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October 18, 1979 - Image 7

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1979-10-18

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Cancer study tests

new theory

The Michigan paily-Thursday, October 18 1979--Page 7

As.the incidence of cancer continues
to. grow at an alarming rate, one
University -researcher may be making
a small dent in curing the nation's
number two killer.
Dr. Thomas Carey, researcher in the
Department of Otorhinolaryncology
EEar, Nose and Throat), has designed
his own game plan against the
niysterious disease..
,HE HAS collected specimens from
rnore than 200 patients with head and
neck tumors to study whether the
growths have characteristic marks or
antigens that the, body can recogni'ze as
Antigens are foreign substances in
the body and antibodies are formed to
combat and destroy them.
The study, which began six years
ago,-looks at the functioning of the im-
mune system in case of a tumor and
whether circulating tumor - specific
antibodies - those bonding, only to
tumors - can be found.
If Carey's hypothesis that human

cancers, like those in experimental
systems, have tumor-specific antigens,
proves correct, then the theory may
eventually represent a means to control
THE BODY, according to the im-
mune surveillance theory, produces
cells that have the capability to kill
tumor cells.
If a tumor is reduced through surgery
or radiation therapy, then, in theory,
the body's immune system should form
antibodies and continue where treat-
ment left off, according to research
assistant Russ Ott.
To examine his theory, Carey took
small blood samples from consenting
patients at.the University Hospital, and
small portions of their tumors removed
during surgery.
The tumor samples then were put into
culture, Carey explained, so they would
keep dividing. He also uses "nude", or
hairless, mice to continue development
of cancerous tumors and to determine if
the cells growing in culture are indeed

NUDE MICE, Carey said, are im-
munologically deficient and cannot
reject the tumor cells efficiently. Thus,
if cells multiply in the mice, this sub-
stantiates that the cells under study are
"The body is conservative, while a
tumor is non-conservative behavior.
Tumors do not respond to growth con-
trol mechanisms," Carey, a University
of Buffalo graduate, said.
"Cancer cells are immortal. They
will keep growing under conditions
when healthy cells will not." Con-
sequently, Carey said, the cultures
provide a continuous source of tumor
cells for the researchers.
Head and neck tumors were chosen
for the study, Carey explained, instead
of lung cancer tumors because the for-
mer are easily accessible and afflicted
patients usually have a greater sur-
vival rate than those with other types of
IN ADDITION, head and neck tumors
are less likely to spread through the

bloodstream than lung tumors.
"These tumors may not spread
because the immune system helps to
control them," Carey said, "or it may
be because tissue barriers in the head
and neck are stronger than those in the
Carey watches the fluetuation of an-
tibody levels and the effects of
chemotherapy and other treatments on
patients to determine whether a good
prognosis can be expected in the
presenceof antibodies.
THE BODY consists of a system of
checks and balances, and therefore will
not form an antibody without a
stimulus, Carey said. He added that the
presence of the antibody does not prove
that the antigen is restricted to tumor
One possible result of this study, Ott
said, is finding tumor-specific antigen
and preparing in cultured cells its
corresponding antibody to use as can-
cer therapy.

Daily Photo by LISA KLAUSNER
Otorhinolaryncology researcher Dr. Thomas Carey studies specimens from
the tumors of cancer patients.

Therapy sessions planned for minorities

Homecoming Court
Applicions are due
ithe UAC offices on oct. 19th.


For black students interested in
discussing personal relationships, fear
of success or failure, and self-
management, the University's Coun-
seling Services is planning a series of
group therapy sessions to begin within
the next two weeks.
"The groups are for students in-
terested in .long-term personal
development," said Marshall Lee, co-
director. of the program. The group's
sessions will be conducted by
professional counselors on an on-going
basis, he added.
Lee said he and co-director Rebecca
Vaughan ran a %imilar program last
winter term, with about 10 students,
both undergraduate and graduate. The
group met once a week for two hours
throughout winter term, he said.
LEE SAID THE therapy .group for
this year's program would have about
15 or 16 members. About seven or eight
people have signed up so far, he said,
and a second group will be started if
"One problem we're having now is
that the people signed up are mostly
women," Lee said. "If it's a group
geared toward general problems, we

