ten Cents

Ten Pages

Universities

ban secret research

By DAVE CHUDWIN
Managing Editor
Many of the most prestigious univer-
sities in the country have either banned
or placed strict restrictions on classified
research, a survey by The Daily shows.
Of the top 10 universities in the
American Council on Education's rating
of graduate programs, at 1e a s t six
schools have stopped accepting classified
government research.
Six of the Big Ten schools have pro-
hibited contracts for classified research
and among the Ivy League schools only
Cornell still accepts such projects.
Among the universities in different
areas of the country that told The Daily
they had policies against classified re-
search are:
-In the East, Yale, Harvard, Brown,
Princeton, the University of Pennsyl-
vania and the State University of New
York at Stony Brook;
-In the M i d w e s t, Northwestern,
Michigan State, Western Michigan, Iowa

State and the Universities of Wiscon-
sin, Minnesota, Indiana and Iowa;
-In the West, the Berkeley campus
of the University of California, Stan-
ford and the Universities of Colorado
and Oregon; and
-In the South, the University of
North Carolina -at Chapel Hill and
Georgetown University.
At some of these schools, however,
the definition of classified research is
different than that used by the Univer-
sity's Office of Research Administra-
tion. Here, if any member of a research
team requires a government security
classification, even to look at classified
publications, the project is considered
classified.
But at some other universities con-
tracts are considered classified only if
the data and results of the project can-
not be published. Thus, investigators can
consult classified documents without the
project being labeled classified.
Under this definition, nine of the 42

classified contracts here might not be
considered so at other institutions.
"It has been over a decade since any
classified research was under way on
the Princeton campus and the univer-
sity policy has been to discourage such
research," Lyman Spitzer, chairman of
Princeton's University Research Board,
says, explaining his university's policy.
Brown University, states Malcolm S.
Stevens, vice president for administra-
tion, since after World War II "has had
a policy of accepting only unclassified
research with the result that all of our
r e s e a r c h results may be published
openly."
Joseph S. Warner, director of grant
and contract administration at Yale,
says the university has no classified con-
tracts.
The school does not accept classified
research because ". . . one part of the
university's essential purpose, to impart
See SCHOOLS, Page 6

A SIGN marks an entrance to the
University's laboratories at Willow
Run, scene of much of the classified
research carried out here.

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Black

teacher

hitssuspension
By JUANITA ANDERSON
Charging that she was suspended because she iS black,
Rebecca Vanderhorst, a teacher at Forsythe Jr. High School,
will appear today at a preliminary injunction hearing to pre-
snt charges against the Ann Arbor Board of Education.
Vanderhorst has filed suit in U.S. District Court in Detroit
against the Ann Arbor school board for "depriving her of her
civil rights and discharging her without procedural due pro-
cess as afforded her under the 14th Amendment of the U.S.
Constitution," said Frederick: McDonald, Vanderhorst's at-
torney.
School officials said that Vanderhorst was suspended,
pending investigation, for "causing student-teacher mis-
" understanding and unrest and

Senate
studies
research
By MARK DILLEN
Senate Assembly began con-
sideration yesterday of the re-
newed controversy over Uni-
versity classified research with
the presentation of the an-
nual report of its Committee
on Classified Research.
Although Assembly, the faculty
representative body, heard only the
initial stages of the scheduled
review of classified research, ad-
vocates and defenders of revising
or abolishing such projects will
present their case again tonight.
They hope Assembly will recom-
mend ending classified military
research to the Regents, who must
approve any .changes in policy.
The committee's report, com-
ing on the heels- of increased crit-
icism of the nature and applica-
tion of University research for the
military - especially classified
projects - contains for the first
time a minority report attacking
the work of the committee.
Read in part to the 70-member
body by its author, committee
member Michael Knox, Grad, the
minority report echoed the senti-
ments of those involved in the re- CLASSIFIE
cent protests against classified re-
search. Knox charged that: (left) pres
-The Classified Research Com- yesterday,
mittee "consistently violates" its looks on.
policy forbidding approval of
classified contracts "whose spe-
cific purpose is to destroy human
life or incapacitate human be-
-The committee, contrary to
its policy, is "not broadly repre-
sentative" of the University com-
munity;
-The committee has "isolated
itself" from public opinion in the
community;
-Those on the committee have Senate
become "allies of classified re- a proposed
search." and approving a
-The' committee "has never The co
met its responsibility" to m a k e Thun ci
summary statements of classified Council (U
projects as required. Istrators,2
Knox, along with philosophy campus. T]
Prof. Frithjof Bergmann, spoke judiciary n
briefly in support of changing re- The U
search policy to be "beneficial" TeU
rather than involved "in the kill- the Regent
ing process." between As
Though the discussion occupied Governmen
only the final 25 minutes of the Assembly
21/2 hour meeting, there was also a of the propos
brief rebuttal to Knox's c h a r g e s tonight.
from another Classified Research
Committee member, pathology In soundly
Prof. Arthur French. which could h
"It is irrelevant that students members fro
reject some parts of the Univer- Assembly ye
sity's mission to the people of the form rulese
state," French said. "The Univer- members of
sity's mission properly includes Imuity--a
military research." . lying the rul
French, apparently expressing The rules)
the viewpoint of many on the 12- same actions
man committee, explained h o w gent's Interi
"students are protected by Uni- disruption of
versity developed instruments: the use of p
University remote sensing de- another mem
vices have been used by the U.S. communityF
military extensively in the Indo- damage, or
china war where, according to the property.
Department of Defense, they have However,
been "invaluable in ... battlefield RulestheU
surveillance and target acquisi- R '
tion." cific maximu
Assembly debate on the issue is lude the po

