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September 30, 1979 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1979-09-30

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Page 4-Sunday, September 30, 1979-The Michigan Daily

LOOKING

BACK:

THE WEEK
IN REVIEW

Michigamua violates

Title
After 78 peaceful years-in which
the organization was one of the most
prestigious in the Univer-
sity-Michigamua's future suddenly
became rocky when the Department of
Health, Education and Welfare last
week found the University in violation
of Title IX of the Civil Rights Code for
providing "substantial" assistance to
that society.
Michigamua, established in 1901, is
an all-male secret society that has met
regularly each month on the top floor of
the Michigan Union tower to hold
meetings with an American Indian
format. It has done so since 1932, when
the lease to the room was donated to
Michigamua by University football
legend Fielding Yost.
HEW's decision came in response to a
suit filed three years ago by two ex-
University students which alleged
Michigamua members received
preferential treatment from the
University witlfout being a properly
recognized student organization. Under
Title IX, the University cannot provide
significant assistance to student groups
which discriminate on the basis of sex.
IT IS STILL unclear, however, what
the next course of action is since HEW
gave no. outline for an appropriate
remedy. An attorney for the University
General Counsel's office said the school

IX
may ask the secret society to find a new
place to meet, or could tell the federal
government that its accusations are
inaccurate.
Michigamua members contend the
organization is more of a social society
than an honorary one since they par-
ticipate in many social functions
together. HEW, however, ruled that it's
clear Michigamua is more of an
honorary society "whose purpose are to
encourage superior scholar-
ship and leadership achievement in
education of other extracurricular ac-
tivities."
According to the government, the
University has assisted Michigamua by
leasing the room in the Union, and
providing other benefits in the past.
'U' Hospital
University administrators were
smiling Tuesday as at least half thebat-
tle to replace the aging University
Hospital was won.
After nine months of haggling, much
of it between the administration and the
Detroit-based hospital planning of-
ficials, the state Department of Public
Health approved the University's plan
to cOnstruct a new hospital estimated to
cost $210 million, but allowed to swell to

- -....--- ... --... - U... .. ......,. ...-
Michigan Department of Health Director Maurice Reizen (right) this week announced the approval of a $210 million plan
to replace University Hospital. Allan Smith (far left) is the acting University president. Della Goodwin (middle) is president
of the Comprehensive Health Planning Council of Southeast Michigan, which monitors health care costs by reviewing
hospital plans.

considers itself on a par with private
research and educational facilities such
as those at Harvard, Stanford, or Prin-
ceton.
Chem. building
One University project that's
been on the back burner for several
years is a new chemistry building, ex-
pected to be built, eventually on the
vacant patch of land near the current
chemistry building.
After an emotional battle pitting ad-
ministrators against local history buffs,
the University demolished the 83-year-
old Waterman-Barbour gymnasium
which once occupied the plot near the
chemistry building, in an economical
move, because they said it cost too
much to rennovate the gym.
But that was two and one-half years
ago, and there are little signs of life for
a new chemistry building. Before ad-
ministrators can even think of planning
the new building, they must seek ap-
proval and submit feasibility plans to
the state, much the same as the process
leading up to the new hospital.
Meanwhile, conditions in the current
chemistry building are less than ideal.
A poor ventilation system in the labs
cannot replace fumes with fresh air
quickly enough to meet safety standar-
ds, and the chemistry department
chairman has estimated that the con-
ditions may shorten the average
chemist working in the building by 10
years.
The Week-In-Review was written by
Editor-in-Chief Susan Warner and Co-
Editorial Director Michael A rkush.

$241 million without further review by
the department.
BUT THE WORST is yet to come for
University officials who although they
expect $20 to $30 million in private
hospital contributions now must eke out
anywhere from $40 to $80 million for the
project through the sale of State
Building Authority Bonds.
Any additional bond revenue,
however; will only be authorized after a
major University lobbying effort, since
there is only $400 million available from
the bond sales, and the hospital project
has already been allocated one quarter
of that. The rest is to be divided bet-
ween 20 or'30 state building projects,

including schools, colleges, and
prisons, which also have been promised
funds. And it can be expected that the
supporters of these projects in the
legislature, and among voters, will
relinquish money to the hospital with
great hesitancy.
Construction of the new hospital is
scheduled to begin next summer and is
slated for completion in 1985. Although
a $241 million price tag has been ap-
proved by the state, University officials
have promised to tighten their belts and
keep the project to a mere $210 million.
Generally, however, observers ex-
pect the project to go above even the

$241 million, but even if it does, the
University, somehow, someway, will ge t
the money.
TO THE UNIVERSITY, however,
this is more than a hospital. For years,
the dismal facilities at University
Hospital have hindered research effor-
ts, and have endangered the possibility
of private, as well as government
research grants.
And the conflict between the Univer-
sity and the state that has erupted in the
last nine months, and probably will con-
tinue until the hospital is paid for, is
another example of the University's
unique status as a state institution that

