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September 23, 1971 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1971-09-23

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NIXON VISITS
DETROIT
See Editorial Page

YI rL

IflIE AD

A a 12j'h

COSMIC
High-60
Low-40
Pleasant,
partly cloudy

Vol. LXXXII, No. 12 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, September 23, 1971 Ten Cents
Mayday arrests: Legal issues
f f t a -a;,r It has long been a grave question whether "Citizens were arrested under con- For three days last May, thousands of an
any government, not too strong for the y
liberties of its citizens, can be strong ditions that betrayed a blatant disre- pated in massive civil disobedience aimed<
enough to maintain its existence in great gard for the civil liberties of protesters capital. Four months later, several controve
~s emergencies. -Abraham Lincoln and inocenlt bystanders alike," idprotest remain unresolved. In this article,
F ugICals alc o h siit Daily explores the outcome of the trials thi
By LINDSAY CHANEY of Columbia Superior Court. "They were the government investigations into the Ma
First of a Series a r r e s t e d in a fashion that totally
When a coalition of anti-war groups abandoned any hope of successfully the future of the anti-war movement.
attempted to paralyze the nation's capi- prosecuting the vast majority of those
tal last May by engaging in acts of arrested." than fight the charges, according to there wa
massive civil disobedience. the police As a r e s u 1 t, in case after case, Arnold Malech, executive officer of the arrests w
arrested over 12,000 people to keep the throughout the summer, charges against D.C. Superior Court. and form
__thousands of persons arrested on May In dismissing charges against the called "a
a 7# r 3, 3, 4 and 5 were dropped or dismissed ovrwhe ming majority of those ar- police."
tt he Intyd for lack of evidence of criminal behav- rested during the Mayday demonstra- "We th
ior. tions, the courts tacitly held that the Mayday
aft *rni tiOf the 12,000 persons arrested, only arrests were improper and perhaps il- civilian p
>124 were found guilty after a trial. An- legal. ington Co
other 600 p 1 e a d e d "no contest" or Chief Judge of the D.C Superior prin. "An
city open. "guilty" at their arraignments. Court Harold Greene s e v e ra 1 times circumsta
The price for keeping the wheels of Approximately 3,000 persons were re- criticized the Washington Corporation we could
government turning, however, according leased without being charged. Charges Counsel-which prosecutes all cases for clear."
-Daily-Tom Gottlieb to Washington judges, was an abandon- against the rest were dropped, dis- the city-for presenting cases where Alprin
ment of the legal rights of thousands missed, the records were lost, or the there was no possibility of conviction. cases dis
Demonstrators imprisoned at football field of U.S. citizens. . defendants forfeited security rather However, the police maintain that S

Ten Pages
linger
ati-war protesters partici-
at tieing up the nation's
rsial issues raised by the
and two to follow, The
at followed the protests,
'day demonstrations, and
s no alternative to the mass
hich Greene called "irregular,"
zer Aty. Gen. Ramsey Clark
completely lawless use of the
ought from the beginning that
was designed to strain the
rocess of justice," said WVash-
rporation Counsel Geoffrey Al-
d it certainly did. Under the
nces, there was nothing else
do, and still keep the streets
said that the large number of
missed in court "is not some-
See MAYDAY, Page 6

Secret
minus
By DAVE CHUDWIN
Managing Editor
At least two proposals for
classified military research have
been forwarded to the Defense
Dept. by the University within
the last six months without the
approval of the Classified Re-
search Committee (CRC).
A faculty-student group, CRC
Was set up in 1968 to review the
appropriateness of all proposed
classified projects-research in
which any of the project per-
sonnel require federal security
clearances.
According to the University's
Standard Practice Guide, "Be-
fore a proposal for classified re-
search project is submitted by
the University for a sponsor, the
proposal must be approved by
the Classified Research Com-
mittee."
However, on April 6, Vice
President for Research A. Geof-
frey Norman forwarded a pro-
posal entitled "Target and Back-
ground Characteristics" to the
Air Force requesting funding al-
though the committee had re-
viewed and failed to approve
the classified project.
And on Aug. 31, similarly with-
out committee approval, Norman
submitted to the Army a pro-
posal on "Electronics Counter-
countermeasures Techniques."
Norman in an interview yes-
terday, justified his action on the
basis of what a report on classi-
fied research, issued Tuesday by
the Research Policies Commit-

research sent
committee OK

Court frees
MVedina of

VP Norman

cause at least seven votes were
not also cast for rejection.
"The committee was unable
to arrive at a decision," Norman
said. "The deadline was reached
and I exercised my responsibili-
ties whether the project was
within the guidelines (on classi-
fied research). I decided it was,
and sent it out."
Norman said CRC is only ad-
visory to him, and referring to
the Standard Practice Guild
statement, commented, "I don't
regard that as correct.,'
However, according to geog-
raphy Prof. George Kish, CRC
chairman, the present structure
of the .group is that "an abso-
lute majority of seven is needed
to approve a project. If there
are fewer than seven votes the
project is not approved."
Thus, while no one riisput-,s
the fact that both projects did
not get committee approval, the
two projects were sent out on
the basis of a. semantical dif-
ference.
The "Analysis and Modeling
of Target and Background Char-
acteristics" p r o j e c t concerns
identification of objects, includ-
ing military targets, by their
electromagnetic radiation prop-
erties.
According to the summary pre-
sented to the committee, ". -
the results can be used to pre-
dict the detection and identifi-
cation of individual objects or
See SECRET, Page 10

