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December 01, 1979 - Image 5

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1979-12-01

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Iran says itwill boycott Security Councildebate

(Continued from Page 1)
guarantee their safe conduct to the air-
port.
A spokesman for the militants said he
would "neither confirm nor deny"
rumors that some or all of the 50
American hostages, in their 27th day of
captivity, had been transferred from
the booby-trapped embassy compound
to a secret detention site.
The spokesman flatly rejected
suggestions that the hostages had been
"mistreated or anything has been done
to them."
LAINGEN, POLITICAL officer Vic-
tor Tomseth and security officer
Michael Howland have been in "protec-
tive custody" at the ministry since the
militants seized the U.S. Embassy on
Nov. 4.
"They are free to leave," Qotbzadeh
said, "but providing the security from
the Foreign Ministry to the airport at
this time is very difficult with the ten-
sion that exists in the country."
Qotbzadeh said some of the embassy
captives were "more important" than
Laingen and had been found to have
connections with the CIA.
QOTZBADEH DID not say
specifically that the hostages would be
tried soon, as the militants and
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini have
warned.
At the U.S. Embassy, welders added
more pieces of iron scrap to the crude
barricade outside the main entrance of
the embassy to keep away tens of
thousands of demonstrators and to
guard against "American agents" the
militants said were seeking to rescue
the hostages.
Qotbzadeh called reporters to his of-
fice at the state television center to an-
nounce Iran would neither participate
in the Security Council meeting Satur-
day - nor talk with anyone else
anywhere about the hostages until the
United States returned deposed Shah
Mohammed Reza Pahlavi toIran.
"ACCORDING TO a decision made

by the Revolutionary Council, we are
not attending the Security Council
tomorrow and obviously keep our con-
tact with the United-Nations for further
discussions," Qotbzadeh said.
It had been thought Ayatollah
Ruhollah Khomeini's regime might
send a top representative to the debate,
which some viewed as a crucial-oppor-
tunity for behind-the-scenes
negotiations with U.S. officials.
But Qotbzadeh denounced the Council
as a tool of the United States, said Iran
would not take part, and declared that
any decision it makes "is not binding
and we don't accept it."
ALTHOUGH HE said at one point, "I
don't think the question of compromise
arises," and he remained adamant that
the exiled shah must be handed over to
Iran, Qotbzadeh left the door open to
negotiation.
He said Iran would maintain its con-
tacts with the Security Council and he
put forward two proposals - essen-
tially restatements of previous Iranian
ideas - that he said would make it
"easy" for the United States to hand
over the shah:
* The United States must accept that
the shah 'could be a criminal," agree to
an Iranian-directed international
inquiry of the shah's 37-year regime,
and accept its findings.
" The Security Council must launch
an international investigation of the
shah, with the resulting judgments bin-
ding on Washington.
"But nevertheless we must have the
shah," he said.
He left unclear at what point the
hostages would be freed during this
process. "Our past experience shows
we cannot trust the United States. We
would have to actually see this working
out," he said.
THE CARTER administration, which
has unequivocally refused to extradite
the shah to Iran, wants the Security
Council to adopt a resolution calling on
Iran to free the hostages.
The International Court of Justice

yesterday set Dec. 10 for a hearing on a
U.S. request for a judgment that Iran
has violated international law and must
free the embassy hostages. Such a
ruling would bolster the U.S. hand if it
seeks sanctions from the Security
Council - which could order anything
from economic reprisals to military ac-
tion against Iran.
The foreign minister also said Iran
would not accept any verdict of the
World Court in the Hague, just as it
rejected any resolution by the United
Nations Security Council. The court
Friday scheduled a hearing for Dec. 10
on the United States' request that it or-
der the release of the hostages.
HE SAID he hoped the international
organizations "are not totally under the
influence and the order of the
Americans.
"Secondly," he said, "I hope also that
they don't take such a measure and,
thirdly, if in spite of all these things and
all our legitimate demands, they go on
with the condemnation the decision is
not binding on us and we don't accept
it."
Qotbzadeh said he welcomed
Mexico's decision not to allow the shah
to return to that country from the
United States. He denied Iran had put

"pressure" on Mexico to deny the
deposed- monarch permission to return
there.
HE CHARGED the Carter ad-
ministration was endangering the lives
of the hostages.
Qotbzadeh said, "The United States
has chosen the hard line and they con-
tinue to escalate the crisis as they want
it."
But, he said, "We have taken a firm
decision and we are not going to sway
from what we have decided. It is for the
United States to step down."
"As soon as the return of the shah is
accepted, we will deal with the hostage
problem," Qotbzadeh said, adding he
had already proposed the formation of
an international committee to in-
vestigate the shah's crimes.
Qotbzadeh said he did not think the
recent unofficial mission of Rep.
George Hansen, (R-Idaho), to save the
hostages had served any purpose. "I
don't think Hansen was any good."
Hansen's trip was criticized earlier
by the White House. But his meetings
with the militant leaders and hostages
were given wide publicity by Iran's
state-controlled media, still headed by
Qotbzadeh, who assumed the foreign
minister's portfolio Wednesday.

