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October 31, 1979 - Image 1

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KUHN
See editorial page

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Ninety Years of Editorial Freedom

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SUNNY
See Today for details

Vol. LXXXX, No.48 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, October 31, 1979 Ten Cents Ten Pages

LSA board hears

first student vs.

teacher case

By HOWARD WITT
An economics student who claims he was un-
justly accused of cheating on a winter term
final exam last week became the first LSA
student to initiate an Academic Judiciary
hearing against a teacher, Judiciary members
confirmed yesterday.
The LSA Academic Judiciary, a student-
faculty committee that in the past has heard
cases involving academic dishonesty initiated
exclusively by professors against students, last
Thursday reached no decision on the case of the
economics student who ch rged that his
teaching assistant (TA) unjuttly lowered his

exam grade.
ALTHOUGH SPECIFIC details of Judiciary
cases are usually kept confidential, Judiciary
student member Alexander Pratt yesterday
confirmed several facts about the case which
another committee member, Communications
Prof. Dean Baker, apparently told to a class
last week.
The student allegedly changed or made ad-
ditions to several answers on his final exam af-
ter it was returned. The TA, rather than
initiating an academic dishonesty case against
the student, utilized "disciplinary grading" of
the exam. The student sought vindication

through the Academic Judiciary.
"We did not reach any conclusion that the
student actually cheated," Pratt said.
"However, the fact that we didn't exonerate
him indicates that we couldn't say he did not
cheat."
THIS STUDENT-INITIATED hearing was
the first heard by the Judiciary since new
guidelines permitting such cases were ap-
proved by the LSA faculty last spring. LSA
Associate Dean Eugene Nissen said, "Over the
years, there have been several students (who
felt they were unjustly penalized for alleged
cheating) who have come to me. Before the

guidelines were approved, we had no way to
accommodate their requests (for a review)."
Pratt, who has been a Judiciary member sin-
ce last spring, stressed that the details of this
particular case are not as important as the
precedent that the case establishes. "If a
student feels he or she was unjustly accused of
any case of academic misconduct, he or she
can now initiate a case," he said.
Pratt cited one possible situation in which the
Judiciary could be utilized by a student. "If a
professor tells a student after an exam, 'I saw
you copying off of another test, but I'm not
going to flunk you, I'm just going to lower your

grade,' then that could be grounds for the
student to initiate an action against the
professor."
THE ACADEMIC Judiciary, which consists
of seven student and seven faculty members
from among whom two students and two
professors are chosen to hear each case, is
limited in its powers and jurisdiction, Pratt
said. "We can tell a professor that we feel that
a certain charge was unjust and a grade was
unfair, but we can't change grades. If we
decide that a student is guilty of academic
misconduct, we determine the punishments. A
See LSA, Page 2

Nuke panel urges
basic plant changes

From AP and Renter
WASHINGTON-The presidential
commission on Three Mile Island called
for "fundamental changes" in the way
nuclear plants are built, operated, and
regulated, but said adoption of its
recommendations> still would not
"assure the safety of nuclear power."
The commission, headed by Dar-
tmouth College President John
Kemeny, made its recommendations to
Carter after a six-month review of the
nation's worst nuclear accident, at the'
Three Mile Island plant in Middletown,
Pa., last March 28.
The Kemeny group said that the ac-
cident, in which radioactivity was
released, "occurred as a result of a
series of human, institutional, and
mechanical failures."
EQUIPMENT FAILURES initiated
the events, the commission said, but a
series of improper decisions and ac-
tions caused "what should have been a
minor accident to develop into the
Three Mile Island accident."
The 179-nage report said training of
nuclear operators was deficient and

described confusion when the accident
first happened.
The commission said that low amoun-
ts of radioactivity were released but
"the major health effect of the accident
appears to have been on the mental
health of the people living in the
region...."
THE COMMISSION also examined
whether the serious accident could
have mushroomed into a catastrophic
event, and found "the danger was
never-and could not have been-that

of a nuclear explosion (bomb)."
The 12 member panel's findings are
advisory and many of its recommen-
dations, including a proposal that the
Nuclear Regulatory Commission be
abolished, would take congressional
approval.
In accepting the report, Carter said
the recommendations "will be studied
very carefully" and that after an
analysis he will make a report to{
Congress and the nation.
See NUCLEAR, Page 5

An other depression?

