See Editorial Page
chance of frost
Vol. LXXXII, No. 27
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, October 10, 1971
Ten ac e
By TAMMY JACOBS
" Garbage is piling up behind
Arbor apartments because the
does not have money for proper
bage disposal equipment.
Police overtime pay shrink
citizens' calls for help grow.
" The fire department is
several sub-stations needed to
protect the city.
Ann Arbor is experiencing o;
the worst financial crises in itE
tory, and the only solution sho
a miracle seems to be the ado
of a personal income tax-at
according to the city's top adn
But, despite City Hall's adv
of an'income tax, it remains a
troversial subject to taxpayers,
rejected such a tax by a narrow
gin in 1969.
Between now and the day an in-
I Ann come tax again appears on a city-
city wide ballot-possibly sometime next
gar- year - intricate political dealings,
many long hours of study and several
ks as more months of tightening purse-
strings are in store.
short If an income tax is established, em-
fully ployes of the University would be
ine of subject to pay either the one per cent
se hs Ann Arbor citizens' tax, or the one-
s his- half per cent tax for Ann Arbor em-
rt of ployes living outside the city. These
eatn are the maximum rates the city can
least- levy, according to state law.
It is not yet clear how residency
ocacy for the tax would be determined, es-
con- pecially in the case of University stu-
who dents. "We don't know how to judge
mar- it yet," says City Financial Officer
"So far we've only been concerned
with students who maintain a house-
hold here-mostly grad students," he
Sheehan explained that even stu-
dents who have registered to vote in
Ann Arbor do not have clear status
as residents, since a recent state
supreme court ruling allows non-resi-
dents to vote in the place they attend
The first informal steps towards in-
stituting the tax have already been
taken. In August, the office of City
Administrator Guy Larcom came out
with a mammoth 90 page report on
the budget-from 1963 to a projected
The figures in that report were
enough to send even the strongest
opponent of an income tax scrambling
for just that-or so Mayor Robert
So, shortly after the report came
out, Harris appointed a Citizens' Tax
Committee to study the problem and
suggest a solution. Because Harris
is a Democratic mayor who must
work through a City Council with a
Republican majority, he appointed
mostly Republicans to the 21-member
This way, Harris reasoned, when
the committee came back with sug-
gestions for an income tax, Repub-
lican City Council members would
have to give serious thought to the
John Laird, chairman of the com-
mittee, realizes that he is expected
to recommend a personal income tax
"to pull the city out of the hole." But,
he says, the committee has not yet
discussed what its recommendations
will be, and is still investigating the
conclusions of the Larcom report.
"It seems almost impossible to get
council's approval for the tax unless
the committee recommends it," Har-
Even then it might be hard. Coun-
cilman James Stephenson (R-Fourth
Ward), who is generally considered
the leading Republican on council,
expressed disfavor with the idea of
an income tax, but says his vote on
the. subject, if proposed, would "de-
pend on what the tax committee
However, even if the committee
recommends the tax, Stephenson will
See INCOME, Page 7
STRIKE VOTE DUE TODAY
By GERI SPRUNG
Six months after a strike leading to a
new contract, disagreement over that con-
tract has sparked a new round of contro-
versy between the University and its service
and maintenance employes.
Local 1583 of the American Federation
of State, County and Municipal Employes
(AFSCME) has called on its members to
express their dissatisfaction by voting on
whether to strike.
If the majority of the ballots, to be
counted tonight, reject the University's in-
terpretation of these issues, then strike
preparations will be made. .
The University vehemently opposes a
strike, which under state law would be
illegal, contending. that.disagreements should
be settled through arbitration. "We do not
think the arbitration process is a process we
should fret about because we both mutually
agreed to have that process," says Manager
of Employe and Union Relations James
But the Union claims the grievance and
arbitration procedures have not been solving
the problems of interpretation. Charging
that the University is applying the rights
of management in "an arbitrary and ca-
pricious manner," local President Charles
McCracken says, "The University has taken
certain actions and we just don't approve
The local claims over 900 grievances
have been filed against the University since
last February, with few of them being re-
,olved. Further, the union maintains, it is
being forced to takecases to arbitration
needlessly-a costly undertaking.
"In the last seven months," says Mc-
Cracken, "we have had to put between 30
to 40 cases into arbitration. I would venture
to say that all 15 other state universities
put together do not file that many cases
in a year."
Thiry can not explain why the Univer-
sity has gone to arbitration more than other
schools. "Despite the fact we do seem to be
going more," he says, "the fact is we dis-
agree on the interpretation of the contract,
so the only recourse left is for the union to
ask for a third party. We don't enter arbi-
tration lightly," he adds.
Thiry claims that "more cases are with-
drawn than are heard." But of the six cases
that have been heard since last March, the
four decisions which involved contract in-
terpretations have gone in favor of the
union. The other two concerned discipline
and classification matters.
See 'U', Page 6
Workers strike last January
Alan "Cowboy" Walker flies through the air in yesterday's game against Michigan State. Walker, being brought to earth by Ron
Curl (94), picked up 78 yards in Michigan's 24-13 victory. (See story, Page 9.)
