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March 10, 1971 - Image 8

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The Michigan Daily, 1971-03-10

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Wage Eight

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Wednesday, March 10, 197W

Page Eight THE MICHIGAN DAILY

ELECTRONIC BATTLEFIELD DEVELOPED:
'U' researches war instruments

(Continued from Page 1)
been active in developing ad-
vanced acoustic and seismic de-
tection devices and especially in
developing automatic means of
identifying sounds and vibra-
tions.
Three weeks ago Willow Run
sent in a proposal for. an "Air
Droppable Seismometer" to the
Army, requesting $24,640 for a
ten month period.
Other projects now in effect in-
clude a long-range program on
Acoustic Surveillance Systems
for the Navy and Automatic
Identification of Acoustic and
Seismic sources for the Army.
The University's R e s e a r c h
Committee, which reviews all
proposals for classified projects,
has approved 21 proposals for
acoustic and seismic sensing with
a value of $1.3 million since it
began operation in 1968.
The guidelines used by the
committee, as approved by the
Regents, provide that the Uni-
versity will not approve any pro-
jects "the specific purpose of
which is tokill or incapacitate
human beings."
Critics of the committee point
to the fact that the committee
has rejected only one project in
almost three years, claiming that
any project, except for perhaps
guns or ammunition, would be

approved under the broad guide-
lines now in effect.
Another field of war technology
which University researchers are
advancing is in the area of elec-
tronic countermeasures.
These techniques allow offen-
sive and reconnaissance aircraft
to complete their missions over
enemy territory by preventing
counterattack with electronic
"black boxes."
These black boxes confuse ra-
dar and heat-seeking missiles,
jam ground- and air-based ra-
dars with false signals, and
block communications.
The work on electronic counter-
measures, done both at Willow
Run and the electrical engineer-
ing department's Cooley Elec-
tronics Laboratory, is among the
most heavily classified 'esearch
that the University participates
in.
Recent projects and proposals
include Countermeasures Tech-
nique Feasibility Evaluation, Air-
craft Warning Flight Test Equip-
ment, Investigation of Advanced
Countermeasures Techniques and
Infrared Warning System Stu-
dies.
The Classified Research Com-
mittee has approved 15 proposals
for classified projects in this
area with a value of $8.4 million
since 1968.

There are a number of other
areas in which University re-
searchers work that are related
to the electronic battlefield. Re-
searchers at Willow Run have
long been active in lasers and
holography (three - dimensional
lenseless photography using las-
ers).
"Applied (laser) research is be-
ing supported (by the Defense
Department) for a variety of pur-
poses including . . . distance
measuring, surveillance, target
acquisition and detection, night
vision devices and techniques,
guidance systems and laser simi-
ulators for training gunners," ac-
cording to. comments prepared
by Pentagon research director
Foster.
Another use of the laser is in
an integrated observation sys-
tem that allows soldiers in Inlo-
china to fight at night.
Prof. William Brown, director
of Willow Run, says the lab now
is concentrating on holography
and non-destructive testing of
materials rather than the more
weapon - oriented uses of lasers,
adding however that Willow Run
work "on display techniques
probably relates to the simula-
tors" used for training gunners.
The Cooley Electronics Lab is
undertaking a long-term project
aimed at using holography for
detecting electronic bugs, bombs
and other items planted' within
solid objects.
In the communications field,
Cooley Lab is participating in a
long-range Navy program to im-
prove underwater communica-
tions for military submarines.
In a related effort, the elec-
trical engineering department's
Radiation Laboratorty has clas-
sified projects to design antennas
for the military.
In summarizing the situation,

research director Foster says,
"A number of individual wea-
' pons are coming along. For in-
stance there is a surveillance ra-
dar and other sensors for the
soldiers, better communications,
grenade launchers and anti-tank
weapons.
Drawing on the results of re-
search at the University and
from industrial contractors the
military is testing devices for the
electronic battlefield. The tests
are being performed by a special
Army agency called MASSTER
(Mobile Army Sensor System,
Test Evaluation and Review).
Realistic maneuvers test sen-
sors and other elements of the
electronic battlefield, evaluating
their effectiveness under simu-
lated combat conditions.
"Gen. William Westmoreland,
Army chief of staff, believes that
the new electronics technology
has brought the Army to the
threshold of a new concept for
the battlefield that may be as
revolutionary in warfare as the
introduction of the helicopter or
the tank," the New York Times
states.
University researchers are aid-
ing in this effort, selling their
unique capabilities to the Defense
Department through classified
research.,
They note that their work is
being used in Vietnam and point
out that they are serving their
country and . promoting national
defense.
As Willow Run Director Brown
has said, "The Vietnam war may
be a mistake, but you just com-
pound the felony if you have
troops in Vietnam and don't send
them the best rifles you can de-
velop."
"If you want a free University,
you need a country that's free;"
he concludes.

