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January 21, 1979 - Image 7

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1979-01-21

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NA TIONWIDE POLL ON FR OSH SHO WS:

The Michigan Daily-Sunday, January 21, 1979-Page 7
Tanker accidents close roads

Studen

WASHINGTON (UPI) - Today's,
average college freshperson is a
political moderate who favors legalized
abortion and homosexual rights, but
also believes in ending preferred ad-
missions for disadvantaged
classmates, a nationwide survey in-
dicated yesterday.
The study also suggests the A-student
may not be what he used to be.
THE SURVEY of 289,641 new fresh-
prsons at 566 colleges and universities
was conducted by the Univesity of
California at Los Angeles and the
American Council on Education. It ws
the 12th annual look at first year college
students.-
Survey director Dr. Alexander Astin
said "grade inflation" continues to in-
crease, providing the class of 1982 with
the highest school grades of any
previous freshman class.
"When these grade increases -are
considerd in light of declining scores on
college admission tests, it seems clear
that the secondary schools' grading

ts poltic
standards have been steadily declining
since the late 1960s," said Astin.
FOR EXAMPLE, nearly one in four
students in the 1978 frosh class was a
straight A student compared to only
12.5 per cent a decade ago. C-students,
on the other hand, make up just 17.6 per
cent of the incoming class, compared to
almost a third in 1969.
Even 63.7 per cent of the students,
said Astin, agree that "grading in the
high schools has become too easy."
As for political labels, 57.8 per
cent-the highest number in the history
of the survey-describe themselves as
"middle-of-the-road." The trends show
that while conservative students are
holding fast at around 16 per cent, the
number of liberals has declined more
than 10 per cent since 1970.
HERE IS WHAT the freshpeople
think about current political issues:
* Support for busing to achieve in-
tegration increased over last year-40.6
to 41.5 per cent.
* There was a 1 per cent in-

ally 'moderate'

crease-up to 56.7 per cent-in the
number of students advocating
legalized abortions.
* Support for outlawing
homosexuality dropped from 48.6 to 46.3
per cent.
" There was 65.4 per cent agreement
that "there is too much concern in the

courts for the rights of criminals,"
" Support for legalizing marijuana
decreased.
* And only 35.5 per cent advocated
preferential treatment of disadvan-
taged students in college admissions.
That figure was down from 44 per cent
in 1970.

DETROIT (UPI)-Two separate
accidents involving tanker trucks in
suburban areas killed one driver
yesterday and forced authorities to
close portions of major roads.
The fatality occurred when a double
tanker loaded with powedered lime and
smokestack dust from a factory slid on
Interstate 94 ice and overturned. The
cargo posed no danger and did not spill
from the two tanks.
THE DRIVER was not immediately
identified.
Macomb County sheriff officers said'
the tanker was trying to avoid another
accident on the freeway, which was
closed most of the day between 21 Mile'
Road and 23 Mile Road because of the
wreckage and hazardous icing on the
pavement.

In Novi in the northwest suburbs,'
single-bottom tanker truck loaded with'
8,000 gallons of gasoline lost its trailer.
at the intersection ,of Grand River'
Avenue and Haggardy Road moment.:
after leaving a storage area.
ALL BUT 2,000 gallons of the fuel
spilled onto the roadway and surroun-
ding property from the overturned
trailer, causing city police to seal off
the busy intersection all day.
Department of Natural Resources
specialists were called to pump up tia
spilled gasoline, and anti-fire fore
was sprayed over the roadway. No fire
developed.
The cab portion of the rig remained
upright in the accident and the driver
was not injured.

Job market tight for
women, says report

Students volunteer in
community for credit

(Continued from Page 1)
decisive affirmative action programs
to alleviate the injustice suffered by
those who happen to be born female or
dark-skinned in the United States."
THE STUDIES SHOWS 7 per cent of
elected officials are female or mem-
bers of a minority. Women and
minority group members own
businesses accounting for just 2 per
cent of the nation's gross business
receipts.
The study dealing with sexism said,
"The rate of occupational segregation
by sex is exactly as great today as it
was at the turn of the century, if not
greater."
OF 441 OCCUPATIONS listed in a
June 1978 Census Classification report,
the study said, majorities of working
women are found in only 20.
Among the other findings on sexism:
* Median weekly income of full-time
women workers was 73 per cent of
men's pay in professional technical
jobs, 64 per cent in clerical jobs and 45
per cent in sales jobs.
" Median income for women college
graduates was $10,861 while male coun-

terparts earned $17,891.
" Women account for 2.3 per cent of
executives earning $25,000 or more an-
nually.
The study noted that 60 per cent of all
working women were clerks,
saleswomen, waitresses or hair-
dressers, and that in the media,
although women told 25 to 35 per cent of
all jobs, only about 5 per cent are in
policy making.
Among the findings on racism:
" In 1970, black-family income rose to
61 per cent of white family income. In
1977, it fell to 57 per cent.
" Although 9.3 per'cent of all U.S.
families lived below the poverty level,
according to August 1978 figures, other
rates were: Mexican-American, 18.9
per cent; Puerto Rican, 38.9 per cent
and Cuban, 15.1 per cent.
* Blacks account for less than 4 per
cent of professionals in medicine, law
and engineering fields.
* Only 5.3 per cent of those living in
suburbs were black.
* At the high school level, blacks are
suspended three times as often as
whites.

