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Vol. LXXXX, No. 49 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, November 1, 1979 Ten Cents Ten Page
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MEXICO CITY (AP) - Investigators
are examining cockpit recordings to
determine why a Western Airlines DC-
10 jetliner from Los Angeles touched
down on the wrong runway and crashed
at Mexico City's fog-shrouded airport
Wednesday, killing 69 of the 88 persons
aboard, officials reported.
Red Cross and U.S. consular officials
said 63 bodies had been recovered and
there was no hope that six missing per-
sons would be found alive. Three per-
sons also were reported killed on the
ground and 19 survivors from the air-
craft were taken to three area
hospitals, the officials said.
A Western Airlines spokesperson in
Los Angeles said there were 77
passengers and 11 crew aboard Flight
605 on its regular early morning run to
Mexico City. Earlier, the Mexican
government said there were 89 persons
on the flight and a U.S. Embassy of-
ficial had listed 90.
THE CRASH was caused by an
unknown approach and landing error,
not by a structural problem with the
jetliner, a Federal Aviation Ad-
ministration (FAA) spokesperson said
The Mexico City crash recalled North
America's worst aviation disaster, the
crash of another DC-10 in Chicago that
killed 273 last May 25. That occurred
when an engine fell off a wing during
takeoff and resulted in the grounding of
the big jet for 37 days.
The big question, said FAA
spokesman Dennis Feldman, in
Washington, is why the pilot was at-;
tempting to land on a closed runway.,
He said Mexican investigators hope to,
find the answer in two recovered con-
versation tapes - one between the
plane and ground controllers, the other
among the cockpit crew.
"IT WAS definitely not structural;
there's no question about that," said
FAA spokesman Dennis Feldman.
An official said runway No. 23-Left,-
which has a sophisticated instrument
landing system preferred by pilots, was
closed Oct. 19 for repair work. All
airlines were notified of the closure and
were instructed to land on the adjacent
No. 23-Right, which has only a beacon
direction system, he said.
But the Western jet touched down on
23-Left, with its wheels hitting the run-
way 400 feet beyond the threshhold for
a safe landing, and 750 feet beyond that
the right wheels hit the truck, said FAA
sources in Washington after speaking to
officials at the crash scene.
THE FAA sources said the touch-
down points indicated the pilot may
have tried to take off again but then the
plane hit the dump truck.
Mexican officials said a preliminary
check of control tower communications
See DC-10, Page 7
WASHINGTON (AP)-The Carter administration tentatively
has decided to propose more than $1 billion in federal loan guaran-
tees to help the ailing Chrysler Corp. avert bankruptcy, sources
said late last night.
The aid package, which must be approved by Congress, is about
double what the administration previously has indicated it would
be willing to recommend to keep Chrysler afloat.
DETAILS OF THE proposed bailout package, which the ad-
ministration was expected to announce today or tomorrow, were
outlined to United Auto Workers President Douglas Fraser last
night at a secret White House meeting.
Fraser flew tolthe meeting from Kansas City, Mo., where earlier
yesterday leaders of Chrysler Corp.'s local unions overwhelmingly
k $1 billionf
endorsed a new contract that leaves UAW members at Chrysler
behind workers at the other major auto companies.
The aid package that the administration will propose ap-
pFoximates the $1.2 billion in loan guarantees that Chrysler of-
ficials originally sought from the administration in September, ac-
cording to sources, who asked not to be named.
The company subsequently trimmed its request to $750 million
after Treasury Secretary G. William Miller said $1.2 billion was too
THE SOURCES SAID the administration changed its mind after
reviewing reports by independent consultants that $750- million
would be insufficient to keep Chrysler in business.
The sources said Miller planned to announce details of the loan
guarantees-the largest in U.S. history-after the administration
conferred with congressional leaders.
Agreement on a bailout plan came just one day after the nation's
No. 2 automaker reported a $460.6 million loss for the third quar-
ter-the largest quarterly deficit in U.S. corporate history.
TOP ADMINISTRATION officials summoned Fraser to the
White House last night to discuss details of the aid package. Atten-
ding the session were Vice President Walter Mondale, Miller,
Labor Secretary Ray Marshall and Stuart Eizenstat, President
Carter's top adviser for domestic affairs.
Fraser flew to the meeting from Kansas City, where leaders of
UAW locals at Chrysler plants endorsed a proposed three-year
See CARTER, Page 7
Connally a 'skilled negotiator'
TMI report spurs Udall, others
to recommend nuclear
...says Kennedy improves chances . .. doesn't forsee run in 1980
Bullard says run for U.S.
Congress 'uite possible'
From AP and Reuter
members said yesterday after reading
the Presidential Commission report on
the nuclearaccidentat Three Mile
Island that they would seek a ban on
construction of new nuclear plants.