want to have men, too."
Lee said women are more likely to
seek out therapy because they are sub-
ject to greater social stresses and
strains, and because they are generally
more open with their feelings.
"BLACK MEN are a lot more reluc-
tant to admit that they have problems,"
he said. "Also, Ann Arbor agencies
have often had no black male coun-
Lee said the therapy group will con-
centrate on such issues as relationships
between men and women, relationships
with parents and peers, fear of failure
and/or success, and self-management.
"Last year, a few problems came up
with the extreme pressures U. of M.
places on everyone," Lee said.
"Minority students from inner-city
schools may feel a lot more anxiety
than other students."
LEE SAID SOME students may have
an unconscious fear of doing well in
school which often prevents their com-
pleting their course work successfully.
"A lot of blacks have a fear of a cer-
tain type of success, as a result of
growing up in a community where
academic success is not prized," he

said. "A lot of problems with
academics are related to this fear of
Lee, who has ma master's degree in
psychology from the University and is
working on a doctoral degree, said that
Counseling Services' Minority Coun-
seling and Information program is also
setting up rap groups for minority
students. He said these groups would
differ from the larger therapy group in
that they would be led by a peer coun-
selor and would be less formal in ap-.
"WE WILL BE running the rap
groups in the dorms for blacks,
Hispanics, and Asian-Americans," Lee
said. "Well have maybe seven or eight
groups around campus run by peer
counselors trained by Counseling Ser-
"It's a chanoq for people to get
together and to talk about their
problems, and to work out strategies
for dealing with them," he said. The
groups will meet for about an hour each
week, beginning next month and con-
tinuing through next April.
Lee said that because minority
students often are reluctant to seek out
personal counseling, he hopes the
sessions will attract them.

"SOME MEMBERS of the com-
munity at whole consider this place
(Counseling Services) to be a funny
farm or something," he said. "Minority
students have even more of this con-
cern. Traditionally, the minority com-
munity hasn't had the opportunity to
take advantage of mental health
establishments, partly because of the
Lee said many minority students
prefer seeking counseling from family,
friends, or clergy.
"There's more of a sense of trust," he
said. "Also, there are not that many
minority professionals within these
In the 1977 National Football League
season, Roger Staubach of Dallas threw
touchdown passes to nine different
The University of Michigan
Department of THEATRE & DRAMA
presents ..
The game that never means
anything:..and neverends"
O f
by Robert E. Sherwood
Featuring Guest Artist in Residence
Wed.-Sat. Oct. 17-20 at 8pm
Sun. Oct. 21 at 2pm
Tonight through Sat. Oct. 20 at 8 p.m. & Sun.
Oct 21 at 2 p.m.Tickets available at the PP
Ticket Office 7640450 in the Ml.eague week-
days 10-1 & 25 p m..at all Hudson s and at
Power Center 6.8 p.m.

All University Students Encouraged to Apply

Information Meeting 6:30
October 19th. Questions:

in Pendleton
Call 764-4700,

Room on

:76-GUIDE: Crisis counselors

Camera Demonstration
See the latest Fujica
camera and lenses
demonstrated by the
Fujica factory
representative. k
Special camera and tense-
prices plus a super
special on Fuji film.
Friday, Oct."19, 10am-6pm
Saturday, Oct. 20, 1 0am-4pm
Fuji cameras and lenses carry our six year warranty.
You can spend a penny on repairs for six full years!f
318 S. State St.

