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November 29, 1979 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1979-11-29

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See editorial page

. E

Nineiy Years of Editorial Freedom


See Today for details

Vol. LXXXX, No. 69 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, November 29, 1979 Ten Cents Ten Pages plus Supplement.

Second in a five-part series
After a decade in which "affirmative
action" has become a household phrase
around the University, women and
minority academics have made little
progress entering the ranks of the
Members of the two groups have been
kept from those ranks in part by the
declining availability of tenured
positions. But conversations with
minority and women faculty members
and University administrators reveal a
variety of subtle mechanisms that
make the tenure process particularly
difficult for nonwhites and women.
STATISTICS FROM the University

gains sb
administration show women represent
fewer than six per cent of the Univer-
sity's 1,300 full professors - virtually
the same proportion as in 1970 - and
17.4 per cent of the 610 associate
professors, as compared to ten per cent
in 1970.
Since 1974, the proportion of minority
(black, Asian, Native American, and
Hispanic) full and associate professors
has been moving upward - but slowly.
It has increased by less than two per
cent since 1974, and there are currently
only 125 minority full and associate
Promotions to full and associate
professor are almost always accom-
panied by tenure, while lower ranking
assistant professors rarely have
tenure. Y


for women,

decisions fall largely under the
jurisdiction of the faculty of each
department and/or college. And power

"The powerful positions (at the
University) are held by men and the
decisions are made by men,'s says
Joyce Friedman, professor of Com-

QapQQOa Qaaoa

tinority faculty
WOMEN AND minorities often find discipline. Since they are in the
themselves outside this informal minority, this places them at tlhe
system. "Women so far have not been periphery of the power structure of
plugged into the 'Old Boys' Network' to their department."
any measurable extent," said Muriel This can affect minority tenure
Ross, full professor of anatomy and decisions, Uzoigwe says, since "tenure
former co-chairwoman of the may be weighted on the side of what the
Academic Women's Caucus at the department considers to be its main
Medical School. priorities."
GODFREY UZOIGWE, a University But William Cash, assistant to the
full professor now teaching African president and a professor in the School
history in his tenth year here, says, of Education, as well as a lecturer in
"Minority faculty I have talked to do the Psychology Department, stresses
not complain about overt racism but what he sees as the objectivity of the
emphasize differences of ideology, ap- tenure review. Cash says in his work on
proach, direction, and emphasis of various faculty review and executive
their particular disciplines. Minority committees, he has observed that
faculty often differ from their white evaluators limit themselves to "the
colleagues in what they consider to be
the mainstream of emphasis of their See TENURE, Page 5

in the University's departments and
colleges is still wielded almost solely by
white males. Only the School of
Education and School of Nursing have
women deans, and department chairs
and executive .committees are still
almost exclusively the domain of white

puter and Communication Sciences and
co-chairwoman of the Academic
Women's Caucus.
In such a decentralized process, the
"Old Boy's Club," through which hiring
and promotional decisions are influen-
ced by personal acquaintances can play
a prominent role.

New LSA-
SG meets;
A proposal to replace the LSA Student
Government (LSA-SG) preferential
voting system with a simplified
plurality system was passed in the
college elections held last week. The
results of the election were certified
yesterday by the Central Student
Five non-binding proposals also were
approved while another, calling for a
raise in the mandatory college gover-
nment fee from 50 cents to 75 cents was
defeated by approximately 2-1.
members met yesterday for the first
time to meet one another and become
familiar with LSA-SG procedure and
the LSA administrative structure.
New LSA-SG President Dan Solomon
said in an interview that LSA-SG would
not be immediately concerned with the
results of the six non-binding ballot
issues but would first deal with the in-
stitution of a constitutional change in
voting procedure. Solomon said the
results of the other six proposals would
be used later "as guides when we
discuss those issues."
During the LSA-SG meeting, former
officers delivered farewell speeches.
Former president Bob Stechuk's urged
that the 17-member government pursue
new avenues to expand its influence in-
to more traditional administrative
powers. Stechuk also emphasized the
need to increase LSA student
awareness of its government. New
council members reiterated this in-
terest in increased LSA-SG publicity.
The new council members also said
they would be interested in working on
the issues of student involvement in
LSA-SG, tenure and University invest-
ments in South Africa.

