By SARA FITZGERALD
More than a hundred years ago,
the University first found itself chaf-
ing at the binds of state control.
Then the issue was over a professor
of homeopathy. But now, it has
evolved to include questions of much
The homeopaths, unorthodox doc-
tors who favored treating the sick
with medicines which would pro-
duce similar symptoms in healthy
persons sought positions in the Uni-
versity medical school and got the
Legislature to pass a law requiring
the Regents to make at least one
such an 'appointment.
But orthodox doctors, already en-
trenched in the medical school, op-
posed the move, involving the Uni-
versity in a series of lawsuits-which
set the precedent for the University's
autonomy from legislative control.
Now, the University is once again
fighting for its right to make de-
cisions on its operations. And within
the month a ruling is expected in
the first round of a six-year-old law-
suit with far-reaching implications
of state control over University ad-
ministrators, faculty and students.
The current controversy began in
1965, when the Legislature passed a
Higher Educational Appropriations
Act which stipulated that no funds
for new building projects would be
released until the architect's and all
construction plans were approved
by the Joint Senate-House Com-
mittee on Capital Outlay.
Seeing the move as an infringe-
ment on its constitutional right to
"general supervision of institutions
and the control and direction of ex-
penditures from its funds", the Uni-
versity, along with Michigan State
and Wayne State Universities, went
to court over the issue.
The University was so opposed to
the measure that for three years, on
the advice of its attorneys, it re-
fused to accept funds for new capi-
tal projects-including the recently
completed Modern Languages Bldg.
However, in 1967, the universities
changed attorneys and were advised
that their case would not be jeopar-
dized by accepting funds.
But, while the University was
breaking off its "boycott" in 1968,
new issues were entering the suit.
The late sixties saw the economy
take a downward turn, and the pub-
lic learned of student disruptions
and faculty members jetting across
the country to conferences and pub-
As Roderick Daane, University at-
torney says, "The Legislature was
responsive to its constituencies and
people were concerned about the ac-
tivities at universities. Voters didn't
like to read about campus disrup-
tions, and asked, 'Why finance an
institution which does such things?"'
Thus, the 1970-71 Higher Educa-
tion Appropriation Act was designed
to place more legislative control over
these activities. It included provi-
-required the universities to file
reports requested by the Legislature
before it could receive appropria-
-required the universities to set
fees in line with a legislatively de-
-set the minimum numbers of
classroom contact hours a faculty
member must teach;
-limited out-of-state enrollment
at the universities to current per-
centage of total enrollment, if al-
ready greater than 20 per cent;
-set forth the principle that out-
-of-state students must pay for 75
per cent of the cost of their in-'
-did not allow tuition waivers;
-said that students causing "wil.l-
ful damage to public property on
campus . . . shall be expelled;"
-prevented use of appropriations
money for the education of students
convicted of "interference with nor-
mal operations" of the universities
in effect, expelling them; and
-provided that any extra funds
the universities received, such as
gifts and donations, would be de-
ducted from the amount of money
the state is authorized to pay.
For the universities, the concern
is "legislative control under the guise
of appropriations," Daane says.
But for the Legislators putting re-
strictions on university money, Is a
way to keep a tight rein on the in-
stitutions and answer the complaints
of their constituents.
Since the start of litigation pro-
ceedings, another facet has been
added to the case-the State Board
of Education. The board, joining the
side of the state, is asserting its
right to coordinate and approve any
new educational programs or ex-
pansion plans, such as the expansion
of the University's Dearborn cam-
pus to a four-year institution.
It is basing its case largely on
commentary from the 1963 state
constitutional convention, which, the
board claims, envisioned a greater
regulatory role for them. "Other-
wise," says Eugene Krasicky, the as-
sistant attorney general represent-
ing the state and board, "the 13 state
universities could cart Michigan edu-
cation into 13 different directions re-
gardless of the needs of the states."
Krasicky says the universities have
only submitted some of their plans,
while some schools, particularly
Wayne State, start programs and
then tell the board about them.
See AUTONOMY, Page 8
See Editorial Page
Vol. LXXXII, No. 57
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, November 14, 1971
' 1 :<
rsoara to reassess
A PANELIST in yesterday's Native
American teach-in speaks on the educa-
tional needs of Indians.
