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November 04, 1978 - Image 10

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1978-11-04

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November 4, 1978-The Michigan Daily

Tanzania readies troops as Uganda pushes on

DAR ES SALAAM, Tanzania (AP) -
Ugandan troops bombed a key bridge in
embattled northwest Tanzania yester-
day as the Tanzanians geared up hun-
dreds of miles away for a major cam-
paign to repel the invaders. Uganda's
President Idi Amin poked fun at the
Tanzanians, saying he and this coun-
try's president should settle the conflict
in the boxing ring.
UGANDA RADIO reported that
Amin's invasion force, which seized a
reported 710 square miles of Tanzanian
territory earlier this week, blew up the
Taka Bridge at the town of Kyaka, the
main road link between the conquered
territory and the rest of Tanzania.
The Ugandan report said a
demolition team blew up the bridge un-
der intense small-arms fire from Tan-
zanian troops in Kyaka.

But a Tanzanian war communique
issued here said Ugandan warplanes
bombed the bridge and two MiGs were
shot down by the Tanzanians. The
report gave no indication whether the
bridge still stood. "The fighting con-
tinues," it said.
A UGANDAN government source
contacted by telephone from Nairobi,
Kenya, insisted that the bridge was
destroyed and said it was done by
Ugandan soldiers and engineers from a
mining company.
In Washington, Secretary of State
Cyrus Vance accused Uganda of "a
clear violation of Tanzania's borders,"
and said the United States "fully and
cormpletely supports" the position of
President Julius Nyerere.
There have been no reports on
casualties or the total number of troops

involved in the fighting, although repor-
ts early this week said 2,0000 to 3,000
Ugandan soldiers, backed by artillery
and armor, were fighting in the Kyaka
The Ugandan-held territory is a half-
moon-shaped salient between the bor-
der and the winding Kagera River. The
riverbank across from Kyaka is the
southernmost point of.the Ugandan ad-
vance, about 20 miles south of the bor-
der. Ugandan exiles suggest that the
bridge was the main target of Amin's
invasion and that he feared Tanzania-
based Ugandans might use it for a
military operation to overthrow him.'
THE UGANDAN source said Amin
had decided to annex the territory
because Tanzania allowed anti-Amin
guerrillas to establish bases just south
of the Kagera. "This guerrilla force

was free at any time to cross the bridge
and enter Uganda," he said. "They
could, go back the other way also with
stolen vehicles, cattle. It was a
At a rally in Dar es Salaam, 700 miles
southeast of the war zone, army
veterans were called on Friday to begin
weapons refresher courses for a
general mobilization. Employers were
compiling lists of workers with military
experience for the government.
Diplomatic sources reported that
tanks based in the Arusha and Tanga
districts in northeastern Tanzania were
being rushed to the battle zone. Ar-
mored vehicles were seen being ship-
ped by rail from Dar es Salaam on
Thursday. The government also has
requisitioned private trucks and buses
to help ferry troops and supplies to the
Kyaka area.

vyerere Amin
Minority speakers rap actions by government

Farrakhan pushes for black unity

Romero tells of Chicano struggle

ressing the importance of black
y in struggling against the U.S.
rnment's strangulation of blacks,
ster Abdul Farrakhan sugested to
audience last night at Rackham
itorium that "the black nation is
ier out now than it was 10 years
eaking before a receptive audience
bout 150, Farrkham said that the
government has been trying "to
k up black consciousness as it is a
of black people. The effort towards
gration has not been for your good;
as been diabolically contrived to
you from yourself.s"
KE TOLD THE students "they
ght you here to socialize you, to
e you bonafide Americans, and to
pen you as a tool to use."
rrakhan said that the atmosphere
e campus was much different from
when he last spoke at the Univer-
"In 1970, the black student was
ernced with the plight of black