My

tee, described as an "ambigu-
ity" in procedures.
According to committee rules,
sevenvotes of the 12-member
CRC are needed to pass a pro-
posal. A controversy has de-
veloped, however, over whether
seven votes are also necessary
to reject a project.
The vote on the counter-coun-
termeasures project was 6 to 5
against approval. On the target
characteristics the tally was 5
to 2 in favor of passing the pro-
ject with two abstentions, The
Daily has learned.
In both cases the projects did
not receive the necessary seven
votes for approval. N o r m a n
claims the committee took no
action on the two projects be-

Lai guilt

-Daily-Tom Gottlieb
THE VOTER REGISTRATION DRIVE had its beg nnings in Waterman Gym as students swear they
are at-least 18 years of age, U.S. citizens and have lived in Michigan for six months before they can
be permitted to vote.
C1ty to extend voter reg istration
dri ve with newsite*in hb1-ow

Non-profit group may control
University 's Willow Run Labs

By JIM KEVRA
Willow Run Laboratories, often chastised be-
cause of the amount of classified research done
there, may soon be removed from University con-
trol.t
A committee set up by the state legislature is
currently studying the possibility of creating a
non-profit Michigan Research Institute (MRI) to
take over control of the Willow Run Labs.
The committee was created after a resolution,
offered by Sen. Gilbert Bursley (R-Ann Arbor),
was adopted by the state Senate on July 15. The
state House adopted the resolution on August 16.
The Senate resolution proposes the creation of
MRI since Willow Run Labs "must consider sepa-
ration from the University" and the loss of the
labs "would not only damage Michigan's defense-
oriented industry but would lose the potential for
innovative application of new technological de-
U Cellar
By TONY SCHWARTZ At the
The University C e1l-a r, the student- for Ulr
owned, non-profit store, has emerged from biggestc
the stampede of its first fall book rush that bu
with the flush of success but a wary eye Howev
towards its future needs. spokesm
The bookstore, approved after a sit-in reluctar
and strike two years ago, has since an- cause o

velopments to environmental and other national
pursuits."
But, the University is in no way committed to
making any changes in the status of Willow Run
Labs, said Richard Augenstein, assistant to the
vice-president for state relations and planning.
"The resolution came from the legislature at
Sen. Bursley's initiative," Augenstein said. "We
agreed that it would be worthwhile to look into
it. But, we're not committed at all. I think that's
an important point."
The head of Willow Run Labs, Dr. William
Brown, said that he would "probably be in favor
of the creation of a MRI to take over control
of the labs." He added, however, that there were
numerous minor problems to be worked out be-
fore any transfer of the labs could be made.
Even if control of the labs is transferred, the
See 'U', Page 10

By SARA FITZGERALD
Ann Arbor's voter registration
drive will be extended to the Fish-
bowl area of Angell Hall next
week, City Clerk Harold Saunders
said last night.
T h e announcement followed
pressure on Saunders to make the
drive more convenient for newly
enfranchised students.
Critics had charged that the
Union and North Campus Com-
mons - the only campus sites -
were not frequented by students,
particularly during the drive's 3
to 8 p.m. hours.
Saunders, though, had main-
tained he did not have the man-
power to open additional sites.
H owe v er, SGC Executive Vice
President JerryRosenblatt and
For answers to questions on voter
registration, see Editorial Page.
others said the clerk should use'
the approximately 50 new student
deputy registrars to man campusj
registration sites.
This is the first time students are'
being used as deputy registrars-
who after completing a course are
allowed to register new voters. So
far the drive has had mixed suc-
cess. Saunders reports that regis-
tration at the outlying sites and
North Campus Commons has been'
"virtually nill." Deputies have reg-1
istered about 165 people the two

