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Vol. LIXNo. 38
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Friday, October 20, 1978
Rhodesia hits rebels
LUSAKA, Zambia (AP)-Rhodesian
warplanes struck 90 miles into Zambia
yesterday to pound a black guerrilla
base within earshot of the capital.
Guerrilla leader Joshus Nkoma said
"we have lost quite a few people."
Wednesday Salisbury troops raided
guerrilla camps in Mozambique. There
was no word whether that raid was still
in progress. There was no comment
NKOMO, HEAD of the Zambia-based.
Zimbabwe African People's Union said,
"They have destroyed almost every
structure." He suggested the bombs
might have been American-made,
although the United States supports the
United Nations' total embargo against
Nkomo said the planes dropped
napalm, but Lusaka hospital soucres
said thee was no evidence of napalm in-
juries. One medical source said more
than 300 men of military age were
treated at one hospital. The source
estimated the death toll at "dozens."
In Salisbury, the Rhodesian capital,
the military comand said its forces had
struck Nkomo's main headquarters and
that the attackers were returning to
A RHODESIAN military spokesman
said the Zambian government was
warned in advance and told the target
was Nkomo's headquarters.
Nkomo said the base was a camp for
the sick, the young and refugees.
"The bombs were very powerful and
they don't make those bombs in
Salisbury," Nkomo said. "I wonder
whether (Rhodesian Prime Minister
Ian) Smith doesn't get them from
where he has gone shopping," an ap-
parent reference to Smith's visit to the
United States. '
BLACK SMOKE rose over the
Chikumbi Camp and ruins of buildings
were evident from the camp's sealed
gates. Tremors from the bombs shook
Lusaka and destroyed several shanties.
Reporters were barred from the
camp by armed guerrillas but said
most of the casualties evacuated were
men of military age wearing green
Reports from the site said the 45-
minute attack was by six jets and about
five helicopters, but there was no in-
dication that Rhodesian ground troops
THE ATTACK came the day after
Rhodesia announced a raid into
S. Africa considers,
elections run by. U.N.-
Mozambique to its east, the base of
Robert Mugabe's guerrillas.
Mugabe and Nkomo lead a loose
alliance called the Patriotic Front, and
hve been trying to topple the Salisbury
government for six years.
Their efforts increased after an in-
terim biracial government was formed,
ZAMBIA ISSUED a statement saying
a ZAPU "refugee camp" was attacked,
and that the Rhodesians were
"repulsed by gallant Zambian forces."
Nkomo said the camp was being built
by the United Nations and Red Cross as
a future home for ZAPU children Tens
of thousands of black refugees have fled
Rhodesia to neighboring countries.
Western diplomatic sources say there
are four ZAPU camps and two refugee
camps within 12 miles of Lusaka.
The raids came while all four mem-
bers of Rhodesia's interim govern-
ment-Smith, Bishop Abel Muzorewa,
the Rev. Ndabaningi Sithole and Chief
Jeremiah Chirau-were in Washington.
They are scheduled to meet Saturday
with State Department officials on the
subject of Rhodesian peace talks that
would include the guerrillas.
Asked if the raids would affect the
talks, Nkomo said: "How do you talk
with these criminals who use napalm?
It shows the humbug that is going on.
Smith is talking with the Americans at
the same time as he is attacking
Mozambique and Zambia and talking
about an all-party conference."
PRETORIA, South Africa (AP) -
Though South Africa still plans to run
its own elections in troubled Namibia
(also known as South-West Africa, of-
ficials there made a pact with Western
powers to reopen negotiations for later
elections supervised by the U.N.
South Africa stopped short of a firm
commitment to U.N. elections,
however, and the Westerners rejected
the legitimacy of the South African-
planned voting. Moreover, South
African Prime Minister Pieter Botha
raised a potentially major side issue,
saying his country will not withdraw its
troops from the mineral-rich territory
until the 12-year-old war with black
nationalist guerrillas ends.
BUT WEST German Foreign
Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher said
in Bonn that the agreement he,
Secretary of State Cyrus Vance and
three other Western diplomats reached
with the South Africans represents a
"very important advance."
Vance, in Switzerland preparing for a
new round of arms talks in Moscow,
was more non-committal, saying the
Westerners are puzzled about the pur-
pose of the first round of elections.
