Vegetable farmers strike in California
shall Gans said the walkouts would con-
tinue, with' different farms being
targeted, until contracts are signed.
"WE HAVE HAD over 35 negotiating
sessions with this group of 16 growers
with no results," Ganz said. "Now we
want to see if they are serious, so the
farmworkers walked off to say they are
The union said 1,800 workers were off
the job Thursday while growers put the
number of idled workers at 1,500.
The 16 Salinas Valley firms, together
with companies from Imperial County
in Southern California, have been
negotiating with the union as a bloc
since last December, a month before
the UFW called a strike against lettuce
growers. The strike moved from, the
south to the Salinas area as the produce
harvest moved north.
FOUR COMPANIES, including
California's largest lettuce grower, Sun
Harvest, broke with the group in recent
weeks and signed contracts with the
Because of the size of the company,
the Sun Harvest contract was expected
to set standards for wages and con-
ditions among those growers still
That agreement provides a $5 hourly
wage for general field laborers in the
first year, an additional 40 cents an
hour the second year, and another 30
cents in the third.
THE LETTUCE strike has been only
partially successful because growers
have been able to replace some strikers
and some others, feeling the economic
pinch, have returned to the fields from
time to time.
Last month, Cesar Chavez, the
president of the UFW, led two marches
through central California to Salinas in
the heart of the so-called "Nation's
Salad Bowl," to dramatize union
demands. He also announced an inter-
national boycott of California iceburg
lettuce and a boycott of United Brands
Co., the owner of Sun Harvest.
Chavez said he was gearing up for a
speaking tour to. promote the boycotts
when Sun Harvest and the three other
He immediately called off the United
Brands boycott and said he would step
up the boycott of iceburg lettuce, par-
ticularly Red Coach brand, grown by
Bruce Church, Inc.
Robert Bruce-king and national
hero of Scotland--died in 1329. Only a
year before his death, his 25 years on
the battlefield had culminated in the
Treaty of Northampton, which secured
Scotfish independence. His most
famous battle was at Bannockburn,
where his strategy defeated an English
force that greatly outnumbered his
Doily Photo by MAUREEN OMALLEY
. Legal foundation
Construction work on the underground Law Library addition continues
slowly but surely, although work was halted last month for several days
when the University's skilled tradesworkers were on strike.
Stress afflicting soldiers abroad
BONN, West Germany (AP)-Stress
caused by the cultural shock of life
abroad is responsible for a range of
ailements from diarrhea to bad temper
among U.S. troops and their families
stationed in Europe, military doctors
"It's amazing how many people come
in here with bellyaches and their real
problem is stress," Maj. Lincoln Con-
way, a doctor at the U.S. Army hospital
in Landstuhl, told the military
newspaper Stars and Stripes.
"WHEN YOU TALK to these people,
you learn they have domestic
problems, that they hate overseas duty.
An irritable solon is a frequent result of
Other doctors quoted by the Stars and
Stripes blamed high rents, family
separation and cultural differences for
what they termed a higher than normal
number of stress-related ailments by
Americans in Germany.
"It is so stressful being here if you
are healthy," the newspaper quoted Lt.
Col. Richard MacDonald, chief of the
mental health and social work division
at the Army's 7th Medical Command.
"THE PEOPLE who come to see me
here are not the same kind of people I
would be seeing in the States. It doesn't
take long before they begin com-
plaining. The high costs of rents in
Europe and dissatisfaction with ser-
vices bring out their frustration."
Others told the newspaper the strain'
was greatest among young wives of
lower ranking enlisted men, many of
whom are away from home for the first
time in a country where they have no,
friends, cannot speak the language and
do not understand local customs.
"It is particularly rough on the 18- or
19-year-old woman who gets pregnant
the first month she is in Germany,"
Maj. Virginia Soden, a nurse in Wuer-
zburg, told the newspaper. "She has no
idea how to shop and no idea how to
take care of a child."
COL. WILLIAM BERNER, hospital
commander in Wuerzburg, said many
young dependents are strapped finan-
cially, "and are dislocated from family
In order to help overcome the
problems, the Army and Air Force
have put new emphasis on programs to
help young soldiers, including food
giveaways, discounts on telephone calls
} home, and better recreational
But according to the newspaper, the i
Army does not have enough'
psychiatrists and trained counselors,
availble to help with special cases}2
MacDonald told the newspaper that by
the fall, he expects to have only 24 of the'.
authorized 39 Army psychiatrists,
'It ris so stressful
being here if you
available in West Germany.
"I think at some point a careful look-
should be taken at the American family v
situation in Europe because of the ob. ;
vsious stress experienced by families.
living on expensive local economies,/
Iixon repays U.z.
SAN CLEMENTE, Calif. (AP) - pay for a flagpole and asked that the
Former President Richard Nixon, government remove the rest of the
criticized for allegedly making im alterations.
provements on his California home at "Except for the addition of a flagpole,
government expense, sent a $2,300 all of those items were requested by the
check to the U.S. Treasury yesterday to U.S. Secret Service for security pur-
I $IArinY Surplus.I
As an itroductory offer I
(except sale items)
' Includes: packs, schoolbags, camping supplies, winter cloth- '
' ing, Levis, boots, sweaters, hats, shirts, sleeping bags.
Coupon expires 9/8/79
201 E. Washington at Fourth'
poses and the expenditures were ap-
proved by the appropriate
congressional committees," Nixon said
in a 'telegram to the General Services
THE MESSAGE was released by
Nixon's office here.
Nixon, who, has sold the former
Western White House to a group of
Orange County businessmen, referred
in his telegram to allegations by'
Democratic Sens. Gary Hart of
Colorado and David Pryor of Arkansa&
that the alterations made in 1969 an,
1970 were improvements to the proper-
ty and not justified for security pur-
"Consequently, I hereby request
that all items in question be removed
and that the property be restored to its
original condition within 60 days," Nix-
Nixon and his wife Pat plan to move
to a New York apartment, probably
some, time later this year, family
spokespersons have said.
Get Tha eKnack
I ~. SAMMY HAGAR