The Michigan Daily-Saturday, December 1, 1979-Page 5
CINEMA I
PRESENTS
UP IN SMOKE
(Lou Adler, 1978)
CHEECH and CHONG star in their first epic adventure, filmed
on location high somewhere in the Yucatan Peninsula. This
film proves once and for all that Cheech and Chong and
marijuana are better than rum and coke.
MLB 4 $1.50 7,8:45, 10:15
Tomorrow: THE EARRINGS OF MADAME DE...

Sadat renews offer
of sanctuary to shah

(Continued from Page 1)
to receive him immediately but we
didn't receive anything officially."
Sadat told reporters outside a small
mosque 15 miles north of Cairo that he
had not received a response to his in-
vitation, sent to the U.S. government-
and the shah, who is in a New York
hospital.
Unexpectedly barred ,from his
Mexican haven-in-exile = the deposed
shah said yesterday that he has asked
President Carter's help in leaving the
United States for a new sanctuary. He
did not say where he wanted to go or
what he expected of Carter.
The shah "wishes to reiterate his in-
tention to leave the United States as
well as his request to the administra-
tion for assistance in so doing," said a
statement issued by a spokesman for
Shah Mohammad Reva Pahlavi.
THERE WAS NO immediate com-
ment from Washington on the request.
Egyptian Prime Minister Mustafa
Khalil said in a telephone interview,
"We are doing it for humanitarian
reasons only. We are not interfering in
Iran's politics, internal or external."
But he added "it is possible" Iran might
feel otherwise and retaliate against
Egyptian diplomats abroad.
Iran's revolutionary cleric Ayatollah
Ruhollah Khomeini has demanded that
the shah be sent to Iran to stand trial for
alleged crimes against the.people.
Militants holding 50 American hostages
in the U.S. Embassy in Tehran say they
will try their victims as spies if the
demand is not met, or if the shah leaves
the United Staes for any other country
but Iran.
THE SHAH'S doctors have said he
can leave when he wishes following the
successful removal of a gallstone this
week. Until the Mexican announ-
cement, he was expected to return to
the rented home he had occupied there
before arriving in New York Oct. 22.
Sadat said he was indebted to the
former Iranian ruler for financial aid
and shipments of oil in past years. The
shah was greeted by Sadat in Aswan
when he fled Tehran in January.
Sadat's offer could have domestic
repercusions for Egypt, which is the
most populous Arab ally of the United
States. Observers, citing a growing
Islamic fundamentalism on Egyptian
university campuses, feel Moslem

militants might protest the presence of
the shah.
A FEW EGYPTIAN clergymen have
voiced suport for Khomeini's Islamic
republic, but Western and Egyptian of-
ficials contend that the majority of the
populace is repelled by the-excesses of
the Iranian religious leader, labeled a
"lunatic" by Sadat.
Of Egypt's 41 million people, 92 per
cent are Sunni Moslems and most of the
remainder are Coptic Christians. There
are few followers of the Shiite branch of
Islam, of which Khomeini is a leader.
Meanwhile, Mexico's unexpected
jerking of the welcome mat from under
the shah appeared yesterday to be a
move to protect its position as an
emerging Third World leader.
Foreign Minister Jorge Castaneda,
who announced the decision Thursday
night, said the renewal of the shah's six-
month tourist visa, which expires Dec.
9, "would be contrary to the best in-
terests of the country," but did not
elaborate.
A STATE DEPARTMENT
spokesman in Washington said
Secretary of State Cyrus Vance was
notified by telephone shortly before the
announcement, but there was no in-
dication that Washington was consulted
in advance over the move.
The official government newspaper
El Nacional limited its coverage to the
text of the announcement.
An editorial, which made no direct
reference to the decision, said, ". . . a
country rising to importance among
underdeveloped nations cannot exer-
cise the politics of an ostrich..."
The official announcement noted that
Mexico has traditionally extended
asylum to exiles but that the shah him-
self was a central figure in the current
Iranian crisis in which U.S. Embassy
staffers are being held hostage in
Tehran.
"In light of this new situation the
Mexican government has had to ponder
all essential factors, being aware of its
duty to protect above all the vital in-
terests of the country.
"We have arrived at the conclusion
that it would be contrary to these in-
terests to renew the tourist visa of the
ex-shah," the statement said.

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