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a

(Continued from Page 1)f
program. Many with unselfish motives
still join but most students, Howard
notes, are more interested in the per-
sonal rewards.
Some new projects are under way.
Last term, the program began Project
Transition, which helps former mental
patients and residents of small old age
homes return to the community. ,
TO' HOWARD, the program for the
elderly is especially important because

these people have little contact with the
outside world.
At this time of year, Howard said,
many elderly people seldom go outside
for fear they might slip and fall. Others
have little money and no friends to go
out and visit, he added.
"We're hoping the students can draw
them out.. . take them places and put.
sort of a* dent in the lonely lives they
lead," Howard said.

I

Khomeini plans return to Iran

(Continued from Page 1)
"The day when I will no longer be there,
I don't know," Bakhtiar said.
It was unclear what response Iran's
430,000-man armed forces would have
to Khomeini's homecoming. Gen.
Abass Gharabaghi, chief of the joint
staff, said last week military leaders
could prevent a coup only if Khomeini
acted within the framework of the con-
stitution-which provides for a con-
stitutional monarchy.
ALTHOUGH THE SHAH has left Iran
for what many believe will be a per-
manent exile, he remains the titular
head of state under the 1906 con-
stitution. He has been in Egypt and is
expected to leave for Morocco Monday
and later travel to the United States.
Vietnamese
claim Chia's
raids kill 20
(Continued from Page 1)
namese and their Cambodian allies
about a week ago. After its capture, the
Vietnamese claimed they held all
major cities in Cambodia.
The Vietnamese were also reported
trying to dislodge an unknown number
of Pol Pot troops atop a 2,000-foot-high
cliff on which the ancient Cambodians
built many Buddhist temples.
One, the cliff temple of Preah Vihear,
sits astride the Thai frontier and was
the focus of a World Court dispute in
which it was awarded to Cambodia,
rather than Thailand, in 1962.
THE SOURCES said the Vietnamese
had regained control of the deepwater
port at Kompong Som, but that the area
around the southwestern port, as well
as the port of Kampot, was being con-
tested.
Despite overwhelming evidence cited
by sources here, Vietnam has denied
invading Cambodia at all.
But an Associated Press news and
photo team that approached close to the
Cambodian coastline from the sea
yesterday reported seeing gunboats
with Vietnamese markings and flags
that appeared to be those of the new
Cambodian government.
The newsmen approached within a
mile of Kong Island, a key base of the
Pol Pot forces, and reported seeing 22
gunboats, frigates and landing craft.

Aides said Khomeini has not with-
drawn his call for national strikes to
immobilize the Bakhtiar government,
which is trying to dismantle martial
law and assuage the shah's political op-
ponents.
Tehran Radio reported 162 political
prisoners had been set free last night on
Bakhtair's orders. Only eight political
prisoners,-all held on murder charges,
remained in custody, the radio said.
THERE HAVE 'BEEN reports in
recent days of scattered clashes bet-
ween Moslems and Marxists in Iran,
including a fight during Friday's pro-
Khomeini march here.
During yesterday's march,
protesters distributed a statement by
Ayatullah Teleghani, Tehran's Shiite

Moslem leader, saying, "It is necessary
to maintain complete solidarity among
all participating groups and put an end
to various 'isms.'
A few Marxist slogans, including
"Long Live the Iranian Communist
Pasrty," have appeared on walls near
Tehran University, but other slogans
have called for "death to communism,
Zionism and capitalism."
KHOMEINI LEADS religious op-
ponents who say the shah has "wester-
nized" Iran and eroded Moslem values.
The shah's political opponents want an
end to his autocratic rule.
Yazdi said in Paris he had been in-
formed that 2,800 anti-shah air force
personnel at two air bases in western
Iran had been arrested. He said there

were rumors some airmen had been
tried by military tribunals and
executed.
The report could not be independently
verified here. It was reported earlier
this week that a large number of air-
men were on a hunger strike at one
base, but the purpose of that protest
was unclear.
With the deteroriation in government
control in Iran, there were reports of
border incidents.

J Put it all together in Air Force ROTC. J

FREE INTRODUCTION to the
Transcendental
Meditation

IL. ;
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U of M Office of Major Events presents:
February 20, 1979
Power Center-8:00 pm
Reserved Seats-$6.00
Tickets go on sale Wednesday, January 24, at 10 am at ,the Michigan Union Box
Office (763-2071). To order by mail, send money order, only, and self addressed
stamped envelope to:
Second City-Michigan Union Box Office
530 S. State, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109

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Founded by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi

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Program
TUESDAY, JAN. 23
8:00 P.M. Multi-Purpose
Room, UGLI

or every Wednesday-Noon & 8:00 P.M.-Michigan Union
For Information Call 668-8256 Roam 4313
(C) 1976 World Plan Executive Council-U.S. All rights reserved.
Transcendental Meditation is a series of WPEC-U.S. a nonprofit education organization

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