Page 8-Sunday, February 25, 1979-The Michigan Daily
R EFERENDUM'ON NEW GOV'T. SLA TED
Iranian oil exports to resume withi
From AP, UPI, and Reuter
TEHRAN, Iran - The new government said yesterday it
will begin exporting Iranian oil again within 15 days,
breathing new life into the country's devastated economy
and easing supply problems that are being blamed for recent
Assistant Prime Minister Amir Entezam said the gover-
nment wanted to hold a referendum on the country's political
future by March 21 - the Iranian New Year. Although he did
not say whether voters would be offered a choice of systems,
local press reports said there will be only one question on the
ballot:'"Do you favor an Islamic republic?"
OIL IS Iran's main revenue earner and the drying up of ex-
ports since Dec. 26 due to strikes by pro-Khomeini workers
played a crucial role in forcing the shah out of the country.
As a result, thousands of factories have closed and millions
are out of work. The huge army of jobless has become one of
the government's main worries as it faces the daunting task
of establishing a new order in Iran.
A spokesman for the Marxist Fedayeen-e-Khalq (People's
Warriors), which has been backing oil workers' demands
that the oilfields be run by workers' councils, said his
organization had no objection to a resumption of Iranian oil
exports to the United States. But, he added, this depended on
Iran maintaining its independence.
"WE HAVE no objection to resuming exports to the United
States as long.as there is no dependence," he told a news con-
ference. The only countries which *ould be excluded were
Israel, Rhodesia, and South Africa, he said.
Oil production "will go up in a few weeks' time if there are
no unprecedented events. We support the workers," the
The workers' demands have been the major element in
hampering negotiations aimed at persuading them to step up
production to normal levels.
IN DOWNTOWN Tehran yesterday, gunmen took over the
Iranian headquarters of International Business Machine
Corp. A spokesman for the gunmen said they were sent by
Khomeini's revolutionary committee to question the 330
Iranian employees to determine whether any had connec-
tions with the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, the shah's
SAVAK secret police, or Israel.
No one was arrested and, though the men carried weapons,
no shots were fired, said an IBM spokesman who declined to
be identified. He said all foreign nationals working for IBM
had left the country.
IN ANOTHER development, the man widely regarded as
the likely choice to be Iran's next president, Ali Shayegan,
said in an interview with The Associated Press that Iran can-
not go back to the "first century of Islam," but must become
a modern nation with an internationally acceptable gover-
But Khomeini's followers took another step toward their
goal of transforming Iran into an Islamic republic by enfor-,
cing a Koranic ban on alcoholic consumption with public
Newspapers reported that two youths aged 20 and 22 had
been given 80 lashes of the whip for drinking alcohol in the
city of Kerman in southeast Iran. The reports said the public
floggings were carried out in the square in front of the city's
u 15 days
mosque before a crowd of 5,000 persons.
MEANWHILE, thj radio run by followers of Khomeini
yesterday accused the Soviet Union of "swindling" Iran out
of its natural gas- profits and warned businessmen that
"nearly all" their economic activities were incompatible
with the new Islamic state.
Tehran's Revolutionary Radio also reminded businessmen
of the Koranic bran on usury and warned: "Clearly, nearly all
economic activities in countries like ours, such as land
speculation, buying, selling and letting apartments as well as
unequal deals, especially those concerning imports, are
unacceptable to Islam."
The radio singled out the Soviet Union, which it said had
"swindled" Iran by engaging in some old-fashioned
capitalism in its buying and selling of Iranian natural gas
when the shah was in power.
"If you take delivery of Iranian natural gas at the border
and then, without involving yourself in any processing, resell
it there and then for three times the amount you paid for it,
then this is a clear-cut case of swindling, even if you are the
Soviet Union," the radio said.
Blumenthal arrives in Peking for Chinese talks
(Continued from Page 1)
British Ambassador Ivor Richard
said the basic elements of a Security
Council resolution that should be accep-
table to all sides were emerging in the
These basic points, he said,' are a
"cessation of hostilities forthwith,
withdrawal of all foreign forces from
the territory of other states, and a
restatement of a collective commit-
ment to territorial integrity of states."