Local plans for moratorium
include teach-in, noon rally
Charter flights usually illegal
By LINDSAY CHANEY
"Almost any charter flight you'll get on
is technically illegal," according to Bill
Jacobs, who worked last summer for a
charter group in New York City, is now
helping to organize a series of SGC-spon-
sored charter flights for next summer.
"It's not really a reflection on the people
in the business," Jacobs added, explaining
that "Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) regula-
tions are stringent, maybe even unrealistic.
The CAB regulations which render most
charter flights illegal require all participants
on a flight to be bona fide members for at
open at Free '
By LINDA ROSENTHAL
Do your nimble fingers long to learn Slavic
embroidery? Is your soul curious about
Krishna consciousness? Are you possessed
with a mad desire to satisfy your wander-
lust by train-hopping?
These and other yearnings can be fulfilled
through taking courses at the Free Univer-
sity, an experiment in learning sponsored by
the University Activities Center. This se-
mester's Free University catalog is scheduled
to annear tomorrow, and Free registration
least six months of an organization whcse
purpose is something other than travel.
This is the so-called "affinity group" rule.
Another CAB regulation requires all char-
ter advertising to designate which portion of
the total cost denotes air fare and what por-
tion covers "administrative expenses."
Violations of these rules are so frequent,
however, that CAB officials have all but
given up trying to enforce them.
One CAB official noted that the regulations
were written in a time when charter flights
were actually initiated by clubs or organi-
zations which included travel as a sidelight
to their main activity.
Now, the official said, almost all charter
flights are initiated by professional charter
promoters who actively advertise the flights
and recruit passengers for them.
The business of promoting charter flights,
which the CAB regulations do not even
acknowledge, is now a dominant force in the
charter market, according to travel agents.
A charter sponsor hires a plane from an
airline for certain specified departure points
and dates, then goes about getting people to
ride on the flight. Quite often, the sponsor
also forms a phony "club" which charter
participants must join to "qualify" for the
It is a common practice, according to
travel agents, for the club organizer to issue
back-dated membership cards to persons who
buyv seats loesthan qix mantho hsfrn thn
$50 per seat on a flight which costs
traveler $200 per seat.
Calladine wrote in the Financial Post, a
Canadian publication, that it is possible to
profit $9,000 from a single charter flight. It
is, of course, also possible for the sponsor
to lose money on a given flight, if he is
unable to fill the plane.
The possibility for "fantastic" profits in
the charter promoting field has resulted in a
proliferation of small-time promoters.
Since CAB has no rules which set standards
for the "economic soundness" of a charter
promoter, it is almost inevitable that some
See GOVT., Page 6
By MARCIA ZOSLAW
Declaring Oct. 13 a National Moratorium
Day, anti-war groups here and across the
nation have called for "no business as
usual" to protest the war.
Highlighting the day in Ann Arbor will
be a teach-in, workshops, a noon march to
City Hall promoting voter registration, spe-
cial speakers in the evening at Hill Aud.,
and a midnight rally on the Diag.
The moratorium has been called by the
National Peace Action Coalition (NPAC)
and the People's Coalition for Peace and
Justice (PCPJ) to reflect on the war. The
Ann Arbor teach-in version of the mora-
torium is being organized by the Ann Arbor
Coalition to End the War (AACEW).
On Oct. 4, Senate Assembly, the faculty
representative body, endorsed the teach-in
and agreed to any suspension of regular
classes it might entail.
The moratorium begins Tuesday night,
Oct. 13 with a peace vigil in St. Mary's
Student Chapel, a discussion on the war led
by Vietnam veterans and the movie "An-
other Family for Peace."
A noon march to City Hall for "regis-
tering to vote against the war" starts
Wednesday's program. Scheduled speakers
there include Ann Arbor Mayor Robert Har-
ris, PCPJ leader Jay Craven and medical
Prof. Donald Rucknagel of AACEW.
Afternoon workshops will span the eco-
nomic, philosophic, ecological, and political
range of the war. Their topics include "The
Impact. of the War Upon American Values,"
"Defoliation in Vietnam", "Racist America
and the War Against the Peoples of the
Third World," "The Impact of the War
Upon U.S. Cities," and others.
Evening speakers at Hill include Father
James Groppi, Catholic priest, antiwar ac-
tivist and a leader of the open housing
See LOCAL, Page 10
Underground press flourishes
By CHARLES STEIN
Long neglected by the establishment media, rock music,
radical politics and the youth culture were given their first
serious coverage in the underground newspaper. As the youth
culture has expanded its interests in the past few years, the
role played by its papers has also undergone transition.
And nowhere has this transition been more clearly illus-
trated than in Ann Arbor - one of the pioneer communities
in the underground movement.
once or twice a month, and have circulations ranging from
four to six thousand.
The underground paper made its first appearance here in
January, 1969 with the publication of the Argus. In its
initial stages, the Argus served as a prime source of local and
national news for the growing radical movement, but it grad-
ually shifted to more of a community paper during its last
year of publication.
The early Argus revolved primarily around the ideas of its
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