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November 02, 1979 - Image 8

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1979-11-02

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

The.
Openig
ofMis!ty
Beethoven
100 HUTCHINS HALL
(LAW SCHOOL)
INOV. 2 &k3
6:30 8:15, 10:00-$2

Page 8-Friday, November 2, 1979--The Michigan Daily
Israeli government ordered to
remove West Bank settlement

JERUSALEM (Reuter) - The
Israeli government overrode protests
from Jewish nationalist extremists
yesterday and agreed to uproot a
disputed settlement from the heart of
the Arab West Bank of the Jordan
River.
Meanwhile, Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin announced his long-
awaited cabinet reshuffle, confirming
that Yigal Horowitz will take over the-
key post of finance minister.
THE MOVE was announced by

Cabinet Secretary Arye Naor, who said
it would take effect next week.
In a heated, five-hour cabinet session,
ministers voted to obey an Israeli
Supreme Court decision to dismantle by
November 22 the Elon Moreh set-
tlement, set up near Nablus in June
amid an international outcry.
Justice Minister Shmuel Tamir told
reporters the cabinet had instructed its
Ministerial Defense Committee to look
for a new site for the Elon Moreh set-
tlers.
ALSO, TAMIR SAID, the ministers
agreed to postpone talks on a plan to
hurry the construction of a whole new
series of Jewish settlements throughout
the West Bank.
Both decisions were bitterly con-
tested by Agriculture Minister Ariel
Sharon, an ardent supporter of the ex-

tremist Gush Emunim Movement
which claims Jews have a divine right
to all land on the West Bank, regardless
of Arabs living there.
Begin's cabinet shuffle became
necessary after Foreign Minister
Moshe Dayan resigned last week over
the handling of negotiations for
autonomy for Arabs on the West Bank
and in the Gaza Strip.
THE CABINET change was announ-
ced after Begin held talks with members
of his coalition government.
Horowitz, a 60-year-old rightwing
businessman, will take over as finance
minister from Simcha Ehrlich.
Erlich, who has been criticized for
failing to stem the country's mounting
rate of inflation, will become second
deputy premier.

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Begin...
reshuffles cabinet

Nuclear plant cooling systems

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questioned
WASHINGTON (AP) - A gover-
nment report indicates there may be
more fuel damage than earlier thought
during a nuclear accident, putting into
question whether emergency cooling
systems under current circumstances
can do the job for which they were
designed.
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission
(NRC) called manufacturers of all of
the nation's 70 commercial reactors
'and nuclear fuel suppliers to a quickly
scheduled meeting yesterday to discuss
the issue brought to light after studies
at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
AN NRC official said the problem
could affect all nuclear reactors, but
because of variations in the design of
individual reactors, further studies will
have to be made before the NRC will
know how many plants will have to

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by government report

make adjustments.
Nuclear critic Ralph Nader said
yesterday the new findings "place a.
grave doubt" on the ability of an atomic
power plant's emergency cooling
system to adequately cool down the
core during an accident.
The emergency system
automatically starts when there is an
interruption of normal core cooling in a
reactor. Under NRC regulations, the
emergency system must be capable of
limiting temperatures within the reac-
tor to a safety threshhold of 2,200
degrees fahrenheit.
DARRELL EISENHUT, acting
director of operating reactors at the
NRC, said the new findings posed a
"potentially significant problem" for
the nuclear industry and could apply to
all commercial U.S. reactors.
But, he added in a telephone inter-
view, it is too early to tell how many
plants will have to make adjustments.
"On most plants I don't think it's going
to be a big problem, but a lot of work is
going to have to be done to show us that
it's not," Eisenhut said.
During the meeting "there was con-
siderable debate on the validity of the
new information, but nobody could
punch any holes in the data," Eisenhut
said.

The NRC staff report, based on fin-
dings from tests conducted at the.Oak
Ridge laboratory, focuses on how much
metal cladding - which holds the reac
tor fuel rods in place - is damaged
during an accident. The more cladding
that is damaged, the more the flow of
emergency cooling water .would be
restricted.
THE NEW findings, according to the
NRC report, "shows the likelihood of
more ruptures, larger ruptures, and
greater flow blockages than previously
believed."
Since additional cladding damage in
the core would reduce the flow of the
cooling water, the question is whether
the emergency cooling system can keep
plants below the 2,200 degrees
Fahrenheit safety threshold during an
accident, Eisenhut said.
If in some plants it is found the
system cannot keep the temperatures
within that threshhold, the NRC will
have to require various adjustments
such as reducing a reactor's maximum
operating power so that the tem-
perature can be held down in light of the
new cladding damage estimates.
The new findings prompted Nader, a
staunch nuclear critic, to call for the
closing of any plant to which the new
findings apply.

a.

I

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a." 44

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