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December 12, 1979 - Image 29

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The Michigan Daily, 1979-12-12
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,. .: ..

J.

A

Page 8-Wednesday, December 12, 1979-The Michigan Daily

%L+E

Fiscal
woes
plague
70s 'U'
sity stemmed from the sacred tenant of
decentralization, so that the people
working at the department level could
initiate the programs and policies they
had to run.
But perhaps the strongest challenge
to the University's autonomy during the
70s was one that could not be met
through compromising committees or
legal appeals. When the nation's
economy began to falter, so too did the
University's financial well-being.
There was nowhere else to turn, as the
state, the federal government, private
contributors, and tuition-paying
students were all caught in the same
economic mess:
Inflation, rising utility rates, and
the fact that when money gets short, a
liberal arts education suddenly seems
impractical, all contributed to
shrinking revenues.
The School of Public Health decided
in February 1977 that a smallish, 11-
year-old program, the Department of
Population Planning (DPP), would
have to be scrapped. The Medical
School at about the same time had
similar plans for the Speech and
Hearing Sciences (SHS) program.

A DECADE OF MESSAGES

Throughout the '70s, messengers from the out-
side world breezed onto campus. They stood behind
the podiums of Hill, Rackham, and Crisler pon-
tificating, prophesizing, and prodding. But most of
all, they taught.
Counter-culture philosopher TIMOTHY LEARY,
Jan., '70: "You are now divine. You can just put your
head where you want it.''.. anti-war activist RENNIE
DAVIS, Oct., '70: "If by May 1, the government doesn't
stop the war, we will stop the government of the United
States" . . . former Beatle JOHN LENNON, Dec., '71:
"Apathy is nowhere. So the flower power didn't work.
We gotta start over." . . . Playwright ARTHUR
MILLER, Nov., '73: "There is a kind of reaction against
political engagement, a sense of defeat, but it isn't only
the young" ... Feminist BETTY FRIEDAN, Oct., '75:
"It wasn't a fluke of history-or me-who seduced
housewives who were having orgasms washing the kit-
chen floor into the movement" . . . Presidential can-
didate GERALD FORD, Sept. '76: "I'd rather run
against Jimmy Carter than Harlan Huckleby any day of

the week"... Communist Party candidate for president
GUS HALL, Sept., '76, the night after candidates Carter
and Ford staged their first televised debate: "If I ever
saw two tweedledee and tweedledum candidates, it was
last night. . . they both knew in advance that neither
one of them would have to touch sacred areas-what is
the cause of our problems and what are the concrete
solutions",. . Anthropologist MARGARET MEAD, Nov.
'76: "We have a young population that can't bear the
thought of growing old" . . . English economist and
author of Small is Beautiful E. F. SCHMACHER, March,
'77: "This stupendous, breathtaking technological
development which enables us to land people on the
moon has not abolished degrading poverty" ... Blindly
ambitious former White House lawyer JOHN DEAN,
Nov., '77: "I thought if I came forward that others would
follow. That happened to be one of the most naive
judgments I have ever made" ..Conservative WILLIAM
BUCKLEY, on taxation and the welfare state, Oct., '78:
"The sky is black with criss-crossing
dollars" ... Political activist TOM HAYDEN, Oct., '79:
"You aren't going to have meetings like this in the cor-
porations you graduate into.".'

w

Power
trading:
Politcs

n A

2

Authority have kept the operating
budget afloat, but strain future
budgets.
The downtown parking crunch fueled
endless talk about how to lure city
residents away from their precious
autos and onto buses. The innovative
dial-a-ride (DAR) van system was in-
stalled to make public transportation
appealing to the populous, but as the
city grew it became too expensive. Last
fall, the system was restructured to
reflect the city's growth by expanding
the city's bus fleet and reducing DAR to
serve only elderly and handicapped
citizens during regular business hours.
AS RECENT costs here have climbed
75 per cent above the national average,
the continuing Ann Arbor housing crisis
has been paid little more than lip ser-
vice in the latter half of the decade. The
rent strikes crop up from time to time,
but the problem is scarcely considered
in Council chambers. Rent control has
been proposed repeatedly but defeated

in a scene that seemed atypical of the early 70s, police officers and long-haired students exch
sunny day on the Diag in September 1972.

