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Yl r e
SfrI i i au
Vol. LXXXII, No. 133
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, March 26, 1972
By DAN BIDDLE
After dismissing a series of charges
against Elections Director Dave Schaper,
the SGC's Credentials and Rules Committee
(C&R) officially certified the all-campus
election results Yesterday.
The 3/2 hour meeting, C&R ruled that
three allegations submitted by SGC Ad-
ministrative Vice President Jay Hack lack-
ed sufficient evidence and were invalid.
Hack had contended that:
-Elections Director Dave Schaper had
not complied with the Elections Code "re-
garding the accounting to C&R .of all
-the computer program used to tabulate
results for the SGC and PIRGIM elections
was "in error in terms of the SGC con-
-Schaper had "violated the. free and
open election provision as regards instruc-
tions to recopiers of incorrectly filled-out
Hack had also charged the GROUP party
with "illegal campaign practices" but
agreed to postpone discussion until the
election results could be certified.
Hack, however, was adamant on the
allegation of wrongly recopied ballots.
"I am furious," said Hack in a later
interview. "The Election Director's errors
here could have a - very direct impact on
the race for one council seat. I only 'hope
that all of the people affected challenge
this to the hilt."
SGC member Joel Silverstein submitted
a signed statement accusing Schaper and
Hack of "stuffing approximately 150 bal-
lots" in last November's election, based
on a statement Hack made to Silverstein
"It is my fervent hope," said Silver-
stein, that enough of a reasonable doubt
will be raised in the minds of the C&R
members that they grant my request that
a Polygraph (lie detector) test be admin-
istered to Dave Schaper, with his consent,
Silverstein sought to further investigate
Schaper's actions in the current elections
pending verification of his charge "either
S by admission or through the Polygraph
The allegation, which was quickly dis-
missed by C&R on grounds of insufficient
evidence and "irrelevance to this elec-
tion," came under heavy attack from new
SGC President Bill Jacobs and other mem-
bers of the GROUP party."
Schaper refused to comment on the
A heated exchange continued on Silver-
stein's allegation, C&R voted unanimously
See C&R, Page 6
British reforms get
grudging nods in
Lindsay meets the press
New York Mayor and Democratic presidential hopeful John Lindsay faces television cameras during an interview in Wisconsin.
Lindsay, along with other Democrats has been stumping through the state in preparation for its April 4 primary.
Peacetalkhalt may decrease
BELFAST, Northern Ireland (P) - Despite
continued resistance from both Protestant
and Catholic extremists, the majority of
Northern Ireland's strife-weary citizens ap-
peared ready, yesterday, to temporarily ac-
cept Britain's peace plan.
Key Catholic groups, including the in-
fluential Social Democratic and Labor Par-
ty have promised to ,cooperate with North-
ern Ireland's British appointed governor,
William Whitelaw, in carrying out the re-
forms designed to ease tension and cut off
Catholic support for the militant Irish Re-
publican Army (IRA).
Whitelaw, in Belfast for a one-day visit
with security officials before he returns
next week as secretary of state for North-
ern Ireland, was snubbed by the lame-duck
Protestant prime minister, Brian Faulkner.
Faulkner refused to see him.
John Taylor, home affairs minister in
Faulkner's dying government, expressed the
bitterness of other Protestants when he
labeled as treachery the replacement of the
regime by Whitelaw and a British-appointed
Britain's peace plan, announced in a
speech to Parliament Friday by Prime Min-
ister ~Edward' Heath, includes suspension of
the Protestant-dominated local legislature
and government, its replacement with direct
British rule, and an advisory commission in-
cluding local Catholics to assist Whitelaw,
and votes by the people of Northern Ireland
on whether they want to leave Britain and
join the Irish Republic.
Talks with people in the Catholic back
streets of Belfast tended to confirm that
these areas would welcome at least a truce.
"We ought to give the new system a try,"
said one man in a street known as an IRA
stronghold. "And why should Dublin call the
tune when it's the people up here in Belfast
who do the suffering?
Extremists on both sides, however, con-
tinued their adamant opposition to British
IRA leaders in Dublin and Belfast re-
jected the peace plans and ordered their
men to contitiue fighting to oust the British,
while hard-line protestants prepared for a
two-day strike this week to protest British
concessions to the Catholics.
