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October 16, 1979 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1979-10-16

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Page 4-Tuesday, October 16, 1979-The Michigan Daily

NinetyYears of Editorial Freedom

Vol. LXXXX. No. 35

News Phone: 764-0552

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

Castro, Pope challenge
West on the Third World

TN A FIERY display that was
characteristically Fidel Castro,
Cuba's charismatic leader returned to
the United Nations after 19 years to
Present the western world with a clear
and direct challenge-help even out
fhe current international inequities,
and make a concerted effort to narrow
the disparity between rich nations and
poor nations.
. Castro's challenge - presented in
his two-hour address to the U.N. - was
even more explicit and direct for this
country, the richest of the rich,
because it was not a speech couched in
the usual anti-American rhetoric. It
was instead a measured and realistic
assessment of current economic im-
balances, and a logical alternative
plan of corrective action.
In essence, Castro's speech really
echoed a similar challenge laid out just
two weeks earlier by another
spokesman for the leaderless third
world. To that same international
body, Pope John Paul II decried the
existing power imbalance that allows
some nations such as this one to
squander the world's resources, while
other countries struggle to reach mere
subsistence levels. In fact, because the
message comes from two leaders as
far apart in the world eyes as the bear-
ded Latin revolutionary and the
moralistic Pope from Krakow, its
basic essence will carry even more
While the Pope based his call for a
:new commitment by the developed
=nations on a higher morality, Castro
-'outlined a plan of specifics, beginning
with the creation of a new $300 billion
lthird world development fund. He also
called for the-opening of an inter-
"national dialogue that would transcend
the East-West rivalry and really begin
to address the problems currently
plaguing underdeveloped states. The
,$300 billion is not much, since, as
Castro himself pointed out, the United
States alone will spend six times that
amount on military expenditures in the
:e 1980s.
While the world's international body
w has yet to respond to the specifics of
Castro's challenge, what has emerged

Our slumber must end
By Daniel S. Carol
We have become future professionals. knows its next high, is to commit a grave this attitude is rather prevalent today.
Yet such a change does not derive error in the opposite direction. We can The majority of Americans seldom
merely from the gravely competitive change certain things araond bother to vote (though the in-
nature of the "real world" we are expec- us-politically, socially and personally. distinguishability of candidates can't
ted to enter. The decision, and it is a And when all of us sense this,.that there help matters) let alone actively work to
decision, to accept the rules of the game is a realm of problems that we must all change things in their community. Yet if
as they exist is one that each of us must cope with, even just a little bit, then the we continue .to withdraw from our
S make. But why now, at the very begin- most fundamental change will have oc- responsibility to try (and that's all we
ning of it all, do we submit so blindly, curred. can do), we will allow only a small
without so much as a grumble? It must beke pt in mind tha t segment of people decide and represent
* By not questioning the assumptions revolutionary change really exists in issues that each of us must provide input
and results of the system around us, we only one form; in the prespective adop- to. .
implicitly accept every fundamental ted by each one of us. When people sud- Our willingness to accept the world as
thing about it. The university is a fairly denly view their world in a new light, a "given" must end. On a personal level,
cozy place to be for four years, if one lets revolution has occurred. Change will to adopt an attitude of helplessness and
*it be. It does not have to serve as a model then proceed in the directions implied by hopelessness is a mistake of great ~
for the impending competitive jungle we this shift in viewpdint. magnitude. But the consequences of such
*are supposedly headed for. Here we ahve Revolution is thus not a rapid overhaul a decision go beyond the individual level. '.
*the chance to question and complain-to of the existing structures and system we We live in a world that requires in-
even be totally unrealistic-and yet few perceive. This traditional view is only creasing cooperation-we no longer are
of us seem willing to grasp and cherish cause for frustration and pain, but more stalking individuals in a semi-civilized
that opportunity. Good grades may lead importantly, is represents an attitude fight for survival. Each one of us is
*to financial success, but material wealth that has no place in a mature world-view, linked in a complex and unavoidable
*hardly exhausts all the pathways towar- To sense the wrongs, to feel the condition of interdependence. One can
ds happiness. We have become so cruelly frustra tion-each of us must rightly argue that we no longer have the
realistic, so cynical of everything, that unavoidably come to grips with a world option of dropping out from the world.
Swe choose simple survival techniques that is a disappointment in many ways. We have a social responsibility to the
ilrather than search out new ways to But we cannot let our despair force us in- community and to ourselves, whjch we
Schange and adapt to the world presented to unrealistic desires for complete must fulfill through participation and
Sto us. change. Instead, we must harness our advocacy. Just a change in perspective is
frustration into action directed at what is needed most to awaken us from
OF COURSE WE can't change the problems and issuesd of importance, out little slumber.
world-especially not overnight. This keeping in mind that it is our intentions
lesson of the sixties has made us all wary that will provide the most potent effects The Pirgim A wareness columnf,
*of candy-coated idealism, and in a sense, in the long-run.
more conservative than normal youths. which. appears periodically on this
In other words, we have largely rejected TOO OFTEN WE are content to let page, is written and~conceived by the
sthe implications of our age of uncom- ourselves be overwhelmed by our en- members of the -Public Interest
promising youth. We have already com- vironment and recede into a feeling of Research Group in Michigan, to
promised most of our ideals, because we powerlessness. We seem to believe we enhance public awareness of current
Shave chosen to hold none. But to totally lack control over our destiny, and to buck
~ recede into post-Watergate apathy (pick the system would be a waste of time. It issues and to advocate the public in-
your term), into a shallowness that only would not be unreasonable to say that terest in business and government.
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SAL F debate a numberst game
a By Steve Gerstel

from the speeches of both the Cuban
leader and the leader of the world's 700
million Roman Catholics, is a new in-
terest in the probl es of the Third
World;, and a long ov -dui'erecognition
of existing inequalities. At last,
recognized and respected spokesmen
for the developing nations will take
their plight to the center of inter-
national policymaking and put the
problems of Third World nations at the
top of the world's agenda. The Krakow
pontiff and the Cuban president have
taken the case of the Third World to the
United Nations, and have squarely
thrown down the gauntlet for action in
the face of the powerful, rich west.