The Senators and Representatives
said the commission's report, which did
not recommend a moratorium on con-
struction but proposed new safeguards,
did not go far enough.
BUT THE CHAIRMAN of President
Carter's Three Mile Island commission
told Congress yesterday that those who
criticize the panel for not recommen-
ding a moratorium on new nuclear
plants are missing the far reaching
consequences of the group's report.
John Kemeny, defending the day-old
report at a joint House-Senate
congressional hearing, said recom-
mendations in the, 179-page report
would go a long way toward making
nuclear power safe, despite the lack of
a proposal for some kind of ban on
At a joint hearing by House and
Senate subcommittees, the House
group's chairman, Rep. Morris Udall
(D-Ariz.), said he had changed his mind
and now supported a moratorium un-
til there were better safeguards.
"IN THE ABSENCE of a moratorium
there will be a tendency to use Band-
Aides where surgery is required,"
And Sen. Gary Hart (D-Colo.),
chairman of the Senate Nuclear
Regulatory subcommittee, said, "I am
troubled by the commission's decision
not to recommend a delay in construc-
tion of new plants."
But Kemeny, president of Dartmouth
College, contended the commission
recommended what amounts to a form
of moratorium. He pointed to the
panel's recommendations that no new
nuclear plants be licensed unless major
safety improvements are incorporated,
the plant operator agrees to live up to
tough new standards, and unless the
state has an approved evacuation plan
on the books.
THIS REQUIREMENT, Kemeny
testified, "may be our single most im-
And the commission chairman said
while the 12-member panel was divided
on the issue of a moratorium, it
unanimously agreed to recommend a
major restructuring of the Nuclear
But Americans disagree with a major
finding of the president's commission
on Three Mile Island, saying that no
more nuclear power plants should be
built until safety issues are resolved, an
Associated Press-NBC News poll
MAJORITY SENTIMENT for a
moratorium on nuclear power plant
construction is not a result of the ac-
cident at the Three Mile Island plant
earlier this year. At most, the accident
appears to have intensified the existing
support found for such a moratorium in
an AP-NBC News poll late last year.
Eight of the 12 commission members
appeared before the two congressional
committees to defend their report on
the March 28 accident.
By JOHN GOYER
Former Ann Arbor Mayor James
Stephenson announced Tuesday that
he will direct a campaign in
Michigan's Second Congressional
District to elect Republican John
Connally president in 1980.
But a random sample of city and
country GOP leaders showed that
two other Republican candidates are
local favorites over Connally: For-
mer Republican, Party National
Chairman George Bush, and Senate
Minority Leader Howard Baker.
STEPHENSON, a local attorney,
said his goal now is to secure support
for former Texas Governor Connally
among delegates to a state
Republican convention. Delegates at
the state convention will in turn
select 84 Michigan delegates to the
Republican National Convention in
August 1980 in Detroit.
Connally was his choice, Stephen-
son explained, because "he has the
personal conviction and the con-
See FORMER, Page7
By MICHAEL ARKUSH
State Rep. Perry Bullard (D-Ann Ar-
bor) admitted recently, "it's quite
Possible" he'll challenge incumbent
Republican Carl Pursell in the 1980 race
for the Second District congressional
Bullard, who often has been men-
tioned as a possible opponent since
Pursell first won the election in 1976,
said Tuesday the entrance of Sen. Ed-
ward Kennedy (D-Mass.), into the
presidential sweepstakes makes his
own candidacy a "favorable prospect."
But he carefully denied making a firm
decision to seek Pursell's post.
"I THINK it's still too early to make a
final decision, but Kennedy's candidacy
certainly increases my chances of run-
ning. However, many more things have
to be done before I can definitely say
See BULLARD, Page 7
_____________________________________ I II
- _ i
250 pints behind its target amount and far behind last year's
collection, according to drive organizer Tim Nelson. Nelson
said this year's drive has been no less publicized than
previous ones, and he has no explanation for the lack of in-
terest. Fraternity member Tim Mangan said giving blood
does not hurt, and costs the contributor only 20 minutes of
his or her time. One recurring impediment to the drive is
the constant stealing of signs that point toward the blood-
mobile. If your sleeve's rolled up and you don't know where
to go, costumed drive proponents are handing out flyers on
the diag that direct blood contributors to the union
student edition. Such antics include a raid on West Quad's
Adams house, which is exclusively male. Meanwhile, on the
more serious side, Rumsey House, also all-male, plans a
disco dance for Nov. 16 that features a disco execution and
slave auction to raise money for a poverty-stricken child
through Save-A-Life Program. Rumsey residents, famed
for ripping out sinks and the like, want to replace their
reputation for rowdiness with an altruistic image, accor-
ding to resident Dave Quintana. [
On the inside
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