RICHARD SAID the fighting in Cam-
bodia and Vietnam creates the "very
real risk of other, outside powers being
drawn into the conflict, with in-
The only resolutions presented so far
came from the Soviet Union and China,
arch rivals in the communist sphere.
The Soviet draft condemns China for its
week-old attack on Vietnam, while the
Chinese proposal demands that Viet-
nam withdraw from Cambodia.
In Vietnam, Rep. Evans and the
reporters accompanying him went to
Dung Ho, a Vietnamese defense point
165 miles northwest of Hanoi, where
they experienced China's withering ar-
tillery barrage firsthand Friday.
FROM A mile away the shelling was
a constant rumble, much like the sound
of a bombing run by a U.S. B52 bomber.
But the rumble of explosions lasted
much longer than any aerial bombar-
Hundreds of shells crashed down
every minute in an attack much more
intense than anything even veteran
correspondents had seen and heard
during the U.S. Involvement in Viet-
nam. Raining down first at a rate of two
or three explosions every second, then
faster, the shells literally could not be
counted for minutes at a time.
Vietnamese officials fretted about his
safety, but Congressman Evans in-
sisted on getting close to the action.
Ironically, the closest round came when
he was leaving the battle site. A single
shell impacted in flames and smoke
about 150 yards from his jeep.
VIETNAMESE troops at the scene -
a mixture of provincial militiamen and
regulars - were dug in snugly, secure
in "spider holes" that dotted their
hillside position. Despite the ferocity of
the Chinese attack, Vietnamese
casualties appeared very light.
A UPI reporter counted only four
wounded during the tour of the front
lines that lasted several hours.
Ms. Holtzman went to Lang Son, a
strategic crossroads town 90 miles nor-
theast of Hanoi, and Vietnamese of-
ficials pointed out she was there at the
same time Friday when an erroneous
news report from Thailand claimed the
Chinese had captured the town.
THE VIETNAMESE said other
reports that the Chinese had sent their
planes on bombing missions near
Haiphong harbor also were untrue.
Hanoi is not on a war footing yet, but
denunciations of China fill all radio
broadcasts. Newspapers are selling
briskly, and all of the nation's media
carry the same line: China is even
more barbaric than the United States
was at the height of the Vietnam War.
There has been no precise indication
of China's plans in the war. But if they
are attempting to "'punish" the Viet-
namese, as they said, eyewitness repor-
ts from the frontier indicate the Chinese
THE VIETNAMESE field reports,
diplomatic sources and Vietnamese of-
ficial statements all denied that
Chinese forces were moving forward on
Vietnam sees the Chinese attack as
outright aggression springing from
China's "expansionism" and triggered
by Chinese loss of face over the ousting
of a pro-Peking regime in Cambodia
So, Vietnam's objective is probably to
push the Chinese out of its territory af-
ter branding them as aggressors.
But whatever the outcome, both sides
are likely to have suffered heavy
casualties by the time the fighting ends.
Vietnam has been giving out very high
Chinese casualties - well over 13,000,
for the week's fighting.
NEW YORK (AP)-Siedhal Sweeney
has been named editor of the quarterly
journal published by the Archives of
Sweeney succeeds, Paul Cummings,
who had edited the journal for the past
The Archives is a bureau of the
"What is a
(besides fresh and made before you)
"A fresh scrambled egg with your
your choice of salami, cheese, ham, or
lox all held together by one of
our beautiful bagels"
Doily Photo by CYREN.
UNIVERSITY STUDENTS practice Ojibwa, a Native American language, in an informal class. They learn it;
do, without texts.
Native American language taught at 'U'
HE BAGEL ATORY, 1306 S. Universily
Don't forget... FREE COFFEE with any Breakfast Bagel
(OFFER GOOD UNTIL MARCH 1)
(Continued from Page 1)
over 'me' in a sentence.