The five - Vance, the foreign
ministers of Britain, West Germany
and Canada and the deputy foreign
See S. AFRICA, Page 12
Wall to wall on Wall Street
Thousands crashed Wall Street yesterday after hearing news of the biggest
fall since 1929. No, the ticker tape parade did not follow the revelation of a
stock market crash, but of the world championship captured by the New
By AMY SALTZMAN
with Wire Service reports
A 21-year-old Ypsilanti man was shot
and captured by State Police yesterday
following a seven-hour shooting spree
which left five persons dead and two
Among the slain were the parents of
suspect Billy Hardesty, who was woun-
ded and taken into custody at their Van
Buren home. He is listed in critical con-
dition at St. Joseph Mercy Hospital in
HARDESTY HAS been charged with
three counts of first degree murder and
two counts of assault with intent to
commit murder in cortnection with the
shootings, police said. No bond has been
set in his case.
Charges have yet to be issued in the
death of Hardesty's parents.
Jan Hardesty, the suspect's mother,
was found shot in a bedroom of the Van
Buren house. Police believed she was
dead before yesterday's shoot-out, and
was not struck by police bullets.
THE BODY OF Richard Hardesty,
the accused gunman's father, was
found in a chest-type freezer on the
back porch of the house. Although blood
was found on his head, the exact cause
of death has not been established.
The first in the series of shootings oc-
curred at 2 a.m. Thursday when two
men were killed in the parking lot of
Abigal's Dirty Shame Saloon in down-
town Ypsilanti. The victims, Timothy
Schofield, 21, of Belleville, and Troy
Curry, 28, of Canton, were shot in the
head and chest, police said.
About two hours later, Daniel Wood,
38, of Canton, was shot to death and two
other men were wounded inside an Yp-
silanti Township tool and die shop about
a mile east of the bar.
The two wounded men, Tommy
Brown, 29, and Bobby Baker, both of
Tecumseh, are listed in serious con-
dition at St. Joseph's.
STATE POLICE said Hardesty knew
all the victims, and it appeared all had
been shot with a .22-caliber pump ac-
One of the two men wounded at the
shop gave Hardesty's name and a
description of his car to sheriff's
deputies, officials said.
In the meantime, according to
Richard Frye, 43, a friend who lived a
few houses down the road from Har-
He pointed the .22 rifle at me and I shot
him. He returned a whole bunch of
Hardesty, hit in the right shoulder,.
went back inside, returned with a
shotgun and started firing again, the
Officers finally rushed Hardesty at
the door and arrested him.
POLICE RECOVERED three
'There was one witness at the tavern and he was a
friend of one of the victims. He was so flipped out that
he couldn't speak...'
CITES SAMOFF TENURE CASE-
Kozol urges student activism
By MARIANNE EGRI
and ELISA FRYE
Urging students to organize around a
single issue rather than attack all
problems, author and educator
Jonathan Kozol tackled the matter of
lack of student power and academic
repression yesterday in an "Ideas for
Action" workshop at the Michigan
Kozol assumed a conversational air
at the talk, sponsored by People's Ac-
tion Coalition (PAC), and encouraged
response from the crowd of about 60,
STRESSING THE importance of
political science Assistant Prof. Joel
Samoff's tenure case as a blatant
example of lack of student input, Kozol
urged students to organize around it.
Some observers say Samoff has been
twice denied tenure on the basis of the
quality of his research, rather than his
. Spartacus Youth League and
"We're very enthusiastic about this,"
said PAC member Jenny Patchen.
"We're forming a Samoff support-
committee that's meeting tonight and
we're hoping to start an organization
that will put pressure on various parts
of the academic hierarchy so we can
get Samoff tenure."
MSA member Jim Sullivan said he
hoped the Samoff committee would
develop into a permanent support
group on tenure.
"THIS TIME we're trying to undo a
decision that's already been made, but
in the future we want to have a commit-
tee ready to make input before a tenure
decision is made," he said.
Sullivan added there is a lack of em-
phasis on teaching on this campus, and
students have to change this attitude.
Yesterday afternoon Kozol chatted
with various students while
autographing his new book Children of
the Revolution. He said the book is
about the Cuban campaign against
illiteracy which started in 1961.
"CASTRO educated the school kids
during the day, and in the afternoon he
sent the kids out into the countryside to
spread their knowledge to the peasan-
ts," explained Kozol. He claimed as a
result the literacy rate in Cuba has in-
creased to 98 per cent as compared to 80
per cent in the United States.