THE UNIVERSITY'S strategy in
facing the financial test was to force
each school to cut back in whatever
ways it could, while somehow keeping a
firm hold on excellence.
The Research Center of the Midwest.
In the top ten on all the lists. Inter-
national reputation. These were magic
words for the University. If a DPP or a
SHS can't pull its weight, cut it.
"It is too much to expect," said Rob-
ben Fleming in his final State of the
University address, "that everyone will
agree with the way in which hardship
has been distributed. But we have

striven for understanding of the objec-
tive, which is to spend our resources so
that the University will retain its
quality and devote its energies to those
things which are most important."
For those kinds of policies and
decisions, the Regents chose University
economist and academic affairs vice
president Harold Shapiro to run the
show. Cool and analytical, Shapiro
seemed the perfect choice to manage
what seemed to be a particularly tight
time for the Midwest's Research Cen-
ter.
Shapiro, with his cost-benefit style,

seems suited for a time when the
problems discussed on campus seem
much less questions of right or wrong,
much less debatable, than they did
when today's seniors were in junior
high.
Whether or not the LSA executive
committee should have a student mem-
ber was never a question of dollars and
cents. Nor is the merging of degree
programs going to put chanting studen-
ts on the streets.
-Brian Blanchard
Sue Warner

every time by landlord-backed op-
position.
The housing situation has been fur-
ther complicated by the lack of a con-
crete culprit.
City officials blame the University
for not accommodating more students,
while the University leaves the problem
to the city, saying new construction

would not pay off as the student body
shrinks.
The circus of inaction led the Tenan-
ts' Union to enter fictitious mayoral
candidate Louise J. Fairperson in the
last election, claiming neither Belcher
nor Kenworthy were addressing the
housing issue adequately.
Though financial pressures continue

From large to larger

to strain ev
cannot be d
The elusi
reformers
Eyeing t
"It's going
exclusive,

THE CAMPUS MOOD:
From sitting in to streaking out

NOTHING MUCH HAPPENED on this
campus in 1974. The war was over and
fighting The Establishment was suddenly
passe. So students streaked.
What set-in on campus that year was the beginning
of what came to be known as the "70s." Students no
longer had a cause to rally around. As tuition costs
spiraled and employment became scarce, finding A
Job seemed to be the only truly important Issue.
In an informal survey of the University's 1974
freshperson class, about half of the respondents
acknowledged some degree of political awareness,
but most of them were unwilling to take time from
academics to pursue political issues. The freshper-
sons had enrolled at the University because they
believed a college degree was necesssary to secure a
good job-which became more important as the in-
flation rate shot up to about 13 per cent annually by
the late 1970s.
The first-year students also expressed a reluctance
to use pot regularly, according to a Michigan Daily
survey, but they did try to attend religious services
once a week. They also were wary of the dangers of
premarital sex.
BUT INHIBITIONS and cautiousness about sex
hardly seemed apparent in March of that year,
during the Annual Lucky Streak on the Diag, when an
estimated 6,000 spectators gaped at 50 streakers of
both sexes. The University nudes either strolled
about when they got tired of running, or took a quick
tour of the UGLI or the Graduate Library. Several
streakers climbed the Diag trees for an impromptu
striptease while the crowd below chanted like
cheerleaders, "S-T-R-E-A-K!" Apparently the chilly
March wind ended the spectacle. }

F OR MICHIGAN sports, it
was a decade of changes.
Changes in the way the Ath-
letic Department perceived
its function within the University.
Changes in the way University students
viewed sports on campus. And changes
in the way the nation looked at
Michigan athletics.
Indeed, if any doubt existed concer-
ning how the University stacks up
among the nation's big-time athletic in-
stitutions, it was thoroughly erased by
events of the 70s, both on and off the
field. The 70s saw more fans jamming
into Michigan athletic events than any
time in the school's history, and the
Wolverines continuing to shatter recor-
ds that won the roaring acceptance of
crowds a decade earlier.
As philosophical theory has it, every
etfect must have a cause. And
economic theory stresses the importan-
c:e of management for efficient business
opera tions. Combining the two theories,
and it's not difficult to surmise that the
Michigan Athletic Director has a
profound influence on the Michigan
athletic program.
AND WHEN IT comes to Don
Canham, even that description may be
an understatement. Even before 1968,
when he was appointed to succeed Dave
Strack in the Athletic Department's top
post, Canham was known as an in-
novator. The last ten years of his ad-
ministration has simply reinforced that
image. Among the Canham-induced
changes affecting University athletics
are the conversion of Yost to a hockey
arena, the renovation and rededication
of Ray Fisher Stpdium (home of the
Wolverine baseball team), and con-
struction of the Track and Tennis
Building.
Those are merely changes noticeable

