The Michigan Daily-Friday, October 19, 1979-Page 5
Chicago schools face
WASHINGTON (AP) - The gover-
nment took the first step toward what
could be the nation's longest and most
bitter school busing battle yesterday,
serving notice on Chicago that it will
sue to . force an end to alleged
widespread classroom segregation.
Health, Education and Welfare
(HEW) Secretary Patricia Roberts
Harris said she notified the Chicago
school board that unless an acceptable
school desegregation plan is submitted
by Oct. 27, the matter will be referred to
the Justice Department for legal ac-
REGULATIONS IN the Civil Rights
Act require a 10-day period between the
time of a government decision to bring
suit and the actual filing of that suit.
Harris said she decided to turn the
Chicago case over to the Justice Depar-
tment because, "I have concluded that
compliance cannot be secured by
voluntary means and I cannot in good
conscience agree to further delay in the
guise of negotiation."
She told a news conference she still
hopes Chicago school officials might
submit an acceptable desegregation
plan, adding that this is "a real
IN A STATEMENT released within
two hours of Harris' news conference;
however, Chicago school superinten-
dent Joseph Hannon vowed that school
officials will fight the government.
"We will not sit down and discuss
with anybody when there are pre-
conditions," Hannon said. "That is not
HARRIS' ACTIONS followed a vote
by the Chicago Board of Education on
Wednesday rejecting 7-2 the guidelines
set by HEW for reducingsegregation in
the 475,000-student public school
system. Under the guidelines, about a
quarter of the city's students would
have to be bused.
If the city had accepted the conditions
submitted by HEW last week, it
automatically would have been given
an extension until Nov. 17 to prepare a
desegregation plan. Instead, the board
voted 6-3 to ask HEW for an additional
170 days to come up with an acceptable
The plea was immediately rejected
by HEW officials.
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pasto 1140 S. University
Mon.-Sot. 1 1 A.M.-2 A.M. Sun. 3 P.M.-1T2 A.M
Teachers skip school AP Photo
Cleveland teacher Kevin Spencer, who manned a picket line yesterday at
Case Elementary School, was one of the 5000 members of the Cleveland
teachers' union who walked off the job yesterday in a contract dispute,
leaving more than 92,000 students without instruction.
Four arrested in
Boston busing riots
BOSTON (AP) - Three cars were they were met by a line of 25 police who
overturned and police cars and school stopped them from, entering the%
buses carrying black students were building. They chanted, "We wantN
stoned yesterday as Boston's long- White" - a reference to Mayor Kevint
festering integration troubles spread to White - but instead they met withf
Italian- American East Boston. school Deputy Superintendent Robert
Four white pupils were arrested but Donahue.
no one was seriously hurt when violence During the meeting, they demanded
erupted in "Eastie," a neighborhood that metal detectors be installed at
near 'Logan Airport that has been East Boston High to keep out weapons,t
largely left out of Boston's court- and Donahue told them the school'sI
ordered busing program, principal would consider the request.
THE FLARE UP on the third straight "THEY ARE anxious. They are<
day of racial trouble involving the afraid," said Mary Ellen Smith, a1
Boston school system was touched off school department spokeswoman.
by a stabbing in East Boston High "The problem is adults outside the
School on Wednesday. school who are raising pressures," she
About 150 white students marched out said. "Things are very tense. You can
of East Boston High and walked to a feel it when you walk the streets."
subway station to take their protest to East Boston is separated from the
City Hall, demanding protection from rest of the city by Boston Harbor.
attacks. Because of the distance from the city.'s
On the way, witnesses said they over- black neighborhoods, it was largely ex-
nrned1lh ee cars and smashed win- cIuded from the busi'ngprogram dTawn
dows in two police cars. Four pupils up by the federal courts. East Boston
were arrested for "general hell High has about 1,200 students, 80 per
raising," and charged with disorderly cent of them white.
conduct, police said. In the stabbing incident Wednesday,
EARLIER, unidentified attackers an 18-year-old white student at the high
stoned buses loaded with black students school was stabbed in the thigh and cut
on their way to another high school and on the hand and arm during a scuffle
an elementary school in East Boston, with a 16-year-old black pupil. The
school officials said. alleged assailant was charged with
When the students reached City Hall, being a juvenile delinquent.
Greek poet Elytis
wins Nobel Prize
Continued from Page 1)
freedom and creativeness,"' the
Swedish Academy said.
"I WISH to believe that with this
year's decision, the Swedish Academy
wanted to honor, in my person, Greek
poetry in its entirety," Elytis said in a
statement from his Athens apartment.
"I also wish to draw the attention of
world public opinion to a tradition
which, since the era of Homer until
today, continues unabated within the
framework of Western civilization," he
Though praised for his verses about,
in the words of the academy, "the sea
and the islands, their fauna and flora,
the smooth pebbles and the beaches,"
Elytis is no simple nature poet.
UNIVERSITY PROF. C. A. Patrides
of the English Department describes
Elytis as "a poet who habitually sees
the past in terms of the present, and the
present in terms of the past. Elytis
evocatively creates moods that in-
variably are states of mind."
