The Michigan Daily-Saturday, November 3, 1979-Page 7
$30 MILLION ADDED TO PROGRAM
Senate approves $60 million in aid to Cambodia
From AP, Reuter, and UPI
The Senate shouted its approval
yesterday of a bill that would authorize
spending up to $60 million to help star-
ving Cambodians, after one senator,
John Danforth (R-Mo.), said he wat-
ched them "literally dying before our
The measure would authorize $30
million in new funds for Cambodian
famine relief and use of up to $30
million more in funds already available
for the program. The bill was approved
by voice vote.
HOWEVER, A separate ap-
propriation bill that must be passed
before the $30 million in new funds is
made available was stalled in a House-
Senate conference committee.
Aides said the conference committee
is not likely to meet until at least the
middle of next week. That means it is
doubtfut the House and Senate will be
given a chance next week to tAke final
action on the measure.
The U.S. contribution is part of an in-
ternational drive to distribute food and
medicine in an effort to save the lives of
an estimated two million to three
AS PART OF that effort, the United
Nations is to build six new refugee cen-
ters in Thailand to house 300,000 Cam-
bodians expected to flee famine and
war in their country soon.
Zia Rizvi, head of a -special mission
from the U.N. HIgh Commissioner for
Refugees (UNHCR), said a U.N. con-
ference in New York Monday would
receive pledges for the Cambodian aid
prografn. The U.N. foresaw no problem
in raising nearly 60 million dollars for
it, he added.
Also, in Geneva, a U.N. spokesperson,
said the conference in New York next
Monday will ask for contributions
totaling $311 million from all over the
world to help sick and hungry Cam-
THE FIGURES will be submitted to
the conference convened by Secretary
General Kurt Waldheim, the
spokesperson said. The aid will be
given to Cambodians in exile and in
Michigan Gov. William Milliken,
back from a tour of Thailand's refugee
camps, will join U.S. officials meeting
with U.N. Secretary General Kurt
Waldheim Monday to urge immediate
action on the refugee problem.
HEADED BY Secretary of State
Cyrus Vance, the delegation to the
United Nations will include other
governors who toured a camp for Cam-
bodian refugees with Milliken.
IN A PROCLAMATION issued at the
White House as the Senate acted,
President Carter made a plea for volun-
tary assistance to the Cambodians.
"A major program has been laun-
ched by the American government to
support this relief effort, but it is too
important to be left to the government
alone. I am certain that the American
people, as individuals and families,
through churches, schools, voluntary
organizations and businesses, will want
to be a part of this emergency
humanitarian response to a desperate
and terrible need," Carter said.
He called on "all Americans to give
generously to the voluntary relief agen-
cy of their choice to alleviate this
terrible suffering, asking specifically.
that the donation be earmarked foi
HE DESIGNATED each Saturday,
and Sunday in the month, until
Thanksgiving, as days for Americans in
churches and synagogues to contribute
to the cause.
The Senate acted nine days after Car-
ter made his first, widely publicized
pledge of emergency relief for the-
The Taj Mahal near Agra in India,
was completedby Mogul Emperor
Shah Jehan in .1648 in memory of his
favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal.
Bolivian workers defy coup; U.S. cuts aid
LA PAZ, Bolivia (AP) - Bolivian.
workers and businesspersons staged a
general strike yesterday in defiance of.
the new military government but there
was no renewal of street violence: that
took at least six lives when Col. Alberto
Natusch seized power.
Numerous sources, including some
military men opposed to Thursday's
coup, said plans were being made to
IN OTHER protests against the coup,
the United States imposed military and,
economic aid sanctions .and 15 of
Bolivia's congressional leaders showed
their, opposition by meetin# in
Congress, even though the legislature
had been dissolved by Natusch.
The nation's labor confederation
president, Juan Lechin, denounced the
Natusch regime as "fascist." In an in-
terview, Lechin said 50 striking
workers were arrested in Cochabamba,
Bolivia's third largest city, and an un-
determined number of union leaders
were detained in La Paz.