FT. McPHERSON, Ga. (PN--Capt. Ernest Medina, the ca-
reer officer who commanded U.S. troops at My Lai in 1968,
was acquitted yesterday of all charges arising from the oper-
ation.
The jury of five Vietnam veteran officers deliberated for
about an hour before acquitting the captain of murder, in-
voluntary manslaughter and assault in the killing of 100
Vietnamese civilians.
"It is my duty as president of this court to advise you
that the court in closed session and upon secret written bal-
lot, has found you not guilty of all speeifications and charges,"
Jury President Col. William
Proctor said.
Medina, 35, a slight smile on his
face, snapped a smart salute to Paris talks
the jury, made an about-face, and
sat down at the defense table.
As the verdict in the month-long
trial was read, there were several stallas U.S.
loud gasps among the spectators.
The captain, speaking into a
battery of microphones outside,
said, "I am extremely happy-I
just don't know what other words
can express my feelings at this By The Associated Press
point. Three years is a long American bombers and warships
time-I'm glad it is over," he said, pounded the southern half of the
tmedI'm ladwas t soed,"hp demilitarized zone (DM Z), while
Medina was accused of pre- two U.S. fighter-bombers destroy-
meditatedly murdering a woman ed an anti-aircraft gun site 77
by shooting her as she lay wound-' miles inside North Vietnam yes-
ed in a rice paddy outside My terday.
Lai. He also was accused of. in-
voluntary manslaughter in the Meanwhile, the North Vietna-
death of 100 civilians during the mese and the Viet Cong are call-
operation, and was charged with ing off this week's session of the
assaulting a Viet Cong suspect by Vietnam peace talks as "an ener-
twice firing a rifle over his head. getic protest against the Nixon ad-
He said he would request an im- ministration's act of war against
mediate discharge from the Army. the Democratic Republic of Viet-
Medina was the fourth soldier nam on Sept. 21."
acquitted of charges arising from On that day American fighter-
the My Lai massacre and was one bombers launched 200 combat
of six court-martialed. strikes against targets inside
Only Lt. William Calley Jr. was North Vietnam, blaming an in-
convicted. Col. Oran Henderson crease in North Vietnamese anti-
is now on trial at Ft. Meade, Md. aircraft attacks on reconnaissance
Medina's trial in many respects planes.
was a replay of the Calley court- The Viet Cong followed North
martial. Almost all of the govern- Te VieiCongen
ment's 31 witnesses and the 29 Vietnam's lead in canceling
defense witnesses appeared at the Thursday's session, and both dele-
Ft. ennig tial f Caleygations tried to reschedule the
Ft. Bennng trial of Calley. next talks for Sept. 30.
The Army used the witnesses in
an attempt to prove Medina pre- weea datsmh DMr
meditatedly murdered the My Lai were aimed at smashig a North
villagers by choosing not to inter- Vietnamese buildup and supply
vene after learning they were be- movement before the monsoon
ing shot down in cold blood by his rains arrive in about ten days, the
troops. __- _-U.S. Command reported.
~ The bombers in the North yes-
terday reportedly entered North
Vietnam after they received fire
from ground guns. The planes

Saunders

nights of registration at the Union.
Now, because of poor turnout at
the sites around the city, Saund-
ers plans to close the tables at
Tappan Junior High School, Hur-
on River Pkwy. Station, and North-
side Elementary School, and to
open the Fishbowl site. The site
will be open every day next week
from 11 a.m to 3 p.m.
Students have also urged Saun-
ders to extend registration to the
dorms before the Oct. 29 regis-
tration deadline for the next city
election, a school bonding pro-
posal.
While Saunders has not yet

Rosenbl tt
committed himself, he said he
might plan something for the last
week of October. The clerk added
that Vice President for Student
Services Robert Knauss and his
staff had offered their help in
planning future programs. Saun-
ders also plans to elicit SGC's
help.
Saunders has refused to con-
duct voter registration door-to-
door as is done in- Ypsilanti Town-
ship. Such registration, he said,
would cause duplicate registration,
which leads to costly cross-check-I
ing for his office.

ONE YEAR OF STUDENT CONTROL

booms
start of the book rush, spokesmer
ich's and Follett's -the Cellar's
competitors-expressed confidence
siness was holding up well.
ver, by the end of the rush, both
nen seemed more shaken. Although
nt to say business had declined be-
f the Cellar, they admitted sales

amid complaints

seem to back up this view. As one fresh-
man put it, "I had a choice between a
non-profit, student-owned-and-run p 1 a c e
and a private rip-off. Which do you think
I chose?"
The Cellar does, however, receive a
wide variety of complaints. Perhaps the
most frequent is its lack of space.

1,200 square feet of adjacent space but not
in time for the January rush.
Store managers had also hoped to al-
leviate the problem by using the Union
ballroom temporarily but a scheduling
conflict has dimmed these prospects.
Ironically, the use of the Union cafeteria

were on bombing missions against
the Ho Chi Minh trail in eastern
Laos.
Detroit council
supports treaty
Detroit City Council has ap-
proved 5-2 a resolution supporting
the People's Peace Treaty-which

MEMO,
x. .'.a. ' .. ... is;

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