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October 24, 1971 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1971-10-24

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AT 1-3-5-7-9

4qnki- I M-

DIAL 8-6416

Methadone treatment alternative



By The Associated Press
Widespread research is about to be-
gin by the nation's drug industry and
the government to find safer, non-ad-
dicting and longer lasting substitutes
for the controversial drug methadone.
Methadone, a synthetic drug that ap-
peases the hunger for opiates without
producing the high of heroin, has been
highly criticized. Like heroin itself, it
is highly addictive and vulnerable to
illicit traffic for it must be admin-
istered daily.
The two-pronged goal of the pro-
posed venture to curb heroin addiction
is to:
-Develop "heroin antagonists" that
would thwart heroin addiction for any-
NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

where from a week to more than a
month with a single dose, compared
with one-a-day requirements for meth-
-Possibly even develop a "vaccine"
for more or less permanent protection
against heroin addiction.
The idea to join forces for a new
anti-heroin weapon came from the
drug industry, which proposed pool-
ing research skills and facilities by 123
of the country's fiercely competitive
pharmaceutical manufacturing firms.
The White House and proponents of
the proposed venture are working to
remove roadblocks, such as anti-trust
laws, which must be eliminated to get
the heroin research started.

Although strongly backing the pro-
posed new research venture to find sub-
stitutes for methadone, the White
House's new Special Action Office for
Drug Abuse Prevention-created by
President Nixon by executive order -
is pushing for expanded use of metha-
The head of the office, Dr. Jerome
Jaffe, concedes that methadone in
any form is by no means the perfect
answer. But Jaffe and. his aides say
they hope to have new treatment and
rehabilitation facilities reach up to
100,000 heroin addicts over the next
three years-with methadone playing
a large role.
The ultimate goal is to reach at least

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150,000 to 175,000 addicts, compared to
the 30,000 of the nations estimated 300,-
000 addicts to whom the drug metha-
done is now being administered.
Jaffe said his office believes that
methadone maintenance, used as an ad-
junct to psychiatric and other drug-
free methods, is better than anti-heroin
programs employing drug-free' methods
Estimates are that it costs a heroin.
addict $10,000 yearly to finance his
craving-and that he must steal up to
$50,000 in jewels and other goods to
get that kind of money from a "fence",
unless he steals it in cash, or, in the
case or a prostitute, makes it on her

It was designed originally as a new
form of analgesic-a pain killer-but,
in the mid 1960s, it was also found cap-
able of blocking a given heroin addict's
craving for 'the drug, and his ability to
get "high" on it.
So far, methadone has been permitted
only experimentally; but Dr. Elmer
Gardner of the Bureau of Drugs in the
page three

It costs about $1,000 yearly to main-
tain an addict on methadone.
Methadone is a synthetic opiate de-
veloped by German scientists during
World War II, and uncovered by an
Allies' scientific team during the initial
occupation of conquered Germany.




Ann Arbor, Michigan Sunday, October 24, 1971

news briefs
By The Associated Press
AFTER WEEKS of studiously avoiding a prediction of suc-
cess in an effort to keep Taiwan in the United Nations, the
Nixon administration now says it is confident of victory.
Presidential press secretary Ronald Ziegler said after the hour-
long meeting the secretary and ambassador told Nixon they were
"confident that the Republic of China will maintain its seat in the
United Nations."
The crucial vote is expected' Tuesday when the United States
will seek to have an Albanian resolution seeking to expell the Na-
tionalists considered as an "important question," requiring a two-
thirds majority.
The American move needs only a simple majority to be suc-
cessful and that is what Rogers and Bush told Nixon they were
confident would be achieved.
The Albanian resolution also calls for seating the mainland
Chinese in the U.N., a goal shared by the United States, which has
introduced its own resolution to that effect.
* *
SOME 200 MEMBERS of the Vietnam Veterans Against the
War were taken into custody yesterday in Denver, Colo. as they
attempted to march in the city's Veterans Day parade.
The veterans, dressed in military fatigues and some walking with
the aid of crutches, offered no resistance.
Denver Safety Manager George Canjar said allowing the anti-
war veterans to march with the traditional group could "tend to a
breach of peace."
* * *
POLICE CLASHED with about 6,000 demonstrating workers
in Barcelona, Spain yesterday who were protesting incidents in-
volving police and workers.
The demonstrators tossed fire bombs and burned a patrol car,
with several workers and five policemen injured and 30 persons
* *
CONVICTED ASSASSIN James Earl Ray allowed himself
to be captured and sentenced for the assassination of Dr. Martin
Luther King because he expected he would receive a presidential
pardon, his lawyer claims.
Percy Foreman, who represented Ray at his trial and convinced
him to plead guilty to the murder charge, said Ray expected Ala-
bama Gov. George Wallace to be elected president in 1968 and that
Wallace would then grant him a pardon.
Ray is presently serving a 99-year prison sentence in a Tennessee
maximum security prison for the April, 1968 slaying of King.
* * *
SOUTH VIETNAMESE troops and U.S. air power have
crushed a planned three month offensive along the Cambodian
border and dealt North Vietnamese units a six-month setback,
Lt. Gen. Nguyen Van Minh claimed yesterday.
Minh, commander of South Vietnamese forces in the region
around Saigon, said in an interview that the North Vietnamese 7th
Division, which threw 4,000 to 5,000 men into the four-week cam-
paign, lost 2,200 killed and had been forced to retreat.
Minh said enemy orders captured on the battlefield indicated
that the North Vietnamese high command called for a three-month
offensive on the frontier 60 to 90 miles northwest of Saigon. It began
Sept. 26, but tapered off less than three weeks later.