By DAVE BURHENN
and BILL PRITULA
The problems of Indians in modern society
and their relationships to the white man's
oppressive system were among the topics
discussed during yesterday's session of the
Native American Teach-In.
Urbanization and its effects on the Indian
in America was the subject of one of the
panels. The participants included Russ
Means, national coordinator of the American
Indian Movement, and representatives from
state and regional Indian agencies and youth
After making opening statements the panel
proceeded to answer previously prepared
questions. The queries dealt with tribal cul-
ture in the urban environment, the indus-
trialization of reservations, the Bureau of
Indian Affairs and its policies, and possible
avenues of political and economic advance-
ment for Indians.
Means, the most vocal of the panel mem-
bers, forcefully told of his experiences as a
leader in the movement for Indian rights.
He accused the educational system in Amer-
Ica of murder for allegedly destroying the
cultural identity of young Indian children.
When asked about his opinion of the relo-
cation of young Indians to the city from
their reservations, he replied forcefully,
The other members of the panel generally
agreed with Means, and responded to ques-
tions from the audience, which was about
one third Indian.
The consensus of the gathering was that
Indians were "being forced into a totally
alien culture, one that forced them to die
on the skid rows of great cities or to assim-
ilate into white society," Great Lakes Indian
Youth Alliance member Moose Pamp ex-
pressed this thought, saying "No Indian in
America, unless he's a sellout, will call a big
By The Associated Press
Sources close to President Nixon's pay
board yesterday announced the board will
consider reversing itself to permit hundreds
of millions of dollars in back pay to workers
in wage hikes blocked during the 90 day
At the same time a United Auto Workers
(UAW) convention voted to limit future con-
tracts to one year and preserve the UAW's
right to strike "in the event any clause" is
For an analysis of the first 90 days of
President Nixon's new economic pro-
gram, see Page 3.
nullified by, government action or otherwise
because of "unjustices" under the freeze.
Meanwhile, Price Commission Chairman C.
Jackson Grayson urged the Cost of Living
Council last night to reconsider a decision
exempting the automobile industry, among
others, from clearing price increases with the
government before they officially go into
Only hours before the wage-price freeze
was scheduled to expire, at 12:01 a.m. today,
Ford Motor Co. announced price hikes for
two models, the Pinto and the imported
American Motors and Chrysler also have
price hikes in mind but have not specified
the amounts and General Motors said it will
make an announcement about possible price
The Cost of Living Council ruled Friday
that industries in which workers 'are sched-
uled for pay increases between now and the
first of the year would be exempt from pre-
notification requirements set by the Price
A UAW pay increase scheduled for Nov. 23
and a handful of increases in other industries
are the only ones affected.
The 15-member Pay Board is also ex-
pected to consider next week how to treat
merit pay increases and teachers' back pay
in key meetings this week as Phase 2 of
Nixon's economic controls officially go into
The new look at the controversial question
of back pay, which was virtually ruled out
in the Pay Board's first decision last Mon-
day, appeai'ed to be another move by the
See WAGE, Page 7
AT YESTERDAY'S TEACH-IN on abortion, Florynce Kennedy (right) speaks on women's rights and in favor of legalizing abortion.
Peter Betros (left) objects to legalization during a panel discussion on religious teachings on abortion.
Teach -in studies a bortion issues
By BILL ALTERMAN
The Wolverines clinched their second trip
to the Rose Bowl in three years yesterday
as Michigan defeated Purdue 20-17 in a
Combined with Ohio State's 14-10 loss to
Northwestern, the victory also assures the
Wolverines tihe Big Ten championship, re
gardless of the outcome of next week's game
against Ohio State. The Wolverines are now
10-0 overall and a win next week against
Ohio State would give them their first un-
defeated season since 1948.
For related stories on Michigan's ex-
pected Rose Bowl bid and yesterday's
victory over Purdue, see Page 11.
Yesterday's victory was the toughest of
the year for the Wolverines who trailed twice
in the game. It took a 25-yard field goal by
Dana Coin with 42 seconds left to give Mich-
igan their victory.
