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Vol. LXXXII, No. 84 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, January 20, 1972 Ten Cents
LEGISLATORS SPLIT ON
GOV.'S BUDGET REQUEST
By CARLA RAPOPORT
Special To The Daily
LANSING - Key state legislators initially concurred yes-
terday that state agencies and institutions have a clear need
for Gov. William Milliken's record state budget proposal for
fiscal year 1972-73 - but Democrats express sharp skepticism
over the state's ability to meet the $224 million boost.
Prospects for a legislative approval of the request ap-
pears to hinge on the overall state financial picture - which
at present is termed weak by the Democrats, while Republi-
cans think it is brighter.
"It's a wonderful proposal and goodness knows, the state
needs it," says Rep. Marvin St
By DANIEL JACOBS
Rick Ratner, '73, and Jenn;
len, '73, the president and
president of the literary co
student government, yesterda3
nounced their resignations.
In a letter addressed to ti
4 remaining government mem~
Ratner and Allen stated, "
reviewing our position in the
ernment and examining our
attitudes toward the governr
we have come to the concl
that any future efforts on
parts would be as fruitless a.
Ratner became president o
two-year-old government on
6 of last semester, following
resignation of his predecessor,
During its meeting last r,
the government unanimously E
ed Russell Bikoff, '73, to fill
vacated presidency and app:
Carl Herstein, '73, for the
The government then proc(
to evaluate its performance
last semester and to map ou
ture actions. There was a ge
consensus that the govern:
has failed to initiate any si
cant programs to date as
member remarked, "Our le,
ship last semester was non-(
ent." Members hope, however,
the goals of academic reform
increased student represent
in University decision-making
cesses would be emphasized i:
Along these lines, the go,
ment will consider supportin
Program for Educational ant
cial Change (PESC) and pet
ing for LSA student repress
tion on important, all-Univ
committees, such as SACUA.
The latter proposal antici;
a possible debate with the I
ham Student Government
comparative graduate- and u:
graduatb-student presence on
There are no immediate pla
fill the two government vacs
created by the recent resigna
tempien (D-Livonia), majority
floor leader, for his colleagues.
Yet the state congressmen split
sharply along party lines over the
possibilities of proposal's imple-
In its annual budget review dur-
ing the spring and summer months,
the legislature has almost consis-
tently accepted the governor's
b u d g e t request with modest
changes. Last year, a nominal $2
million was added to the approved
The governor's request, which
would pour an additional $78.1 mil-
lion into welfare agencies and $43
million into higher education was
seen as a "well-reasoned attempt
to bring equity to state agencies
and institutions, in light of recent
austerity," according to Sen. Gary
Byker (R-Hudsonville), vice-chair-
man of the appropriations com-
And it is this recent austere
budget situation which is holding
Democratic legislators to a wari-
ness on Milliken's substantial
Earlier this month, all state
agencies and institutions of higher
education were ordered to make a
two per cent spending cutback in
order to balance the present fiscal
However, due to revenues gain-
ed from the state's new income
tax imposed last August, along
with what Milliken terms a "much
stronger" state economy, the gov-
ernor says his proposed budget
would further strengthen state in-
dustry and trade.
"I'm sensitive to Milliken's op-
timistic picture of the economy,"
says Stempien, a member of the
House Appropriations Committee.
"I think caution should still be
the byword in increasing the
Other D e m o c r a t s questioned
whether the state could fund Mil-
liken's proposed increases without
raising taxes. "Personally, I just
See LEGISLATORS, Page 8
PROPOSAL SHOULD FUND
MINIMUM '72-'73 NEEDS
By SARA FITZGERALD
Gov. William Milliken has recommended a substantial
$12 million increase in state funds for the University for the
1972-73 fiscal year, it was announced yesterday.
While the recommendation falls short of the $20 million
hike requested by the University, it is unusually large -
representing four times the amount of additional funds pro-
posed by the governor last year.
University administrators said that although the Univer-
sity's financial picture would remain "tight," they acknowl-
edged that the increase should cover most of the University's
need for new operating funds next year.
It was still unclear whether the--- - -
appropriation would be sufficient
to avoid a tuition increase thisC it
year, although University officials
indicated that chances for avoid-
ing one are good.