India mobilizes,
reserves alon
Paki~stan front
NEW DELHI (P - India mobilized its military reserves
yesterday to increase its strength along its borders with
Pakistan, where both countries have massed troops in a show
of force,

Prime Minister Indria
called on her countrymen
avoid further escalation of

Gandhi, in making the move,
to exercise "self-restraint" to
the crisis with Pakistan.

"In the last few months the world has witnessed
age, dignity and self-restraint with which we faced
lenge," Gandhi said. "I am sure that you will meet
dangers in the same spirit."

the cour-
this chal-
all future

An Indian Defense Ministry
spokesman said all army reserv-
ists, and navy and air force re-
servists with special skills, were
being called to active duty.
At least one border skirmish in-
volving tanks flared last week,
vnd increasing troop buildups
htave been reported in recent days.

'Debate set
o'0n pullout

-Associatea rress
Trying his hand
With a hockey stick in one hand, Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin,
through an interpreter, talks with Montreal Canadiens team cap-
tain Henri Richard before a hockey game in Vancouver last night.
British troops ill

The quarrel between the two
countries has intensified since last p op osa
spring when Pakistan's military
government sent troops into East
Pakistan to crush a rebellion of WASHINGTON (RP) - Asserting
Bengalis seeking greater auto- that continued U.S. presence in
nomy from West Pakistan. T h e Senate Foreign Relthe ar, Cthe
fighting, which continues, h a s mittee said yesterday a new anti-
driven about nine million refugees war amendment to be-debated this
into Indian territory and placed a week "should end the stalemate"
severe strain on India's welfare and bring home U.S. troops and
The claim is contained in the

BELFAST, Northern Ireland
(P) - British soldiers shot five
persons dead yesterday - two
sisters in a speeding car and
three alleged bank robbers - as
violence intensified in strife-
torn Northern Ireland.
The illegal Irish Republican
Army avowed to avenge the
shooting of the two women,
one the mother of four, Within
hours, guerrillas opened up
with automatic weapon fire on
the army vehicles leaving Bel-
fast's Royal Victoria Hospital,
seriously wounding a man de-
scribed as a bystander.
The army reported three sep-
arate clashes on the Northern
Irish border with the Irish Re-
public, shootings in Londonder-
ry and burnings in Belfast.
Army spokesmen claimed the
dead sisters were dressed as men
while riding in a car that fired
on British patrols. The driver
of the car, who escaped unhurt,
denied the women were dis-

guised as men and said no one
in the car carried a gun.
The IRA threatened retalia-
tory action against British
troops "just as soon as it suits
The army said its troops pa-
trolling the Irish Republic bor-
der as a precaution against
arms smuggling fought with
mobs three times, including one
hand-to-hand. encounter with
civilians that ended with more
than a dozen arrests. No serious
injuries were reported.
Automatic rifle fire slashed
into an army post in London-
derry, but again no soldiers
were reported hit. Troops fired
tear gas and rubber bullets at
stone-throwing mobs during the
In Belfast, angry crowds hi-
jacked four buses and set them
afire. Black smoke rose over
the. Roman Catholic Falls Road
district, the home of the two
sisters shot by British troops.

Mrs. Gandhi's government an-
nounced on Friday night new lev-
ies on internal air and rail trav-
el, and on certain clases of mail
in an effort to raise an extra $93
million to meet the rising cost of
:the refugees, fleeing to India
from a West Pakistani army
crackdown on East Pakistan.
Diplomatic sources have said
that numerous attempts have been
made by the major powers during
the past seven months to urge In-
dia to show restraint toward Pak-
istan and avoid an armed conflict.
The MichigantDaily, edited and man-
aged by students at the University of
Michigan. News phone: 764-0552. Second
Class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Mich-
igan, 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor,
Michigan 48104. Published daily Tues-
day through Sunday morning Univer-
sity ye-ar. Subscription rates: $10 by
carrier, $11 by mail.
Summer Session published Tuesday
through Saturday morning Subscrip-
tion rates: $5 by carrier, $6 by mail.

committee's report on the $3.2-
billion foreign-assistance bill. The
panel spoke of diminishing r.p-
port for the aid program and
said "Congress has allowed it to
continue more by sufferance and
a lack of appealing alternatives
than through true support.
The new antiwar amendment,
like two others on earlier bills, is
expected to pass the Senate and
run into difficulty in the House.
It combines the previously passed
Mansfield amendment calling for
total U.S. withdrawal in six
months with a new proposal to
cut off funds for American mili-
tary operations throughout Indo-
china except "for the purpose of
vithdrawal of all such forces
from Indochina and protection
of the withdrawing forces ..."
The aid bill, on which floor de-
bate starts Tuesday, contains also
a provision restricting U.S. spend-
ing and personnel in Cambodia.

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