Profs to fast
in protest of
war researcb
(Continued from Page 1)
-Refuse research contracts re-
quiring that security clearance by
the federal government be condi-
tional for faculty or student par-
ticipation in the research.
-Require any research facility
at the University to be open to any
qualified faculty member and stu-
dent within the financial capacity
of that facility to support research.
Urging others to join the fast,
history Prof. Sam Warner and
Young said, "Outraged by the con-
tinuing death and destruction in-
flicted on Indo-China by American
power, we find it unconszionable
that our University is still nost to
military-sponsored activities serv-
ing the American war machine."
Currently, the University con-
ducts $5.6 million worth of classi-
fied research, for the federal* gov-
ernment.
Commenting on the fast, dentist-
ry Prof. Gerald Cfiarbeneau, chair-
man of Assembly's classified Re-
search Committee called it "an at-
tempt to tie a set of emotions to an
issue which should be looked at
with clear thinking."
His committee of nine faculty
members and three graduate stu-
dents reviews all classified pro-
posals submitted by University re-
searchers.
The controversy over classified
research was raised last month af-
ter the publication of a letter by
Michael Knox, a student member
of the Classified Research Com-
mittee, criticizing such research
and asking for permission to speak
at next week's Assembly meeting.

AFFIRMATIVE ACTION PROGRAM:
HEW receives 'U' plans for
equal employment of women

(Continued from Page 1)
women to 7,962 and a drop from
7,820 men to 7,625.
The goals and timetables were
formulated, according to a Uni-
versity statement, "with recogni-
tion of the-facts that for most of
the schools and colleges there will
be no increase in instructional
positions for the next three years
and that open positions in such
cases will be limited to turnover
in current staff."
The statement added that "the
probable decline in the fiscal sup-
port for higher education in the
future, the necessary action in
minority recruitment and place-
ment, the speed with which these
data were collected all indicate
that these goals and timetables are
subject to periodic revision."
The statement added that the
goals and timetables will be per-
iodically reviewed by the Commis-
sion on Women.
According to the statement, the
development of the goals and
timetables considered the "current
extent of female employment"
within the organizational units of
the University; the "qualified wo-
men currently employed in the
unit whose training, experience
and capabilities merit advance-
ment;" the availability of women
qualified for the position, and the
availability of qualified women
"whom current recruitment pro-
cedures may not normally ident-
ify."
Among the commitments stated
in the nine-point affirmative. ac-
tion program are:
-"The University will achieve
salary equity between male and
female employes having equivalent
qualifications, responsibilities, and
performance in the same job clas-
sification."
-"Each administrative or op-
erating unit, in cooperation with
the personnel function, will con-
tinue to review and evaluate the,
status of staff members."
-"The University will vigorous-
ly recruit females, including wo-
men for academic appointments,
to assure equal treatment for men
and women."
-"The University will pay back
wages to any female who has lost
wages due to discrimination by
the University because of her sex."
-"Special attention will be
given to the inclusion of females
on University committees."
Other points in the program in-

volve the availability of informa-
tion on employment, and the Uni-
versity's commitment to informing
various units of the "responsibility
to assure compliance with the Uni-
versity's Equal Employment Op-
portunity Affirmative Action Pro-
gram."
Although the University specific-
ally commits itself to achieving
salary equity between male and fe-
male employes in the same job
classifications, the statement also
says the University "will strive to
achieve salary equity among all
employes having equivalent re-
sponsibilities, performance, and
qualifications."
The affirmative action program

was begun after HEW withheld
federal contracts from the Univer-
sity last fall on the grounds that
there was University discrimina-
tion against women.
After two months of negotiations,
HEW provisionally accepted the
University's program and allowed
the federal contracts to go through.
HEW then charged the University
with formulating specific goals ande.
time tables by March 8.
Members of the Commission of
Women will review the goals and
time tables and then work on for-
mulating a grievance procedure for
women who feel they are being
discriminated against, according to
Newell.

