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Cold and clear
Vol. LXXXII, No. 145 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, April 9, 1972 Ten Cents
By DAN BIDDLE
After more than two weeks of verbal
battles, charges, and countercharges over
the recent all-campus elections, the results
of those elections remain in question.
At least ten separate charges aimed at
the campaign, the election, and the results
were officially filed with Student Govern-
men Council's Credentials and Rules Com-
mittee (C&R), the Central Student Judi-
ciary (CSJ), and the Council itself.
The charges, which have erupted prin-
cipally between the various political parties
within SGC itself, have held the validity
of election results in question pending
CSJ hearings and decisions.
Five SGC members have refused to at-
tend all Council meetings until the charges
are resolved. The boycott effectively pre-
vents the 13-member body from reaching
a two-thirds quorum.
N The most serious of the complaints ac-
cuses Elections Director David Schaper of
"gross fraud" and calls for a new election
to be held.
The charge which is being brought by
SGC member Joel Silverstein of the Radi-
cal People's Coalition (RPCI, as well as
members of the Students' Tenant Union
and the Responsible Alternative Party
(RAP), states that Schaper tampered with
Schaper has repeatedly denied all
The vicious atmosphere of the election
was evident long before the voting as
members of the GROUP party, the Stu-
dents' Tenant Union Ticket (STUT), and
the Responsible Alternative Party (RAP)
blasted each other in campaign literature
and public statements.
Then discrepancies began to appear
shortly after the polls closed on Wednes-
day, March 22. Schaper said he had dis-
covered some 30 ballots stuffed in favor
of GROUP and over 40 for RAP.
Also due to SGC's new proportional rep-
resentation system, over 400 students filled
out the complex page 1 SGC ballot incor-
rectly. The "mistake ballots" were voided
by the computer. Schaper ordered the bal-
lots recopied by hand.
Almost immediately, former SGC offi-
cer Jay Hack challenged Schaper's actions,
charging him with "violating the free and
open election provisions" in his instruc-
tions to the recopiers.
C&R, which exists temporarily to deal
with election complaints and certify re-
sults, ruled that night to invalidate 42
stuffed RAP votes and 22 cast illegally for
Losing presidential candidates Lee Gill of
Integrity Party and Scott Seligman of
STUT demanded that "all complaints be
settled" before announcing any results.
When C&R released the ballots for
counting, Gill 'and Seligman announced
that their parties and GAIN were calling
for C&R to "void all results and order a
Meanwhile, the results were tabulated
and released, showing GROUP member Bill
See SGC, Page 7
By ERIC SCHOCH
Collectivized control and ownership of
economic institutions was proposed yester-
day by Hank Bryant of the Black Economic
Development League (BEDL) to break down
a system of "inner city exploitation" by the
national economic system.
The proposal came at the end of a pub-
lic teach-in on inner city economic problems
held at the University yesterday. Lasting
throughout the day in Angell and Mason
halls, the event drew almost one hundred
The morning session included speakers
and a multi-media concert. Workshops were
held-In the afternoon.
Bryant argued that people in the inner
city should not try to integrate themselves
into the economic mainstream of the coun-
try but should create an alternative system
of collectivised control of economic institu-
tions by the people who use them.
These institutions, he said, would be
"horizontally structured collective coopera-
tive conglomerates" without a board of di-
rectors, stockholders> or pay differences
among those employed.
All people in the conglomerates would
have a say in decision and policy-making.
The object, he said, is to avoid duplication
of "the oppressive economic institutions that
Economics Professor Daniel Fusfeld be-
gan the day's activities by asserting that
the inner cities of the nation function as a
continuous pool of cheap labor forthenecon-
omic system of the country.
Therefore, he said, "the problem is how
to break the whole system which continues
the economic subjugation of the inner city."
