Crisis in Bengal:
EDITOR'S NOTE: This article was corn-
piled from news service reports of the
conflict in East Pakistan.
The flight of millions of Bengali ref u-
gees into India to escape devastating
civil war in East Pakistan has set the
stage for a major confrontation on the
subcontinent with the threat of a big
power showdown lurking in the wings.
In the stiflingly overcrowded border
districts of western India an estimated
nine million Belgalis wait restlessly-if
not to return to homes which may no
longer exist, then for assistance which
the beleagured Indians estimate may
cost $ one billion in the next year.
When the refugees started coming
last March Indians greeted them with
open arms, providing food, shelter and
clothing for their stunned and bedrag-
With their rapidly increasing num-
bers, however, the refugees have played
havoc with India's fragile economy,
generating increasing bitterness on the
part of their hosts.
In many areas refugees have been
willing to work as laborers for as little
as 10 cents a day, roughly one quarter
the rate local workers had been earning.
Further, as wages dropped, food prices
have risen, and rents have nearly doub-
Viewing the increasing strain on the
country one Western diplomat recently
asked, "How many more refugees can
India take before some social or com-
rmunal explosion takes place that will
force India to intervene militarily?"
India Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
recently articulated 'the dilemma her
nation faces over the refugee question.
Speaking before the Indian parliament
she said, "All the refugees must return
home." But, she added, "We have no
intention of letting them go back to be
Most observers consider this refugee
question to be the major catalyst in the
atmosphere of war prevailing on the
Despite public pronouncements reject-
ing war as a solution to its problems, the
Indian government has been hinting re-
cently that it might have to resort to
force to create a situation in East Paki-
stan which would allow its burdensome
guests to return.
In the eyes of the Pakistanis, India
is already experimenting with just such
It was reported yesterday that the
Indian government had levied new taxes
and begun the mobilization of state
militia. And, in a related development,
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Nikolai
Firyubin, the third high-ranking Soviet.
official to visit India recently, arrived
in New Delhi for "consultations."
The United News of India said re-
serves were activated because of in-
creased P a k i s t a n i troop deployment
along India's eastern and western bor-
The new taxes, expected to yield $93
million in one year, were levied to help
ease costs imposed by the influx of ref-
The Indians, according to Pakistani
President Aghs Mohammed Y a h y a
Kahn, have been supporting Bengali
rebel forces with arms, training, and
shelter in sanctuaries across the border
in India. If this practice does not stop,
Yahya Kahn warns, war between Paki-
stan and India will be inevitable.
See INDIA, Page 3
Bengali refugee-victim of conflict
See Editorial Page
:4Ia it j
Autumn color closes
with arbor leaves fallen
Vol. LXXXII, No. 38 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, October 23, 1971 Ten Cents
meetings on anti-
v war proposition
By JAN BENEDETTI
Several meetings were held
yesterday between University
administration officials and
public relations personnel on
the drive for an anti-war half-
time show at .the Homecoming
football game, s o u r c e s re-
According to one source, "The
administration is concerned about
publicity. It creates a bad public
relations image for the University.
There is a great deal of concern."
President Robben Fleming said
that he had one meeting with
Michael Radock, vice president for
University relations, but that no
final decision was made.
When contacted last night, Ra-
dock said there were no meetings
held. He had no other comment.
Another meeting will be held on
Monday with administration offi-
cials, George Cavender, the direc-
tor of the band, and representa-
tives from the Ann Arboar Coali-
tion to End the War (AACEW).
Cavender was unavailable for
comment last night.
The AACEW sponsored a petition
drive asking that the band march;
in peace symbol formation during
4the'half-time show. Over 1,000 peo-
ple signed the petition.
Fifty players on the football
team-about two-thirds-signed the
According to Dave Gordon, mem-
ber of People's Coalition, a mem-
her group of the AACEW, "We
want to do something which is
dignified and will reflect discredit
in no way upon ourselves, the
veterans, the team or any who
support us. We're asking to work
something out together with the
The band voted against the
anti-war half-time show. Gordon
suggested that the oand might
have voted in favor of the show,
if someone else, rather than, Cav-
*ender, had presented the anti-war
Commenting on the half-time
show, Fleming said, "A show like
that would alienate people. I think
everyone comes to the stadium on
,Saturdays to see football, not
to alter Court nominations
WASHINGTON (R) - It ap-
peared yesterday that Justice
Dept. lawyer William Rehn-
quist may prove more objec-
tionable to Senate Democratic
liberals than President Nixon's
other Supreme Court nominee,
Lewis Powell, Jr.