Often describing himself as a
surrealist, Elytis has writtenwar
poetry and epics based on the classical
Greeks and the Bible which are also
demandingly modern in form.
Elytis was born on the island of Crete
in 1911 into a family in the soap
business. It is the family concern,
rather than poetry, which has provided
most of his income, according to family
Educated in Athens and Paris, Elytis
read law briefly before turning to art -
he still paints as a hobby - and poetry.
His first published poems, in 1935, were
In the early 1940s he fought in Albania
against the fascist invasion, and during
the war wrote the poem "Heroic and
Elegiac Song for the Lost Second
Lieutenant of the Albanian Campaign,"
based on his personal experiences.
In 1948 he began writing "Worthy It
Is" (To Axion Esti), his best known and
perhaps most complex work. A poem
cycle celebrating the birth, struggles
and triumph, fhoth poet and nation, it
was not finished until'1959.
A bachelor and something of a"
recluse, he addresses much of his
poetry to a mythical woman who is the
personification of beauty, erotic sen-
suality and female allure.
Finding your way out of the jungle of companies that visit
your campus each year for interviews is tough. Sometimes
you haven't even heard of them before they arrive. We'd like to
help make that career decision easier by telling you about us
We're Lawrence Livermore Laboratory, operated by the Univer-
sity of California for the U.S. Department of Energy, and
located in California's beautiful Livermore Valley just
minutes from the San rrancisco Bay Area. We're Involved in
many exciting projects concerning energy, national defense,
and bio-medical research.
Let us help you choose that first job. If you have or are about
to receive a degree in engineering or computer science, see
us on campus at your Placement Office. Or contact us for
more information about our many career opportunities by
sending your resume to: Employment Division, Lawrence
Livermore Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Dept. JCN, Livermore, CA
94550. U.S. Citizenship Required. An Equal Opportunity
On Campus: Tues., Oct. 30
El f is
CAR'S MILEAGE RATING IN TOP 10
By TIMOTHY YAGL
The Shetleymobile, as
four-cylinder car which gets1
the gallon; was certified forf
yesterday' by the Envir
Protection Agency (EPA
Vehicle Emission Labor
Plymouth Road in Ann Arbor
Michael Shetley of Oak Hill
hoped his reworked red 197
Capri would run 80 to 100 m
gallon of diesel gasoline. It d
that mark, but after six days
at the local lab, Certificatio
Richard Harrington said Sh(
will be certified for the 1979 m
Sthough it failed the more stringent 1980
soupd-up emissions test.
souped-up THE SHETLEYMOBILE will be
43 miles to produced for the remaining two months
production of this year under the 1979 certification,
'onmental Shetley said. He said he will try again
k) Motor for approval under the 1980 guidelines.
atory on Tested at the lab last July for fuel
economy, the car achieved an average
, Fla., had of only 43 mpg, averaging 34 mpg in
9 Mercury simulated city driving and 52 mpg on
iles to the the highway. .
idn't make But the auto sports an Avco engine
of testing and performed well in emissions
n Director testing, Harrington said. It did not,
etley's car however, pass the 1980 standard for
nodel year, hydrocarbon emissions.
TESTS INDICATED the car emitted
one gram of hyrocarbon per mile when
the EPA standard is .41 gram per mile.
The vehicle emitted 1.64 grams of car-
bon monoxide and 1.02 grams of nitrous
oxide. EPA standards are 7 grams of
carbon monoxide and 2 grams of
nitrous oxide, Harrington said.
Shetley said he would produce 150
cars this year, calling them the
"Collector's Edition Mercury Capri,"
and selling them for about $9,400.
Shetley said he would return to Ann
Arbor in around three weeks to test
three more cars for 1980 certification.
'U' may replace state in determining
ACT competitive scholarship eligibility
- - ... w .
By MARY, FARANSKI
The University and Calvin College, a
small private school in Grand Rapids,
are playing guinea pigs for a Michigan
'Competitive Scholarship Pilot Program
this year which puts individual
evaluation of students' financial recor-
ds in the hands of school officials in-
stead of the State Department of
Michigan Competitive Scholarships
are given to needy in-state students at-
tending a Michigan college and who
achieved high scores on the American
College Testing (ACT) test.
THE TWO schools are now re'viewing
students' state scholarship applications
and sending award recommendations
to the Department of Education. This
way, the schools can review other for-
ms of aid before the state does,
avoiding the cancellation of aid when
the student is awarded "too much"
money for his or her needs. Students
must report any changes in aid directly
to the schools, not the state.
The pilot program also allows the
school to send out the award
notifications earlier, which is helpful in
recruiting students to the University.
Sandy Bertram of the University
Financial Aid Office said the University
and Calvin volunteered to try the
program last spring due to concern that
new increases in Basic Educational
Opportunity Grants (BEOG) would
cause many revisions in students' aid
packages. The schools would be in a
better position than the state to decide
on the revisions.
Bertram also stressed speed in in-
forming continuing students of their aid
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