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November 04, 1979 - Image 7

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1979-11-04

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

South Koreans give

Park hero
From AP and Reuter
SEOUL, South Korea-South
Koreans buried their assassinated
President Park-Chung Hee yesterday
and then turned to the formidable task
,of deciding whether their country will
stay on his authoritarian path or begin
-a new era of greater liberalism.
Park was buried in a hero's cemetery
after an emotional five-hour ceremony.
His coffin was carried in a specially
built hearse covered with 70,000 car-
nations. Hundreds of police and battle-
dressed troops kept watch over an
estimated two nmillion mourners lining
-the six-mile route to the cemetery.
Park was murdered in what the
government said was a plot executed by
Korean Central Intelligence Agency
chief Kim Jae-kyu and his aides.
4 ADDING TO confusion yesterday
about just what direction the gover-
nment would take was the notable ab-

s funeral
sence from the funeral of Gen. Chung
Seung-hwa, army chief of staff and the
commander who is essentially running
the country now under martial law.
Chung, who emerged as a powerful
figure after the assassination and as a
possible candidate for president, repor-
tedly stayed at martial-law command
headquarters during the ceremonies.
The reason for his absence was not
American officials here for the
ceremony spoke positively about a key
unanswered question: whether the
future government would be military or
civilian. They said it had weathered the
first crisis after Park was slain Oct. 26
by preserving civilian government in-
stead of launching a military coup.
But opposition leaders already have
begun calling for sweeping reforms of
the government that Park turned into a
personal power base and for abandon-
ment of the constitution he used to con-
solidate that power.

The Michigan Daily-Sunday, November 4, 1979-Page 7
..~*. ..>.,.Be a football her .~

AP Photo
Police estimate two million people lined the route of slain South Korean president Park Chung-hee's funeral procession,
which included a hearse laden with black banners and carnations, pulled by 100 military cadets.

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the uses human beings make of
technology. It amounts to being
pessimistic about human beings," he
The trouble with complex technology,
University Prof. John Broomfield said,
is that it is intolerant of mistakes..
Broomfield cited Kranzberg, who
earlier pointed out that Three Mile
Island was one technological system
that forgot the human factor. Broom-
field said a human probability measure
should be included in advanced science
"(MODERN technology) assumes in-
fallibility, but is run by fallible
humans," he said. "We're a species
who makes mistakes. If there's a button
to press (on a machine), then we must
realize someone's going to push it."
Leo Marx, professor of American
Cultural History at the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, said
Americans are pessimistic about the
power structure in this country and of-
ten place the blame on the most
tangible aspect of the system -
"Most of the pessimism we
Americans feel about technology these
days is a displaced pessimism about
our social system - our system of
distributing and controlling power of
which technology is only one, but a
significant aspect," he said.
ECHOING THIS sentiment, Kran-
zberg postulated on what he called
"Kranzberg's First Law: Technology is
neither good nor bad, nor is it neutral."
Technology does not function
autonomously, he explained, instead in-
teracting with social values and in-
stitutions - providing results which,
are not always beneficial.
"Technology gives us options for the
future," he said, "but our value

'Those who lead us have a
rigid and destructive sen-
sibility about how to deal with
the future. We who are so
powerful are fundamentally
helpless and adrift.
-Richard Falk
Princeton law prof.

Modern technology assumes
infallibility, but is run by
fallable humans. We're a
species who makes mistakes. If,
there's a button to press, then
we realize someone's going to
pnsh it.
John Broomfield
' history prof.