I

1 *

Unit issues reports on
classified research

(Continued from Page 1) 1
ly representative of the Universityr
community;
-"The committee has isolatedr
itself from the rest of the Univer-
sity and from public opinion int
general;.
-"The committee has become
an ally of classified research rath-e
er than a judge of its appropriate-
ness;" and
-"The committee has not ful-1
filled its responsibility to make1
summary statements of proposed1
research publicly available." r
The committee's report claimsc
the group has adhered to all regu-t
lations governing the committee's
acts.}
New guidelines proposed during
the year by Knox to satisfy hisi
objections to committee proceduresF
and policies were defeated. 1
Currently, guidelines state only
that the committee's make-up'
must be "broadly representative of
the entire faculty," a policy which
has led, according to Knox, to a
committee "unrepresentative" oft
the University community with a
"marked conservative bias.t
"The only student representa-
tives, three graduate students, are
appointed by the Senate Assembly
rather than by a body representa-
tive of the student constituency,"
says Knox.C
"Further, all of the faculty rep-1
Impact of
pot lawt
uncertain'
(Continued from Page 1)
to prosecute defendants for viola-
tion of city law, but may referc
cases to the city attorney.
Delhey denies any knowledge of
an agreement cited by several city
officials under which he would
decide on a case by case basis
whether to prosecute a defendant
under state law or refer the case
to the city attorney for city law
prosecution.
Police Chief Walter Krasny says
that at least for the present noth-
ing will be changed concerning
prosecution for marijuana posses-
sion in Ann Arbor.
He says the police will continue
to refer all cases to the county
prosecutor's office for prosecution
under state law until such time as_
a new referral policy is reached by
the city.
City Attorney Jerold Lax, author
of the new ordinance, expresses
dismay at the possibility of the
law being obstructed by Delhey
saying, "to preclude Prosecution
under city law is an unacceptable
approach" to marijuana law en-
forcement.
Krasny says a meeting between
high officials of the city and
county should be forthcoming in
which the matter of who is re-
sponsible for deciding which law
to use will be decided.
coming ..-.
S.O.S.

resentatives are tenured, and
members of the University who
philosophically o p p o s e classified
research are not eligible for com-
mittee membership . . . one (of
the members) is currently involved
in conducting classified research."
While the committee's report
states "numerous meetings" were
held during the year with re-
searchers involved in classified
projects "regarding the appro-
priateness of certain projects," the
report makes no mention of com-
munication "within the University
community" called for in commit-
tee guidelines.
According to Knox, the result
has been that proposals are con-
sidered in a "vacuum. Because of
its fetish about secrecy, decisions
are based only on information sup-
plied by the researchers them-
selves," Knox charges.
When contacted last night,
dentistry Prof. Gerald Charbeneau.
chairman of the Classified Re-
search Committee, said that de-
spite Knox's statement, he felt the
committee is "widely representa-
tive of the University community."
Though declining to comment
directly on Knox's charges, Char-
beneau emphasized that the con-
fidential nature of proposals for
classified projects before the com-
mittee must be retained pending
their approval because they repre-
sent "the original work of the re-
searchers involved."
Acting otherwise could jeopar-
dize the original researchers' credit
for his work, he said.
The committee's report itself
indicates the continued predom-
inance of research into radar and
infra-red sensing devices among
the University's classified military
work.
Of $4,637,294 in new classified
funds awarded to the Univer-
sity in the past year, $1,573,000
was earmarked for development
of the Air Force's radar techni-
ques.

Knox is expected to present a
critical minority report on the
committee's activities.

'II

DAILY OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Officials Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN f o r m to
Room 3528 L.S.A. Bldg., before
2 p.m., of the day preceding pub-
lication and by 2 p.m. Friday for
Saturday and Sunday. Items ap-
pear once only. Student organiza-
tion notices are not accepted for
publication. For more information,
phone 764-9270.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 10
Day Calendar
Anatomy Lecture: S. Kim, V.A. Hos-
pital, "Fine Structure and Secretory
Processes in Rat Sublingual Glands,"
4804 Med. Sci. 11, 1:10 p.m.
Astronomy Colloquium: G. MacAl-
pine, U. of Wis., 807 P&A Bldg., 2:30
p.m.
Ctr. for Research on Learning a n d
Teaching: R. Holbrook, "The Use of an
Economic Policy Game as an Aid to
Student Understanding, "109 E. Mad-
ison St., 3 p.m.
Education Lecture: C. Moody an d
H. Johnson, "Desegregation Training of
The Staff of School Districts: Where
Are We Going?" Schorling Aud., 4
p.m.
Botany Seminar: D. Reed, C. F. Ket-
tering Res. Lab., "Structure of the
Photosynthetic Membrane System of
Etrain R-26 of Rhodopsendomonas
Spheroides," 1139 Nat. Sci. Bldg., 4 p.m.
Statistics seminar: C. Shih, "Boun-
dary Conditions of Markov Chains,"
2443 Mason Hall, 4 p.m.
Fluid Mechanics Seminar: J. Steke-