Although the group of students
talking to Kozol kept changing, the
reaction was basically the same.
"I never heard of him until last night,
and I had to buy the book today," said
University student Sunny Mainprize.
Kozol is the author of Free Schools,
The Night is Dark and I am Far From
Home and Death at an Early Age.
After working in Cuba a year ago,
Kozol was eager to relate his experien-
ces' with and impressions of the Cuban
school system to a mostly-student
audience of about 600 that heard him
speak Wednesday night at Rackham
"SCHOOLS HERE are built on inert
ideas, ideas that lead to nothing," he
said. "Childhood is a preparation for
life, but not a part of it." .
This, he claimed, is a "vivid con-
trast" to Cuba, where "schools are
based on firm possession of concrete
action. There is an application of what
is learned in the morning to what they
do in the afternoon."
Kozol would like to see a similar
literacy revolution in the United States.
"By Christmas of 1979 there is no
damn reason on earth why we could not
call ourselves, like Cuba, a nation free
See KOZOL, Page 5
desty's parents, Hardesty showed up at
Frye's home and said Troy and the
others had been "hassling" him about
his ex-wife and daughter. Frye said
Hardesty left after a half-hour, and
soon police cars roared up to the Har-
Trooper David Koetsier, one of those
who shot Hardesty, said officers found
a car in the driveway matching the
description of the one they wanted.
House lights were on and music was
playing. The officers tried in vain to
reach Hardesty by telephone, Koetsier
HE SAID Hardesty later "stepped out
on the porch with a .22. He saw me here.
shotguns and a rifle from the house af-
ter Hardesty's arrest,
According to neighbors, Hardesty
had been hospitalized for drug addic-
tion about six months ago.
Aron Kaufman, a University
sophomore who was riding in a police
car for a political science class, said the
main problem of tracking down the vic-
tim, was a lack of witnesses. "There
was one witness at the tavern and he
was a friend of one of the victims. He
was so flipped out that he couldn't
speak, so the police had nothing to go
Prof. Samoff appeals tenure
denials, wants fair' evaluation
irate Iranian students clash over
differing views at East Quad last
night. See story, Page 12.
+ Graduate Employees
Organization (GEO) may meet
with University Regents to settle
current labor disputes between
GEO and the, University. See
story, Page 12.
+ University Hospital's House
Officers Association (HOA)
reached an informal agreement
in labor negotiations with the
University. See story, Page 12.
+ The Ann Arbor Transpor-
tation Authority citizen commit-
tee calls it quits. See story, Page
. "See Stoops to Conquer," a
By RICHARD BERKE
Political Science Assistant Professor
Joel Samoff, who was denied tenure for
the second time last February, yester-
day filed an official appeal with
Literary College (LSA) Dean Billy
Frye contesting the decision of the
department's tenured faculty..
In his fifteen-page appeal, Samoff
said he presents evidence that the
procedure by which his teaching,
research, and service was examined
"prevented a fair evaluation."
Following LSA rules, the appeal
disputes the tenure rejections on
procedural grounds and not the
reasoning behind them.
SAMOFF, who came to the Univer-
sity in fall, 1970, is known for his exper-
tise in South African affairs and
political economy and has been called a
"Marxist political economist." Obser-
vers claim the quality of Samoff's
research and his political views were
among the reasons for his tenure
Samoff said he waited several mon-
ths before filing the appeal because he
unfair way of introducing political and
Samoff said his appeal also states
that the department chairman did not
present the tenured faculty with an
adequate background on University
guidelines for tenure decisions. He said
that a lack of complete understanding
of the guidelines by tenured faculty
members may have led to the tenure
Samoff said another "intrusion" into
his receiving a fair evaluation was the
fact that live department members
were up for tenure when his case was
See PROF., Page 5
City officials want
PBB leakage tests
By KEVIN ROSEBOROUGH tons of grain dumped at the landfill i
City officials plan to request specific 1974, according to William Turne3
tests by state and county authorities for chief" of the environmental protectio
Landlords 'can live'
with new tenant law
By MARK PARRENT
Many local landlords say they feel
the "Truth in Renting Act" signed into
clauses listed in the act itself.
The city charter amendment
prohibits clauses "which the lanlord
knows to be decptive and which purpor-