AGENCIES & 'U'
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Vol. LXXXIX, No. 81
Ann Arbor. Michiaan-Sundav. Januarv7. 1979
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By Reuter and AP regencyrCounci
TEHERAN, Iran - 'Iran's new prime that the constitu
minister, Shapur Baktiat, presented a cabinet This was the1
of 14 political unknowns to the shah yesterday shah, whose pi
and later told reporters that the 59-year-old shattered by t
monarch wanted to go abroad shortly for a public hostility,
The shah himself told the new ministers that Some diploma
he had "endured for some time" the pressures shah to leave b
of dealing with anti-government unrest, which zerland or the1
has resulted in 12 months of increasingly spokesman said
violent demonstrations and economic disrup- WILD SCEN
tion. return to the nev
IN HIS ADDRESS, broadcast later on Radio two leading new
Iran, the shah said that if he went abroad a two months ag
i would act on his behalf "so militaryr
ition remains in force." One of
first direct indication from the premierv
ower and prestige have been sorship. V
he recent explosive wave of at the rc
that he might leave the coun-
ats here said they expected the Irania
by Tuesday, possibly for Swit-
United States. A royal palace Pagel
no plans had been completed.
ES of jubilation greeted the Etelaata
wstands yesterday of Teheran's presses.N
wspapers, which went on strike newspape
o to protest the imposition of as people
Baktiar's first acts on being named
was to announce the end of press cen-
Within hours of Baktiar's appearance
oyal palace the afternoon papers,
rofs differ on impact of
in upheavals. See story,
and Kayhan, were rolling off the
Vendors first were charging for the
rs but then began giving them away
scrambled to obtain copies.
REACTION WAS mixed to the Baktiar
government, which replaces a military-led
Cabinet installed two months ago to quell anti-
shah rioting. The new government is the fourth
in five months of mounting revolutionary fer-
vor against the shah.
After presenting his cabinet yesterday,
Baktiar said the monarch had agreed "that he
must reign in conformity with the constitution
and the government must rule the country."
Under the constitution, the shah is em-
powered to approve nominations of Cabinet
ministers made by Parliament but not to select
them himself or be involved in the day-to-day
operations of the government.
A, . , .. , . r. .. . T, .. ,.. _. . , . r _. , . .. .. _. ._ _. . . . . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
ties to China
Doily Photo by BRAD BENJAMIN
Nothing like a sunny afternoon
This gentleman doesn't seem too excited by the heat and the sailboats on this
Southern California beach. We Michiganders might envy him, but soon after
this picture was taken, Southern Californians began seeing some rough
By UPI, AP, and Reuter
The Big Four Western Alliance
leaders ended a two-day summit con-
ference yesterday by endorsing the
U.S. recognition of China and assuring
Moscow normalization of relations with
Peking would not impair detente.
The four leaders, concluding the
"sunshine summit" on the Caribbean
island of Guadeloupe, pledged to pursue
detente and said they hped for the early
conclusion of a strategic arms accord
- SALT II - between the United States
and the Soviet Unions.
President Carter, President Valery
Giscard d'Estaing of France, British
Premier James Callaghan, and Chan-
cellor Helmut Schmidt of West Ger-
many ended the conference with an ap-
peal to the Soviet Union not to fear
normalization of relations with China.
Carter called it the most successful
conference he had ever attended.
ON RELATIONS with China,
President Carter, speaking em-
phatically, said: "We are all in
agreement that the emergence of the
People's Republic of China towards the
outside world, the Western world, has
been a constructive development, and
we are all determined to enhance this
development and ensure that it never
becomes an obstacle to detente.
"It might possibly be used in the
future as an avenue for strengthening
our ties for friendship and harmony
with the peoples of the Soviet Union."
The four leaders decided to hold their
informal summit conference when they
attended a seven-nation economic
summit in Bonn last July and found
they had too little time to assess world
developments in privacy.
CALLAGHAN SAID he, Carter,
Giscard, and Schmidt agreed at the
summit to, if anything, intensify efforts
The four leaders, each making in-
dividual statements, sought to show a
united front and minimize differences
Callaghan, for example, said "there
can be differences of nuance" among
them but insisted it is "simply not true"
that the four leaders are beset by
OTHER TOPICS discussed by the
four leaders included conflicts in Iran,
the Middle East, Turkey, Pakistan, and
In Washington, National Security
Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski yesterday
briefed selected reporters on what Car-
ter would be telling his summit par-
tners in Guadeloupe, especially in
relation to the Iranian crisis. Brzezinski
was quoted as saying Carter would
reaffirm U.S. backing for the con-
tinuation of the Shah Mohammad Raza
One of the main disagreements
known to have surfaced at the summit
was over the pace of British and French
arms sales to China, which Schmidt
warned might provoke the Soviets into
making trouble, perhaps in Berlin.
CALLAGHAN, who is reported ready
to sell about 80 Harrier vertical take-off
jet fighters to the Chinese, said, "Our
relations with the Soviet Union are as
important to us as our relations with the
Schmidt said he was in "full
agreement" with everything the other
three said and that the sessions had
been so friendly that "we should
had the press invited to at least one
session" to see that this was true.
