See Editorial Page
Cold, chance of flurries,
no chance of sun
Vol. LXXXi1, No. 144
Ann Arbor, Michigan--Saturday, April 8, 1972
LS A awards $52,000
to purchase equipment
By JAN BENEDETTI
The executive committee of the literary college has
awarded over $52,000 to sixteen departments, denying a re-
quest for funds from the controversial Program for Educa-
tional and Social Change (PESO)
The money, set aside from the college's budget as "in-
novative funds" will be used primarily for equipment pur-
According to Dean Frank Rhodes, distribution of the
-I____ - funds hinged on "improving
the range and quality of un-
S c w a dergraduate teaching without
additional salaries for the fac-
ulty and teaching fellows."
tIiioThe apolication from PESC was
ru n j. V "largely for salaries. It was con-
Odered along with the others.
There were four times as many
"eouests as we could fund,"
Cong ess Rhodes said.
According' to psychology Prof.
Richard Mann, a member of
Frederick Schwall, a Washtenaw PESC. only "one-fourth" of
County commissioner from Ypsi- PFSC's application asked for sal-
lanti, announced yesterday his a.ries - for Charles Thomas and
candidacy for the Democratic Pank Bryant, instructors of a
nomination to Congress. PFSC "community course."
Schwall is the second person to Three-fourths of the request
announce his candidacy on the was to "pay for books, supplies.
Democratic ticket for the second printing and publicity," according
congressional district seat in the to Mann.
House of Representatives. History Prof. Sam Warner, a
The first, Walter Shapiroamember of PESC, said, "It's an
The frstWalte Shairo, auanafling decision, an unimagina-
teaching fellow in the University's tive way to expend funds."
pilot program, announced his can- Diane Rapaport, president of
didacy about three weeks ago. ; the literary college student gov-
The winner of the Democratic ernment and a member of PESC.
primary in August will face in- said, "We are not pleased with
cumbent Republican Marvin Esch th- way funds are distributed.
in the November elections. PESC is now dependent on funds
In his announcement, Schwall out of people's personal pockets.
'c That's not enough."
said "I run for this office because "The Uni ersity is responsible to
I believe that there is one over- extend itself to the community.
riding issue in this election year. The purpose of PESC is to push
That issue is Richard Nixon. the University to open up re-
"For over three years now we sources to the community," she
have witnessed Mr. Nixon leading, added.
our country in full retreat from Seven professors were awarded
the crucial challenges facing us," $14.435 for purchase of video cas-
Schwall said. sette equipment for various proj-
"Political manipulation of every Over$3.000 was given to the
national issue is the order of the Center for Utilization of Learning
day. Nixon has not hesitated to Skills (CULS) for aid to minority
play political games with the lives students taking math courses and
of American prisoners of war, for the hiring of three teaching,
"He has not had a second assistants.
thought about the great damage Other awards included:
he has done to the judicial system -$3,500 for film purchases and:
of our country, he shows no con- rental of eauipment for use In'
cern for the fact that he has English Prof. Marvin Felheim in
brought our economy to a grind- American Studies courses;
ing halt," he said. -X2.043 for opinion surveys oft
"In a hundred ways he has fail- the local area on a range of is-1
ed, and yet we have a congress- sues to be used by political sci-
man who continues to support him. ence Prof. Jack Walker in under-
I say that Nixon should be re- graduate classes.1
jected, and those who support him Tn addition to the "innovative'
deserve rejection as well, by the funds" awards, $25.000 has been
voters of this district," Schwall approved by Allan Smith, vice2
said. president for academic affairs, for
He added, "For us, here "in the development of the instruc-I
America, I believe that our truth tional use of television in zoologyi
AericaI eieve that Courtuthn Prof. John Allen's introductory
is the United States Constitution!botany-zoology course.t
which guarantees us that freedom ________________
S aig9o n,fr
TWO WOUNDED South Vietnamese marines (above) drink soup yesterday as they
ation from Phu Bai near Hue, while (below) a F4 Phantom jet taxis to a stop at
base after taking part in heavy air strikes in the DMZ and North Vietnam.
wait for evacu-
a Da Nang air
From Wire Service Reports
SAIGON - The North Viet-
namese offensive gained mo-
mentum yesterday as the
Communists seized a major
town 75 miles north of Sai-
gon, shelled a junction city
within 15 miles of the capi-
tol and opened a fourth front
in the Mekong Delta to the
The Communists' advance con-
tinued at up to about 15 miles a
day despite the second day of
massive U.S. air support of South
Vietnamese troops and pounding
of positions within North Vietnam.