The recommended appropria- discussed
tion, which would bring the state's
contribution to the University's
general fund to $90.2 million, des-
ignates $9.5 million increase for
the Ann Arbor campus. Under the
proposal, the' Dearborn Campus
would receive an additional $1.1 By DAVE BURHENN
million and the Flint Campus, $2.7 The scope of Ann Arbor's finan-
million. cial crisis and the viability of the
The new funds, outlined in the proposed city income tax as a
governor's annual budget message solution were the subject of debate
yesterday, would primarily cover last night at a public forum held
increased costs for the University at City Hall.
rather than new programs. City administrators, University
Specifically, the proposed ap- faculty members, and private citi-
propriation for the Ann Arbor zens were among those who de-
campus would provide: bated at the meeting, giving their
-$6.2 million for a 6.5 per cent opinions on fiscal policy and" an-
increise in faculty and staff sal- swering questions from a "react-
aries and compensation; ing panel" of community leaders
-$926,000 for student aid pro- and the media.
grams, particularly the Opportun- The income tax proposal, which
ity Program for disadvantaged and The income tabralich
minority group students;I will b~e on the February city ballot,
-$470,000 to increase the size calls for a one per cent flat rate
-f thedental school's enters tax on income with a 7.5 mill cut
class to 150 as part of a five-year in property taxes.
plan for growth in that school; City Administrator Guy Larcom
-$299,000 for maintenance and spoke first, outlining with charts
utilities for newly constructed and statistics what Ann Arbor
buildings; faces in terms of a financial bind.
-$691,000 to cover a 2 .5 per He said he believed that the situa-
cent rise in inflation according to tion was. serious enough for the
national guidelines; city "to look for some other fi-
-$450,000 for renovation and nancing."
new equipment for the literary John Laird, chairman of the
college; and Citizen's Tax Committee (CTC)
-$500,000 to cover shifts of en- told the audience of about 30 per-
rollment into the health, science sons that the committee, after
and professional schools where per meeting with city. officials, had
student costs are greater. come to the unanimous conch:
In addition to the general fund sions that as long as the gap be-
appropriation, the governor pro- tween city income and expendi-
posed about $5 million for capital tures was less than $1 million, the
o-+ay I.T J v Lr.ni n i "Mo.. u '-i ty snou_. lc_ i not 1 _. a..opt an....income.
Minnesota Sen. Hubert Humphrey (left) brought his bid for the Democratic presidential nomination to Michigan yesterday. Richard
Wheeler of the International Association of Bridge, Structural, and Ornamental Iron Workers gave Sen. Humphrey a small hard hat
tie pin at an informal meeting with AFL-CIO leaders. Maine Sen. Edmund Muskie (right) opened his national campaign headquarters
in Washington yesterday, with a flourish of balloons.
FIRST IN 22 MONTHS:
in intensifying air campaign
SAIGON (RP) - In a steadily
intensifying air campaign, a U.S.
Navy Phantom jet blasted a
North Vietnamese MIG21 from
the sky yesterday 170 miles deep
inside North Vietnam. It was the
first MIG downed in 22 months.
North Vietnam reported its
anti-aircraft fire shot down two
American F4 Phantoms yester-
day over Nghe An Province
south of Hanoi. There was - no
immediate U.S. comment on the
report from Hanoi's official
Vietnam news agency.
The engagement with the
MIG21 came as B52 Strato-
fortresses launched the heaviest
raids in nine months in South
Vietnam, and fighter bombers
attacked the Ho Chi Minh trail
in Laos to 'blunt an expected
North Vietnamese offensive.
The nuclear carrier Enter-
prise, back from the Indian
Ocean, sent its 75 planes into
action against North Vietnamese
supply lines. It was not involved
in the battle over North Vietnam.
The command said the action
began when eight surface to air
missiles and fire from anti-
aircraft guns were aimed at five
American planes near Quang
Lang airfield, 170 miles north of
the demilitarized zone separat-
ing the Vietnams and 155 miles
south of Hanoi. One of the
planes suffered minor damage,
but all returned safely to their
carrier, the Constellation, said
Maj. Robert O'Brien, command
Four jets were accompanying
an unarmed Navy reconnais-
sance -plane when North Viet-
namese missiles and antiair-
craft fire opened up. The escorts
returned the fire.
Four minutes later, a Navy
Phantom appeared, caught the
MIG21, the fastest in North
Vietnam's air arsenal, with air
missiles and sent it crashing.
Until recently, MIGs avoided
U.S. planes, but in the past five
days they have shown increased
aggressiveness. This was the
third encounter with a MIG in
that period. In the two previous
Iengagements, MIGs and U.S.
tjets fired missiles at each other
RESULTS 'INCONCL USIVE'
PESC group, administrat
By CHRIS PARKS Arbor community, has initiated a;
Representatives of the University program which offers University,
courses free to members of theI
administration and the controver- community at large. Vice Presi-
sial Program for Educational and dent for Academic Affairs Allan'
Social Change (PESC) gathered Smith has recently challenged this
privately yesterday to discuss anect of the Program as being
theirt diffhrencegrin asmeetigg
of a $50,000 literary college fund
earmarked for "innovation, did
not come up for discussion at yes-
He said he "hasn't had any in-
formation" on whether such a
grant would be possible.