The third-ranked Wolverines were held to
their lowest point production of the year
while their defense also had their poorest
performance. But it was good enough to
assure Michigan of New Year's Day in Cali-
Following the Michigan victory, the Uni-
versity's Rose Bowl committee, which has
met quietly for several weeks, announced
plans for University sponsored trips to Pasa-
dena. In addition, it was revealed that Mi-
chael Radock, vice president for University
relations and development, was named com-
mitteecchairman by President Robben Flem-
ing a couple of weeks ago.
Starting tomorrow, a subcommittee to be
headed by Thomas Easthorpe, assistant to
the president, will be receiving bids for stu-
dent-faculty tours to the game.
Tour plans call for air transportation for
2,000 persons from Detroit to Los Angeles.
The committee also hopes to offer a tour
to San Francisco which will include a side
trip to Pasadena for the game.
Two years ago the University was allocated
16,000 tickets for the Rose Bowl and the
figure is higher this time. The exact number
of tickets will probably be announced next
For many of the Wolverines, as well as
their followers, this will be their second trip
to Pasadena. Hopefully this excursion will
be more pleasant than the last which ended
in a 10-3 defeat to USC and a pre-game heart
attack by Bo Schembechler.
This will be Michigan's sixth trip to the
Rose Bowl with the 1970 debacle their only
loss. The Wolverines were participants in
the first game back in 1902 and beat Stanford
49-0. Oddly enough the Indians will provide
the opposition again this New Year's Day.
Several other organizations, including the
University Activities Center, have sponsored
Rose Bowl tours in the past and doubtless
will again in the next few weeks.
In addition to making money for tour
arrangers, the Rose Bowl will also mean
money to the University. Proceeds from the
game itself are divided up throughout the
league with the largest share going to the
conference team which makes the trip.
The University's share will also be used
to help pay the expenses of the team and
related personnel who spend, in accordance
with the Bowl contract, a specified length of
tie n ii o n th nact £ naedrin vaious
By LINDA DREEBEN
'The struggle to change abortion laws is
a struggle for dignity, against exploitation
and against laws which keep women down,"
Barbara Robb told over 150 participants in
yesterday's abortion teach-in.
Robb was one of four women prominent in
different aspects of the movement for abor-
tion law repeal who spoke during the teach-in.
Participants also attended over 15 workshops
which examined issues and implications of
abortion law repeal.
The teach-in, sponsored by local women's
groups including the Women's National Abor-
tion Action Coalition, Women's Crisis Center
and Women's Health Collective, was the first
concerted effort on campus this year to bring
attention to the issue of abortion law repeal.
A wide range of issues were covered, as
Robb, Janet Wingo, Jean King and Florynce
Kennedy stressed the need for unity within
the movement, and called the Nov. 20th
march in Washington an important action
to point out that women are serious about.
repealing abortion laws.
Robb, one of six women lawyers invoved
in a class action asking for an injunction
against the state's present abortion law,
spoke about the suit and called the existing
law outmoded and unconstitutional in 14
Plaintiffs in the case are 1070 women and
working with the case are 40 women lawyers,
70 women social workers, 70 women nurses
and 20 women doctors.
Wingo, a member of the Welfare Rights
Organization and Westside Mothers spoke
of the importance of abortion law repeal to
blacks, chicano, and third world women who
often lack the education to control the size
of their families.
"Abortion must be removed from the crimi-
nal code if it is to be for anyone but the
rich," she said, observing that existing laws
aaginst abortion have never prohibited rich
women from having abortions.
King, an Ann Arbor attorney and a mem-
ber of the group which filed a complaint of
sex discrimination against the University last
year, discussed significant aspects which
have been instrumental in changing public
attitude toward abortion.
See ABORTION, Page 7
By HESTER PULLING
Ed. Note: For additional information on SGC
candidates' views, see related story on page 7.
The race to fill nine Student Government
Council seats is on, with 23 candidates vying
for students' votes in this week's all-campus
Divided into four parties and seven inde-
pendents, the SGC candidates sharply di-
verge in their views of how to best serve
students' interests at the University.
mWhi1 c nm rA dat-D, fnr Concil
point are backing a drive to abolish SGC's
primary source of income-a 25 cent per
student per term assessment.
These candidates contend that Council has
"squandered" students' money in the past on
"partisan political groups" such as SDS,
tie Ca PRIuS