scheduled to resume at 7:30 to- These may
night at Rackham Amphitheater. slated to
Fasters plan a Diag rally at noon
to urge attendance at the open today by com
meeting. See FA(

ass embly
Alas sified
question

Recruiting,
discussed
by OSSPB
By MARCIA ZOSLAW

contributing to the disruption
of a learning environment."
However, Vanderhorst did not
receive a hearing or a notice of
charges set against her before her
suspension.
Because the case involves charg-
es of deprivation of constitutional
rights, it is being heard in the
U.S. District Court in Detroit since
both Vanderhorst and McDonald
felt the teacher could not obtain
a fair hearing in Washtenaw

-Daily-Tom Oottlieb
D RESEARCH Committee Chairman Gerald Charbeneau
ents his committees's annual report to Senate Assembly
while Assembly Chairman Gerhard Weinberg (right)
~utydiscusses
rlt cipline rules
By CARLA RAPOPORT
Assembly yesterday began a scrutinizing review of
set of conduct rules for the University community
a small part of the proposal with a few changes.
nduct rules proposed last month by University
C), a committee of students, faculty and admin-
are aimed at stemming disruptive actions on
'he rules would be enforced by the University
ow under consideration by the Regents.
C rules will replace the Interim Rules enacted by
s last April if agreement on the rules is reached
sembly, the faculty's representative body, Student
it Council and the Regents.

The Office of Student Services ou
Policy Board (OSSPB) last night Vanderhorst was suspended on
created a subcommittee to imple- Feb. 4, just prior to Black History
ment the board's original policy Week, for which she had been
denying the use of University working with black students in
Placement Office facilities to cor- preparing a program.
.0rations operating w h e r e dis- The suspension followed an in-
crimination is legally enforced. cident at Forsythe School. The
The creation of the subcommit- building had been closed when a
tee followed the rejection of two number of black students began
other recruitment proposals made mingling in the corridors to dis-
by board members. cuss a flyer she had printed.
The first proposal, put forth by In the flyer, Vanderhorst stat-
Jerry De Grieck, SGC executive ed that she would no longer be inj
'ce president, and Lottie Piltz, charge of the Black History Week
student government advocate, said program because ,of opposition
that the OSSPB's original pro- from teachers whom she charged
posal should be used as a means tore down signs advertising t h e
of implementing and expanding program.
the moral stance of the regental A meeting of parents, teachers,
proposal. The Regents' ruling only students, and other people inter-
barred from University facilities ested in the case was held 1 a s t,
crporations hiring for jobs in Wednesday to "raise issues relat-
countries where discrimination ex- ed to the whole problem of racism
ists legally. in the Ann Arbor school system,"
The second proposal, introduced said Alvis Adair, spokesman for
by Robert Knauss, vice president the group.
for student services, stated that "Miss Vanderhorst represents
the Regents' proposal definitely the image of a black teacher, very
did conflict with the OSSPB's concerned about black students,
Qiginal p r o p o s a 1. However, who was very vocal in expressing.
Knauss' measure said that the. her feelings on problems in the
Regents could not be defied, but Ann Arbor school system," Adair
rather should be persuaded to ex- said.
pand their policy along the orig- "In the process, as other black
inal OSSPB lines. See TEACHER, Page 10
Newfighting reporte
N.Viets shell base at.

-Daily-Tom Gottlieb
PROF. HAROLD CRUSE lectures yesterday as part of Black Liberation Week. Cruse pointed to the
difficulties of maintaining a black culture in a predominantly white society, emphasizing the need for
. the formation of a black "critical school of thought" in judging art.
Cruse e-mphasizes 'need
to mintan black, culture