Carter: End
Iran conflict

AN IRANIAN STUDENT defies President Carter's retaliation promises in a speech to thousands from outside the U.S.
Embassy in Tehran where 49 American hostages have been held for the past four weeks.
kills 257, 2 American

From Reuter and AP
President Carter warned Iran last
night of grave consequences if
American hostages were harmed and
strongly defended his decision to admit
the deposed Shah for medical treat-
Carter told a nationally broadcast
press conference he was determined to
resolve the crisis through peaceful and
diplomatic means, but gave no sign he
thinks the crisis is nearing an end.
even more sorely tried" in days to
come, the president said.
Carter vowed that his administration
"will persist in our efforts until every
single American has been freed." He
added: "Any claims raised by Iran will
ring hollow while innocent people are
bound, abused and threatened," and
again warned Iranian leaders of grave
consequences if the 49 Americans held
hostage at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran
are harmed.
"For a government to applaud mob
violence and terrorism - actually to
support and in effect participate in the
taking and holding of hostages - is un-
precedented in human history," he
said, adding: "We hold the government
of Iran fully responsible ...
CARTER PLEDGED that the United
States would never yield to blackmail.
And he said the takeover of the U.S.
Embassy in Tehran by Islamic militan-
ts "shocked the civilized world."
"There is no recognized religious
faith on Earth which condones kidnap-
ping," Carter said. "There is no
recognized religious faith which con-
dones blackmail.

From Reuter.
All 257 people aboard an Air New
Zealand DC-10 jet, including 12
Americans, were killed when the plane
slammed into the side of a volcano in
the Antarctic yesterday, a U.S. Navy
spokesman said .
The announcement that there were no
survivors came after a three-man
rescue party flew to the crash scene on
the slopes of 11,300 foot Mount Erebus
aboard a U.S. Navy helicopter from the
nearby U.S. Antarctic base at McMur-
"EVERYBODY ON that aircraft has
died," said a spokesman for the U.S.
Antarctic Survey in Christchurch.

"We have it confirmed there were no
The rescue party reached the scene{
after severe turbulence prevented
earlier helicopter attempts to land.
THE DC-10, which was declared lost
by Air New Zealand last night, was
carrying a crew of 20 and 237
passengers who had paid $359 for what
was supposed to be a scenic 11-hour
flight from Auckland to the Antarctic
and back.
Airline officials said the jet had com-
pleted its sightseeing run and was on its
way back north to New Zealand when
radio contact was lost.
Wreckage was found 2,500 feet up

Mount Erebus.
THE AIRLINE Passengers
Association (APA), a private lobbying
group based in Dallas, called on
President Carter to order an immediate
investigation into the crash.
"Because of the accident-marred
history of the DC-10, it is imperative to
know immediately whether structural
or design deficiencies caused the ac-
cident," the APA said in a statement.
The APA was prominent in urging the
grounding of all American-operated.
DC-10s after the Chicago crash in May
of an American Airlines DC-10 in which
273 people were killed.