Sen. Birch Bayh (D-Ind.), the
Senate Judiciary Committee mem-
ber who led the fight against
Nixon's previous Supreme Court
nominations, commented favorably
yesterday at a news conference
about the Richmond Democratic
trial lawyer Powell.
However, in response to ques-
tions about Rehnquist, a Republi-
can, he was more critical.
Bayh- said he and three-of his
Democratic colleagues on the
Senate Judiciary Committee have
written to Chairman James East-
land, (D-Miss.), asking that the
American Bar Association (ABA),
be invited to testify on the nomi-
Bayh said Sens. Edward Ken-'
nedy, (D-Mass.), Philip Hart, (D-
Mich.), and John Tunney, (D-
Calif.), also signed the letter.
No date has yet been set for the
committee's hearings on the nomi-
nations, announced by President
Nixon Thursday night on a radio-
television address to the nation,
but a committee aide indicated
they are likely to start Nov. 3.
Bayh said Rehnquist, an assist-
ant attorney general, had testified
last March before a Senate judic-
iary subcommittee indicating "he
would tend to have you believe
that the government had a vested
right to bug our telephones and
invade our individual privacy."
Bayh also said he thinks there
is too much snooping now, and has
been in past administrations, and
added, "I hate to see somebody
put on the Supreme Court if he
really believes in lowering the bars
and letting big brother come into
While Bayh expressed concern
over Rehnquist's attitudes at the
hearing on Army spying on civil-
ians, he said he wants to hear
Rehnquist's opinions now, as a
Supreme Court nominee.
Rehnquist testified at the hear-
ing of the Constitutional Rights'
subcommittee that he would op-
pose legislation that would hamper
the government's domestic intelli-
gence gathering activities.
Atty. Gen. Mitchell
new Court nominees
By CARLA RAPOPORT
"Terribly refreshed" and "extraordinarily delighted" remarked
two University professors yesterday on the nomination of their
former associates to the Supreme Court.
Law Profs. Joseph Vining and Thomas Kuaper have worked
closely under Lewis Powell and William Rehnquist respectively.
Until last June, Kuaper had been "the number two man" under
Rehnquist, who is assistant attorney general. Vining served on
National Crime Commission's staff during the mid-60's when Powell
was a commissioner of that body.
Nixon was intent on naming
Herschel Friday and Mildred
Lillie to the Supreme Court
until an adverse American Bar
Association (ABA) r e p o r t
forced a last-minute switch,
highly-placed legal and con-
gressional s o u r c e s revealed
It was also reported that Atty.
Gen. John Mitchell "desperately
wanted Friday and Lillie." Friday's
rejection was termed perhaps "the
greatest disappointment of Mit-
Although a list of six names was
sent to the ABA's committee on
the federal judiciary, the instruc-
tion from the Justice Department
was to investigate only two, Fri-
day, a Little Rock, Ark., bond law-
yer, and Lillie, a California' ap-
peals court judge. The four other
names were d e s c r i b e d as a
"smokescreen" and "window-dress-
ing" to give the appearance that a
broad search for two new justices
When the committee concluded
by an overwhelming votenthat;Lil-
lie was unqualified for the court
and split six to six whether to call
Friday unqualified or to record
the ABA as "not opposed," the ad-
ministration decided to name Lew-
is Powell Jr. a Richmond, Va.,
lawyer, and William Rehnquist, an
assistant attorney general, who
were first notified a few hours be-
fore the public announcement.
Immediately afterward, the ad-
ministration announced it was
dropping its'practice of submitting
prospects for the court to the bar
association for study.
Later yesterday, the ABA ap-
pealed publicly to Mitchell to re-
sume at least a modified qualifi-
cations search procedure.
A source recalled what al-
ready has become a widely-told,
and published, story in the capital.
That is, that during a W h i t e
House strategy session on what to
do about the ABA's reservations
about Friday and Lillie, Nixon used
a four-letter word to suggest what
to do about the ABA.
Even after the ABA committee
went against Friday and Lillie,
Sen. James Eastland (D-Miss.),
urged Nixon not to let the ABA
deter him from submitting his
choices for the two court vacan-
cies. Eastland said the ABA com-
mittee is controlled by the "East-
ern establishment" and that the
president "has got to fight."