By GENE ROBINSON "It is difficult for black culture
"The black American has pro- to exist as a separate lifestyle
duced an overwhelming tradition in without being absorbed into white
the art forms," history Prof. Har- culture,d Cruse asserted. He em-
old Cruse said yesterday in a lec- phasized the necessity for the
ture on "The Significance of Black formation of a black "critical
Culture." , school of thought" by which art
Cruse spoke in conjunction with forms could be judged.
Black Liberation Week, a week of Cruse also discussed the rela-
black arts and culture sponsored tionship between black nationalism
by the University's Center for and black culture. He cited as one
Afro-American and African affairs. example the views of Ron Karen-
ga, a black nationalist who says
Cruse said there was a "concep- that traditional blues music must
tual problem of exactly what black be forgotten because blues signi-
culture consists of, since black peo- fies black submission and repres-
ple live in a predominately white sion.
society.' "Such an approach," Cruse ex-
plained "implies that in order to
be a black nationalist, one must
d in L ao s0 disown certain aspects of black
culture."
Crusealo said that all people
San h are a product of an acculturation,
or absorption of an outside culture
to a certain extent. This accultura-
tion, he maintained, affects all
Brig. Gen. Pham Van Phu, black people regardless of their
commander of South Vietnam's political beliefs.
1st Infantry Division, said the Cruse discussed the so-called
North Vietnamese were moving "Harlem Renaissance" of the
two regiments into the area 1920's and its effect on black cul-
around Lolo. The base is the 19r.'seend iedtha culr
main operations center for South ture. He explained that cultural
Vietnamese troops now sweeping flowering came when blacks be-
the western-most section of High- came urbanized, thus producing
way 914, a branch of the Ho Chi such writers as Langston Hughes
Minh trail that winds southeast and Countee Cullen.
from Sepone. Mahler Ryder, one of the black
Pathet Lao forces also overran artists scheduled to participate in
a government position at Muong the symposium on black art on

about cultural history which must
be answered, he said, probably
most successfully through a black
studies program.
Cruse will conclude his discus-
sion of black culture in a second
talk scheduled for tomorrow after-
noon.
Today's activities in the week-
long program include a symposium
on the "Technological Needs of the
Black World" and an appearance
at Hill Aud. by Amiri Baraka (Le-
roi Jones), black poet and play-S
right, and Olatunji, an African mu-
sician.

will continue its review
ed rules at a meeting
defeating a motion
have exempted faculty
= possible suspension,
sterday supported uni-
and sanctions for all
the University com-
aajor principle under-
es.
prohibit many of the
prohibited by the Re-
m Rules. These include
University functions,'
physical force against
nber of the University
and the defacement,
theft of University
unlike the Interimj
UC rules contain spe-
m penalties, which ex-
ssibility of expulsion.
ximum penalties are
come under attack
amunications and com-
CULTY, Page 10

'U' banch
meets new
chancellor
By ART LERNER
William Moran, recently named
to the post of Chancellor at the Uni-
versity's Flint branch, was form-
ally introduced to that campus yes-
terday at a student and faculty
convocation.
Moran, new assistant executive
vice-president at the State Univer-
sity of New York at Stony Brook,
will officially became chancellor
July 1.
Flint administrators said Mo-
ran's experience in long range ex-
pansion and financial planning was
important in his selection as chan-
cellor, as the Flint campus has
just received title to 17 acres of
land for expansion.
Students at Flint said that hope-
fully the appointment of Moran to
the newly-created chancellor post
will help their campus gain some
independence from the much larger
Ann Arbor campus.
"As it is now, with a dean coor-
dinating things with Ann Arbor, we
are just an extension of the Ann
Arbor undergraduate program,"
student body president Ed Hoort
said.
"With our own chancellor we
can become more of an indepen-
dent college," he asserted.
"If the new chancellor is on the
ball, it will give us a lot more
power and a lot more influence
over our own program," he added.
Moran agreed that his appoint-
ment will help the Flint campus to
gain more autonomy from the Uni-

f--

RAISING CONSCIOUSNESS

Fasters see, success

SAIGON (P) - Fresh fighting
*upted yesterday near Sepone,
an important junction point on
the Ho Chi Minh trail in South-
ern Laos, while North Vietna-
mese gunners laid down a heavy
rocket and mortar barrage on
the Khe Sanh combat base in
orthwest South Vietnam.
In Cambodia, fierce fighting
also was reported between gov-
ernment troops and North Viet-
namese forces 13 miles north-
east of Phnom Penh.

forward supply point and flight
center for the Laotian operation.
Reports from the border com-
mand post at Ham Nghi said that
North Vietnamese artillery and
tanks had hit hard at a fire sup-
port base called Lolo, nine miles
southeast of Sepone. Ground
fighting was reported throughout
the day near the South Vietna-
mese regimental position.
One U.S. helicopter was report-
edly shot down in the action
around Lolo, and sev oral others

By SARA FITZGERALD
Fatigued but exhilarated, faculty members par-
ticipating in this week's fast against classified and
military research at the University feel their ef-
forts have been successful in raising the conscious-
ness of the University community to the issue.
"The fast," says history Prof. Raymond Grew,"
has been remarkably effective. It's an economical
way of communicating the extent of one's concern
to a lot of people."
Grew, who will today present a resolution to
Senate Assembly calling for an end to classified
research, found that "even those colleagues who
disigrpp -,rnglyr1 it~h mP ixwo'a iillinn- o isei q

ElI

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