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November 11, 1978 - Image 5

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1978-11-11

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The Michigan Daily-Saturday, November 11, 1978-Page S

By AP and UPI
TEHRAN, Iran-The main political
pposition vowed yesterday to press the
igh' against Shah Mohammad Reza
&lavi's government and said the key
We4on would be labor strikes, not
volence in the streets.
K1rim Sanjaby, head of the National
Lrout opposition coalition, returned to
e7hran from Paris yesterday. He ruled
>itzmaking a deal with the shah and his
rnilitary government to end Iran's
>olitical crisis.
iWE'RE NOT prepared to form a
prvisional government and we're not
gelg to participate in any coalition un-

ih forces threaten strikes

til our demands are met," Sanjaby told
The National Front demands an end
to martial law, release of all political
prisoners and a national referendum to
decide whether to weaken or abolish the
Pahlavi dynasty.
A spokesman for the front, an allian-
ce of -about 30 groups spanning the
political spectrum, told reporters, "Our
main weapon against the shah will be
strikes instead of confrontation in the
A 10-DAY-OLD strike in Iran's
oilfields and refineries by 37,000
workers demanding political reform

has already crippled the petroleum in,
dustry, backbone of the national
economy. The strike has cut oil
produciton by about two-thirds and
already has deprived the national
treasury of about $600 million in oil ex-
port revenue. r
Reliable sources said daily
negoitations to end the walkout were
under way at Ahwaz and Abadan in the
southern oil region but strike leaders
were sticking to their demands, the
same as those of the political op-
There have been strikes and
slowdowns in other sectors of the
economy, including government agen-
cies, but authorities appear to be


The dead still

focusing on ending the crippling oil
RELIGIOUS dissidents are one of the
driving forces in the anti-shah op-
position. Orthodox Moslems are op-
posed to his Western-style moder-
nization of traditional Islamic society.
There were no immediate reports of
any anti-government demonstrations
yesterday, second day of a three-day
Moslem holiday weekend. Some
relatively mild street protests were
reported'to have taken place in provin-
eia1 cities the day before, however.
Large numbers of troops backed by
armored vehicles continued to patrol
key points in the capital.
IN A FIERY rampage in Tehran last
weekend, anti-shah protesters burned
and pillaged hundreds of shops and
public buildings. It brought about the
fall of the civilian government, and the
shah appointed a new military-
dominated Cabinet.
Meanwhile, the head of the military
government, Chief of Staff Gen.
Gholam Reza Azhari, postponed
reopening Tehran University, where
the riots started Monday after soliders
fired on students attempting to pull
down a statue of the shah.
It appearred that the university
would remain closed at least until Nov.
19, when elementary schools reopen.
The shah was known to have
considered Sanjaby as a possible
premier before the riots and before
Sanjaby went to France to see
Khomeini, considered the spokesman of
the religious opposition, who has
demanded the shah's abdication.

-vote in Venezuelan elections

CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) -
enezuela's Supreme Electoral Council
as a problem on its hands: how to
eparate dead voters from the ones still
live and eager to. participate in
ecember's presidential election.
Newspapers say the problem is due to
'chaotic, deficient" record-keeping,
nd government officials readily admit
hat in this oil-rich nation the science of
tatistics is still in the developing stage.
ALMOST 20,000 persons reported
ead and erased from the voting
egistry have shown up at the election
atchdog's offices to prove they are
till alive and eligible to vote, according
o newspaper reports.
"Persons Ruled Dead Are Reap-
,ring Alive before Electoral Coun-
il," said the headline in a recent
ition of El Nacional.
As of Oct. 17, the number of
registered voters totaled 6,178,319. That
figure could drop as low as 5.8 million.
with the elimination of persons no
longer living, those serving prison sen-
tences and active members of the ar-
r=d forces, authorities said.
THE "DEAD VOTERS" are causing
sleepless*nights for meipbers of the
election council. Since the registry had
not been purged of the names of

