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November 07, 1971 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1971-11-07

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See stories,
Page 9

See Editorial Page

YI e

S4i an


Cloudy, colder,
chance of snow flurries

Vol. LXXXII, No. 51 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, November 7, 1971 Ten Cents

Ten Pages





-Daily-David Margolick
ANTIWAR DEMONSTRATIONS drew sizable crowds in many of the nation's cities yesterday. 1200 protesters march down Detroit's
Woodward Ave.. (above), to Kennedy Square to hear various speeches (below, right). A disabled Vietnam war veteran, meanwhile,
takes part in Cleveland's protest (below, left).
Thousands protest against war

Speeches in Kennedy Square cap
peace march by 1,200 in Detroit
Special To The Daily
DETROIT-Over 1,200 anti-war protesters rallied in Detroit
yesterday as demonstrators in key regions throughout the nation
organized to protest the continuation of the Indochina war.
Sponsored nationally by the National Peace Action Coalition
(NPAC) and the People's Coalition for Peace and Justice (PCPJ),
the protest was set up locally by the Detroit Coalition to End the
War Now.
The demonstrations capped the fall peace offensive planned by
NPAC and PCPJ. This offensive included the national student strike
of Nov. 3, the "Evict Nixon" campaign kick-off in late October,
during which over 300 people were arrested, and the national mora-
torium day of Oct. 13, which generally drew small turn-outs.
The Detroit demonstrators, described by Detroit Police Com-
missioner John Nichols, as an "orderly crowd," marched from
Wayne State University past the Wayne County Jail and on to
Kennedy Square, chanting "Peace Now."
See ANTI-WAR, Page 7

wit out
United States successfully detonated its
most powerful underground nuclear ex-
plosion yesterday without indication of
earthquake, tidal wave or radiation in the
Atomic Energy Commission officials de-
clared the test-in a hole nearly 6,000 feet
beneath remote Amchitka Island--proved
that the nuclear warhead would be work-
able on Spartan antiballistic missiles.
AEC chairman James Schlesinger said
the test was a success and would allow the
nation "to introduce Spartan into the in-
ventory of weapons."
The test went off precisely on schedule
at 5 p.m. EST, just five hours after envi-
ronmentalists' groups lost their last battle
-before the U.S. Supreme Court-to stop
the blast that they feared might create
earthquakes, giant sea waves or damaging
radiation leaks.
The high court ruled 4-3 about noon
that the test could proceed.
Schlesinger said shortly after the blast
that AEC monitors in the area reported
"not a trace" of radiation in the air, and
a precautionary tsunami or giant sea wave
alert, issued an hour before the test, was
lifted 25 minutes after detonation.
Seismographs around the Pacific rim
recorded the blast as they would an earth-
quake; but in Anchorage, Tokyo, Seattle
and other centers, there was no report of
the blast having been felt bodily.
Before the blast, protests were held in a
number of U.S. and Canadian cities. In
Detroit about 1,000 Americans protested
near the Ambassador Bridge, which was
closed by police to pedestrian traffic, while
2.500 Canadians demonstrated against the
bomb test on the Windsor, Ont., side of
the bridge.
The AEC says the nuclear device tested
here can be lofted above the earth's at-
mosphere by a Spartan ABM to produce a
curtain of radiation through which enemy
ICBMs would have to pass. The radiation
would cause atomic structural changes in
the missiles' electrical components and
render them useless, the AEC says.
The AEC had said earlier that the nu-
clear explosion, code named Cannikin, was
to be "less than five megatons" or five
million tons of TNT.
The final megaton figure was classified
immediately after the blast, but the AEC
indicated it might announce the yield
within hours.
Seismographs at the Palmer Observa-
tory near Anchorage recorded a Richter
scale reading of 7 for a body shock, or
deep-earth shock, and a surface reading of
5.8. The surface shock is the one respon-
sible for earthquake damage and tidal
No major earth cracks were recorded on
Amchitka itself, but a road running the
length of the island was cracked in the
shaking produced by the explosion. Work-
ers were repairing it.
The surface of the earth around ground
zero was expected to settle into a shallow
crater within hours after the blast.
AEC officials said there was no immedi-
ate radiation seepage from the under-
ground chamber created by the blast, and
that none was expected.
Ninety minutes after the blast Schles-
inger and Republican Congressmen Craig
Homer of California and Orval Hansen of
Idaho toured the blast area in a heli-
Maj. Gen. Edward Giller, the AEC's as-
See U.S., Page 7


-Daily-David Margolick


Anti-war marches across country
draw crowds of several thousand
By The Associated Press
Antiwar militants, joined by people protesting everything
from prison conditions to the Amchitka nuclear test, demonstrat-
ed in cities across the nation Saturday, drawing crowds that
averaged several thousand each..
The demonstrations, scheduled for 16 cities besides Detroit,
were coordinated by the National Peace Action Coalition which
favors an immediate and total pullout of U.S. forces from Indo-
The focus of the events was in Washington where pro-
testers gathered on the Ellipse behind the White House for
speeches and rock music. The crowd formed on the Ellipse after
marches from the Capitol and Arlington National Cemetery.
Police estimated the Washington crowd at 6,000 early in the
afternoon, but later said only 1,200 attended. The crowd dwindled
throughout the afternoon until only some 200 persons were
around- at the end.
With most of the demonstrators sitting on the ground, a


