The Michigan Daily-Saturday, April 14, 1979-Page 5
MODERNIZATION, TAIWAN ISSUES DEBATED
-China relations show 'U's ideological split
(Continued from Page 1)
plaining their position regarding the
issue of Taiwan. A telegram was sent to
the Taiwanese government pledging
'llegiance and support.
Two days after the announcement,
the Free China Student Association
organized a Diag rally to protest Car-
tgr's decision. "Jimmy Carter decided
the fate of the Taiwanese people and it
should not be up to him. It should be up
to the Taiwanese. He has no right to
decide," said Hsi-Hsin Chien, a mem-
ber of the group.
'HOWEVER, other Chinese groups,
mostly Chinese-American students who
recognize the Communist government
in Peking, are not as sympathetic
tdward Taiwan's plight. "I think that
the so-called mutual defense treaty
(between the U.S. and China) .was
illegal in the first place. They signed
the treaty with a very small minority of'
the Chinese population. Taiwan has
,always been a part of China," said Lee
in his office at the Chinese Study Club.
,Lee was one of three students invited
tq dine with Teng at a reception in
'Washington when the Vice Premier
visited the U.S. in February. He was in
Washington at the same time as three
other Ann Arborites who are members
of anther organization with a stake in
normalization, one, owever, on the op-
posite side of the White House fence.
Three members of the city chapter of
the Revolutionary Communist Youth
Brigade (RCYB) were among 500
demonstrators who gathered in
Lafayette Park across from the White
House chanting "Death to Teng Hsiao-
Ping" in hearing distance of Carter and
Teng who had just sat down to dinner.
THE RCYB believes that Teng's
mbdernization policies run counter to
Mao Tse-Tung's cultural revolution of
the proletariat. "Teng is repudiating
everything revolutionary China
represents. Already we can see that
capitalism is being restored in China.
They're actively dismantling all of the
great things the Chinese people have
achieved," explained Randy Schwartz,
an RCYB member.
(Continued from age 1)
University for ten days in 1970, Harris
said, "It did not really have any lasting
effects on the University." He said the
lack of activism to day "has led people
to believe the University has solved its
admissions problem. It has not."
After hearing nearly six hours of
testimony from the students, Edward
Vaughn (D-Detroit) declared, "We are
going to have a talk with the leader-
'The six legislators will be holding
similar hearings at Wayne State
University, at Michigan State Univer-
sity, and Eastern Michigan University.
VAUGHN SAID after Caucus mem-
bers had a chance to hear "both sides of
the story" - from University ad-
ministrators - then it would be
possible they would meet with the
In a closing statement to the
legislators, the students presented a list
of ways in which the legislators might
The students requested that:
*A task force be formed to identify
problems in minority support
programs, such as the Coalition for the
Utilization of Learning Skills program;
" The legislators support college
preparatory programs in high schools;
They - take action to 'see that
recruitment of minorities is more
representative of the average minority
* They help see work-study positions
are available to black students;
They help see that responsible
positions in experiential programs be
made available to minority members;
" They help secure more funding for
*They help open up the tenure
process to student influence, and finally
* They push for the divestment of
University funds from companies doing
business in South Africa.
Members of the RCYB ' said they
believed they belong to the only campus
group which has upheld the tenets of
Mao Tse-tung, since Mao's doctrine
was being de-emphasized in China by
the pragmatists (those who favor
modernization) after the September
1976 coup and the rise of Teng.
"The China Study Club for a while
played a progressive role. But after the
coup in 1976, they sided with the new
regime and tried to apologize for what
was going on," said Schwartz.
LEE RESPONDS however, "We are
not the so-called apologists for the
government. It's not what the RCYB
says about China, it's what the people
The RCYB has repeatedly challenged
the China Study Club to a debate-on the
issue of modernization and the for-
saking of Mao's little red book. So far,
the China Study Club has refused.
"I really don't think there's an in-
dividual I know of who understands
what's going on completely" in China,
said Lee. "Maybe the revolutionary
students brigade feels they have the
correct analysis, but we don't. We don't
have a unified view."
SCHWARTZ maintained the China
Study Club is "out for their own
organization: They're out to derail the
Their conflict has often been more
than just a war of words. Lee said that
the RCYB often shows up at the Study
Club functions and plasters the walls
with posters praising Mao and the
purged "gng of four." Lee described This split of-ideologies represents a - -s
one encounter at the Union when the
Union manager had to lie called in to
force the RCYB to remove its posters.
Another campus organization the
Revolutionary Communists takes issue
dualism that has existed throughout
China's history under Communism.
The pragmatists advocated material
incentives and imported foreign
technology, to further China's
'Jimmy Carter decided thr> fate of the> Taiwanets,
people and it should not be up to him. It should bh> up
to the Taiwanese. He has no right to decide.
mem ber, Free China Student Association
Haven Hall and transplanted him to the
National Security Council in.
OKSENBERG - along with three
other high-ranking administration of-
ficials - quietly led the behind-the-
scenes negotiations for two years that
eventually led to the normalization of
relations. Now, with full diplomatic
relations established, Oksenberg will
be returning to the University in the fall
to resume teaching.
AnId now, partly because of Oksen-
berg's work, the University can expect
its first group of exchange stddents to
arrive in the fall. The group will be
researchers in the College of
engineering taking graduate level
Sending students to the United States
from China is just another facet of
Teng's modernization drive. However,
if there is one thing everyone at the
University agrees on, despite differing
ideologies, it's that China's moder-
nization will be a very long and slow
As Shiuh-Wuu Lee said, "A lot of
things take time. Ten years from now,
maybe we will see whether the Chinese
government is doing the right thing for
with is the U.S.-China People's Frien-
dship Association. The Friendship
Association is concerned with nor-
malizing relations and furthering
cultural exchange. According to
Deborah Peterson of the Friendship
Association, "There is a misconception
about our organization. We're not
political, but people think we are."
BUT SCHWARTZ said the Friendship
Association only decided to renounpe
.political stands after the September
1976 coup and the purging of China's
"~There was a strong tendency towar-
ds liquidating political discussion. We
can organize any sort of friendship
association, but if it's purely on the
basis of friendship, and not on the unity
of workers around the world, then what
good is the organization," explained
economic development. But the
radicals promoted self reliance and
rejected the capitalist idea of in-
creasing material resources in order to
get people to work.
MAO HAD ACTED as a moderator
between these two forces until his death
in September of 1976. At this time, the
pragmatists usurped the leadership
from the radicals. Under Teng, the
pragmatists embarked on a policy im-
porting foreign technology and working
for closer relations with the U.S.
About this time, Jimmy Carter was
elected President, a candidate who had
all along maintained he wanted to
establish normalization of relations
In picking his staff, Carter plucked a
young University political scientist and
China expert named Michael Oksen-
berg out of his sixth-floor office in
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