i .
t I. f !

the fromal Senate debate on
SALT I appraoches, pivotal
leaders are beginning to clearly
emerge in what may well be the
most important Senate foreign
policy showdown since the Ver-
sailles Treaty.
In the end, all the attention will
be riveted on the handful of
senators who have kept their own
counsel throughout and on whose
vote, in all probability, the ver-
dict will rest.
They are the ones who will get
pampered and pressured,
threatened and cajoled as the
debate winds down to a numbers
have the greatest impact on fate
on SALT II are those now staking
out their grounds-raising the
issues that will form the core of
the debate. There are a number
of easily identifiable groups
which have surfaced - each with
its own set of leaders.
If the treaty, which requires
two-thirds approval, is to have
any chance, its adherents must
constitute the Senate's largest
bloc. Recognized as the most
visible leaders are Sens. Alan
Cranston, D-Calif., Jacob Javits,
R-N.Y., Robert Byrd, D-W.Va.,
and Frank Church, D-Idaho.
At the moment, Cranston, an
unabashed liberal who is con-
sidered a master of behind-the-
scenes maneuvering, must be

rankedas the treaty's top
spokesman in the Senate. He not
only has initiated mini-debates in
the Senate chamber, but has also
made sure that opposition
charges are promptly countered.
He hastkept in close touch with
the White House.
BYRD, THE Senate
Democratic leader, is more
reserved inhis support and has
been slow to publicly give the
treaty his endorsement. But he
has taken an active part in coun-
tering the opposition and will be
invaluable in lining 'up votes.
Much of the credit for passage of
the Panama Canal treaty goes to
Church, a four-term veteran
and 'chairman of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee,
faces strong opposition from the
right in his bid for re-election. He
is banking that opposition to
Soviet troops in Cuba can tamper
the wrath generated by.,his sup-
port of SALT II.
Javits, a liberal Republican
and one of the Senate's most
erudite and eloquent members,
may retire next year and
ratification of SALT II could be
the last major battle of a long and
distinguished career.
Senate Republican leader
Howard Baker of Tennessee
leads the opposition. As do all op-
ponents, Baker claims he is not
against a SALT treaty but con-
siders the one negotiated as

inequitable and unfair.
BAKER, AN unannounced
candidate for the GOP presiden-
tial nomination, needs to mollify
the party's conservatives to
atone for his leadership in
passage of the Panama Canal
treaty. Leading the opposition to
SALT II should help.
Although the pros and antis are
the major forces, at least three
other groups will play key roles.
Led by Sens. Sam Muhn, D-Ga.,
Henry Jackson, D-Wash., and
John Tower, R-Texas, one group
has tied ratification to a sharp in-
crease in Pentagon spending as a
means of overcoming what they
perceive as a coming Soviet
military superiority.

IN SHARP contrast, another
group, led by Sens.' George
McGovern, D-S.D., Mark 'Hat-
field, R-Ore., and William Prox-
mire, D-Wis., opposes the treaty
because it marks an escalation in
the arms race. They, however,
are expected to finally support
the treaty as better than no treaty
at all.
John Glenn, D-Ohio and Joseph
Biden, D-Del., are leaders of still
another group-this one
questioning whether SALT II can
be adequately verified. As of
now, Glenn is dubious, but Biden
has become more optimistic.
As the debate approaches,
these are the groups and the
leaders to watch. They will have
major say in the future of SALT

c he Atcb-toan a ttil L"I


Sue Warner ............ .................... ................. EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
Richard Berke, Julie Rovner ........................,............... MANAGING EDITORS
Michael Arkush, Keith Richburg................................... EDITORIAL DIRECTORS
Brian Blanchard ..................................................... UNIVERSITY EDITOR
Judy Rakowsky ...................................... .............. CITY EDITOR
Shelley Wolson.................................................... PERSONNEL DIRECTOR
Amy Saltzman......................................................... FEATURES EDITOR
Leonard Bernstein ..................... ....................... SPECIAL PROJECTS
R.J. Smith. Eric Zorn...........................................ARTS EDITOLS
Owen Gleiberman, Elizabeth Slowik ................................. MAGAZINE EDITORS
STAFF WRITERS-Sara Anspach, Julie Brown, Richard Blanchard, Mitch Cantor, Stefany
Cooperman, Amy Diamond, Marianne Egri, Julie Engebrecht, Mary Faranski, Jo.ie
Frieden, Greg Gallopoulos, John Goyer, Patricia Hagen, Marion Halberg, Alison Hirschpi,
Steve Hook, Elisa Isaacson, Paula Lashinsky, Marty Levine, Adrienne Lyons, Tom Mirja,
Mark Parrent, Beth Persky, Beth Rosenberg, William Thompson, Charles Thomson, Howy'd
Witt, Jeff Wolff, TinYagle.

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