American pilots reported that
the Communists' advance was be-
ing closely followed by batteries of
surface-to-air missiles, which for
the first time in the war, are be-
ing used to shoot down American
planes over South Vietnam.
The major areas of fighting yes-
terday were in the Central High-
lands and the areas north and
south of Saigon., There was rela-
tively little activity in Quang Tri
Province, where the offensive be-
gan last week.
South Vietnamese Rangers
claimed that the Communists suf-
fered a setback near Quangri
yesterday. A communique from
the Saigon command claimed 217
North Vietnamese were killed.
The claim, however, seems ex-
aggerated as only 11 weapons were
listed as captured.
In the air, more than 50 U.S.
B52 bombers pummelled North
Vietnamese troop concentrations
with more than 1,000 tons of
bombs in raids that were carried
out to deter Communist movement
in South Vietnam.
Early yesterday, a force of 10,-
000 North Vietnamese troops de-
stroyed a South Vietnamese regi-
ment and captured the town of
Loc Ninh, 75 miles north of Sai-
gon, and pressed on toward the
district capital of An Loc.
we treasure so much.
"I believe that our constitutional
+} government is threatened more N ew co n
now than at any time in our
Speaking on Schwall's candidacy,f r
Shapiro said he's always "expected aisjo
a multi-candidate campaign. I be--
lieve Schwall is the first of several
candidates to join me in the race." By SUE STEPHENSON
' He added that he believes "stu- "We need social reconstruction
dent absentee votes will play a in the schools. We need to deal
major role in deciding the pri- more specifically with human, in-
mary," and suggested a debate teraction, compassion, kindness,
"between myself and Schwall be- consideration, love, individual ac-
fore students leave this campus at ceptance of differences, and the
the end of the month." opportunity to gain self-identity,
"Such debates," he added, "will worth and esteem."
reduce the cost of campaigning, This summarizes the educational
and more importantly, will give philosophy of Dean Bodley, the
students a, basis to make decisions newly-appointed dean of the newly-
on before they leave." created Community High School
kill fouri N. Ireland
From Wire Service Reports He also abandoned the use of the to the province.
BELFAST-Bombing and gunfire prison ship Maidstone as a float- The death toll in Ireland from
erupted again in Northern Ireland ing jail. three years of strife between the
yesterday, killing four persons in Meanwhile, in London, an exten- Protestant majority and rebelling
the worst day of violence since sive British inquiry concluded yes- Catholics is now 298.
Britain took over the province two terday that Protestant and RomanI
weeks ago. Catholic street gangs caused the Earlier, Whitelaw's releases pro-
The violence broke out just violence three years ago that voked a varied response among
hours after announcement of Brit- plunged Northern Ireland into its political leaders.
ish conciliatory gestures aimed at current crisis. Brian Faulkner, ousted as prime
appeasing the Roman Catholic According to the New York mister of Northern Ireland in
majority. Times, the three-man inquiry, set the British takeover, called for an
The gestures were made by Wil- up after the riots in the spring i i response through a halt
liam Whitelaw, the British admin- and summer of 1969, placed equal in violence.
istrator of the province, who or- blame on "hooligans" on both His plea went unheeded by the
dered the release of 73 suspected sides for the fighting which led whs militant Provisional wing,
terrorists interned without trial, to the dispatch of British troops which declared the battle against
----dispa----fBritsh troopsBritish rule would go on unabated.
- -The IRA's decision to fight came
amid calls in several Catholic
«-unit hi school quarters for a truce to give the
British peace initiative a chance
innovative ro ra s Bernadette Dvlin, 24- year - old
'UT~'bCatholic civil rights campaigner
and member of the British Parlia-
ment, said the releases were a
(OHS), authorized by the Ann Ar- per teacher-counselor). tribute only to the "courage and
bor Board of Education and sched- Bodley says that a teacher- determination of the men behind
uled to open this fall. counselor's qualification will sim- the wire."
