The Michigan Daily-Wednesday, November 28, 1979-Page 3
WASHINGTON (AP)-One of every three youths is "ill-
educated; ill-employed and ill-equipped" to succeed in
bAmerican society because of a public education system in
need of an overhaul, a study group said yesterday.
The Carnegie Council on Policy Studies in Higher
Education said high schools prolong "compulsory youth"
nand favor those students continuing formal education over
those moving directly into the job market.
"We must find ways to break up the big, monolithic high
'school and its deadly weekly routine," the council declared
.in a 322-page report. "High school is an alienating ex-
perience for many young people and like a prison-albeit
with open doors-for some."
iTHE COUNCIL SAID there is a need for basic changes in
.the manner in which high schools operate, adding that new
ways must be found to teach marketable job skills.
If society smoothes the abrupt transition from school to
:work and stops prolonging "compulsory youth;" it said,
then those coming of age before the year 2000 could be "the'
nost favored generation since the 1950s." c
But failure to act poses the danger of "creating a per-
high schools 'like a prison,'study says.
work for 16- and 17-year-olds are needed.
One o three .American youths called "Teen-age workers and their employers should n
to pay Social Security tax.
'ill-equipped' to function in society
manent underclass, a self-perpetuating culture of poverty,
a substantial and continuing 'lumpen-proletariat' in the
'home of opportunity'," it added.
Council chairman Clark Kerr said the study, entitled,
"Giving Youth a Better Chance: Options for Education,
Work and Service," was undertaken "as a matter of con-
THE BERKELEY, California-based council is a research
arm of the non-profit Carnegie Foundation for the Advan-
cement of Teaching. Its past studies have influenced
changes in American colleges.
"College youth have been assisted by federal initiatives
in the 1970s far more than non-collegiate youth and it is time
to redress the balance," the report said.
"The 'youth problem' in the United States is not going to
go away," although the baby boom is over, it said. The high
school dropout rate is 23 per cent, and 20 per cent of the
graduates fail to master basic work skills, it added.
AMONG OTHER things, the report said:
* Juniors and seniors should attend regular classes three
days a week and devote the other two to education related
work or community service.
e Compulsory schooling should be ended at age 16 and a
work-study program should be created for needy high
" New apprenticeship programs for civilian and military
THE RECOMMENDED changes would cost the gover-
nment $1.4 billion to $1.9 billion, but that would be offset by
"reduced social costs," including lower crime and welfare
rates, the report said.
It said the government spends $1,940 on education and
employment for each low-income youth in college, but only
$339 for high school dropouts, according to congressional
Youth unemployment has been exaggerated because the
statistics disregard young people in the military or in
school fulltime, the report charged. "The concentration on
unemployment has largely buried from sight the deeper
problems." it said.
SOME 1.2 MILLION persons age 16 to 21 were unem-
ployed in 1977, or 14.7 per cent of the non-student civilian
labor force. But they represented only 5 per cent of the totM
age group, the report said.
Chrysler aid plan
faces new opposition
Fuel and power utility bills
to increase in December
WASHINGTON (UPI)-The admin-
istration's plan to rescue Chrysler
Corp. from financial disaster ran into
fresh opposition yesterday as two
members of the key Senate Banking
Committee refused their support.
Sens. Richard Lugar (R-Ind.) and
?aul Tsongas (D-Mass.) unveiled their
own plans-both of which create a
bigger package of aid with heavier
reliance on the private sector and a
wage freeze for management and
At the same time, assistant Senate
Republican leader Ted Stevens said
there was growing opposition to
providing federal aid for the ailing
"There is increased opposition,"
Stevens told reporters. "More mem-
bers don't know where this precedent
will lead us if we are moving into worse
times than we have now."
THE BANKING committee is con-
sidering the administration's plan,
which would provide $1.5 billion in
federal loan guarantees with an equal
infusion of money from the private sec-
In Detroit, United Auto Workers
union President Douglas Fraser signed
contracts yesterday providing $203
million in cash relief to the ailing
Chrysler Corp. and rebuked critics
seeking greater concessions from
Fraser said it is "a bit disappointing"
that the sacrifices Chrysler workers
approved in the contract "are little ap-
preciated in some quarters."