Canham's integral maneuvers during
the decade aren't quite so obvious. By
staging many alumni-centered events,
such as the Slippery Rock-Shippen-
sburg State football match last Sep-
tember, Canham has developed a sure-
fire method to generate scholarship
revenue.
Beyond these subtle moves, Canham
endeavored to follow national trends in
athletic operations. Compliance with
the government's Title IX regulations
for equality in athletics was a major
concern of the director, just as ethical

it's safe to say that success has enhan-
ced the interest which students have
taken in the major sports. When
Canham assumed the director's post, a
Michigan stadium crowd of 60,000 was
commonplace, not 100,000 as is the case
nowadays. Both Canham and football
fans of the 70s owe much of the success
to Wolverine Head Coach Bo Schem-
bechler. The last decade saw his teams
win or share the Big Ten title seven
times (1971-74, 1976-78) and finish in the
Top Ten in every year (except possibly
this one).
Schembechler's formula for winning
was simple: operate an option-type ball
control offense which complemented a
tenacious defense. It was the latter
aspect of gridiron strategy that Schem-
bechler stressed as fundamental to
success. And Schembechler's
philosophy paid off. His teams earned
consistent rankings near the top of the
national defensive statistical charts.
But statistics alone don't win games,
especially the last game of a season.
Shembechler has found nothing but
trouble in 10 season finals, as his record
in that department includes five Rose
Bowl defeats tall in this decade), three
of them to Southern California, an
Orange Bowl loss to Oklahoma in 1976,
and losses to Ohio State in 1970, 1972,
and 1974.

to winning
only to fallo
A basketba
1977 season
polls as No.
the NCAA p
which surpri
spot in thf
Wisconsin's
was king of 1
Where na
the order of
ship often u
teams have
way to 11 st
sports whi
dominance
men's track
baseball.
Despite
Michigan's
which has bE
six years-
gain prom
national cir
swimming,
swimming a
Ountt-'aeJ I

No, this is not a group of students raising their hands in a desperate effort to get the attention of a
particularly stimulating professor. It's a demonstration of the "alligator" during a January 1979 disco{
dance marathon at the Michigan Union Ballroom.

v

Coed dormitory living was introduced during the
70s, without leading to the promiscuity predictedtby
parents and alumni. It began in 1970 on the second
floor of Mosher-Jordan and the sixth floor of Alice
Lloyd. The atmosphere was noisy and many doors
were open, residents reported. But free love was kept
to a minimum.
In June 1971, the Housing Board voted to abandon,

its rule against cohabitation, overnight visitors of
the opposite sex, and sexual intercourse in University
housing, claiming the bans were unenforceable. A
protest ensued from alumni and parents, a few of
whom cancelled gifts to the University and pulled
their children out of coed dorms.
THE XANADU CO-OP carried the trend .even far-

Rick Leach, Michigan's athlet
decade.
issues involving recruiting a
between academics and sport
WHAT CANHAM would con
positive result of his efforts
parent resurgence of stu
thusiasm for Wolverinea
Although attendance at min
events hasn't exactly skyrock

e of the THE LAST HALF of the decade saw
Schembechler use the talents of Rick
Leach to diversify his offense. Leach,
nd the tie who was touted as a fine option quar-
s. terback, proved he could throw the ball
as well. He finished his Wolverine
isider as a career by setting a season total offense
is the ap- record of 1,886 yards, breaking Don
dent en- Moorhead's old mark. Even more im-
athletics. pressive was his Big Ten career
or sports passing record of 4,284 yards.
keted, the It was not only a decade of changes,

. l ' . 1 ..4 1.

,.-'°_

'~

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