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Ninety Years of Editorial Freedom
Vol. LXXXX, No. 36 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, October 17, 1979 Ten Cents Twelve Pages
BILL ROLLS THROUGH HOUSE, 100-1
I IIkitihe peopiletI10h
Oppose this Itol(1 them -
seires tip as the priro(te
sec tor, but. thevyre t01.
'Iii e y re
iite puliblic sector.'
By ALISON HIRSCHEL
The state Legislature quietly settled
a long-time campus debate yesterday
afternoon with the passage of a bill
which forces all of Michigan's public
universities to release professors'
State Senate Bill 504 breezed through
the House of Representatives by a vote
of 100-1, virtually assuring the approval
of Gov. William Milliken. If Milliken
signs the measure, the public's right to
know will take precedence over the
right to privacy of state-paid faculty.
THE UNIVERSITY'S current policy
is to release minimum, maximum, and
average salaries by department,
program, or job classification. Salary
studies broken down by the race and
sex of employees have also been made
But through a decade of arduops
debate, the admhinistration has never
made a professor'spaycheck public on
the grounds that it would be an invasion
"THE UNIVERSITY has always
released all the information anyone
needs to judge the wisdom of our ex-
penditures," said Interim President
"I don't know why a public employee
'should be second class in terms of
privacy," Smith added.
And many professors have agreed. "I
oppose it on the grounds that I don't
think it really accomplishes anything,"
said Richard Corpron, a faculty mem-
ber in the Dental School and chairman
of the faculty Senate Assembly.
No university in the state has
released faculty salaries of its own
'Tlie tnirersity has re-
leased all the intformtation a
(tit nole needs tO jufige the
Icisoi(n( of ur exp)en(i-
lures. . . . I (OntlI knolw
uIh .a hpubtic e plovee
Should1(1be second(1 (lass ii
t('rtis o f pritratli.'
-In terim Presilent
. Allanfl Smithr
See LEGISLATURE, Page 9
Report clears Carters in
peanut warehouse probe
WASHINGTON (Reuter)-President Carter and his
brother Billy were officially cleared yesterday of any wrong-
doing in the operation of their peanut business.
Special investigator Paul Curran, releasing a final report
at a press conference, said no charges would be filed against
anyone involved in the case.
THE REPORT climaxed a seven-month investigation that
included four hours of secret testimony at the White House by
President Carter himself.
It was expected to defuse any potential damage to Car-
ter's political fortunes as he prepares for an announcement
on Dec. 4 on his plans for next year's presidential election.
The White House welcomed the report, noting that it had
said "from the beginning of the investigation, that no monies
,ere diverted from the Carter warehouse into the Jimmy
darter presidential campaign or from the campaign into the
"WE ARE VERY pleased by the special counsel's fin-
dings," a White House statement said.
The probe focused on allegations that nearly $7 million in
loans made to the Carter warehouse by the National Bank of
Georgia, once headed by the president's friend Bert Lance,
had been illegally diverted to Carter's presidential campaign
Lance was himself the subject of a separate investigation
that led to an indictment charging banking irregularities. His
trial is expected to start in January.
CARTER AND HIS brother Billy, who managed the
family business in Plains, Georgia, had categorically denied
that any loans from the National Bank of Georgia were diver-
ted to Carter's presidential campaign.
Curran, in a statement accompanying his report, said
there was no evidence to establish that President Carter
committed any crimes.
"My overall conclusion set forth in gr'eat detail to the At-
torney General is that, based on all the evidence and the ap-
plicable law, no indictment can or should be brought against
anyone," he said. "None will be filed."
CURRAN SAID there was no evidence whatsoever that
any funds were diverted from the warehouse into Carter's
campaign or from the campaign into the warehouse.
"Every nickel and every peanut has been traced into and
out of the warehouse, and no funds were unlawfully diverted
in either direction," he said.
Curran, a Republican Party supporter, was named
Special Counsel to head the investigation in March by then
Attorney-General Griffin Bell
Curran said President Carter was questioned under oath
for four hours in the White House last month. He said the
president had cooperated totally in the investigation and
given investigators all documents that had been subpoenaed.
His report released to the public yesterday was an
abridged version of a more extensive one he made earlier to
Attorney General Benjamin Civiletti.
Curran said the investigation had been thorough.
"When Judge Bell announced my appointment, I said I
would do everything that had to be done to conduct this in-
vestigation thoroughly," he said.
Doily Photo by MAUREEN O'MAI
BETTY DAVIS, One of the mothers who filed the Black English suit, explains that dialect differences cause learning
problems, as daughters Theresa (left), and Jacqueline look on.
WASHINGTON (AP)-About six
out of 10 young men recruited into
the Army last year "were below-
average in intelligence," the Army's
top training general said yesterday.
Gen. Donn Starry, head of the Ar-
my Training and Doctrine Com-
mand, told reporters this has been
offset to some extent by what he
called the "greater motivation"
among these soldiers to serve and
"WE'RE GETTING our share of
the population who are less smart,"
Starry said, noting reports that
college entrance test scores also
have been declining.