In the afternoon the participants moved
into workshops on various topics, such as
"The Nature of the Urban Ghetto," "Econ-
omic Impact of ,Racism", and "Urban Gov-
ernment and Transportation". Panels of
students from Economics 476 - inner city
economics - and other resource people led
Included were Charles Thomas of BEDL,
City Council member Norris Thomas (D-
First, Ward), Dr. Robert Weeks, University
professor of humanities and former chair-
man of the Ann Arbor Housing Commission,
and Mayor Robert Harris.
From Wire Service Reports
With battles and shellings erupting all
across South Vietnam, Communist forces
have surrounded the provincial capital of
An Loc, 60 miles north of Saigon, and are
tightening the circle around the city.
U.S. planes are being recalled from other
areas of the country to fly bombing raids
near the city, hoping to fight off the attack.
Meanwhile, a spokesman for an anti-war
group reported last night that military per-
sonnel have reported a wide pattern of
special alerts at U.S. military bases around
the country and overseas in response to the
offensive in South Vietnam.
Although the Pentagon denied there had
been any wholesale alerts, a representative
of the Legal and Service Projects of Cam-
bridge, Mass., reported that ready and per-
sonnel-shift alerts have been issued at a
number of bases. The spokesman said the
alerts mean that all the notified servicemen
must be ready for battle and possible im-
mediate transfer overseas.
Saigon sent its last reserves-the palace
guards of President Nguyen Van rhieu's
residence-marching north in an attempt to
raise the siege. However, lead elements of,
three opposing divisions were reported less
than two miles from the government gar-
rison of 5,000 troops.
Meanwhile, a North Vietnamese surface-
to-air missile damaged a U.S. B52 heavy
bomber for the first time in the Indochina
war yesterday, the U.S. Command an-
nounced. According to American sources, the
plan landed safely after sustaining damage
while bombing along the demilitarized zone.
The U.S. Command reported that an
attack on the big U.S. base at Cam Ranh
Bay, 200 miles northeast of Saigon, killed
three Americans', wounded 15 and blew op,
ammunition stores. No other details were
Communist forces redoubled their attacks
in the Mekong delta, using rockets and
mortars against regional and local militia
outposts. In Tay Ninh, 40 miles southwest
of An Loc, 150 mortars slammed into a
U.S. radio relay station-the heaviest shell-
ing American forces have encountered this
year. At least two signalmen were killed
and four wounded in the attack.
President Thieu has ordered the Saigon,
forces to hold An Loc at any cost, as the
fall of the city would pose an immediate
and direct threat to Saigon itself.
American B52s were recalled from other
parts of the country to bomb areas around
the city, but the first line of defense of
Saigon appeared to be weakening.
An armada of U.S. B52 Stratofortresses
and fighter bombers unleashed hundreds of
tons of explosives on North Vietnamese tanks
and troops trying to seize An Loc after tk-
ing the district town of Loc Minh 15 miles
to the north.
Meanwhile. artillery units resumed shell-
ing government bases near Quang Tri City,
the capital of South Vietnam's northern-
most province. Vietnamese troops reportedly
moved into two villages about0 miles east
of the city.
See VIETNAM, Page 7
Man vs. machine
If you were wandering around the second floor
of the First Congregational Church on State and
William yesterday afternoon a strange sight would
have confronted you.
In a large room with a beamed ceiling and sun-
light flooding through stained glass windows 81
people sat in pairs with chessboards between them.
That's right - 81 - for one of the participants
was a computer called "Tech."
Tech (pictured at left with partner) is a chess
playing computer which participated in yesterday's
second "Mark's Coffeehouse Chess Open."
While Tech was perhaps the main attraction
there were also real people playing yesterday -
some of them rather famous in chess circles, like
championship participant Greg DeFotis from Chi-
cago (pictured above).
Unfortunately, Tech was unable to appear in
person. The real Tech - residing in Pittsburgh -
plays through a terminal.
speak at Hill
Representative Shirley Chisholm (D- N.
Y.) - the only woman seeking the Presi-
d:ncy - will kick-off her Michigan primary
campaign as well as "Women in Politics
Week" .omorrow with a speech at Hill Au-
ditorium, at 8:30 p.m.
