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September 19, 1978 - Image 6

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1978-09-19

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Page 6-Tuesday, September 19, 1978-The Michigan Daily
'U' prof. optimistic
on summit results...

-And world opinion cautious

By RON GIFFORD
Despite the resignation of a top
Egyptian official and an apparent
conflict between the Israeli and
American interpretations of the Mid-
East peace accords, tht associate
chairman of the University's political
science department -is very optimistic
that peace will finally be achieved.
Professor Raymond Tanter, an
expert on Mid-Eastern politics, told a
group of political science students
yesterday that he is "upbeat, prayerful,
and hopeful" that Egypt and Israel will
finally settle their differences.
DOUBTS ABOUT the peace
prospects arose yesterday when Israeli
Prime Minister Menachem Begin told
the Israeli press Israel' had made no
commitment to a total military
withdrawal from the'West Bank after
the. five-year transition period was up.
Tanter, however, said that these
comments should not be take as
contrary to the spirit and letter of the
signed Framework of Peace. "You
must remember that he was talking to
the Israeli press, not the Egyptian

delegation. He had to take a tough stand
to protect himself in his country from
the extreme political groups trying to
unseat him."
Concerning the resignation of
Egyptian Foreign Minister Mohammed
Kamel, who resigned yesterday in
protest of the policies of President
Anwar Sadat, Tanter said this is not
likely to disrupt the coming
negotiations between Egypt and Israel
on the Sinai and Palestinian issues.
"When Kamel's predecessor, Ismail
Fahmy, resigned for similar reasons,
Sadat actually became stronger in
Egypt. I expect the same thing to
happen again."
One factor Tanter noted as
potentially dangerous is the role of the
Palestinian LiberationOrganization
will play in the upcoming weeks. The
professor expects the PLO to step up
terrorist attacks against the Israelis in
an effot-t to torpedo the negotiations,
but Tanter warned that the Israelis
must not retaliate against the Arabs,
because it would strain relations with
Egypt.

as to the f
Joyous Israelis popped open wine
bottles and Egyptians reveled in what;
they s w as Anwar Sadat's success at
Camp avid, but politicians and many
ordinary people in both countries
seemed perplexed about just how close
peace really is.
In the rest of the Arab world the
reaction ranged from rage to silence.
Moscow was sharply negative, and
Western European leaders cautioned
against over-optimism.
"OH, ALLAH, bring down your wrath
on the head of Sadat! . . . curse the
Egyptians, they have sold us for a
handful of dollars," wailed an old
woman in a Palestinian refugee camp
near Beirut, Lebanon.
A group of guerrillas standing nearby
denounced the looming separate peace
between Israel and Egypt. They waved
their rifles and vowed to escalate the
war against Israel.
Declared the Palestinian news
agency WAFA: "The traitor Sadat has
sold all the sacred territories, the
Palestinians, the Golan Heights and the
dignity of Egypt in return for a handful

.uture of peace
of sand in the Sinai.'' Hard-line Syria's happen as a
state-run Damascus Radio sounded the summit mee
same theme and called Sadat's actions Sadat, Isr
"capitulation." Menachem
BUT THERE was silence in two Carter.
important corners of the Middle East - "I hope this
Jordan, key to an eventual peace on the I'm not so si
Israeli-occupied West Bank of the 27. "I guessi
Jordan River, and Saudi Arabia, lotof doubts.
influential bankroller of Egypt, Syria Said trave
and other poorer Arab states. "Maybe I'mj
The Camp David documents a thing, but
envision, after further negotiations hope that it is
over the Sinai Peninsula, the signing of
an Israeli-Egyptian peace treaty within ddBEGIN,
three months. But the "framework" for suddenly hL
an overall Mideast peace leaves opposition L
unresolved such key issues as the "Peace Now'
future of the Palestinian-populated own Cabine
West Bank. Minister Yi
In Tel Aviv, Israeli office workers trouble ahea
broke out wine in impromptu ment's appi
celebrations of the promise of peace settlements i
held out by the agreements, and groups as Egypt dem
gathered on street corners listening to "If this is i
transistor radios for news. entailed in th
BUT PEOPLE on the streset seemed hard to accep
confused about what exactly mayw

plan
result of the two-week
ting of Egypt's President?
aeli Prime Ministep
Begin and President,
s will mean something, but
ure," said Ruth Jacobson?
it's too early, but I have a
L agent Ron Schori, 27:
just not prepared for such
I am full of doubts ..
nothing more." :
THE "hawk" of old,
ad the support of the
abor Party and Israel'
" movement. But one of his
t members, Commer6e'
igal Hurvitz, signaledil'
d if Begin seeks the Parlia-
oval to remove Israeli'
from the Sinai Peninsul,,
nands.
truly one of the conditions
he settlement, I will find it
pt," he said.
i ir VA t1 c nntUil l liti La

Tanter

Tanter also views the hard-line
stance of the Arab states as a cover,
and expects Jordan and Saudi Arabia to
join the peace process at a later date.
In Washington, Rep. Carl Pursell (R-
2d dist.) called the summit "a historic
event achieving a partial peace and
hopefully, agreements to come."