"OJIBWA HAS an elaborate oral
literature that is in danger of being
lost," said Rhodes. The class studies
shorter versions of legends and stories
of the Ojibwa people. As a type of
"exam," the students make up a
dialogue and act it out in front of the
A lthough Ojibwa is coming to be an
written language, many feel that tran-
slating these oral stories onto paper
goes against tradition. Hap McCue, the
Native American consultant for the
class, talked about another tradition,
that of keeping the language within the
Indian community. Although some may
criticize him, he feels it is important to
share part of his cultural heritage with
There are about ten students enrolled
in the three levels of Ojibwa that are of-
fered at the University. First and
second year students meet together
while the two advanced students meet
with the instructor privately. Atten-
dance varies and visitors and children
are always welcome in the informal
MOST OF the students have some
sort of connection with the Indian
community. About half are Native
Americans who take the language to
learn about their own cultural heritage.
One woman explained that Ojibwa had
been her mother's language. "It's like
discovering a part of myself that was
hidden," she said.
Financial problems have plagued the
class since it was first taught in 1973.
"We've been kept alive by the good'
graces of the Linguistics Department,"
said Rhodes, who is funded through a
half-time lectureship for the two.
classes he teaches.
Although Ojibwa fulfills the Literary
College's foreign language
requirement, many students are reluc-
tant to take a class that might not be of-
fered the next year. Native American
language recruiters cannot always
promise prospective students that
Ojibwa will always be taught.
THE STUDENTS feel strongly that
the course should be maintained. "It's
ours, it's a part of us. We have to have
it," one student emphasized.
Rhodes, too, spoke of the importance
of teaching Ojibwa. "It's the polite
thing to do. If you live on a man's land,
you should speak his language."
over 100,000 new books still in stock
(Continued from:Page 5)
farm animals along the side of the road
while his team tokes away in the back.
of their station wagon. Once he and the
team arrive, they go to visit the office of
the school president who, before the
players enter, tells his assistant to "put
on some black music." As the team
walks in the door, they hear a 30-year-
old recording of the Ink Spots singing
"If I Didn't Care."
Greene adds a fifth starter for the
team,a hulking football player named
Bull, and this collection of anomalous
stars proceeds to trounce all of their
regular season opponents, but remain
unsure how they'll arrange a game with
Nevada State, who is not on their
schedule. They finally succeed in
arranging a match by hustling the
Nevada State coach in a game of pool.
As Fast Break progresses, it at-
tempts to treat many current social
problems, both humorously and
seriously, such as homosexuality and
athletics vs. academics. In one very
funny sequence, one of the Cadwallader
players flunks an English mid-term.
Greene talks the professor into giving
the player a second exam and his
teammates tutor him in English. When
the day of the exam arrives, the player
freezes and tells the processor that he
has to keep his hands and feet moving
to be loose. They adjourn to the basket-
ball court where the player takes a few
shots, then proceeds to explain the dif-
ference between the styles of
Hemingway and Fitzgerald.
Kaplan's performance as David
Greene is creditably good and creates a
discernably different character from
his television persona, Gabe
"Welcome Back" Kotter.,
The movie's real stars, however, are
in the supporting cast. All of Kaplan's
players, especially D.C. Dacy (Harold
Sylvester), turn in fine performancesj
The part of Kaplan's mother is acte
believably and not stereotypically, an
Randee Heller, as Greene's wife, gives
a very strong performance.
Fast Break is another in the current
trend of "out-for-the-fun" movies such
as Heaven Can Wait. It doesn't make a
pretense of statement, much as sound
poetry doesn't make a pretense of
meaning, but it surely succeeds on the
only level it was meant to: It's pure en-
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A. Leon H ggnbotham Jr.
"From Thomis Jefferson to Bakke:
Race and the American Legal Process"
Mr. Higginbotham is the recipient of the National Bar Asso-
ciation Literary Award, Book Award of the National Confer-
ence of Black Lawyers, the Fredrick Douglass Award of the
National Association of Black Journalists and others.
At the conclusion of his speech, Mr., Higginbotham
will be available to autograph copies of his book
"In the Matter of Color: Race and the American