LANSING (UPI)-The average
monthly bill of Consumers Power Co.
electric customers will climb a whop-
ping $4.55 in December over this mon-
th's level, as a result of action yester-
day by the state Public Service om-
Increased bills for 16 utilities
primarily are the result of adjustments
for the cost of purchased power and
fuel, except in the cases of Edison and
Consumers where other factors are in-
volved as well.
The average Edison bill will be $26.47
in December, up 63 cents from Novem-
ber. The increase includes a net ad-
justment for operations and main-
tenance, an income tax credit, fuel ad-
justment credits, an incentive for
keeping plants running and a surcharge
for the firm's Greenwood I plant.
CONSUMERS' AVERAGE customer
will pay $26.09, up from $21.54 this mon-
th. The hike also includes the net ad-
justment for operations and main-
tenance and an income tax credit.
Indiana and Michigan Electric Co.'s
average bill will be 516.99, up $2.22 from
Other average billings for botl
December and January, compared
with November levels, will be as
follows: Alpena Power Co., $19.51,
down $1.63; Lake Superior District
Power Co., $23.36, down 53 cents; Upper
Peninsula Power Co., $32.59, up $1.44
Upper Peninsula Iron-River, $26.59, up
$2.89; Alger Delta Electric Association,
$30.06, up $1.75; Southeastern Micligan)
Rural Electric Cooperative, Inc;
$31.75, up $2.33.
Ann Arbor Film Co-op-Renaldo and Clara, 5, 9 p.m., Aud. A, Angell
Cinema Guild-Going Places; 7, 9:05 p.m., Old Arch. Aud.
Alice Lloyd Pilot Program Multicultural Film Series-Treaties Made,
Treaties Broken, How the West Was Won, Lament of the Reservation, 7:30
p.m., Alice Lloyd Hall.
Center for Chinese Studies-Prof. Robert Dernberger, "China's New
Economic Policy," 7:30 p.m., 150 Hutchins Hall, Law Quad.
Mellon Distinguished Scientist Lectures-Prof. Emeritus Roy Greep,
Harvard University Medical School, "In Further Pursuit of Fertility Control
and Human Welfare," 4 p.m., Pendleton Room, Michigan Union.
Department, of Chemistry-M. L. Smoes, "Chemical Waves in the
Oscillatory Zhabotinskii System," 4 p.m., 3201 Angell Hall. Coffee at 3:30
p.m., 3212 Angell Hall.
Center for Afroamerican and African Studies-Prof. Nizar Motani,
Western Michigan University, "British Imperialism in East Africa: The
Case of the Civil Service," noon, 246 Old Architecture and Design Building.
Center for Continuing Education f6r Women-Women's Issues Tray
Lunch, Prof. Maxine Baca-Zinn, book reviews, "Women of Crisis: Lives of
Struggle and Pain," "Worlds of Pain: Lives in the Working Class Family,"
"Nobody Speak for Me: Self Portraits of American Working Class Women,"
noon, East Conference Room, Rackham Building.
Women in Communications, Inc.-Slide show, "Communications
Careers,"7 p.m., Kuenzel Room, Union.
Folk Dance Club-Intermediate and advanced dance, 8 p.m., Union.
Dharma Study Grou--Buddhist meditation and study, 7:30 p.m., sitting,
215 E. Kingsley. Call 665-4481 for information.
Stilyagi Air Corps-Science fiction club, 8p.m., Conf. Room 4, Union.
Students to Aid the Boat People-7 p.m., Hillel, 1429 Hill. Call 663-3336 for
Commission for Women-Open meeting, noon, 2549 LS&A Building.
Community High School Fine Arts Repertory Company-"A Power
Play,' 8 p.m., Community High School Theater, 401 N. Division. Free dress
rehearsal performance 11 a.m. Call 994-2021 for information.
Music at Midweek-Mark Tucker, pianist, noon, Pendleton Room,
School of Music-Japanese Classical Music, 8 p.m., Rackham Building.