people in America and the world. We
need to look that way again," he em-
phasized. "Those who thought the
movement was dead will wake up one
morning and find it hasn't died. It just
rested a few years."
Farrakhan also explained the impor-
tance of understanding the past, and
related the black movement to the
"The effort towards in-
tegration has not been
for your good. It has been
diabolically contrived to
keep you from yourself. "
-Minister Abdul
Jewish movement and the Holocaust.
"The black high school students of
today haven't even heard about
Malcolm X or know what Martin Luther
King was all about. The black has been
robbed of history," he emphasized. "If
we don't tell our story, it will happen
again-in fact; it already is hap-
DISCUSSING THE urgency of joining
in the fight toward black unity,
Farrakhan raised his voice and said,
"Well, if you didn't want me you
shouldn't have invited me. I just don't

know how to be cool. I love you, and
because I love you, I tell you the things
you need to know, not what you want to
"Individual accomplishment means
little if it's not subordinated to com-
munity efforts. No one man can rise
above the condition of his people.
Achievement is not for you, but for the
rise of the people."
Farrakhan said that while waling
down the street, he saw blacks who
looked away as he passed. "People are
like little islands," he explained, "they
have the attitude that if I don't know
you I don't want to know you, and it
can't be that way in the fight for gaining.
unity. It's natural to desire to be with]
our own kind. All things first function
with their own kind and the government
is trying to prevent us from acting
HE ALSO CITED the movements of
blacks all across the world as an in-
spiration and focal point foriunity.
"When my flesh and blood pains in
Africa, we pain in America.,,
Farrakhan, who has appeared on
national television and radio, lectures
on major college campuses in the U.S.
and the West Indies. He was an obser
ver of the Conference on African Unity
in 1975, and of the African-Arabic
summit conference in Cairo, Egypt, in
1977. He has also been "a guest of the
government of Cuba and Fidel Castro,'
and of Udi Amin in Uganda.
Also a disciple of Mohammed for the
last 23 years, Farrakhan cited exam-
ples of unity in spirit from the Koran.

"Chicano lawyers, doctors, and other
Chicano professionals have a big
responsibility when they leave school..
They need to respond to the needs of
their people," Ricardo Romero told 40
people last night at the Law School
Lawyers Club lounge.
Romero, a long time Chicano activist,
told the crowd it is up to them to con-
tinue the struggles which have been
fought in the past:
"IT'S MORE exciting to talk about
the discos, about the next party, or
about getting loaded. But man, the
realities and the problems are there
and they exist. It's up to us-it's up to
you-to change these things," he said.
"How many Chicanos went to this
University in 1965 or 1966? Very few.
Yet today there are many here. Did we
suddenly become qualified to attend
this place in the last ten years? No,
your being here is the result of our
struggles," Romero added.
"It's your turn now to help your own
people," the activist told the students.
"It's easy to be involved with the
struggle for four years in college. On
the outside, though, when the hard
times come from the fight, it's also easy
to revert back to the sheepskin, which is
accepted by the forces you are fighting,
like IBM and ATT. You must keep
fighting," he said.

ROMERO SAID the United States
government is trying to split up the
groups of Chicanos and Mexicans who
have forged common effort for their
rights. "The U.S. government has tried
to strip us of our identity in an attempt
to control us.
"I live in occupied Colo-,
rado, which rightly be-
longs to Mexico, along
with the rest of the south-
western United States. "
-Ricardo Romero,
Chicano activist
"As the result of an ugly war in 1846,
the government has established a bor-
der between us and our brothers, but
there is still no difference between the
two cultures," Romero stated.
"I live in occupied Colorado, which
rightly belongs to Mexico, along with
the rest of the southwestern United
States," Romero claimed. "A lot of
white people freak out when they hear
that we want it back. They ask 'What
are you going to do with us?' We'll give
them their own little autonomous space
to practice their culture, just like they
want to do to us now."
"As long as the conditions in the ghet-
tos and poor sections of this- country
continue to deteriorate, there will be a

