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February 01, 1979 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1979-02-01

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THIRD
WORLD
See Editorial Page

.4Rtjcbtgan

t ai1g

FROSTBILGHT
High-mid 20's
LOw-10
See Toda for deftl

Vol. LXXXIX, No. 102 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, February 1, 1979 Ten Cents Ten Pages

Carter considers

national health plan

I

Italian.
premier
resigns;
govt. falls
ROME (AP) - Italy's 36th gover-
nment since World War II fell yester-
day after the powerful Communist Par-
ty pulled its support from the Christian
Democratic government that has run
this NATO nation since last March.
Premier Giulio Andreotti handed in
his resignation and President Sandro
Pertini asked him to stay on to head a
caretaker government.
THE COMMUNISTS withdrew after
Andreotti's Christian Democrats
repeated refusals to give them Cabinet
seats.
The 82-year-old president, a Socialist,
scheduled two days of political con-
sultations, and sources at the presiden-
tial palace said he would ask four-time
Premier Andreotti to try to form
another government.
But if a new government cannot be
formed, Pertini may have to dissolve
Parliament and call an election two-
and-a-half years ahead of schedule at a
time when Italy is plagued with strikes,
terrorist attacks and unemployment.
ANDREOTTI'S resignation became
inevitable when the Communists an-
nounced five days ago they were pulling
out of the five-party alliance that sup-
ported the Christian Democrat
minority Cabinet. This gave way to
defections by two smaller parties.
The Communist move came a few
,weeks after Christian Democrat official
Benigno Zaccagnini returned from an
American tour on which he pledged his
party would never seat the Communists
in the government.
The United States opposes Com-
munist participation in any NATO
government where ministers have ac-
cess to military information.
THE WEST'S largest Communist
Party gained increasing leverage in
Italy after it got 34 per cent of the vote
in 1976, just four points behind the
Christian Democrats who have
dominated all governments since 1945.
The Italian Communist Party is a
See ITALIAN, Pages

I

Strangr inp arad ise Doily Photo by ANDY FREEEG
The winter jacket might seem a bit out of place in this tropical scene, but consider- definitely upon us, with spring several months away, so some resourceful
ing that outside of this balmy haven of the University Botanical Gardens it is students, like EMU freshman Greg Hyne, have wisely decided to briefly
below freezing, the goose down is quite appropriate. The winter doldrums are escape to this tropical paradise.
A A TA PASSES LONG RANGE PLAN:

Over half
costs paid
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Carter
administration's tentative national
health insurance plan would guarantee
every American basic protection.
against illness, either through a private
insurance policy or a government-run
program along the lines of Medicare.
The plan would require everyone to
carry a standard benefit package that
would pay atleast75 percent of the cost
of all hospital bills, physicians' fees,
prescription drugs, outpatient,
laboratory and X-ray services and
treatment for alcoholics, drug addicts
and the mentally ill.
P ORTIONS OF the plan, called
HealthCare, were obtained by The
Associated Press.
Health, Education and Welfare
Secretary Joseph Califano, Jr., who
will brief congressional leaders and in-
terest groups on the plan and report on
their reactions, insisted Tuesday that
Carter is keeping his options open and
has not committed himself to proposing
the plan.
"I don't know what he's going to do,"
the secretary said. "It's quite possible
he would decide just to go with one
phase now and hope to expand it
sometime in the future."
HOWEVER, sources who have been
deeply involved in the issue but asked
not to be identified, said, "This is the
only option now before the President. It
is the proposal under consideration and
the only one that fulfills the principles
he laid out last summer. Of course, he
could still renege on the principles."
Other sources said Carter may
change a number of elements in the
plan or alter the phasing schedule but
that the draft is the essential document
representing his choice of the many op-
tions that have been under study for
nearly two years.
A summary of the plan says, "In-
dividuals enrolled in either HealthCare
or private plans would be covered for
the same standard benefit package and
treated equally by health service
providers, because all insurance plans
would reimburse providers at the same
rates. Providers such as doctors and
hospitals would have no reason to
distinguish between persons enrolled in
different insurance plans because all
financial transactions would - occur
between providers aisd insurance plans,
rather than providers and patients."
Full implementation of the plan
might take years under the proposed
phase-in s beginning in 1983.
SOURCES FAMLIR with the plan
said even after it is fully implemented,
families able to do so would be required
topay25per cent of allexpensesuptoa
limit of $1,500 a year. But they would be
billed by their insurance company or a
company handling HealthCare's claim
processing rather than by their doctors
or hospitals. And, if necessary, they
could elect to pay over an extended
period.;
The rates paid to protiders would be
set each year by the secretary of HEW
See CARTER, Page 7

DilA-Ride eu.

By JEFFERY WOLFF
The Ann Arbor Transportation
Authority last night approved a
proposal which commits itself to a long-
range elimination of Dial-A-Ride
(DAR) on peak hours and emphasizing
a heavier reliance on fixed routes and
scheduled main line buses. The ap-
proval culminated AATA's four-month
process of redefining its long-range
public transit policies, known as the
1990 plan.