Doily Photo by LISA KLAUSNER
Impending impersonations
While the evening hours of Halloween are still distant these children on Felch Street are already gearing up for
their feast of sweets and treats.

MICHIGAN LEADERS SPLIT SUPPOR T:

Carter gains share of state Dems

By KEITH RICHBURG
The fissure in Michigan's Democratic
Party widened into a canyon yesterday,
with supporters of President Carter's
reelection and backers of Sen. Edward
Kennedy ( D-Mass.) lining up on op-
posite sides.
Just five weeks after some top party
leaders came out with an early endor-
sement of a Kennedy candidacy, most
of the state's remaining Democratic
elected officials yesterday formally en-
dorsed the president for reelection. The
Carter backers include Secretary of
State Richard Austin and Senate
Majority Leader William Faust.
AT A LANSING press conference
festooned with Carter reelection
placards, Austin and 35 legislators
praised Carter's "outstanding record of
accomplishment" and his "experience,
courage, and high moral attitudes."
Yesterday's endorsement formalizes
a split that has been developing in the
party for months and is likely to erupt
into a heated and lively battle once the
scrapping begins for delegates to the
1980 Democratic National Convention.
Since the state's Democratic primary
election was repealed two weeks ago,
delegates to the national convention
will be chosen at party caucuses in
April, increasing the importance of the
party leaders.
The state's top Democrats now seem
evenly split between Carter and Ken-
nedy. The Carter camp can boast
Austin, Faust, and Detroit Mayor
Coleman Young, who will chair the
platform committee at the 1980 conven-
tion. There are, however, an equal
number of prominent, state party
leaders on the Kennedy side, including
House Speaker Bobby Crim, Attorney
General Frank Kelley, and House Floor
Leader Joseph Forbes.

THE KENNEDY backers had formed
themselves into an official' draft
organization, which is expected to be
disbanded'this week since Kennedy now
has formed his own exploratory com-
mittee to run his campaign. The Ken-
nedy campaign committee in
Washington is expected to name its own
political operative for the state to take
over the fundraising and organizing,
although the early supporters here ex-
pect to play an active role in the cam-
paign.
The Carter Michigan campaign is

being spearheaded by a 22-member
Carter-Mondale reelection committee,
headquartered in Detroit and con-
sistipg of Young, Austin, Faust, and two
prominent union leaders - AFL-CIO
Michigan president William Marshall
and United Auto Workers Region 1A
Director Robert Battle.
The UAW, the state's most powerful
union, could play a pivotal role in the
delegate selection process if the union
makes an endorsement in advance of
the April caucuses. So far, the union
leadership has let membe's choose

their own sides, although Presideni
Douglas Fraser's reluctance to endorse
any candidate so far has been based
largely on the fact that Kennedy was
not officially in the race.
Fraser has been a Carter critic and a
long-time supporter of Kennedy. The
union president became disenchanted
with Carter's budget priorities and led
a direct challenge to Carter in a con-
demnatory resolution at the party's
1978 mid-term convention in Memphis.

'Uprofs d-i
By WARREN HEILBRONNER
Fifty years after the stock market
crash plunged the nation into confusion
over its financial future, it is unclear to
many if the United States again rests on
the brink of economic disaster.
The. predictions of two University
economists symbolize the uncertainty
over the economy's future. Economics
Prof. Daniel Fusfeld said he thinks a
depression is imminent, while Prof.
Gardner Ackley doesn't see the current
recession developing into a
catastrophic economic slowdown.
"IF YOU LOOK down the road six
months, things aren't all that bad,"
Fusfeld said. "But it's .my personal
opinion that we're heading toward a
major depression."
"There will be hardship," Ackley
said. "The unemployment rate should
be eight to nine per cent next year,
which I think is pretty serious and
costly. But we are a wealthy society.
We can survive."
"We have lots of safety nets, such as
unemployment compensation and food
stamps," Ackley added.
FUSFELD SAID the depression he
expects "may or may not be introduced
by a financial crisis, which was the
trigger in 1929. (This time) it might