Community resources and indi- ply be "proven empathy toward "The struggle goes on until all
vidualized curricula for each stu- other human beings." men are free," she declared.
dent will be the basis for CHS Coniie Bogard, one of the five- Prime Minister Jack Lynch of
four-year high school program. The person core group of teachers the Republic welcomed the re-
highlight of this program will be planning the school, says the rea- leases and saw them as good in-
CHS' innovative community re- son for remaining with the tradi- tent on Whitelaw's part.
sources course offering, which will tional letter grade system is that "I hope that this process will
distribute students throughout the it is "best for the children in that continue as expeditiously as pos-
community in, such fields as mu- it will help them feel secure in the sible," he added.
nicipal and county government, re- changeover" (to the less compe- The Ulster Vanguard Movement,
tail merchandising, and law. Stu- titive, freer school system). a hardline Protestant group, as-
dents will both participate and The rationale is that grades are saulted the releases as disgraceful
study the fields, and hopefully the needed for future use in college because of the large number of
program will provide more than See COMMUNITY, Page 8 explosions during the day.
the usual classroom simulated sit----_-_ --
uations. rX -'u" r, 1%,Td-1T) A T
of Defense Melvin Laird said
yesterday U.S. planes will con-
tinue to bomb North Vietnam
until Hanoi pulls its army back
across the demilitarized zone
and shows willingness to "nego-
"The enemy has shown no
willingness to seriously negotiate
in Paris," Laird told a news con-
ference. "It has shown no move-
ment back across the DMZ and
until these conditions aire met,
of course, we will continue to
use the necessary power in order
to protect our forces as they
withdraw from Southeast Asia."
At the same time, the defense
secretary made it plain that U.S.
ground troops will not be sent
back into South Vietnam to help
the hard-pressed South Vietna-
mese army deal with a grow-
ing North Vietnamese offensive.
Laird- indicated that more U.S.
warplanes and naval warships
are being readied for possible
use in Southeast Asia.
The United States already has
IN THE TENTH day of the North Vietnamese fighting yesterday,
communist troops overran Loc Ninh, severed "Bloody Route 13"
and continued to lay seige to An Loc, all north of Saigon near
the Cambodian border.
U.S. to Continue air
strikyes in1 N. V ietnam
sent additional B52 bombers to
the western Pacific, raising the
number of the heavy jets to
about 100, about the strength
of this force in Southeast Asia
at. the peak of the bombing
campaign in 1968.
Also, F105 fighter-bombers are
being sent back from the United
States, with other aircraft on
Laird stopped short of declar-
ing a return to the full-scale
bombing campaign as it was be-
fore the Johnson administration
ordered a halt in 1968.
But he did assert that the
North Vietnamese have "com-
pletely set aside the understand-
ings of 1968" that he said led to
the bombing halt.
Johnson and Nixon administra-
tion officials have said there was
an understanding at the time
that the North Vietnamese would
not violate the DMZ and attack
South Vietnamese cities if nego-
tiations were pursued. The North
Vietnamese have denied ever en-
tering into any understandings.
Late last night, the Communists
were reported making rapid prog-
ress down Highway 13, shelling the
American helicopter base of Quan
loi and Phu Cuong, a major road
junction just 15 miles north of
An Air Force F105 fighter-
bomber squadron based in Kansas
has been sent hurriedly to the
area and others may be on the
With nearly all U.S. air power
committed to the far north, Loch
Ninh's defenders battled without
that massive aerial firepower that
See N. VIETS, Page 8
CHS will also provide independ-
ent study courses and the conven-
tional courses currently offered at'
other high schools.
The school's basic commitment
is "to collectively provide the best
education possible for high school
students, preparing them with pre-
college, pre-professional, pre-voca-
tional, and pre-technical merchan-
diseable skills," according to Bod-
He added that "communication
of the concept to all segments of
the community and their willing-:
ness to become involved in the ed-
ucation of all young people," is
perhaps the school's greatest prob-
T V VIO1LNC VANEL
The good and bad vibes of
bullets, blood, guts and gore
By MARTIN STERN
In Sam Peckinpah's "Straw
Dogs", a once-reserved mathema-
tician turns into a barbarian, kill-
ing five people along the way.
The "hero" of Stanley Ku-
brick's "A Clockwork Orange"
loves nothing more than "a bit of
Sponsored by the journalism
department, the panel consisted
of five experts who have all been
involved in studies on television
violence and aggressive behavior.
One of the most controversial
views offered was Psychology Prof.
Andrew Watson's contention that
ple are able to disapprove of it.
A member of the audience ar-
gued that people might tend to
approve of viewed violence and
emulate it. Watson admitted that
such a risk does exist, but that
studies on this are inconclusive.
The question of whether or not