The MIGs are being sent out
r Sto harass American strikesat
the Ho Chi Minh trail, but only
a few have been sighted at a
fering courses for credit, taught Meanwhile, Senate Democratic
by non-University personnel. piMakeSesterDayourged
According to the PESC plan, plicymakers yesterdayS urged
Accodingto he PSC panthe withdrawal of all U.S. forces
students enrolled in courses which from Indochina within six
are not officially recognized by months, provided American pris-
the University *may receive credit oners of war are released.
for them by electing them as "in- T
dependent reading" courses under The Senate Democratic Polcy
a PESC professor. Committee, with 11 members on
hand, approved 11 to 0 a with-
Last Monday PESC representa- drawal resolution virtually iden-
tives met with Rhodes at which tical to the amendment spon-
time it was decided yesterday's sored by its chairman, Majority
meeting Would be held between Leader Mike Mansfield of Mon-
PESC, Smith and Rhodes. tana.
outlay projects. These would in- city should not adopt an income
clude construction of a new archi- tax.
tecture and design school, an en- Mayor Robert Harris'spoke next,
gineering college Water Resources defending the proposed income tax
Lab, and a library and resources as the "most progressive" means
building for the Dearborn Cam- available to finance city opera-
pus, renovation of the General Li- tions. He said that the city had
brary and continued work on a three options in its search for a
classroom office building for the balanced 1972-1973 budget doing
Flint campus, nothing and accepting service cuts,
Commenting on the proposal, increasing property taxes past
Vice President for Academic Af-
fairs Allan Smith said yesterday; present levels, or adopting a flat
"I find this kind of attention to rate city income tax.
the particular request for addi- Harris received strong criticism
tional dollars refreshing." against this position from opposite
"It's going to make planning ends of the political spectrum as
easier than last year," he added. Councilman James Stephenson (R-
However, Smith cautioned. Fourth Ward) and Prof. Robert
"Even with $9.5 million, it's going Hefner of the Human Rights Party
to be very tight. "There are needs rose to speak.
which I think are extraordinary Stephenson attacked the income
that we can't meet." tax as risky when the state was
Smith expressed particular con- contemplating the abolition of the
cern for funding student aid, the school propery tax, and perhaps
University's top priority for the replacing it with increased state
next fiscal year. income taxes.
Milliken's recommendation for Hefner attacked the proposal for
student aid funding was based in putting a financial burden on lower
a formula that sets student aid income taxpayers while being a
See MILLIKEN, Page 8 "windfall" for landlords.
i untheir differences in a meeting
which participants described as
ns to "amicable" but inconclusive.
ncies PESC, a group of professors,
tions. students and members of the Ann
Pentagon refuses to
reveal My Khe facts
contrary to University policy.
Although most of what went onf
at yesterday's luncheon conferencet
at the League is being kept under;
wraps, it is clear that the Univer-
sity does not intend, as yet, to
move against the group.
"The PESC program will go on
until we see how it comes out,"
Smith said after the meeting.
The meeting, which was attend-
ed by literary. college Dean Frank
Rhodes, Associate Dean for Cur-
riculum Charles Witke, Smith, and
four PESC representatives, cen-
tered mostly on-broad questions of
the PESO policy rather than spe-
cifics, the participants said.,
Although' participants declined to
reveal details of the discussion,
PESC representative Ron Alpern,
'74, said last night a "full report"
on the meeting is being prepared
by the PESC representatives who
attended the meeting. This report
Both sides agree there will be
further similar meetings and that
the lines of communication will be
The controversy over PESO in-
volved several aspects of the PE'C
program including the open-audit-
ing policy and the validity of of-
WASHINGTON (P) - The
Pentagon refused yesterday to
disclose details of the second
alleged massacre near My Lai,
asserting that disclosure might
prejudice judicial reviews of the
sentence of Lt. William Calley
Defense department spokes-
man Jerry Friedheim said this
is the judgement of the Defense
pending review" in Calley's
Calley is the only soldier con-
victed of a crime at My Lai.
Under House arrest at Ft. Ben-
ning, Ga., he is awaiting the
outcome of judicial reviews of
his life sentence for the murder
of 22 Vietnamese civilians. That
sentence already has been re-
duced to 20 years.
By ALAN LENHOFF
Daily News Analysis
Gov. Milliken's proposed $12 million
funding increase for the University may
be the first indication of a gradual eas-
ing of the current University financial
For the first time in several years, Mil-
liken has4 proposed an appropriation
figure for the University that will allow it
These included a tuition increase, end of
payments to the city of Ann Arbor for
police and fire protection, and a three
per cent across-the-board cutback in all
This year, however, Milliken has pro-
vided an amount of new funds equal to
what he judges to be the University's need
for additional financing.
Although the governor's: pronosal call-
For example, at the Ann Arbor campus,
for which $9.5 million of the new funds
are earmarked the increased funding will
be used for the following purposes:
-$6.2 million. Faculty and staff salary
compensation increases averaging 6.5 per
-$691,000. Adjustment for inflation on
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