deceased voters since 1971, the council
decided to do a thorough job this year.
That's when the trouble began.
Among the voters declared dead, ac-
cording to civil records, was the
current national director of parks. A
close relative of one of the election
council members also learned that, of-
ficially, he was dead too.
Of the 112,000 voters erased from the
registry because they were thought ,to
be dead, nearly 20,000 have shown up at
the council's headquarters to prove
otherwise. Most discovered their status
when they spotted their names in lists
published in newspapers. They are
among the lucky ones and will get to
MANY OF THE sloppy records are
found in remote, rural areas, election
officials say. In these places the justice
of the peace often jots down the iden-
tification card number of the individual
reporting a death rather than the num-
ber of the dead person. So when the
report reaches the central office in
Caracas, the wrong name goes into the
In this year's election, in which there
are 10 candidates, the polls show the
two frontrunners, Luis Pinerua Ordaz
of the ruling Democratic Action Party

and Luis Herrera Campins of the Social
Christian Party, headed for a photo
finish. A few thousand citizens denied
their right to vote could make a big dif-
ference in the outcome. I
Venezuelans apparently aren't sym-
pathizing with the electoral council's
dilemma. One newspaper cartoon
showed a pair of ghosts grumbling to
each other about being left out of the
"THE MOST-disagreeable thing is
that they use your name to vote without
even asking your opinion," complained
Another newspaper commented that
the dead appeared to be more in-
terested in voting than the living, citing
a survey that indicated that only 51 per
cent of Venezuelans would vote if they
were not required to by law.
And it looks as if most of the "dead"
voters, who are in fact alive and
kicking, will be allowed to vote. A high
official in the National Office of Im-
migrationhand Identification said he
expects the dead to be properly sorted
out from the living by Dec. 3, election
"The controversy seems to be dying
down," he said.

Daily Photo by CYRENA CHAN

Pack it up
A Diag fruit vendor prepares for the inevitable onslaught of winter and sells
some of his last produce before heading for warmer climates.

Conspiracy against King denied

Wt rsZambia farmers mobilize
in ptest of guterrilla violence

WASHINGTON (UPI)-A former top
police official of Memphis, Tenn.,
yesterday bitterly denounced as
"ludicrous" and "slanderous" a theory
that police and the FBI joined a
conspiracy to assassinate Dr. Martin
Luther King.
The House Assassinations Committee
questioned former Memphis Police and
Fire Director Frank Holloman, who is
also a former FBI official, about the
basis of the conspiracy theory James
Earl Ray's lawyer, Mark Lane, posed
in a book on the assassination..
THE QUESTIONS raised by this
theory include, why had a security
detail been withdrawn from the
Lorraine Motel in Memphis, where
King was assassinated? Why was a
black detective removed from a nearby
surveillance post? Why was no all-
points bulletin issued for the suspect,.
who was known to be fleeing in a white

LUSAKA, Zambia (UPI) - Angry
white farmers in Zambia who say
rampaging black guerrillas have
beaten them and searched their homes
at gunpoint met yesterday to discuss
the sudden wave of anti-white violence.
The move followed a meeting with
1resident Kenneth .Kaunda Thursday
night in which the farmers aired their
dharges that Rhodesian guerrillas have
lirtually created a state within a state.
"FARMERS ARE fed up with the
increasing lawlessness in rural area,"
s id Commercial Farmers Bureau
chairman George Bender.
The farmers delegation told Kaunda
that farmers have been beaten up at
roadblocks manned by Joshua Nkomo's

Zimbabwe African Peoples Union
(ZAPU) guerrillas. They said other
guerrillas have searched farms at
gunpoint, claiming they were looking
for Rhodesian spies.
Bende claimed guerrillas attacked
several farmers, including himself, in
the aftermath of the recent Rhodesian
air raids against Nkomo's guerrillas
camps inside Zambia.
THE PLIGHT of the farmers was
shared by whites living in Lusaka
proper where angry black mobs
roamed the central business district
earlier this week and beat up whites
caught on the streets.
Bender, pointing to red welts on his
neck and chest, said he was accosted
and beaten up on the outskirts of the

"The guerrillas accused me of being
a Rhodesian spy and attacked me with
their rifle butts."
HE SAID WHEN the guerrilas
searched farmhouses, they were brash
and offensive and often. threw
household goods.
The farmers complained that
Zambian police refused to intervene
even after citizens had been savagely
"It makes you wonder who is running
this country-the, Zam bian government
or Nkomo," one farmer said.