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systems will determine which path we
Our current values and institutions
aren't working to solve the
technological problems of society, said
guest speaker Richard Falk, professor
of International Law at Princeton
GOVERNMENTS OF industrialized
nations have become slaves of
technological interests, he said. The
arms race is a prime example of this
delineation of power, he said.
"Those who lead us have a rigid and
destructive 'sensibility about how to
deal with the future. We who are so
powerful are fundamentally helpless
and adrift," Falk said.
For third world nations, technology
plays an ambiguous role, he said.
Poorer countries see technology both as
"the bearer of promise of liberation
from mass misery and poverty," and as
the core of the powers oppressing
them," Falk explained. *

pressure, they place more emphasis on
weapons. and increasingly rely on non-
renewable sources of energy and.profit-
motive economics, he said.
"Only a miracle will get us off the
current track," said Falk. He said his
"miracle" calls for the "'rebirth of
some kind of religious civilization" that
goes beyond society's "material con-
"We need a new covenant between
state and society that will reconcile
with the well-being of society as a
'whole," Falk said. "This is the central
political challenge of our time."
KRANZBERG SAID recent decisions
about technology have been made
through the political process. "That,"

he said, "is exactly where they
"Scientists and technologists do not
possess the political wisdom to make
these decisions even though they
possess the scientific and technical ex-
pertise upon which such decisions must
be made," Kranzberg added.
Scientists do not possess the social
wisdom to guide the country, Kran-
zberg explained, but neither do the.
"humanists," who often retreat to
criticism of technology instead of at-
tempting to understand the role
technology should play.
should be public decisions, he said.
Kranzberg said the public will have to
be educated on the nature of technology

and its interactions with society.
Florman agreed: "In a fewyears we
will be educating people on technology
like they're learning history today."
Dail staf writer Dare Gubbins
fissisted in research of this article.

residents add applicabl( sales


1 Address -
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Band-O-Rama '79, the grand annual showcase of the Univer-
sity of Michigan Bands, will be presented Friday, November 9
at 8:00 p.m. in Hill Auditorium.
Highlight of this year's program will be the appearance of
Dr. Wm. D. Revelli, Director Emeritus of the University
Bands, as guest conductor of the Symphony Band in E. Lalo's
Overture to "Le Roi D'Ys."
The Concert Band under Carl St. Clair will perform works of
Dmitri Shostakovich and Percy Grainger.
H. Robert Reynolds, director of the University bands, will lead
Symphony Band in works of Sousa and Leonard Bernstein.
Glenn Richter, new Marching Band director, will lead the
ensemble in some of the classic Michigan marching songs and
medley from the 1979 gridiron season.
Also performing will be the Jazz Band conducted by Louis
Smith and the Friars, selected singers from the U-M Men's
Glee Club.

Black grads comment
on changes at 'U'


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(Continued from Page: 3
'two years.
"This year, the emphasis has been on
minority student affairs on campus,
such as the attrition rate and financial
Green said the committee members
intended to meet with Interim
President Allan Smith and other
University officials later this term, "to
try to come to grips with what we can
do and in what areas.'
Dr. Margaret Grigsby, a 1948 Medical
School graduate and a professor of
'medicine at Harvard University, said
she doesn't return to Ann Arbor every
year, but "does come back for the class
s reunions."
"IWAS HERE when they had the
famous 1947 football team that won the
Rose Bowl," Grigsby added.
Following the Michigan-Wisconsin
game, the alumni attended a banquet at
the Campus Inn. Baker, currently
.director of research on minorities and
women at the National Institute of
Education in Washington, D.C., was

master of ceremonies.
University President-designate
Harold Shapiro gave greetings at the
Shapiro said that one of the charac-
teristics of a great University is to find
a balance between teaching and
research responsibilities and respon-
sibilities to the'university community.
"IN THIS respect, alumni are very
important to us," Shapiro said. "We
need them to help us understand how to
balance these responsibilities."
Dr. Bernadine Denning, executive
director of school and community
relations for the Detroit public schools,
was the keynote speaker at the .
banquet. Denning is a former assistant
professor in the University's School of
John Edwards, a 1954 LSA graduate,
and his wife Ella, were introduced at
the banquet as the two alumni who had
traveled the furthest to attend the
reunion, coming from Honolulu.
"It's a real pleasure to be able to
come back," Edwards said.

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