tee, "On Rayleigh's Problem in MHD,"
229 W. Engin., 4 p.m.
Physics Colloq.: R. Guyer, U. of
Mass., "Mass Fluctuation Waves," P&A
Colloq. Rm., 4 p.m.
Graduate Coffee Hour: 4th fl., Rack-
ham, 4-6 p.m.~
Speech Dept.: "The Indian Wants the
Bronx," Arena Theatre, Frieze Bldg.,
4:10 p.m.
Journalism Lecture: Fred Friendly,
Columbia U., "TV News: Over-Exposed
and Under-Developeds" Rackham Lect.
Hall, 4:10 p.m.
Choral Union Series: Menuhin Festi-
val Orchestra. Y.AManuhin, conductor
and soloist, Hill Aud., 8:30 p.m.
General Notices
May 1971 Teacher's Certificate Candi-
dates : All requirements for teacher's
certificate must be complete by Mar.
22; teacher's oath should be taken as
soon asnpossiblemin rm 1431 SEB;
Placement Ofc material can be ob-
tained from that ofc. in the SAB.
Placement
CAREER PLANNING DIVISION
3200 S.A.B.
Announcements: For more informa-
tion, contact Career Planning, 3200
S.A.B.
Loyola Univ., Chicago, evening pro-
gram for Grad Sch. of Bus., n i g h t
courses avail. for people in Chicago
area, no specific undergrad degree re-
quired.
Duke Univ. Med. Ctr., training pro-
gram in nuclear med. tech.; any sci-
ence field degree o.k.; deadline for
appl., May 1.
Family Service Assoc. of Amer. has
sent us a bulletin describing grants to
students in grad. schiols of soc. work;
stop in and look this one over.
New Canaan Country School, f u 11
time fellowships avail., teaching often
applicable to grad work toward M.A.

Hughes Aircraft Co., fellowships for
M.A., engineer and PhD degrees in elec.
engr., aerospace engr., mechl engr., phy-
sics and math.
* * * *
SUMMER PLACEMENT SERVICES
212 S.A.B.
Announcements: For more informa-
tion, contact Summer Placement Serv.
Cedar Point, Sandusky, Oh., audi-
tions for live show scheduled for March
in Detroit; also openings in foods depts.
and operations; join the courtesy
corps.
Cook County Dept. of Public Aid.,
Chicago,summer trainee program in
soc. work announced for sophs and
jrs. Applications at SPS.
Kenneth Narrod Moving Co., Chi-
cago, openings for men, good paying
job and good advancement for under-
grads for future summers.

4A

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ALL PHOTOGRAPHERS
Yearbook Photo Meeting
7:00 p.m. Wednesday
March 11
Please bring examples
and/or portfolios
Questions? Call Randy Edmonds
663-6177 (5-6 p.m.)
1st floor-'Ensign
Student Publications Bldg.
- - -

LIFE STYLES '71
WEEKEND RETREAT
Sat.-Sun., March 13-14
at Camp Tamarack
Leader, Speaker, Professor:
ARCHIE SINGHAM, Poli. Sci. Dept.
others representing varied life styles
Excellent food, discussions,
overnight in cabins
Meet for transportation-Guild House
9:30 A.M. Cost $6.00
GUILD HOUSE-402 Monroe
PHONE RESERVATIONS: 662-5189 or 663-2362
by Friday 5 P.M.

(

4

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(212) 222-6023 or 222-6025
Mon.-Fri., 9-5
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A registered nurse sched-
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AUDITION S
for
FEMALE POP SINGER
for a prof essional vocal group
Tour of Orient this summer and future profes-
sional work-Bring accompanist, picture, and
resume-THURS. NITE ONLY, March 11-
8:30-11:00 P.M.-take elevator to League Base-
ment.

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Subscribe To
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Phone 764-0558

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THE UNIVERSITY SHOP
SAKS FIFTH AVENUE
332 South State Street, Ann Arbor
4 DEGAS
Show Showing
March 10, 11, 12

chug-a-lug! beverages taste better
in our maple wood tankards. ..
big, brawny mugs of smoothly finished
wood staves joined barrel-fashion with your
choice of white rope or leather handles
and binding. Plast-ic liner is removable for
easy washing. 14 oz., 6'l" high. Each, $6.
Tankards may be personalized with name, club,
school, initials. . .allowing two weeks for
delivery. $1. additional charge.

Hil

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