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January 31, 1971 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1971-01-31

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SUNDAY
DAILY
See editorial page

Y

li~t

4kiatjIV

FLAKY
High-15
Low-5 below
Fair and partly cloudy,
chance of snow flurries

Vol. LXXXI, No. 103 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, January 31, 1971 Ten Cents

Ten Pages

Black
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Last spring, the
University, committed itself to achiev-
ing ten per cent black enrollment by
Fall, 1973. This a rt iclIe, and two
to follow, examine the University's
efforts to fulfill the agreement,)
By DAVE CHUDWIN
First of a three-part series
They stood packed into the Union
Ballroom, whites and blacks but
mostly blacks, and cheered their vic-
tory. After a 13-day class strike, the
Regents and the University admin-
istration had finally given a firm
commitment to achieving 10 per cent
enrollment by 1973-74.
Now, nine months later, there is
disagreement and concern over whe-
ther the University will meet its
commitment, and what the effects of
increased minority enrollment will
be.
"We're doing all the things we said
we'd do and if we don't succeed, it
won't be because we haven't tried,"
says President Robben Fleming.
At least some black students, how-

admissions:

'U

s truggles

ever, believe that the University is
not doing all it can. "There's too
much buckpassing and excuses," says
Andre Hunt, a member of Student
Government Council. "That real big
effort, that all-out drive to find black
students just hasn't arrived."
University officials say they have
followed the agreement with BAM,
hiring additional recruiters and ad-
mission counselors. They express
concern that, there will not be
enough "qualified" blacks to meet
the 10 per cent figure by 1973-74.
"The objective is to 10 per cent
black enrollment but the commit-
ment is only to funds," explains
William Fenstemacher, assistant to
Vice President and Dean of the Grad-
uate School Stephen Spurr. "The Re-
gents were concerned what the effect
would be on standards if the Uni-
versity had to lower entrance stand-
ards substantially to get 10 per
cent."u

Of 32,940 students who answered a
racial survey last fall, 1,546 students
on campus identified themselves as
blacks, 165 as chicanos and 71 as
American Indians.
This represents an increase of 1.5
per cent over the estimated 3.5 per
cent blacks on campus last March
during the BAM strike. However, at
least a part of the increase is due
to better reporting procedures, ad-
ministrators say.
"The increase also represents a
greater willingness on the part of
students to complete the survey. I
would guess there are about 300 new
blacks," Fenstemacher says.
While the increase was relatively
small, University officials were pleas-
ed with it because most of the ad-
missions for last fall had been com-
pleted before the BAM strike started.
"Next year is the big push," says
Alfred Sussman, acting dean of the
literary college, predicting that Uni-

versity recruiting efforts will begin
yielding results next fall.
To reach the 10 per cent goal the
University plans to admit at least
450 black freshmen, 150 black trans-
fer students and 300 black graduate
students next year and every year
thereafter.-
Yet last spring, of the 8,382 black
high school graduates in the state,
about 4,089 planned to enroll in a
university or community college. Of
these students, only 1,252 were in
the top quarter of their class, one
usual criterion for admission to the
University.
"Quite obviously the University
must compete successfully against
other colleges and universities in the
state for a very high percentage of
the very best students if the Uni-
versity is to achieve its enrollment
goal," Spurr says.
He explains that to insure, for
example, 300 black freshmen for the

literary college, some 700
tions are needed - requ
University to attract a ma
the black high school gra
the top quarter of their cla
Fenstemacher points out
state Board of Education
only a very slight increas
numbers of black 18-year o
near future. "As other sc
crease their objectives in
the competitions will be ke
adds.
"I spend a lot of nights
about it," says Financial Ai
tor Ronald Brown. "Mone
so important as the supply
high school graduates - t
fact is that the number<
graduating from high sc
have to be increased."
Considering the evidenc
concludes that it is stilla
question" whether enough
blacks will apply to the Uni