SAMOFF DEMONSTRA TION:

The plan maintains DAR from 9 a.m.
to 3 p.m. for the general public, with
priority for the elderly and the han-
dicapped. DAR will be available to only
the elderly and the handicapped during
rush hours. The DAR van fleet will be
reduced from the current 64 vans to 25.
AATA PLANNING Coordinator Tom
Hackley said, "The plan will be
gradually phased in by 1990, beginning
with the fiscal year," which starts July
1. Board member Joel Samoff stressed
"making the transition process as least
disruptive as possible." On Samoff's in-
sistence, two "understandings" were
included in the proposal. One stated the
"phasing be incremental," so that a
neighborhood's service would not be
eliminated prior to receiving the sub-
stitute service under the new plan. The
second "understanding" stated that the
"phasing be as comprehensible as
possible (to the general public)."
Samoff said the elimination of DAR
on peak hours "will be a disappoin-
tment for a few people."
Samoff added that "in a relatively
short time, as the reliability of service

.tbaek approved
improves and DAR's cost increases, Ursprung admitted that "whether we
there will be very few people still in- (AATA) can generate the revenue
sisting on maintaining DAR at current needed for 1990 is certainly open to
levels." In this way, he continued, question. However, taking past trends
many of "the difficulties (of the new (of income) into consideration, these
system) will be resolved in the tran- estimates don't seem to be way out of
sition period." line. Although we recognize past trends
The planning process began with the are not very reliable, it's'the only han-
board developing and ranking service dIe we've got."
objectives. With the help of an outside The motivation behind the four-
consultant, it developed six system month planning process was the
alternatives incorporating these board's desire to reduce its reliance on
priorites. Additional proposals were DAR. Consequently, such a process was
submitedby the Citizens Association necessary to amend AATA's long-range
for Area Planning and the plan ap- policies, which prior to last night em-
proved last night was submitted by the phasized DAR, as stated in the 1975 Ann
Ecology Center. Last month the board Arbor-Ypsilanti Urban Area Transpor-
had selected four proposals for final tation Study(UATS). All AATA service
consideration and intensive analysis. operations must be consistent with the
A.l four alternatives rely on annual long-range UATS plan for AATA to con-
1990 budgets (in 1979 dollars) of over tinue receiving millions of dollars an-
ten million dollars - almost double the nually from state and federal agencies.
current annual amount. Board AATA consultant Richarda Hocking,
treasurer Cecil Ursprung said, "The concluded, "The differences (between
principal use of these budget figures the final four alternatives) are fairly
(developed by the consultant) is to small and in so far as relying on fixed
show the financial differences between route, scheduled buses as the backbone
the alternatives and the relative costs." of the system are all very similar."

LSA-SG OK's protest

By ADRIENNE LYONS
The Literary College's Student
Government (LSA-SG) last night
passed two resolutions, one of which
approved a planned demonstration
supporting tenure for political science
Professor Joel Samoff. The second
resolution supports Mexican political
activist Hector arroqun's right to
political asylum in this country.
The protest for Samoff came as a
result of LSA Dean Billy Frye's refusal
to discuss the Samnoff case at a meeting
Thursdaymm
" A new group, Students Con-
cerned About Suicide, held an
organizational meeting last night
to discuss plans for a program
dealing with depression and
suicide. See story, Page 2.
* The student course
evaluations controversy has
taken a new turn. The Civil Liber-
ties Board is preparing to review
guidelines for the evaluations,
and students and professors have
been vocal in forming their
opinions. See story, Page 7.
" Freshman Gerald Busby has
unit th Miema *...a

yesterday attended by the Samoff
Student Support Committee, and Long
Range Planning Dean Bernard Galler,
as well as Frye. According to S-SG
President Bob Stechuk, who was at the
meeting, Frye said, "I will not talk
!about the Samoff case."
AT THE LSA-SG meeting last night,
Stechuk said, "Frye does not want to
get involved; he does not want to inter-
vene. He refuses to talk about Joel's
(Samoff's ) specific case."
Stechuk added that according to the
College Appeal Procedures, "Once a
body is formed (to review a case like
Samoff's, which is being appealed), it
must offer a report within one month.
This body formed just before Christmas
break and so far there is no report."
The resolution, which was initiated
by Council member Bruce Kozarsky,
states, in part, "LSA-SG Executive
Council supports the demonstration at
1:00 p.m., Thursday, February 1, 1979
in front of the LSA building to support:
1) Tenure for Joel Samoff
2) Improving the quality of education
at U. of M. and in the LSA College
3) A direct student role in tenure
decisions
on the condition that the demonstration
is non-violent and not disruptive . . ."
STECHUK COMMENTED, "The
procedures 'regarding tenure) don't
include student input which results in
teaching given a lower priority than,
research (at the University)."
According to Stechuk, Samoff might
be offered a lecture position at the
Residential College. Stechuk said that
the I-SA Eective Committetold the

Man,,a pe close
By BETH ROSENBERG
The chasm between human
language and animal com-
munication is not as wide as was
once thought, according to
University Anthropology Prof.
Hugh Gilmore.
' Gilmore spent 16 months in
' Gilgil, Kenya, during 1975 and
1976, studying communication
between olive baboons (Papio
anubis), how those com-
munication patterns may have
evolved, and what their possible
functional significanceis to the
baboons.
THE 92-MEMBER baboon
troop became an extended family
to Gilmore, his wife Perry, and
their six-year-old son Colin, said
Gilmore. Each animal was given
a name, and was watched com-
municating, organizing socially,
sleeping, raising its young, and

language gap

,. _____________

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