The Michigan Daily-Friday, September 22, 1978-Pal
Small towns hurt by reduced air
NEW YORK (AP) - The federal
policy of fostering competition in the
airline industry, while producing
savings for travelers and profits for
airlines, is leaving many smaller cities
across the nation with reduced air ser-
vice - or none at all.
In the second year of the policy
easing 40 years of strict federal control
over the industry, airlines are making
banner profits. Now} the Civil
Aeronautics Board is cutting red tape
even further to allow the lines to fly
where it is most profitable, and many
are discontinuing flights on routes that
don't fill their planes.
WITHIN THE last three months,
cities including Norfolk and Newport-
News, Va., Chattanooga and Memphis,
Tenn., San Joaquin Valley, Calif.,
Louisville, Ky., Clovis, Hobbs, and
Carlsbad, N.M., and Medford, Ore.,
have lost some regularly scheduled
commercial service, according to John
Nammack of the CAB.
In New York State, the problem has
reached epidemic proportions. State
Sen. John Caemmerer says that in the
last two years, Watertown, Jamestown,
Glens Falls, Plattsburgh, Ogdenburg,
Massena and Saranac Lake have lost
all regularly scheduled commercial
In addition, Utica, Ithaca, Albany,
Elmira and Binghamton have lost large
portions of their regular air service.
"WE'RE MOST unhappy about it,"'
says Binghamton Chamber of Com-
merce official Harold Kammerer,
referring to Allegheny Airlines'
decision three months ago to reduce
service from his city to New York's
"We're a growing city. If we're
dealing with industrial prospects and
they feel they can't have enough air
service, they're going to look
someplace else," Kammerer says.
CAB chairman Alfred Kahn, ar-
chitect of Washington's policy on eased
controls over airlines rates and routes,
conceded in an interview that "carriers
have been pulling out of these com-
munities by the hundreds." Ironically,
Kann's hometown of Ithaca, N.Y., lost
service to Washington, D.C., at least
partly as a result of his policies.
"BUT I THINK it's part of a healthy
phenomenon. If you believe the in-
dustry will function better with com-
petition, then you've got to be willing to
let the forces of competition work,"
Airlines are cutting back on these
routes for several reasons. As jet fuel
prices have soared and more discount
fares are offered, airlines have found
that they must fly larger, more fuel-
efficient aircraft. And more seats have
to be filled for a flight to be profitable.
"Chairman Kahn's philosophy is to
leave this up to the airline
management's judgment. Open entry
to new routes carries with it open exit,''
says David Shipley, an official of
THE CAB hopes that the solution for
communities that are losing regularly
scheduled service lies in attracting
alternative air service - namely, so-
called commuter airlines and air taxis.
At present there are about 2,200 air
taxi and commuter airlines serving 350
communities nationwide, according to
Nammack of the CAB.
Largely because of the changes in
regulatory climate, profits for those
services grew about 20 per cent last
year, and about 8.5 million passengers
now are using those services.
IN BINGHAMTON, for instance, the
CAB is hoping to persuade three
existing commuter airlines to fill the
void left by Allegheny.
As further inducements, the ;CAB
later this month will change its ru]
allow commuter airlines to operal
seat aircraft instead of the 30 seate
And if Congress passes a pei
airline regulatory reform bill,
muter airlines could receive fei
loan guarantees to purchase ne%
craft. Without that legislation, indi
analysts question whether t
airlines can come up with the
proximately $1 million that each
60-seat plane would cost.
The CAB also plans within the
six weeks to open three new field of
in San Mateo, Calif., Boston, ande
Kansas City or St. Louis to addres
problems of communities that havi
air service. Atlanta will get a fie]
fice next spring.
Farber faces return
HACKENSACK, N.J. (AP) - The
New Jersey Supreme Court upheld con-
tempt convictions of the New York
Times and Times reporter Myron Far-
ber yesterday, and ordered Farber
back to jail unless he surrenders notes
to a judge in a murder case by Tuesday.
Attorneys for Farber and The Times
said they would appeal to the U.S.
Supreme Court - probably today.
IN A 5-2 decision, the court found that
neither the First Amendment to the
U.S. Constitution nor a state jour-
nalist's shield law protects Farber from
having to surrender his notes in this
It found the shield law inapplicable
when it conflicts with the constitutional
guarantee of a fair trial - and par-
ticularly in this case, because Farber
had cooperated with the prosecutors.
The case involves a, major conflict
between the constitutional rights to a
free press and a fair trial. It could set
important precedents defining the
rights of reporters to protect confiden-
THE DECISION, written by Justice
Worrall Mountain, rejected The Times'
argument that the First Amendment
allows a reporter to shield notes and
two aissenting juages, however,
criticized the majority for upholding
the contempt citations before a full
hearing had been held on whether the
subpoena for Farber's notes was
The majority found that a state law
protecting reporters from having to
reveal confidential information did not
apply because both the federal and
state constitutions guarantee people
accused of crimes the right to "com-
pulsory process" for witnesses in their
defense - in other words, to subpoena
testimony that helps them. If a law and
the Constitution clash, the Constitution
rules, the court said.
C R I S L E Rx
UAC TICKET CENTRAL
I4AKISLjK, wnu was jauea c aays in
August before being freed pending the
high court action, was ordered back to
Bergen County Jail at 4 p.m. Tuesday if
he continues to withhold his notes from
trial judge William Arnold.
Farber refused comment. Times at-
torney Floyd Abrams said the Supreme
Court ruling was "a sad disservice to
First Amendment privileges."
But the court said that the 'U.S.
Supreme Court "has squarely held that
no such First Amendment right
exists.., among the many First
Amendment protections that -may be
invoked by the press, there is not to be
found the privilege of refusing to reveal
relevant confidential information and
its sources to a grand jury" engaged in
fair and effective law enforcement.
As for the shield law, the court said it
was particularly important in Farber's
case that he had cooperated with the
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