Natusch, with backing from most of
Bolivia's armedxforces commanders,
ousted elected President Walter
Guevara, who had taken office in
August after a decade of military dic-
SUCH FAST-PACED de'velopments
are not unusual in Bolivia, which has
had some 200 coups in 154 years.
None of the half-dozen major political
parties has recognized the self-declared
presidency of Natusch. At least a few of
the country's military leaders also back
U.S. officials in Washington first said
that all aid was being suspended, then
said $11.2 million of a $28 millionU.S.
food-aid program would continue. A
State Department spokesman said later
that no U.S. food shipments would be
suspended, offering no explanation for
the earlier statements..
Natusch's opponents here clearly
hoped that the additional economic
pressure of the general strike and -the
political pressure of the open civilian
resistance would help speed his fall.t
Tanks and armored ears of the pro-
Natusch forces that had guarded prin-
cipal streets and plazas Thursday were
withdrawn to the presidential palace,
and few soldiers were seen elsewhere in
the downtown area. Dozens of armored
vehicles were packed into the plaza in
front of the palace and the Congress
The capital was quieter than it was
Thursday, when at least six students
and workers were killed in violent
protests against rebel troops here and
in the eastern city of Cochabamba.
The only disturbance reported
yesterday was a small anti-Natusch
demonstration in front of the headquar-
ters of Bolivia's 15-union labor con-
Brzezinski shakes Arafat's hand while
at. Algerian independence celebration
a (AP) - U.S.
shook hands with
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat at a
reception here this week, but insisted-
the gesture was of no significance.
His spokesman, Jerrold Schecter,
said Brzezinski shook hands with
Arafat "in keeping with civilized prac-
tice." Brzezinski's aides seemed sur-
prised the matter attracted attention.
Washington's policy bans any direct
meetings between its officials and the,
READING FROM a prepared
statement, Schecter said Brzezinski
shook hands with Algerian President-
Bendjedid Chadli at the reception Wed-
nesday night, and then with "General
(Vo Nguyen) Giap, defense minister of
Vietnam, Raul Castro, Cuban defense
minister, Moammer Khadafy, Libyanl
leader and Yasser Arafat, as well as
with French, German, Japanese and-
many other delegation heads, in
keeping with civilized practice."
Brzezinski, Arafat and represen-
tatives of more than 100 nations were
here for the celebration of the 25th an-
niversary of the beginning of Algeria's
bloody war of independence against
Schecter said Brzezinski and Arafat,
who stayed in the same hotel along with
other delegation heads, "had no con-
versation" during Arafat's stay. Arafat
flew to Portugal yesterday and Br-
zezinski will leave Algiers today.
IN WASHINGTON, White House-
Press Secretary Jody Powell said, "It
is within the policy of this government,
and has been, for people representing
this government in situations such as
that to observe the social amenities."
The United States has promised
Israel it will have no formal contacts
with the PLO until it recognizes Israel's
right to exist.
Brzezinski met with Chadli last night.
Details of their talks were not released,
but Brzezinski had been expected to
outline what he had already told other
Algerian officials here: That the United
States wants to deepen its friendship
with this radically Marxist state as long
as it does not become too closely iden-
tified with the Soviet Union.
Former Executive Dir. Amnesty International-USA
4:15, Monday, Nov. 5 MLB Lecture Rm. 2
The Amnesty International Investigation
This will be a discussion of the recent visit of the Al team to Argentina
to investigate the current situation regarding political prisoners, the dis-
appeared and anti-Semitism-as in the case of Jacobo Timerman.
Later-7:30 p.m. In the Wesley Foundation Lounge
Huron & State
UNITED NATIONS COVENANTS
ON HUMAN RIGHTS
These Covenants, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1966 and ratified
by over 50 countries have still not been ratified by the United States.
Senaterhearings on these Covenants which guarantee Civil, Political, Eco-
nomic, Social and Cultural Rights begin Nov. 14.
Ann Arbor Committee for Human Rights in Latin America, At-Urgent
Action Group Latin America, Wesley Foundation, Office of Ethics and
... shook Arafat's hand
...With buyer protection
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