Committee members, beginning a
full-scale review of the conspiracy
theories surrounding King's murder,
reminded Holloman he was a key figure
in the conspiracy theory because he had
worked closely in Washington with the
late FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, who
tried to discredit King through a smear
But Holloman testified Hoover never
confided in him, he was never aware
Hoover had "negative" feelings toward
the black civil rights leader and-in his
long FBI career had never heard of the
undercover "COINTELPRO" anti-
dissident operations that included the
efforts to discredit King.
IN THREE HOURS of testimony,
Holloman said King's aides requested
the security removal, the black
officer's life had been threatened and
the failure to issue a bulletin was an
is preserved on
The Michigan Daily
Student Publications Bldq.
420 Maynard Street
Graduate library

innocent mistake.
Holloman then read a statement in
which he denounced the 'theory as a
slander on himself and the FBI.
"It is unbelievable to me that the FBI
would even entertain such an idea,"
Holloman said.
preposterousthat I would be a partyf01
such a thing either directly gr
Holloman bitterly denounced th
"malicious and viciously slanderos&
portrayal of me through a despicable
character in Abbie Mann's television,
film 'King,' and in the grossly libeloys
treatment of me in Mark Lane's book,
all based on an unproven dnd ludicrous
theory and unfounded allegations. -
The committee said at the outset of,
its hearings yesterday that "not many,
conspiracy theories can be dismissed,

This space contributed b
the publisher as a bhlic service.

'U' plans energy-saving programs

lighting of unnecessary intensity exists.
SANFACON SAID even the newer
housing buildings on campus are in
need of energy-saving renovations
because they were built at a time when
initial building costs were taken into
account more than anticipated
operating costs. Also, the buildings
were constructed before the huge in-
crease in energy costs over the past five
The Housing Division's gross energy
usage for the last fiscal year was 459
(Continued from Page 1)
three-hour meeting with the Israelis
that followed his presentation of the in-
structions to Secretary of State Vance.
An Israeli spokesman told The
Associated Press that Egypt had in-
troduced "new elements" into the
n*ne( tatns on linking the traty tn a

billion British Thermal Units (BTUs) of
energy, a decrease of 17 per cent (in-
cluding adjustments for climatic
variations) from the previous year.
But housing utility expenditures were
up roughly two and one-half per cent
despite reduced energy usage due to an
increase in the price of energy-
producing fuels.
SANFACON said continuing efforts
will be made to control the heating
levels in some of the older buildings
which "are notoriously overheated"
through various devices designed to
control the flow of steam from the cen-
tral plant to the buildings.
Sanfacon said it might look attractive
for some individual buildings to convert
from the central steam heating system
to individual heating systems, but such

moves would be costly, making the cen-
tral system more expensive to the
buildings that continued to use it
because of the high fixed costs for the
central system.
Sanfacon also said he will continue to
seek staff and student cooperation for
the conservation program, although all
plans for such action are not yet com-
"I don't believe that we can offset the
rising cost of energy with only capital-
type projects," said Sanfacon. "So far,
it's been very difficult for us to make
energy conservation more meaningful
to students. It's very difficult to design
a reward system for them."
Sanfacon has just completed com-
piling detailed statistics on individual
housing buildings:



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University staff members discuss how Marx relates to their
TUESDAY, Nov. 14-8:00 p.m.
GUILD HOUSE, 802 Monroe
Series sponsored by: Guild House
Office of Ethics & Religion, P.A.C.

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