had been pumpe
be all right.
All in a day's
counselor? Well,
Only about fiv
prixirpately 7(
workers handle
"counseling" ca
volve such imme
time I've been h
suicide calls," sa
be identified by
get a lot of proble
anxieties, depre
the most freque
concerns relation
woman complain
boyfriend. "He wi
he chope, and h
with other wome
to be there when
sort of problem,
what the differen
the relationship.
terns, and talked
76-GUIDE staff
removing the sti
idea of counselit
seem to think th
deep end to call u
student coordin
"Normal studen
normal problem:
who will listen."
And listen they
a day, every day
Christmas and 1
and members of
mulity call the
problems and qu
the tragic to the
Both the 76-GL
overnight room it
ped with an it
resource materia
are constantly be
tinent telephonei
to callers with pr(
difficult to handle
access to alman
various desk refer

listening 24'hours a
ed from Page :1i OCCASIONALLY callers will request face w
d, and he was going to movie time schedules and the answers saysL
to various trivia questions, but 76- seling
work for a 76-GUIDE GUIDE workers stress that the Univer- Mos
not exactly. sity operator and the libraries are mid-te
ve per cent of the ap- much better sources for that kind of in- always
0 calls the student formation. Stri
during a day, are Poor publicity, Dave believes, regard
lls, and still fewer in- prevents students from using. effec- genera
diate crises: "In all the tively the many'personal and academic entere
ere, I've only had four services provided Michigan students. and al
ys Dave, who asked to "Our job is to keep updated on all detail:
first name only. "We e ommunity and University resources," meetin
am pregnaneies, school e says, "so we do the students' job for calls in
ssions, and probably them. ferent
ent counseling we do When someone calls with a problem, proble
iships." the counselors first discuss the guideli
ERS a call in which a situation with them in general terms call oft
ed about her abusive while trying to discover how immediate OTIh
ould only see her when the crisis is. "walk
e'd frequently go' off DEPENDING ON the caller, coun- Union,
n. He just wanted her selors will sometimes share similar ex- seling;
he wanted. With this periences from their own lives, always topics
' s remaining careful to focus the conver- Your T
it's bateswto iueout sation on the problem at hand and not Acaden
It parntiesda out ofpa themselves. If a situation gets out of The b
I po nted ogu t at-hand or it is obvious that the caller has Dave s
a problem that cannot be solved over to know
fers are committed to the telephone, peer counselors have 24- 1978 C
igma attached to the hour professional backup systems to showed
aid them. dergra
rig. "alt ofe oplte -Staffers give out their first names GUIDE
esy avewbeoffith only - no personal telephone numbers otherI
s," says Dav, ho is and absolutely never meet face-to-G
rtn f', th~ ar-u

with callers. "If they need that,"
Dave, "we send thgem to coun-
t of the crisis calls come around
erms and finals, and almost
s at night.
ct confidentiality is the rule
ding all counseling calls. The
alities of each "crisis" call are
d in the 76-GUIDE counseling log
l 15 counselors read through the
s of these calls. At weekly
ngs, the team "clinics" these
n group discussions, works on dif-
ways to handle specific
ims, and develops policies or
ines to help certain clients who
IER 76-GUIDE services include
-up counseling" at a desk in the
and a series of outreach coun-
general meetings at dorms on
like "Owning and Managing
ime" and "Asserting Yourself in
biggest problem for the program,
ays, is that students don't seem
w how best to use it. Though a
Counseling Services Survey
d that more than half of the un-
duate population had used 76-
E at some point - more than any
University resource center.





cLar 101 Mr e gFo P.
ts come to us with
s. We're like friends
do. Twenty-four hours
y of the year, except
New Year's. Students
the Ann Arbor com-
rm with all sorts of
estions, ranging from
pedestrian to the ab-
UIDE desk and their
n the Union are equip-
mpressive array of
ds. Two Rolo-dex files
ing updated with per-
numbers for referrals
oblems too complex or
e, and counselors have
acs, city maps, and


Thurs., Oct. 18, 7:30
A. J. Lindenberg,
Deborah Richardson,
Amy Ronner,
reading from
their works.

Homemade Soup &
Sandwich 75C
Fri., Oct. 19,
Helen Howe,
Exec. Dir. Religious Coalition
for Abortion Rights:
Whose Decision?"

GUILD HOUSE, 802 Monroe (corner of Oakland)


Public Lecture
_ by
University of Michigan
- U a - LB -


Gus Solomon's modern dance company has enjoyed many successes in the
U.S. and Canada. Following his Ann Arbor concert, Solomons will remain
here until November 7 to teach and choreograph a new work for perform-


t-m -

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