France plays

key role in

gie £erdigan aFrQ
Nnety Years of Edirorial Freedom

for mer African colonies

V61. LXXXX, No.22

News Phone: 764-0552

Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan

Michigan'
Y STALLING and dallying and-s
B bickering and politicking up until H
the last moment possible, the state tY
legislature may have succeeded in t
robbing the people of Michigan of their t
vote in the presidential primary. As it f
looks now, this state's delegates to the c
national conventions will be chosen not h
by the people but by the same r
politicians who took away the state's t
primary, meeting in their infamous P
smoke-filled rooms making under-the-
table deals and bargains.ngnw
When the democratic national com- t
mittee's new rules made Michigan's d
open presidential primary illegal, the
national party gave the state
legislators two options - they could H
close the primary, forcing citizens ton
declare a party affiliation before u
voting, or they could abolish the v
primary altogether, and select h
delegates to the convention in the
closed-door caucus system. e
Clearly, neith'er option was b
desireable. The primary gives citizens r
a say in the selection of the party v
nominees, and so-called "cross-over" b
voting is the most democratic way to a
allow any citizen to vote for any can-
didate of his or her choosing. In a v
democratic election, voters should not t
be forced to reveal their party af- I
filiation or to stick with a party b

0

y a

primary.
pecification in the voting booth.
However, the national democratic par-
y put their own political interest before
he people's right to vote freely, and
he national party ruled that primaries
or democratic delegates had to be
closed. The alternative option -
laving no primary at all - was even
more irresponsible and undemocratic
han having the restrictive, closed
primary.
So the fate of our state's primary
went to the legislature, where our elec-
ed representatives delayed and
dallied until the Senate's vote last
week for the limited closed primary.
But that vote still has to go to the state
House, and the deadline set by the
national commitee is Monday, so
unless that deadline is extended -
which is doubtful - Michigan may
have lost her primary.
The legislators' delay could be ex-
cused if during the interim they had
been contesting the national party's
right to close our primary. But they
were,only twiddling their thumbs,
biding their time, and our primary,
away.
Now if Michigan loses her primary,
which appears to be the likely ending
to this debacle, the citizens can thank
their elected representatives for rob-
bing them of their rights.

PARIS-The overthrow of Jean
Bedel Bokassa as the emperor of
the Central African Empire un-
derscores the pivotal role France
continues to play in her former
African colonies.
Bokassa was ousted, while
visiting Libya, in a bloodless coup
in which France played an active
role.
SHER PARTICIPATION
brought quick denunciations
from all points of the. French
political spectrum-not for inter-
fering in the affairs of an in-
dependent nation,rbut for not
having done so sooner.
That President Valery Giscard
d'Estaing and his government
should work with a dissident fac-
tion within the CentralAfrican
Empire and help plan and
execute the downfall of a head of
state it had supported for nearly
14 years does not appear to have
shocked the people here.
What did shock Frenchmen,
both on the left and on the right,
was the tardiness with which
their government moved to end
what it called "acts contrary to
the rights of man," referring to
the recent, brutal killings in the
empire's capital of Bangui.
AN OFFICIAL statement on
the Sept. 20 coup that brought
former President David Dacko
back to power and restored the
old Central African Republic,
said the French government
decided to take action after the
first reports of violence reached
Paris in January. But the
statement said France had been
waiting for thecappeal to come
from within the country.
In the two decades since Fran-
ce divested itself of its vast
African empire, it has continued
to play the role of father protec-
tor, maintaining troops in and
around the continent to back up
pro-Western regimes and ensure
the security of thousands of
French civilians.
It also has poured billions of aid
into the Francophons countries,
many of which are sources of
vital raw materials.
THE INITIAL 700 French
troops, sent into the Central
African Empire to support Dacko
were drawn from a 1,500-man
French force maintaining order
in the strife torn nation of Chad,
at the request of the Chadian
government. Others were
brought in from a smaller force
in Libreville, Gagon.
French military authorities say
France has about 3,000 troops
stationed in the East African
nation of Djibouti, on the sen-
sitive horn of Africa, 1,500 in

By Jeffrey Ulbrich

press demand of the government
concerned.
THAT WAS the case last year
when Giscard d'Estaing ordered
600 Foreign Legion paratroopers
into Zaire to help fend off an in-
vasion of its southern. Shaba
Province by Katangan exiles
living in neighboring Angola.
Though French forces are now
mainly used to keep the peace in
the Chadian capital of N'D-
jamena, they previously were
used to help fight Moslem rebels
in the north'of the nation.
They also were active in
Mauritania, helping train that
desert nation's armed forces to
fight Polisario guerrillas seeking
independence in the former
Spanish Sahara.
AT A MEETING with African
leaders last year in Paris, some
of the African chiefs of state
asked France to set up a per-
manent multinational force to

protect moderate Africana coun-
tries against what they called a
Soviet plan to "destablize" them
through invasion, intrigue and
subversion.
That idea, however, was
shelved for further study and has
not been resurrected publicly.
Some African leaders felt it could
be a dangerous precedent.
France's political and cultural
links to Africa, established
during a century of colonization,
remain enormous, even after 20
years of independence.
IN 1977, the last year for which
complete figures are available,
France poured $548.3 million in
aid into FrancophoneAfrican
countries and conducted more
than $15 billion in trade.
Among France's ties with these
countries is a monetary
arrangement called the Franc
Zone, in which local currencies
are linked with the French franc

at a fixed rate. There also is
comprehensive assistance in the
form of budget support, foreign
aid, technical assistance and
subsidies on commodity exports.
More than 284,000 French
citizens live in Africa.
"In this world where there are
large powers and small powers,
the weak must not feel aban-
doned by their friends," Giscard
d'Estaing has said in describing
his African policy. "Because if
they are abandoned by their
friends, they will believe in
nothing and could go astray.
"I think that for France it is a
traditional responsibility to
assure the security of these who
are in a situation of unjust
weakness .."
Jeffrey Ulbrich wrote this
news analysis for the Asso-
ciated Press.

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