to achieve
applica- reach the 10 per cent goal by 1973- required
iring the 74. "This
ajority of Others, however, are more hope- not as q
duates in ful. "I'm extremely optimistic as a strumen
sses. result of the preliminary work this gree of;
that the fall," says Assistant Admissions Di- sess," he
projects rector George Goodman. "The name Hunt
se in the of the game is to win." using cl
lds in the He points out that while not all students
hools in- of the University's schools and col- ther the
the area leges will reach the 10 per cent or event
eener," he figure, some will surpass it and he Pointin
hopes for a "reasonable balance" to do not hi
worrying meet the goal. Cynthia1
ids Direc- "It can be done. The people are sity shou
ey is not there," insists Gilbert Maddox, direc- out-of-si
of black tor of the undergraduate Opportun- to apply.
he brutal ity Program. "We're going to have Presid
of blacks to do a better job of identifying them versity r
hool will and take a higher risk student." image a
Claiming that the University has blacks."
e, Spurr been getting an "elitist" group of of chang
an "open high school students in terms of tra- the high
qualified ditional measures of academic po- to refer1
versity to tential, Maddox says, "We might be

goal
to reach back further.
doesn't mean the student is
ualified, merely that the in-
ts may not measure the de-
potential these people pos-
explains.
says that the University is
aims of a lack of b l a c k
as an excuse. "I doubt whe-
y will reach the 10 per cent
try," he says.
rg out that all new students
have to be in-state freshmen,
Stevens, '72, says the Univer-
uld encourage black transfer,
tate, and graduate students
ent Fleming says the Uni-
must continue to improve its
as a place that welcomes
"It's going to be a question
ing attitudes and persuading
schools that they do want
people here," he explains.
See BLACK, Page 6

New party
names city
candidates
By CARLA RAPOPORT
Candidates for mayor and the city council
seat in the second ward were' nominated
late last night by about 40 people who par-
ticipated in the tail-end of the convention
of Ann Arbor's new radical party.
Nominated for mayor was Doug Cornell,
Grad.
Jerry De Grieck, executive vice president
of Student Government Council, will run for
the council seat in the second ward, which
is composed predominantly of students.
Both will run on a write-in campaign.
The radical party formed last month with
the initial goal of providing an alternative
slate of candidates to those offered by the
Democratic and Republican parties.
Mayor Robert Harris, a Democrat, has
announced he will seek election to a second
two-year term in office. The Republican
candidate will be nominated in a primary
Feb. 15.
Accepting the mayoral nomination from
the new party, Cornell said, "I am interested
in getting the radical movement back into
motion and motion should best be had by
work with and in the community."
Speculation followed the nominations that
the candidates may not meet the legal qual-
ifications for office. De Grieck will not be
21 until the end of February. While Cornell
is 21, he has not been a registered voter in
Ann Arbor for the past year, which he felt
might prevent him from candidacy.
After the electoral nominations, Peter
Denton, Grad, 'was elected co-ordinator of
the party.
The new party's candidates will be unable
to appear on the regular city ballot due to
a state statute which dictates that new
parties must present a petition bearing an
amount of signatures equally one per cent
of the total vote in the last state-wide elec-
tion. In addition, the signatures must in-
clude representatives from at least 10 coun-
ties in the state.
Party members agreed last night that
winning electoral offices will not be the
prime function of the party, and that po-
litical campaigning will primarily serve to
publicize the party's goals and aims.
At the party's afternoon meeting yester-
day, approximately 50 members ratified the
major planks of the party's platform. These
planks call for:
See PARTY, Page 7

Associatfd Press
Third L.A. explosion
Police search the interior of the downtown Los Angeles Federal Bldg. yesterday after
an explosion killed a 19 year-old janitor Friday night. The explosion was the third in
a public building in the city this year.
MEET WITH MILLIKEN
Stuen-ts confer with state,
officials on enviu'aronment

-Daily-Terry McCarthy -Daily-Denny Gainer
World's Fair 1971
Hundreds of people yesterday wandered around East Quad, cite of World's Fair 1971, observing exhibits and watching variety acts
by 22 foreign student clubs. Fair-goers admire an exhibition of Arab culture (above right), while others consider books and dolls of
Japan (lower right). Demonstrations by foreign students included such things as Origami, the Japanese art of paper folding (left),
REGISTRA TION TOMORROW