Starry, who supervises the
training of some 200,000 recruits a
year, said volunteers with below
averagementality are trainable, but
that it takes more time to teach
them certain mechanic-type and
This, he said, has increased bur-
dens borne by unit commanders,
who must continue the teaching
process after they receive below
standard recruits from basic and in-
dividual training base output.
STARRY DID not have available a
comparison of the mental
qualification levelswin the present
all-volunteer force with those of the
See U.S., Page 5
as Black English plan
By MARIANNE EGRI children who live on the city's east side
For two years, three mothers fought say they never expected the Black
for their childrens' education. English issue alone to keep their case in
Throughout the lengthy federal court court. Originally, the suit made
battle, which came to trial last July, stronger allegations against the
they missed work to make scheduled education of black children in Ann Ar-
and re-scheduled court sessions lacked bor.
schools failed to take into account
cultural, social, and economic differen-
ces between poor, black children and
other children who attend the Martin
Luther King Elementary School on
Waldenwood Lane, just north of Geddes
and west of U.S. 23. These, however,
were thrown out of court.
But despite the loss on these issues,
the plaintiffs say they feel the lengthy
litigation was worthwhile because
Federal District Court Judge Charles
See MOTHERS, Page 2
the support of their own community,
and were plagued by reporters. But
they won. I
The plaintiffs in the Black English
case, three single mothers and their 11
TODAY, THE school system will
begin its plan to remedy the problem of
teaching speakers of Black English tA
read standard English.
The initial suit, filed in July 1977,
cited five other points charging the
'U' quest for state funds begins
By JULIE ENGEBRECHT
The University's executive officers
will ask the Regents at this week's
meeting to seek an increase of $30.4
million in state appropriations for the
coming fiscal year.
Last year, the University went to
Lansing with a request for a $158
million allocation, an increase of $24
million from the previous year. In July
the University received $146 million.
THE OFFICERS would now like to
see that alloction rise to $176 million in
the 1980-81 budget, a 12.9 per cent in-
crease over this year's money.
The state provides just under 60 per
cent of the University budget. That
figure has remained relatively steady
over the past several years.
Student fees account for about 30 per
cent of the University's budget.
INCLUDED IN the suggested hike for
next year is an 11 per cent program for
faculty salary raises, though that figure
falls short of the 16 per cent increase
requested by the Committee on the
Economic Status of the Faculty
CESF Chairman, Harvey Brazer, an
economics professor, said faculty
members are under increasing
pressures due to inflation. He said an 11
per cent increase in faculty salaries
while the rate of inflation is 13 per cent
"That isn't an increase, it's a two per
cent cut," he said.
Brazer also said economic forecasts
predict the economy should enjoy a
healthy recovery in fiscal year 1981. He
said he did not believe to ask for a 16 per
cent hike in faculty salaries would be
unreasonable in that light.
THE CESF report also states faculty
salaries should be the top priority in
next year's budget, in contrast with the
past several years.
"Clearly other claims in the budget
have a higher priority," Brazer said.
See 'U', Page 9
Andrew Young discussed
for MSU lecture post
From wire and staff reports
CHICAGO-Former United States
Ambassador to the United Nations An-
drew Young has received an unofficial
offer to teach at Michigan State
University (MSU), according to Robert
Green, dean of the College of Urban
Development at MSU.
Green said yesterday that the univer-
sity is on the verge of making a decision
on whether to ask Young to work as a
visiting faculty member early next
year. Green made the offer while
Young was addressing about 5,000
people at the MSU auditorium Sunday.
ACCORDING, TO MSU Provost
Clarence Wender, Young would likely
lecture for a course on international
relations or a course on urban affairs.
While neither salary nor other
specific arrangements have been
discussed, Wender said, the school is
expected to have a final decision from
Young within a month.
Green worked with Young and Dr.
Martin Luther King, Jr. in late 1950's.
faculty salaries inadequate
campus fixture Dr. Diag by
bellowing familiar phrases
("I am running for town
council so you won't have to
eat tuna casserole in the
dorms") at bemused lun-
chtime passersby. "It needs
to be done," reflected the
impersonator, who wouldn't
identify hirpself. "There is
an entire class of incoming
freshmen who have never
tly hangs out in U.S. Rep. Carl
office inWashington, D.C.
Sen. William Proxmire (D-Wisconsin), who recently-
bestowed his Golden Fleece award on a University An-
thropology researcher, has himself earned a prize for his
"contribution to the status quo." Proxmire was awarded
the Order of the Bird for his "ambolyptic research and
sholastic analysis" by James Boren, president of the Inter-
national Association of Professional Bureaucrats (INATA-
PROBU). Boren presented Proxmire with a thirty pound
Missouri River at Bellevue, Neb., and rode easily. More..
than 1,000 people lining the banks of the Missouri to watch
the launching cheered Green as he started the engines on his
craft, contructed of concrete and iron. "It's what he always
wanted," said his wife, Eileen Gren, who smashed the
traditional bottle of champagne over the ship's hull. For his
achievement, Green may soon receive one of Nebraska's
highest honors on the recommendation of State Senator Or-
val Keyes. Keyes said he would ask Nebraska's governor to
Green, a former military man, an admiral in the Nebraska
On the inside