social revolution in the U.S." Romero
said. He also added that the whites tend
to overlook the problems of the op.
pressed. "Everyone talks of what
Hitler did to six million Jews, but
nobody mentions what the Americans
did to 11 million Native American In-
Romero is not only concerned with
the plight of the Chicano people, but
also of any oppressed group. "I'll sup-
port any struggle for the betterment of
humanity," he said. "I've never met a
Vietnamese person, but I'll still support
theirnstruggle for human rights."
"When you look around and see the
problems of other people, and when you
get bothered and affected by what you
see, then you have begun to grow as a
human being," the speaker said.
N. Y. papers, union settle
NEW YORK (AP) - The New York
Times, the Daily News, and a unioi
representing delivery truck drivers
reached contract agreement yesterday,
but the newspapers said readers face
another 'Sunday without the
Agreement with truck drivers
removed a major obstacle to getting the
strike-bound dailies back on the street,
But the pressmen, whose walkout
initiated the 87-day dispute, said a
ratification vote on a proposed .set-
tlement with their union was set for 3
p.m. tomorrow.
Without pressmen, the papers cannot

Shooting suspect stands mute at hearing


Accused murderer Billy Edward
Hardesty stood mute at his arraign-
ment in Washtenaw County Circuit
Court yesterday, and was ordered by
Judge William Ager to undergo
psychiatric competency tests.
Judge Ager entered a plea'of not
guilty for Hardesty, charged with five
counts of first degree murder and two
counts of assault with intent to commit

Call 764-0558

murder in connection with a shooting
spree October 18 and 19.
FOLLOWING A motion by defense
attorney Robert Meston, Judge Ager
signed an order committing Hardesty
to the Ypsilanti Regional Forensic Cen-
ter. Hardesty will be examined for a
period of time not to exceed 60 days,
and a determination will be made as to
whether he is mentally competent to
stand trial. If found competent, he will

be tried before Judge Ross Campbell
January 29 in Circuit Court.
Washtenaw County Prosecutor
William Delhey, who had no objections
to the testing, said that three factors
decide the competency of a defendant.
"His mental condition must be such
that he can assist his counsel in a
reasonable and rational manner. He
must also be able to understand the
proceedings pending against him, as
well as understanding his relationship
with those hearings," said Delhey.
The psychiatric opinion that is for-


warded to the judge, in this case, Judge
Campbell, is subject to challenge by the
defense or prosecution. The judge has
the option of ordering new tests. The
process of requesting new tests can
last, under law, up to 15 months. The
final determination of a defendant's
competency rests with the presiding
likened the proceedings to a chess
game. "We've got all kinds of options
open to us," he said, adding that he
would consider requesting another
psychiatric opinion if he isn't satisfied
with the diagnosis of the Forensic Cen-
ter psychiatrists.
Meston also said that the possibility
of his client being unable to receive a
fair trial in Washtenaw County due to
extensive pre-trial publicity "is
something that has been going through
my mind." Meston said a change of
venue, which would require a hearing
and presentation of evidence, is a
Prosecutor Delhey said that based on
past precedents, he felt that Hardesty
could receive a fair trial. "Look at the
Collins case," said Delhey, referring to
John Norman Collins, convicted of
murder in connection with the deaths of
several local coeds in the late sixties
and early seventies. "He was convicted
in Washtenaw County and the convic-
tion was appealed. A fair trial was the

issue and the conviction was upheld by
the Michigan Court of Appeals, thE
Michigan Supreme Court, Federa
District Court, Circuit Court and the
Supreme Court."
POLICE ALLEGE that flardesty, for
motives as yet unknown, murdered his
parents, Ronald and Janet, at their
home in Van Buren Township the
evening of October 18. Police said that
he struck next in the parking lot of
Abigail's Dirty Shame Saloon in Yp-
silanti, where Timothy Schofield and
Troy Curry were slain.
At about 3:30 a.m., Hardesty
allegedly killed his ex-brother-in-law,
Daniel Wood, and critically wounded
Tommie Lee Brown and Bobby Baker
at the Stiles Wood Shop in Ypsilanti.
Hardesty was finally wounded and cap-
tured by State Police after a shootout at
his parents home about 7:30 a.m. Oc-
tober 19. Hardesty, looking pale and
drawn, appeared in court in a
For Hardesty, who is being helc
without bond on the murder charges.
the commitment to Ypsilanti Regiona
is a return of sorts. He committed hini-
self there for psychiatric treatment lasi
February, but signed out after staying
less than a week.
The language spoken by more peoplf
on earth than any other as thei
primary languge is Mandarin.


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