"There certainly is no religious faith
on Earth which condones the sustained
abuse of innocent people."
CARTER TOLD the nation that the 49
hostages held at the U.S. Embassy are
being kept "in inhuman and degrading
Mansour Farhang, an Iranian em-
bassy official in Washington, denied the
hostages had been mistreated.
The president told a questioner that
his decision to admit the former shah
into the United States for treatment of
cancer and gallstones was proper and
had helped save the former leader's
"I TOOK the right decision ... I
have no regrets about it," he said.
Critics have said the administration
bowed to pressure from former
Secretary of State Henry Kissinger and
See CARTER, Page 5
Iran n ames
new foreign
s "
TEHRAN (Reuter) - The ruling
Iranian Revolutionary Council last
night named a new foreign minister to
replace Abolhassan Bani-Sadr, whose
often conciliatory statements on the
Iranian-American conflict were
frequently contradicted by
revolutionary leader Ayatollah
Ruhollah Khomeini.
A council spokesman said Sadeq Qot-
zbadeh, the head of the state radio and
television, will replace Bani-Sadr, who
was appointed acting foreign minister
in the new administration formed on
November 6, and will retain his post of
acting economics minister.
NO REASON WAs given for the new
appointment. But Foreign Ministry of-
ficials said it reflected the
Revolutionary Council's opposition to
Bani-Sadr attending a United Nations
Security Council debate on Iran this
Qotzbadeh told the official news
agency Pars that no decision had yet
been made on whether he should attend
the Security Council meeting.
The ministerial change did not
represent any foreign policy shift, he
said. "The foreign policy of the Islamic
Republic is the same that Imam
(Ayatollah Khomeini) has determined
and which will be pursued decisively,"
Qotzbadeh said.

Policy makers ignore world
population problem, expert says

It is possibly the foremost problem
in the world today, and eventually has
the potential to destroy human
civilization. And yet,' notes a leading
authority on population control, the
threat of the world population explosion
is subtly ignored by the world's major
"In the last presidential election har-
dly a word was spoken (about the
population issue)," said Dr. Roy Greep,
professor emeritus at Harvard Medical
School and former director'of the Ford
Foundation's worldwide project in

reproductive biology and contraceptive
ADDRESSING A crowd of about 100
in the Union's Pendleton Room yester-
day, Greep said he predicts next year's
presidential candidates also will ignore
the politically and religiously sensitive
issue of worldwide population control.
"It's sad, but that's the situation," he
The present world population is
estimated at about 4.3 billion, Greep
said. "The explosion is going to go right
on," he said, estimating the figure will
reach 6.3 billion people by the end of the
century, "and from then on God only

Although disagreement exists over
the earth's carrying capacity, Greep
said, little doubt remains that the
growing number of human beings puts'
an enormous strain on the environ-
The extinction of wildlife, destruction
of major forests, dwindling food supply
and depletion of non-renewable resour-
ces are direct results of the rising
human population, he noted.
GREEP SAID a "catastrophe" could
occur through continued growth, and

Doily rnoto b yLI AKLAU
NOTED FERTILITY expert Dr. Roy Greep spoke about fertility control
and human welfare before an audience of 100 in the Union's Pendleton
room yesterday.

_____________________________________________________________ I I U


to make additional copies. A 30-minute time limit for
checking out the document has been imposed, but most of
those seeking the report still are forced to wait for it. Be-
sides curiosity about faculty salaries, a strain of disclosure
mania abounds on campus. "I had one lady who asked me if
we were going to publish the names of the people who take it
out," a library worker reported. And Wednesday, a man
who said he was a reporter for the Ann Arbor News called
the Daily and asked if there were plans to publish the grade
point averages of all Michigan football players and Daily
staffers. One way to pore over your profs' salaries and skip
the crowds is to read them in the Daily, which will publish
fh i.. liefhnfn- rac an this term F]



stance. The Customs Office graciously informed him that yesterday. Instead of the
he could learn more about the action by including the num- struct to greet the first fl
ber with his inquiries. But the intended hash recipient does bong. Paul Griffith takes
not plan to pursue the matter. "I'm going to let it slide," he sized pipe, which reportec
said. n his appetite.
Snow: to smoke or to snort
The season's first snow gave creative sculptors a chan- On the inside
ce to pay tribute to this campus's druggish ambiance Sen. Edward Kenne
shadowed by the Iranian
feature on Arturo Vivanti

proverbial snowman kiddies con-
akes, the college set made a snow
a figurative toke from the over-
dly altered neither his psyche nor
dy's campaign has been over-
crisis, on the editorial page. . . a
e's fiction reading Tuesday night,
iAcnnth,,PreCR AllTRiig Ten

_ I


i I

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