Professional Theater Program-"Richard III," 8p.m., Power Center.
Department of Dance-Excerpts from "Carmina Burana," 8 p.m.,
Studio A, Dance Building.
English Composition Board-"Revising,"7 p.m., 2402 Mason Hall.
Plymouth Family Service-Support group for men, 7:30 p.m., Child and
Family Service, 118 S. Washington, Ypsilanti. Call 453-0890 or 971-6520 for in-
University Activities Center-Mini-course, ballroom dancing, 7 p.m.,
Union. Tickets at Ticket Central, Union.
University Activities Center-Mini-course, basic investments, 7:30
p.m,, Conf. Room 2, Union. Tickets at Ticket Central, Union.
WCBN-Radio broadcast, "E.R.A.-A Boost or a Threat to the Hap-
piness of Women?," 6p.m., 88.3 FM.
Alumni Association-Applications, available for 1980-81 Alumnae Coun-
cil Scholarships, Alumni Association, Union. Call 764-0384 for information.
Women's Studies Program-Discussion facilitators needed for Women's
Studies 200, Winter term. Applications available at 1058 LS&A Building, due
School of Natural Resources-Workshop on summer jobs in natural
rn11voP agencies (Forest Service. Park Service. Department of Energy,
_ _. ,
Daily Photo by PAUL ENGSTROM
Running with the British behind him
Although momentarily halted by the busy Packard Rd.-State St. inter-
section, this determined joggel braved the chilly November tempera-
tures, clad only in long underwear and Union-Jack jogging shorts.
lower drinking age
you're a member.,
The University Club welcomes all University of
Michigan students, faculty, and staff to full member-
ship status. Membership fees have been paid on your
behalf. Celebrate at the University Club Bar Monday
through Friday. Happy Hour is from 4:00 pm to 7:00
pm. Lunch and Bar are available from 11:30 am to 1:30
THE UNIVERSITY CLUB
IN THE MICHIGAN UNION
LANSING (UPI) - Calling the
current 21-year-old drinking age a
widely flouted "sham," a Battle Creek
lawmaker yesterday announced a
petition drive to lower the legal age in
the state to 19.
Democrat Richard Fitzpatrick said
Citizens for a Fair Drinking Age will try
to rally support among the state's
college students to get the issue on the
1980 general election ballot.
Voters last fall by a wide margin ap-
proved a measure hiking the drinking
age to 21 from 18.
"THE 21-YEAR-OLD drinking age is
a sham," Fitzpatrick said. "I believe it
is better that the legal drinking age in
Michigan be 19, and strictly enforced,
than be 21 and mocked."
Weak enforcement of the old 18-year-
old drinking age - particularly in the
schools - was one reason cited by sup-
porters of the hike last time.
Fitzpatrick said enforcement of the
proposed 19-year-old age would be im-
portant,but that drinkers also must be
educated about liquor.
WHILE LICENSED liquor dealers
and bar owners heavily opposed the 21-
year-old measure, Fitzpatrick said the
group would not draw on them for sup-
When asked if contributions from bar
owners would be accepted, he replied:
"I suppose so. But the liquor industry
was involved last time and they were
Money for the drive is expected to
come through small contributions.
FITZPATRICK SAID voters who sign
petitions will be asked to contribute a
dollar to the cause. He said he did not
think this would deter prospective
"I should hope not," Fitzpatrick said.
"You can hardly buy a beer with that
anymore, what with inflation."
The group currently is based in Battle
Creek, with 18-year-old Doug Hargett
as executive director. Hargett already
has visited 40 campuses across the
state, setting up local organizations.
HARGETT SAID he felt students
would be willing to get involved.
"People are just waiting to do
something," he said. "They're wanting
to get something done."
Although the 18-to-20-year-old age
group shows a traditionally low turnout
at the polls, Fitzpatrick said he expec-
ted large numbers to vote this time.
"Last time it was a vague
generality," he said. "It was a concept
- now it's a reality. Eighteen-year-olds
can't go into a bar anymore."
_ _-_ _-- -__,__ _
for whatever jungle you're in-
r\. T - -