Gun battles flared in Belfast, and London-
derry, ending with a Belfast youth shot
dead. He was the 287th person killed in 32
month of violence. Two British soldiers in
an armored patrol car were slightly wound-
ed by a border mine.
By late afternoon there had been no ma-
jor bomb explosions in Northern Ireland for
the first time in a week. It was too soon to
tell whether the bombing pause meant the
start of a possible truce, observers said.
One possibility short of a formal IRA
truce could be an unwritten standoff. A
number of independent-minded local IRA
units in Belfast were reported unhappy with
their leaders' orders to go on fighting and
not give the British peace plan a chance.
Paddy Kennedy, a member of the pro-
vincial parliament who has close IRA links,
suggested a 30-day truce. Kennedy said
statements by IRA leaders in Dublin that
the campaign would go on were hasty and
should be withdrawn while IRA was under
pressure in Catholic areas to end its bomb-
ing campaign. Noting this, Kennedy warned
the IRA's nationalistic Provisional wing
it would lose support if it ignored this pop-
AP News Analysis
WASHINGTON - President Nixon's new
hard-line at the Paris peace talks reflects
an administration decision not to press for
a negotiated settlement in Vietnam this
year or perhaps for some time to come.
Nixon's strategy - to suspend the Paris
talks until the Communists agree to nego-
tiate "seriously" - was announced by U.S.
4th ward Council hopefuls
give views on local issues
By SUE STEPHENSON
The all city election, Monday, April 3, will deter-
mine, among other things, who will fill city council's
seat in the Fourth Ward, the southwest side of the
Three parties, the Republican, Democratic and Hu-
man Rights, are seeking to place their candidate in
Whoever wins will be replacing a venerable fixture
on council, Republican James Stephenson.
Stephenson, who plans to retire from city govern-
ment, spent a stormy 3 years as the leading opponent
of Democratic Mayor Robert Harris.
Seeking to take over for him in a traditionally con-
servative ward is Republican Bruce Benner.
Bruce Benner Benner, like Stephenson, favors such proposals as
the Ashley-First (Packard-Beakes) bypass proposal
which will appear in the form of a bonding issue on
the April ballot.
The proposal would convert Beakes St.-which runs
through the center of the city's poor black neighbor-
hood-into a major thoroughfare for traffic coming
It has met with stiff resistance from residents of
the area who claim it will disrupt their neighborhood.
Benner claims the proposed construction would not
increase traffic but "just help the flow."
His two opponents-Democrat Mona Walz and
HRP member David Black-disagree.
Walz opposes the project due to its cost-nearly
Black opposes the bypass primarily because "the
people of the area don't want it." Black continued
David Black that he supports the concept of community control in
On the overall issue of growth, Black commented
that there was "no way to limit growth completely,"
Sr and that the best thing to do concerning the issue
would be to plan for the growth."
Ambassador William Porter in Paris last
Administration strategists figure Hanoi
will probably sit tight. on the negotiating
front until it sees:
-How far the United States goes with
-The outcome of the 1972 presidential
election, in which Vietnam will be an issue;
-The extent to which the Saigon gov-
ernment, under the Vietnamization program,
proves able to carry on on its own..
Under these assumptions, no Indochina
peace deal is foreseeable until 1973 at the
earliest. Some see no prospect of a nego-
tiated settlement until even_ later, after thi
fighting fades away.
The theory is that North Vietnam will
continue to press for a takeover of the
South until it decides it has no chance of
success - and that the South will show it
can defend itself indefinitely.
If a new Communist offer is just around
the corner, Nixon has risked snuffing it out
before it reaches the bargaining table.
Administration aides contend on the oth-
er hand that:
-Nixon's formula is flexible enough to
resume the talks any time;
-The lengthening parley was going no-
-Neither side wants to collapse the Paris
conference altogether since that, in diplo-
macy, would be like being against mother-
Nixon's move goes significantly beyond past
U.S. procedure though the U.S. ambassador
at the Paris talks, William Porter, has
toughened the U.S. stance since the enemy
spurned the President's secret eight-point
peace plan late last year.