isagrede
start with a whimper, not a bang (as)
we find ourselves sliding off into a con-
tinually worsening situation.
"We've learned how to prevent the
sort of depression we had in 1929 to
1933," Fusfeld said. "We can avoid get-
ting run over by that car. But that's not
the situation now."
Domestic factors caused the financial
'crisis. of the1930's, but Fusfeld said he
believes the economic problem today is
more international in scope and
requires either a world-wide remedy or
more drastic domestic measures.
"One of our chief weapons, monetary
policy, has largely been neutralized by
the (expansion of) the Eurocredit
system (which) is creating dollars at a
mad pace."
WHEN THE U.S. imports goods, the
producers are usually paid in dollars by
means of credits at U.S. banks. These
credits are then loaned repeatedly,
spreading American dollars throughout
the world market.
Such widespread use of the dollar
minimizes the effect of domestic
monetary policies designed to control
the money supply, Fusfeld said. He ad-
ded that most of the problem today is
attributable to U.S. trade deficits with
See ECON, Page 2

Chrysler's 3rd quarter loss
sets U.S. corporate record

From UPI, Reuter, and AP
DETROIT-Chrysler Corp. yester-
day reported a third quarter loss of
$460.6 million, more than any U.S. cor-
poration has ever lost in an entire year.
With help on the way from the United
Auto Workers union, bankers, and other
Chrysler dependents, the company
reaffirmed its conviction it can survive
if the government provides temporary
financial help.
The struggling auto maker, which
has lost more than $743 million through
the first nine months of 1979, blamed
the disastrous third quarter results on
lower sales, delayed production of its
1980 models, and costly steps to reduce
a huge bcklog of unsold cars and trucks.
CHRYSLER, THE nation's No. 3 auto

maker, also said government
regulation, the gasoline crunch, and the
recession were hurting the auto in-
dustry as a whole.
Chrysler's latest quarterly loss
amounts to $7.15 per share of common
stock. In the comparable quarter of
1978, the company lost $158.5 million, or.
$2.68 a share. For the first nine months
of last year, Chrysler losses were $247.8
millio or $4.15 a share. Per-share losses
so far this year are $11.41.
Chrysler, said company President
Lee Iacocca, is only the most dramatic
example of adverse pressures on the
entire auto industry.
"THE COMBINATION of gover-
nment regulation, fears over gasoline
availability and the spreading

recession have caused even our largest
competitors to report pre-tax losses for
the third quarter," he said.
The reference was to Ford Motor Co.
and General Motors Corp., both of
which suffered operating losses in the
third quarter but were kept in the black
by tax write-offs.
Chrysler had built up a huge backlog
at mid-year because, of the public's
switch from big, gasoline-guzzling
"land yachts" to smaller, more fuel-
efficient cars:.
The company, predicting further
losses in the fourth quarter, said it was
reducing vehicle production for the
remainder of the year. It gave no
figures on the extent of the cutback.

... pessimistic . . . no depression coming

f

mhouse had been abandoned for years." Garwood said he
and his partner checked the house, and found all the first
floor doors locked and covered with cobwebs. They did,
however, find a cellar door unlocked, crept in and found
four freshly-dug graves. The two officers put in a call for
two backup cars, but eventually were supported by six
other cars and six other officers. "We eventually had the
house surrounded with patrolmen," Garwood said. "We
crept in quietly and found nothing in the graves." The of-
ficers then started up the stairs, which were rickety and
swung back and forth, true to creepy-movie fashion. Gar-

Harvard economist John Kenneth Galbraith's latest energy
brainstorm. Galbraith figures the best solution to the gas
crisis is to tax fuel at $5-a-gallon to reduce consumption and
cut oil imports. "Gasoline prices at the pump should be
raised by taxes to a penalty level," Galbraith said recently.
"One thinks of $4 or $5 a gallon, although even, this is not
astonishing by European standards." Galbraith would keep
you mobile by issuing gas stamps which would allow "a
basic purchase for household and pleasure driving at
present prices, or . . .-at -a level somewhat below." Cars
certifiably in use for car pools and business purposes would

them more accountable to neighborhoods, the establish-
ment of a Board of Bribery to set civic corruption standar=
ds, and making all businessmen wear clown suits. Lead
singer Biafra paid the $1,254 candidate filing fee despite the
probability he will share about two per cent of the vote'with
several other underdogs. It could only happen in Califor-
nia.
On the inside
The snorts nane has a storv on .Tohn Wand1er Michigan

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