LIT'IGA TION CONTINUES:
By SHELLEY WOLSON
The attitude of three University regents who met
with members of the Graduate Employees
Organization (GEO) last month dashed hopes of
promptly ending the ongoing litigation between the
University and the group, according to disappointed
The regents informally offered GEO
implementation of grievance procedures at the
GEO PRESIDENT Marti Bombyk said she was
disturbed by that offer, saying it would not be
conducive to resolving the legal dispute over the
student-worker question. The University contends
GEO members are students, while GEO claims they
"It's like giving with one hand and taking with the
other," Bombyk said of the regents' offer. She added
that she was not impressed with the leadership
provided by the Board of Regents. "They just don't
seem concerned with labor unions in general."
Bombyk expressed GEO's disappointment with the
stances of Regents James Waters (D-Muskegon) and
Paul Brown (D-Petoskey), who were recently
reelected following what she said were "pro-labor"
giving with one
hand and taking with the
campaigns. "It's amazing that within one month
they've already backed down on their campaign
promises," she said.
WATERS SAID he felt the meeting was worthwhile
and that he still plans to discuss ending the case with
the other regents. "I haven't gotten the rest of their
feelings on this, but I'm still interested in setting up a
resolution," he said.
Brown refused to comment on the meeting and
Regent Sarah Power (D-Ann Arbor) was not
available for comment.
Meanwhile, hearings will continue on Jan. 15 as the
University prepares its rebuttal - using several
faculty witnesses - to GEO testimony. GEO finished
its testimony in November. The hearings on GEO
members' status were ordered by the Michigan
Employment Relations Commission (MERC) and
have been going on since last May.
If MERC rules that Graduate Student Assistants
(GSAs) are employees they will be entitled to full
bargaining rights under the Michigan Public
Employment Relations Act.
U.S. oil workers' strike
threat temporarily averted
Mideast peace treaty
close: Begin, Sadat.
* While the Michigan basketball
team was stunned by normally har-
mless Iowa, Wolverine football
standouts Rick Leach and Russell
Davis starred in their respective All-
Star games. See Sports Pages 10-12
* A new wall poster appeared in
Peking yesterday, which demanded
that Mao Tse-tung's body no longer
be publicly displayed. See story
By Reuter and AP
Israeli Prime Minister Menachem
Begin said last night that Egypt and
Israel were coming close to signing a
He told a convention of civil defense
volunteers that new Egyptian demands
prevented agreement on a treaty last
month. But, he added, negotiations
were always subject to ups and downs.
"WE MADE difficult concessions and
many sacrifices, whereas the other side
makes demands beyond what was
agreed and signed at Camp David,"
Begin said. "Israel believes that its
signature is also its commitment. Thus
we expect the same from the other
Rep. Donald Mitchell (R-N.Y.) said.
Sadat declared: "I'm ready to sign at
this moment, right now. What is hap-
pening in Turkey and Iran makes it vital
we act now." Sadat was referring to an-
ti-shah violence threatening the
stability of Iran and to bloody religious
fighting in Turkey.
BEGIN SAID neither Israel nor the
world should-lose hope or patience.
"The conflict (with the Arabs) has
already gone on for 60 years, and not
merely the 30 years (since the
establishment of the state of Israel) but
now, we are coming close to signing the
peace treaty," he said.
Sadat said Iran "has disappeared" as
a buffer to Soviet influence in the
- Western nations may find them-
selves increasingly dependent on
Communist countries for energy
sources, according to a recent study.
See story, Page 9.
Read th* Today
column, Page 3
DENVER, Colorado (Reuter) - Con-
tract negotiators at more than 400 oil
refineries in the United States strove
yesterday to avert a nationwide strike
in the first major test of President Car-
ter's anti-inflation guidelines
The Oil, Chemical, and Atomic
Workers Union, headquartered here,
had not decided whether to call a strike
if no agreement was reached before the
present contract expires today at mid-
night local time.
A strike would idle 60,000 workers
employed by some 100 companies.
However, because of sophisticated
technology, it would not have very
much immediate impact on industry
The negotiations were being watched
closely by both union and management
officials in other industries who are due
to negotiate contracts later this year.
Economic analysts say a settlement
exceeding Carter's seven per cent
guideline would lead to similar
agreements involving truck drivers and
rubber and auto workers later this
Big wage increases would have
greater impact on those industries and
the economy in general, thereby
sabotaging the administration's anti-in-
The oil workers, who now average
18.82 an hour, are seeking wage in-
creases that would more than compen-
sate for inflation. In addition, they are
seeking an improved health care plan.
Vietnamese troops close in on Phnom Penh
By U PI and AP
Former Cambodian chief of state Norodom
Sihanouk was expected to arrive in Peking shortly en
route to New York to represent his country in a
debate of the Cambodia-Vietnam border war before
the U.N. Security Council, informed Peking sources
At first, he was accepted as head of state, but
gradually he faded into the background.
Analysts in Bangkok, who asked not to be named,
said Hanoi's attack force - estimated at 100,000
troops - captured one-fourth of Cambodia since the
offensive began Dec. 25, and advanced within 40
miles of Phnom Penh from the north .A from fh
Hanoi to call off its offensive. They said the Chinese
reinforcements included MiG-19 fighter planes and
IL-28 bombers, but gave no estimate of the number of
Chinese troops involved.
The United States called on Vietnam yesterday to
withdraw its troops from Cambodia but admitted