Page 8-Sunday, December 9, 1979-The Michigan Daily
(Continued from Page 3)
doesn't mean they're free from any
wrongdoing, added the Justice Depar-
Sippel explained that bootleggers
usually use one of two methods for
duplicating records or tapes: Pirating or
counterfeiting. A pirated album is either
the illegal recording of a live perfor-
mance or the exact duplication of an
existing album or tape. They are
merketed with the logos of bootleg
labels, such as the obese pig that ap-
pears on Trade Mark of Quality recor-
Counterfeiting is the exact reproduc-
tion of an album or tape, all the way
from recording to packaging. "Counter-
feiting is very expensive and it's very
difficult for the average person to tell the
difference," Sippel said. But the Justice
Department spokesman cited counter-
feiting as the most common method of
unauthorized recording currently used.
In fact, according to one bootleg collec-
tor, many newer artists, are counter-
feited regularly. "There are some
eautiful counterfeits of the Talking
Heads Live. These are fantastic recor-
dings that look just like the real thing."
The Ann Arbor collector added that
bootleggers generally shell out about $1
per album in manufacturing costs.
"Bootlegging is very much a cash
business and a first name business. The
bootleggers aren't paying any royalties.
It's like dealing drugs. It's high profit for
the people who manufacture them."
MCA Records publicity agent Elaine
Cooper recalled that about seven years
ago, bootleg peddlers would approach
concert-goers as they left the Los
Angeles Forum, a concert and sports
facility. But, she added, the panderedr
were raking in only a 50-cent profit per
album. B"The money went to the guys
who were giving the peddlers the recor-
ds. They were selling LPs of the band
that happened to be appearing," she ad-
While some bootleggers take to the
streets to sell their wares, others operate
at a more professional level. One of
these is the Amazing Kornyphone
Record Label, which operated between
1974 and 1976. "They developed the
whole record company image and got
about 300 titles out," said the Ahn Arbor
collector. "The album covers were a
Xerox job and the albums were pretty
well-made. They pressed in small lots to
keep the bootlegs available."
But bootleggers may not be able to
survive the legal pressure and the in-
flation and slow down in record sales_
that now plague the rest of the record in-
dustry. The music bootlegger of the
1970s may in the next decade may go the
same way as their liquor counterparts of
(Continued from Page 5)
studies here) have been a waste
because the Shah was in power. Now
the revolution has helped, because
when people come here, they think
about what the country needs before
Abdullah comes from a "poor"
family, but his uncle, a religious man,
received money through religious net-
works to send him to the University.
"(My family) had no other choice. They
knew I was so mad at the situation, that
if I was there, I would be killed too." He
speaks with obvious disdain for the high
regard with which students like himself
were viewed during the Shah's power
reign: "Under the Shah, anyone with a
Western education could get a job.
There were piles and piles of engineers
sitting around drinking tea and telling
(Continued from Page 6)
CONSISTENTLY, the author's
prose is more than equal to his
story. The descriptions of the
first space flights offer just the right
balance of technical detail and human
interest, such that neither is slighted,
and yet the work does not fall apart un-
der the weight of its own information.
The Right Stuff presents a candid,
forthright view of the early space
program much as the aggressive jour-F
nalists of today might have presented
were they writing in the early sixties.
Pilots are glorified, but never roman-
ticized (one of the early spacemen, it
develops, urinated all through his suit
just before take-off), and the realities of
their home lives and the pressures of
incredible publicity are tackled
honestly and swiftly.
At the hands of other writers, a
chronicle of the Mercury Project could
easily miss the mark altogether. It was
not just rockets and astronauts, but a
tradition, conviction, and purpose.
Wolfe's work is a paean to
jokes and doing nothing."
"I could lead an average American
life, but would never be at ease with
myself, because I know by going there I
can be of some help, no matter how in-
significant," says Khalessi. "If people
like me don't go back, Iran will never
make it. Today is not a time of Iranians
like me to think about personal gains. I
am convinced people in my position
would have enjoyed much more
publicity and got better jobs under the
Shah. But that would have been very
superficial and not realistic, because
the nation is not able to afford that
prestige for a handful of people."
His voice breaking, he adds, "And
those people who took advantage of
momentary gains created the Shah's
regime, and made it what it was."
righteousness that transcends orbits,
splashdowns, and ticker-tape parades.
There is no neat epilogue tacked onto
this book, for the generation that reads
it will know what happened following
our early space triumphs: Kennedy
assassinated; war in Indochina;
student revolt; Watergate; taxpayer's
revolt; the virtual extinction of the
space program. Wolfe's account is as
unspoiled Eby what has happened in the
intervening time as was the tenacious
era itself unspoiled by the onrushing
inevitability of disillusionment.
The enthused freshness of the prose
in The Right Stuff properly ignores the
loss of innocence and promise in the
sixties and seventies. Our present
generation - on the downward slide of
the bell-curve, it seems - may find it
possible to outstrip former generations
in serving the demands of the self, but it
will never have the courage,
dedication, hope, and overall Right
Stuff of an earlier time. .
Wolfe does not look back ruefully. He
rejoices in what was, and, by im-
plication, might one day be again.
Owen Gleiberman Elizabeth Slowik
Cover photos by the Associated Press
Supplement to The Michigan Daily
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, December 9, 1979