Appearing with Chisholm will be Jane
Hart, wife of Sen. Phillip Hart (D-Mich.).
Hart will introduce Chisholm and partici-
pate in a question and answer period fol-
lowing the speech.
The speech will mark the beginning of a
week of activities related to women's par-
ticipation in politics.
Tuesday there will be pot-luck supper
from 6:00 to 8:00 p.m. at the Community
128 TO BE RELEASED
SEE PAGE 10
LANSING (P) - The Michigan Supreme
Court, acting on a petition from the state
attorney general, has ordered the release of
128 persons imprisoned for convictions re-
lated to the possession of marijuana.
Splitting the decision at 5 to 2, the high
court directed that the group appear at Cir-
cuit Court in Jackson tomorrow to verify
each individual's eligibility for release.
Kelley had asked Thursday that all 128
be released because they were serving time
under a marijuana-possession statute struck
for pot prisoners
down by the high court March 9 in the alties for possession and use also are lighter
John Sinclair case. under the new law.
On Wednesday a series of panel discus-
sions on the theme of "Women in Politics"
will be held in room 126, Residential Col-
lege starting at 7:30 p.m.
The week will wind up Saturday with a
"Fine Art, Funk, Fancy Junk and Flower
Festival" on Braun Court behind the Far-
Tickets for Chisholms speech tomorrow
night are available at 209 Nickels Arcade
or the Michigan Union.
Sinclair, head of the Rainbow People's
Party, had been sentenced to 91/2 to 10
years in prison for possession of two mari-
The Supreme Court ruled in that case
that classification of marijuana as a hard
narcotic was unconstitutional. Marijuana is'
no longer under that classification under a
new drug law that took effect April 1. Pen-
Psych class employs
When the 128 prisoners arrive at Jackson
Circuit Court tomorrow, they will be ques-
tioned separately by three circuit judges
and three probate judges who will deter-
mine if the individuals are eligible for re-
lease under the Supreme Court ruling.
State Correction Director Gus Harrison
told newsmen that he was "happy that the
Supreme Court had clarified the matter."
Harrison does not expect to protest the
release of any of the 128 prisoners, who have
been held in various prisons and detention
centers throughout the state.
Kelley's petition to the high court had
asked for a write of habeas corpus in behalf
of the imprisoned men. Habeas corpus has
been for centuries the legal means of chal-
lenging a person's detention.
Justices Eugene Black and Thomas Bren-
nan dissented from the order approved by
a majority of the court and issued by Chief
Justice Thomas Kavanagh.
The dissenting justices said the decision
striking down the old marijuana law applied
only to possession of marijuana in one's
They argued that the majority vote in the
Sinclair case hinged on Justice Thomas Kav-
anagh's written opinion, which said Sinclair
was the victim of an unconstitutional inva-
sinn nt nrivacv.
By JAN BENEDETTI
Ellen (not her real name) sits silently in
her chair, gazing out the window. A man
comes up to her and comments on the
weather, but she keeps staring out at the
trees. Ellen hardly ever speaks. She has
been a patient for over 20 years at Ypsi-
lanti State Hospital.
Jane Michener wanted to increase Ellen's
few moments of speech using behavorial
therapy for her term project in psychology
414, an advanced lab in behavior modifica-
Michener is one of 60 students currently
enrolled in the course, led by psychology
Michener spends six hours a week with
Ellen. At the start of the project in Janu-
ary, Ellen spoke an average of four times
during four hours.
"Her responses to questions were so rare
and so faint, I couldn't tell whether I'd
heard them or not. About the only thing
she'd say was 'uh-huh"' says Michener.
According to Michener, "Now she responds
about 170 times over three hours. About one
"At first, I'd ask her if she wanted the
candy, if she said a loud 'uh-huh' I'd give
it to her," Michener explains.
She gradually increased the amount of
talking required for each piece of candy,
until Ellen was repeating entire words and
sentences after Michener.
Critics have often attacked behavior
modification as a use of control and manip-
ulation which fails to cure the cause of
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Critics have attached behavior modification as a use of con-
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