Board settlement collapses

PROTESTERS GATHER in Detroit yesterday (above) to voice opposition to the un-
derground nuclear blast on Alaska's Amchitka Island. Meanwhile, University students
(below) watch the blast recorded on the seismograph in the C.C. Little Science Bldg.
Crowd watches seismograph
sere to see bomb vibrations

WASHINGTON VP)--Despite early indica-
tions that a compromise would be soon in
coming, basic agreement by a sub-committee
of President Nixon's Pay Board late Friday
night on post wage freeze pay increases
yielded no results in full committee confer-
ence yesterday.
Thus, with less than a week remaining be-
fore Nixon's wage-price freeze expires, no
decision has been reached as to whether
labor contracts reached before the 90 day
freeze took effect will be honored.
Yesterday's talks began with indications
that agreement might be near on a com-
promise settlement of two key issues: wheth-
er existing labor contracts will be honored
and whether previously promised raises de-
nied by the freeze will be paid retroactively.
What buoyed hopes was management's re-
ported willingness to work out details of a

plan, similar to one approved Thursday by
the House Banking Committee, to allow pay-
ment on all but "grossly disproportionate"
increases in contracts reached before Aug.
15, when the freeze was announced. The
plan would provide retroactive payment of
frozen out raises, too.
Management representatives reportedly
proposed Friday night to discuss the plan
with labor members at a subcommittee meet-
ing yesterday morning to try to agree on
what would constitute a disallowable raise.
If labor and management could agree the
plan could be set before the entire tripartite
board, including its public members, a source
But hopes were dashed when the plan was
not put forth at the subcommittee meeting,
a source said. "They talked all around it,"
he said.
When the Pay Board meets again tomor-
row it will have less than a week to work
out wage guidelines before the freeze period
ends 12:01 a.m. Nov. 14.
President Nixon has ordered that present
rigid freeze rules remain in effect until the
Pay Board or Price Commission alter them.
There was no word on progress of the Price
AFL-CIO President George Meany, a mem-
ber of the Pay Board, has said he wanted a
decision by tomorrow, when he had planned
to go to Miami for a series of union con-

raises not allowed to go into effect during
the freeze.
The story leaked to news media despite
the board's earlier vote to keep its delibera-
tions secret.
There were reports that Meany was so
angry he was ready to walk out of the board,
thereby withdrawing his support of the Pre-
ident's Phase 2 post-freeze plans. Meany
later denied he had ever implied such a
But labor's hand was strengthened when
the House Banking Committee voted on
Thursday to require that frozen-out raises
be paid unless "grossly disproportionate."

It was 4:30 P.M. E.S.T. and while scien-
tists hid on Amchitka Island, over 200 people
huddled around a seismograph in the Clar-
ence Cook Little Bldg.-to watch California
fall into the sea.
"With this large a turnout, I hope
there's something to see," geology Prof.
Henry Pollack said.
The minutes ticked by towards 5:10.30-
the time when the shock waves from the
Aleutians would reach the Diag.

Sta te u
Special To The Daily
LANSING - About 250
women from all over the state
convened yesterday at Michigan
State University for the first
meeting of the Michigan Wom-
en's Political Caucus (MWPC)
-a non-partisan group which
aims to increase the participa-
tion and influence of women in
Yesteprdav 's nora fnme

'omen s
commitment and enthusiasm ex-
pressed at the gathering.
Keynoting the meeting was
Anne Wexler, director of the
Common Cause Voters Rights
Project. Wexler urged those
present to work towards an un-
derstanding of their local po-
litical structures and to insist
on "legislative accountability."
To this end she advocated the
formation of local woman's cau-
cuses such as MWPC and "elect-
edn.rntoc inn an n nA.r-',rnmn-

caucus meets

The audience grew restless as Pollack
described how "the main event" would regis-
ter on the instruments.
"Our recording devices are in the Botani-
cal Gardens," he explained. "Since it cor-
rects for dispersion, it will register the same
here as it will everywhere."
"Nuclear explosions," he added, "enable
the geologist to learn much about the
earth's crust."
As 5:00 approached, there was a rush to
the choice positions on the floor in front
of the instrument-as TV cameras flooded
the scene with light and filmed history in
the making.
Then it came. "Right on time," some-
body noted, and a little wiggle appeared on
the screen.
The crowd waited for a big peak to ap-
pear - but it never quite made it.
"Rotate," someone from the back yelled.
"But there's nothing to see," a person
craning his neck replied.
"If the recording instruments are in the
next room," one spectator asked, "how can
you. tell the vibrations aren't just someone
falling down the stairs?"
And there was the spectilation. "You know
what will happen?" one mused. "Everything
east of the San Andreas fault will fall into

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