Free

'

to

e gin

winter classes

By ART LERNER
In an effort to improve their ability to
deal with political machinery of the state
government, representatives of student en-
vironmental groups throughout the state
met with Gov. William Milliken and other
state officials at a two-day conference in
Lansing last week.
Among the 27 students attending the con-
ference were three University students, all
4 members of Environmental Action for Sur-
vival (ENACT), the group which spon-
sored the environmental teach-in last
March.
Milliken will soon submit a variety of
proposals for dealing with environmental de-
cay, and several officials at the conference
hinted at the elements of his program.
Terry Yonker, executive secretary of the
Michigan Council for Environmental Qual-
ity - an agency set up by Milliken to ad-
vise him on the environment - told the
group his organization will ask the gover-
nor to propose:
-A complete bar on non-returnable bot-
tles;
-Legislation dealing with noise pollution
which would be caused by the Supersonic
Transport (SST); and
-Legislation to deal with removing aban-
doned automobiles from the environment;
The participants in the conference met
with Milliken on Friday, the second day
of the conference, for 20 minutes in his
office at the Capitol. While the governor
did not go into sneeifics he said his leais-

the state government would help achieve a
more satisfactory program.
Linda Darling, a co-chairman of the poli-
tical issues committee of ENACT, said that
many of the students at the conferences
were critical of Yonker's proposals; and felt
that the government should emphasize
"land r e s o u r c e management, solid waste
disposal, and population control."
But the response of the officials, the stu-
dents said, was to stress the need for public
pressure on the government to respond to
their wishes.

By JONATHAN GLAUSER
The Free University-a collection of
courses taught outside the mold of the Uni-
versity's educational offerings-will begin
registration for the current term tomorrow.
Offering an alternative to regular Uni-
versity courses, the Free University will once
again operate without tuition and without
grades. While the types of classes have not
yet been determined, the Free University
has offered in the past courses on film,

poetry, jazz, and other classes not generally
part of the University curriculum.
Registration will be held in the Fishbowl,
and continue until Feb. 6. Although tuition
is free, organizers plan to request a $5 do-
nation to cover the costs of publicity, cata-
logues and supplies.
According to Pam Scooros, a spokesman
for the Free University, the aim of the or-
ganization is to "bring people together."
"Hopefully we can get people who have

I

Students
By GENE ROBINSON
Despite its original emphasis on aiding
the federal food stamp program is currently
er meals for a growing number of Universi
According to Roberta Bridges, the adm
program in the county, students over 21
in University dormitories can use their pers
measure of whether they qualify for foo
While students under 21 must add their
to their own, those over 21 can declare tha
roommates constitute a "household", and1
bined financial situation of the "household
receiving food stamps.
For example, under federal guidelines
four with an income of $60 a month can pu

0
using fo od stamps
matically excluded. Scholarship funds are counted as income,
indigent families, but student loans are not.
providing cheap- Students may apply for food stamps at the Department
ity students. of Social Services in the County Bldg. After completing
several application forms the determination is made by county
.inistrator of the officials as to the eligibility of the applicant.
who do not live A determination of eligibility having been made, the ap-
onal income as a plicant is given a card which indicates he qualifies for food
d stamps. stamps and states the price that must be paid for the stamps.
parents' incomes Food stamps can be purchased at local banks and are ac-
at they and their cepted by most supermarkets.
present the com- No imported food, with the exception of coffee and ba-
" as evidence for nanas, can be obtained with the stamps. They also cannot
be used to purchase non-digestible commodities such as pet
, a household of foods and soap.
rchase a month's Bridges says that no records are kept of which stamp

knowledge and people who want to share
that knowledge to come together to do what
they want," she says.
The Free University has offered an alter-
native to regular University courses for a
number of years. In 1966 300 students took
courses at the original Free University.
There have been several Free Universities
since then, the most recent in the Fall of
1969.
The concept of the Free University is that
no grades or formal classes are given. The
typical class meets in the teachers apart-
ment and consists of an informal discussion
of whatever the teacher and students wish,
according to Scrooros.
In the past, the Free University has had a
high drop out rate, which organizers attri-
bute to the burden of regular University
courses on students.
However, the organizers believe that ac-
tual participation in the University courses
is less than participation in Free University
courses. They feel that students who take
Free University courses have a greater in-
terest in the course material, which prompts
them to do more than just "get by."
Another characteristic of Free University
courses is the generally indistinguishable
difference between students and teachers,
organizers say.
Teachers-who could be anyone wishing
to impart some personal experience or
knowledge to others-can sign up to offer a

}

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