Until last Thursday the U.S. practice had
been to agree to each weekly session unless
it had some specific excuse for canceling -
such as the recent antiwar rally being held
in a Paris suburb. The Communists have
skipped the Thursday meetings from time
to time for such reasons as U.S. bombings
in North Vietnam.
Under the revamped U.S. position, the al-
lies will review each week whether there
should be a meeting in light of such things
as whether the enemy has signaled it in-
tends to engage in "meaningful" talks.
Nothing in this format brightens the out-
Iook fr rfn n of *ht Amarian nric,, rc
to the 35,000 or so residual force which
the President has indicated he intends to
keep in the South until the prisoners are
North Vietnam rejected Nixon's offer last
year to pull all U.S. ground forces out of
South Vietnam in return for a prisoner re-
lease and ceasefire. Some Democratic presi-
dential campaigners say the President
should propose a straight prisoners-troops
deal, leaving out the ceasefire which gets
into the political settlement issue.
The North Vietnamese demand that any
withdrawal for prisoners deal must include
the withdrawal of U.S. air forces as well
as ground troops.
Meanwhile, reaction to the President's an-
nouncement of theesuspension of the peace
talks has been heated.
Democratic presidential aspirant Sen.
George McGovern (D-S.D.) stated that the
breaking off of the talks was "absolutely"
McGovern predicted there would be no
negotiations until the bombing stops.
"It. is all well and good to say the other
side is to blame," the senator stated, "but
it takes two t0 negotiate."
A LONE STROLLER surveys the rubble
yesterday morning following a bombing
in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
By NANCY ROSENBAUM
Taking advantage of a recent liberaliza-
tion of restrictions governing absentee bal-
lots, local political groups are encouraging
students to obtain absentee ballot applica-
Michigan law states that voters may not
file absentee ballots with their city clerk
any sooner than 75 days before the elec-
tion they wish to vote in.
According to a new interpretation by State
Atty. Gen. Frank Kelley,/ however, regis-
tered voters may sign and date their ballot
applications before the 75 day period pro-
vided that these applications are not filed
until the period begins.
The new ruling has particular significance
for University students who wish to vote
in the August primary.
For instructions on how to obtain
an absentee ballot, see related story,
Page 10 -
The period for absentee ballot applica-
tions does not begin until May 24 - after
most undergraduates have left for summer
Consequently, Student Government Coun-
cil along with Perry Bullard, candidate for
the Democratic nomination for the state
house and his law partner Don Koster have
initiated a campaign to distribute and col-
lect absentee ballot applications on a mass
They plan to collect the applications be-
fore the end of the term, and then file them
with the clerk after May. 24.
The application forms now being distrib-
uted are a simplified version of those tra-
ditionally provided by the clerk.
SOLSTIS, PIONEER II
Free schools flaunt old maxims
Solstis offers no
price on learning
By KAREN TINKLENBERG
At Solstis School, students decide what.
when, where and how they want to learn.
Although presently unaccredited, this im-
promptu high school gives 12-to-18 year
olds an opportunity to both teach them-
selves and to have a good time.
Within the brightly painted frame house
on 706 Oakland, one can find classes on
mysticism, sexism, chamber music, and
Grades are nonexistent at Solstis. Teach-
ers do not make assignments or give tests.
In some cases, classes meet without a teach-
er and learn through discussion or reading
When a student has an idea for a new
course, he or she posts it on the bulletin
The relatively new concept of "free
schools" has spread throughout Ann
Arbor, providing an educational alter-
native for pre-schoolers through college
age students. In these two articles and,
one on Tuesday, The Daily explores
such local schools.
Pioneer I1 gives
classes a new look*
A sign at Pioneer Two High School reads:
"Observation is a rip-off! Our policy is
participate - contribute - be part of the
action. Fix a lunch, join activities, lead a
discussion, clean the johns."
Only like Solstis, Pioneer Two is an ac-
accredited alternative to traditional high
school education. A student need only be
registered at Ann Arbor's Pioneer High
School in order to receive credit.
The school opened last fall as an "ex-
perimental project" of Ann Arbor schools.
With 120 students presently enrolled, it
runs on a full-time basis with two full-
time and two part-time certified teachers.
A prime example of Pioneer Two's free-
form approach to education was last
0 m -W, M.,