Golden Anniversary welcome
Forming a welcoming committee last night at the education school are (from left to right) Education
Prof. Claude Eggertsen, Vice President for Academic Affairs Allan Smith and Dean Wilbur Cohen.
The program marking the school's fiftieth anniversary will continue today with a series of seminars
about "People, Process and Policies in Educational Innovation."
'People's Grand Jury'
hears first testimony
By CHRIS PARKS
special To The Daily
WASHINGTON - "There has
not been a moment in the history
of this country when the power
of this grand jury can more
So spoke attorney Arthur Kinoy
yesterday afternoon the first,
witness of what anti-war organ-
izers call the "People's Panels"
-a grand jury of "the American
Employing for the first time a
tactic which has been used
against them so effectively in
past months, anti-war leaders
are meeting in the nation's capi-
tol to hear testimony against
President Nixon for "crimes
against the people."
Meeting in a rented church un-
der the glare of TV floodlights
the jury began the first of three
days of deliberation on "whether
the decision makers of this coun-
try in any way represent the
dreams and aspirations of the
people of the world."
The People's Panel is what or-
ganizers call phase one of the
People's Coalition for Peace and
Justice (PCPJ) Evict Nixon
"The name of the panel goes
back to the origins of what we
call a grand jury," said Paul
Mayer, moderator of the ses-
sions. "It originated when the
meeting was held to protect the
rights of accused against the
The panel - chosen by PCPJ
leaders - consists of about 20
people representing various fa-
cets of the radical movement in
this country. Members include
Vietnam veterans, leaders of
the women's movement, a stu-
dent wounded at Kent State, and
such notables as Sister Elizabeth
McAllister, Fr. James Groppi
Staughton Lynd, William Kuns-
tler, and Pran Van Dinh, former
Saigon ambassador to the U.S.
Sometimes facing the jury's
dias near the altar, and some-
times the audience listening in-
tently in the pews, the witnesses'
presentations ranged from clear
and matter of fact to highly
"This is not the time for us to
struggle on a verbal level about
what strategies to use," axhort-
ed Erik Mann, former Weather
See GRAND, Page 3
"My impression is that he is
continuously asking questions,
continuously well-informed, con-
tinuously open - minded," says
Law Prof. Vining of his former
colleague Lewis Powell.
Vining types Powell, former
president of the American Bar
Association (ABA), as the model
of judicial temperment, yet a
strong individual who, if ap-
proved, may emerge as a leader
on the court.. l
"I've watched him on two or
three occasions pull order out
of chaos and do it so skillfully
that people didn't even notice
what was happening," says Vin-
Vining says Powell is terribly
"sensitive to the criminal justice
system," and can be credited
for seeing to it that the ABA
cooperated with the establish-
Typing him a Goldwater con-
servative, Law Prof. Thomas
Kuaper says William Rehnquist's
politics, however, would not co-
lor "his scholarly and academic
approach to legal problems one
way or the other."
"Bill is about the best possible
man for this job and among the
finest lawyers I have ever work-
ed with. He's bright, quick and
yet careful," says Kuaper.
Kuaper predicts that Rehnquist,
if approved, would seek to move
the court away from judicial ac-
tivism and public policy making,
instead would encourage the
court to give more weight to
"But you never know where
Bill will stand on an issue," says
Kuaper, "he approaches every
problem with an open mind."
Shy, boyish, yet amiable is the
See COMMENT, Page 3
FEDERA TION CONTROVERSY
Harris vetoes GOP
resolution for board
Mayor Robert J. Harris again Harris said the charter gives him
vetoed a recent Republican-backed the right to veto the resolution.
resolution this week which would "Under the terms of the City
have altered the makeup of the Charter there are some appoint-
Ward Boundary Commission. ments made by council and some
4 Republicans, who hold a 6-5 ma- made by the mayor," Harris said.
jority on City Council, passed the He noted that virtually all appoint-
resolution earlier this week to re- ments are made by the mayor and
place Democrat Dr. Theodore must be confirped by council.
Graduate govts to
By GLORIA JANE SMITH
A long struggle to organize a repre-
sentative body for graduate students at
the University is nearly over.
Graduate Federation (GF), the pro-
posed successor to the recently dissolved
Graduate Assembly (GA), is currently in
the process of having its constitution rat-
ified by its 11 charter graduate and pro-
graduate and professional schools.
All members will have one vote with
the exception of "major policy issues,"
in which case a referendum vote must
be taken within each school.
With a vote of a majoirty of those
present and voting, any business brought
before a meeting of GF may be deemed