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November 02, 1978 - Image 8

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1978-11-02

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8-Thursday, November 2, 1978-The Michigan Daily

[ohannesburg official: American
livestiture would hurt blacks

Uganda, Tanzania clash

By MICHAEL ARKUSH
Janet Levine, a Johannesburg City
Councilwoman, said recently that
University and corporate divestiture
from South Africa would damage the
political, economic and social rights of
the country's blacks,
"I think that the trauma and damage
caused by divestiture wouldbe bad for
Sthe self-confidence of the black
people," said Levine.
LEVINE SAID that South Africa's
blacks have begun to become more self-
confident and are participating more
actively in privately-owned black,
businesses and enterprises.
Currently on a tour of the United
States to gather political and economic
support for small black enterprises, the

city councilwoman stopped by Ann Ar-
bor two weeks ago to present her views
on the tense situation in South Africa..
"I want a negotiated settlement.
Divestiture would accelerate the

majority government without any
white representation.
BUT SHE quickly added that a
peaceful end to the nationwide tension
will not be achieved completely by a

DAR ES SALAAM, Tanzania (AP)-
Ugandan President Idi Amin claimed
yesterday he has annexed a 710-square-
mile strip of Tanzanian territory along
the western shore of Lake Victoria
amid reports of fierce fighting between
troops of the two East African nations.
A Radio Uganda broadcast
monitored here quoted a military
spokesman as saying the annexation
was accomplished with "supersonic

speed," and was in retaliation for Tan-
zania's alleged attack of Uganda last
week.
THE MILITARY spokesman,
believed, to be Amin himself, declared
the new boundary between the states as
the Kagera River, about 20 miles south
of the original border,.
"All Tanzanians in the area must
know that they are now under direct
rule of the Conqueror, of the British

Empire, Field Marshal Amin," t
spokesman said,
Tanzania is a one-party state wi
controlling influence exercised by t
Revolutionary Party headed 1
President Nyerere. The president w
forced to concede in April that his cou
try was economically not "self-relian
and warned his people of "difficul
times"in the coming years.

'Changes will come only when white nationalists
are free to realize that blacks are people. We have to
move from racial groupings into social groupings.'
-Johannesburg City Councilwoman Janet Levine

i

rule of the Conqueror of the British

I

Health Service Handbook

m

CLASSES NOW
FORMING FOR
DEC. 2nd LSAT
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University L.S.A.T. Preparation Service
1-261-LSAT in Livonia
339.00 Schoolcraft Rd.
/ Suite G-2
Livonia, Michigan 48150

process of unemployment which then
leads to violence," she insisted.
LEVINE, a member of the minority
Progressive Federalist Party, said she
has been very active with at bloc of
moderate whites ,to seek a negotiated
settlement. In fact, she claims that
members of the ruling Nationalist
Front have threatened many
moderates to make them abolish their
stance or face extreme punishment.
"People have been scared and many
of them have been turned off because of
this," she said.
The city councilwoman said she
favors a one-man one-vote system of
representation in South Africa. She said
she even .would support a black

negotiated truce.
"Changes will come only when white
nationalists are free to realize that
blacks are people. We have to move
from racial groupings into social
groupings," said Levine.
Although she admitted there are
blacks in South Africa committed to a
peaceful settlement, Levine predicted
that if no concrete solutions are im-
plemented within three to five years,
that the blacks are "not going to stay
idle anymore."
"Since 1976, there has been among
the black community a desire to help
themselves. They want the opportunity
to have a chance to lead their country,"
she said.
She added that the United States is
mainly interested in maintaining a
stable government in South Africa to
uphold Western democratic ideals.
SUBSCRIBE TO,

QUESTION: My father and both his
parents had heart disease before they
reached the age of 50. Because of this,
the physician I have been seeing here at
Health Service told me that one of the
things I should do is exercise for car-
diovascular fitness. What are some
examples of this kind of exercise? Is
bicycling included? I bicycle to classes
every day.)
ANSWER: Family history of heart
disease is one "risk" factor (among
others like smoking, obesity, high blood
cholesterol or blood pressure) for
developing heartdisease.
As your physician has advised, exer-
cise to improve cardiovascular fitness
may diminish your chance of having a
heart attack, or from dying from it
should one occur. The may should be
emphasized because there has been no
direct scientific support for this,
although most health professionals
think it is a wise course of action.
The main goal of exercise to improve
cardiovascular fitness is a sustained
increase in heart activity and oxygen
,consumption, and snot necessarily
(although they may be additional
benefits) strength building and skill
enhancement. Such exercise must in-
volve an increase in the pulse rate for a
prolonged period of time: The amount
of sweat produced or muscle fatigue
endured are not good indicators!
Measures of pulse rate can be broken
down into two categories: at-rest pulse
rate, when the person has been sitting
quietly for around five minutes) and
exercise heart rate. Average (not
trained athletes) persons usually have

at-rest pulse rates between 60 and 80
beats per minute. In comparison,
trained athletes, such as marathon
runners, may have at-rest rates as low
as 40 or 50, and even lower. This
basically means that their hearts do not
have to work as hard to circulate the
blood through their bodies. Their hearts
accomplish in 40 or 50 beats what the
average persons' accomplish in 60 to 80.
The goal of your cardiovascular fit-
ness program is for this increased ef-
ficiency of the heart, although the drop
in at-rest pulse rate need not be
anywhere near as dramatic! The way
you achieve this is through exercise
that increases your exercise pulse rate
for extended periods of time.
It varies in individuals, but~
generally, you should increase your
pulse rate so that it is at 70-85 per cent
of its maximum. Less than 70 per cent
results in loss to cardiovascular fitness,
and more than 85 per cent introduces
unnecessary stress for a small added
benefit.
Generally, the maximum pulse rate
in a healthy individual is 220 minus his
or her age. The exercise pulse rate
should be between 70 and 85 per cent of
this figure. For example, for someone
of age 26, the exercise pulse rate would
be between 136 (220-26) x .70) and 165
(220-26 x .85)_ For someone of age 19,
these figures would be higher, 141 and
171.
There is debate over the length of
time this pulse rate needs to be
s stained, but most exercise
physiologists recommend for at least 15
minutes during at least 3 different oc-

casions per week.
Running is one of the best ways
sustain an increases pulse rate, but a
other activities, such as swimmij
rope jumping, and stationary bi.
riding that can be done without sloWin
down or stopping, are just as effectiv
Bike riding outdoors may serve
purpose if there are long stretches'(
road requiring minimal amounts"(
stopping. Although you didn't mentlo
where you live, it seems unlikely the
bicycling to class would achieve 'thi
result, although of course it does )hv
other physiological and ecologiba
benef its.
In addition, although there is rc
enough space to go into these in detai
your cardiovascular fitness program
will have many other benefits. Theyir
dlude improved sleep, better skin a'n
muscle tone, and increase in perce
tage of lean body tissue.
Finally, it should be mentioned th
such a program involves graduall
building up to a high level of exercis
over a period of weeks, and doing a
propriate "warm up" and "cool down
exercises to avoid damage to muscle
and tissues. Before you begin you
program you may want to pick up th
valuable information on fitness which i:
distributed by the Dept. of Recreationa
Sports in the Intramural, Central Cam
pus, and North Capus Recreatioi
Buildings.
Please send all health-relat
questions to: The Health Edueato
Health Service, 207 Fletcher Ave., A
Arbor, MI. 48109

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A

(Continued from Page 1)
league's chief economist. After a period
of a month of two, he said, lenders will
be unable to attract enough money for
them"to'continue making loans at the
current rate of about 10 per cent.
"There will be a much lower volume of
credit extended," Thygerson said. "I
think we're beginning to see the top in
the amount of interest that home
buyers are willing to pay."
MEANWHILE THE government is
investigating charges that leading
banks in the United States conspired to
drive down the value of the U:S. dollar
on foreign money markets in order to
reap windfall profits, it was disclosed

Carter reveals plan
to halt dollar slide

yesterday.
A Justice Department official, wh(
asked not to be identified by name, sail
the investigation began about two mon
ths ago and is focusing on charges tha
major American banks "acted in cot
cert to drive down the value of thi
dollar on international markets.
The official said that if the allegation
are accurate, the banks could b
charged with price fixing violations un
der the Sherman Antitrust Act.
The official said: "If there were an
titrust violations it would relate t4
whether or not there was collusidn
There has got to be evidence they actec
in concert."

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