Carter pushes Mideast peace packet .. .
(Continued from Page 1)

CARTER SAID the talks had
produced "far more substance than
anyone dreamed," and he added:
"It's not just an outline of general
principles. It gets to the heart of every
single issue that has divided Israel and
Egypt.",
Carter's achievement drew plaudits
from Democrats and Republicans

alike. "My congratulations . . . to
President Carter for the courage and
determination he has shown," said
House GOP Leader John J. Rhodes of
Arizona. "It's been absolutely tremen-
dous . . . a tremendous achievement,"
said Speaker Thomas O'Neill.
FOR HIS PART, Begin announced he
had won a U.S. promise to build Israel

THE COLLABORATIVE

fa I art and craft classes
offered in the Michigan Union
Classes and workshops including:
LEADED GLASS
Register Now-Classes start Oct. 2
U-M Artists & Craftsmen Guild, 763-4430
2nd Floor, Michigan Union

10

_ ,

is
7
3
.
.
i
N.
ti
i
k
t
r

The Ann Arbor Film Coperative presents at AUD A
TUESDAY, SE TEMBER 19
(Ingmar Bergman, 1963) WINTER LIGHT .- 7 ONLY-AUD A
A disillusioned pastor (GUNNAR BJORNSTRAND), doubting in God, hope, and love, watches his congre-
gation crumble along with his faith. A lean, powerful film, strikingly framed and flawlessly acted. With
INGRID THULIN and MAX VON SYDOW, Second in the "Island" trilogy.
(lgmarBergman, 1963) THE SILENCE 9ONLY-AUDA
The last film in Bergman's 'Island" trilogy. A serious and frightening film of alienation, and the pain.
"fear, and perversity which knowledge of this ailenation brings to men and' women. Concerning the
estrangement of two sisters, the film gives us a more sparing, insightful look into filial relations that
the later CRIES AND WHISPERS.
Thursday: Preston Sturges THE PALM BEACH STORY and THE GREAT McGIRTY
* * * *Ann Arbor Film Co-op is looking for new members* * **
Ask for details at our showings

two new air bases in the Negev Desert
to replace those in the Sinai being
returned to Egyptian control.
Begin also said Israel planned to
maintain a military presence on the
West Bank, even after the five-year
transition toward Palestinian
autonomy in the region. U.S. officials
confirmed that the agreement would
allow 6,000 Israeli soldiers to remain on
the West Bank-but away from
population centers.
Asked in an NBC interview whether
Israeli troops might remain on the West
Bank for five, 10 or 15 years, Begin
replied: "Yes, why not. Yes, possibly."
HE SAID ISRAEL wants a peace set-
tlement with Jordan, Syria and
Lebanon. "The idea is not to have one
separate peace treaty between Israel,
and Egypt but to reach a comprehen-
sive peace settlement," he said.
The senior U.S. official listed five
major provisions of the agreements to
illustrate American contentions that
Sadat, too, had achieved some of the
Arab world's goals in its 30-year con-
flict with Israel.
These were:
* An end to Israeli military occupation
of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
Israel will withdraw all military forces
from the Sinai. .
* Palestinian Arabs living on the West
Bank and in Gaza will have "self-
governing authority with full
autonomy" and civil self-rule,
"probably in three months or so."
* Israel formally recognizes the
"legitimate rights" of the Palestinians.
" The Palestinians will be allowed to
participate in negotiations to determine
the final status of the West Bank and
Gaza, giving them "a real voice."
* Palestinian inhabitants of the
territories will have the right to reject
or ratify the ultimate agreement.
BUT THE AGREEMENT had no cer-
tain provisions for allowing the par-
ticipation of the more than one million
Palestinian refugees and displaced
persons living outside the West Bank
and Gaza areas. Many of them are
members or supporters of the PLO, the
umbrella Palestinian organization
committed to dismantling the Jewish
state.

American officials said any West
Bank Arab, regardless of PLO af-
filiation, could participate in the'
process. But Israel will have a veto
over the arrangements for allowing
Palestinians/to return to the West Bank.
A companion document signed sun-
day night at the White House envisions
the negotiation of a peace treaty bet-
ween Egypt and Israel within three
months.
ALTHOUGH THE CONGRESS has
no direct role in implementation of the
agreements, Carter and his summit
partners are seeking moral support for
their efforts. Sadat and Begin will ap-
pear separately today before the Senate
Foreign Relations and House Inter-
national Affairs committees.
Former Secretary of State Henry
Kissinger, who conferred with Sadat at
the Egyptian embassy for more than an
hour yesterday, said the Middle East
situation had changed for the better, no
matter what happens in coming mon-
ths.

"Everything in the Middle East has a
fragile quality, but this is a major
achievement" Kissinger said on NBC's
"Toddy" program. He said Carter
"deserves the gratitude of the
American people and the gratitude of
the world."
AMERICAN OFFICIALS said Car-
ter, Sadat and Begin agreed to nothing
that would call for American military
involvement in carrying out the Camp
David accords. "There is no provision
to move U.S. forces into any of the
areas invplved," said one official.
A major question left unresolved was
whether concessions offered by Israel
to the Palestinians would draw Hussein
into the peace process. The text of the
agreement made public yesterday
gives great attention to Jordan's poten-
tial role in a hoped-for settlement.
The "framework" also specified that
the five-year period for Israeli military
withdrawal from the West Bank and
Gaza would not begin until a "self-
governing authority" has been
established in those regions.

THERE WAb also potentla poutcai
trouble at home/for Sadat because o
the growing gap between Egypt and tf
rest of the Arab world. Americjin
officials in Washington confirmed tlI t
Egypt's foreign minister, Mohamm.
Kamel, has resigned, apparently ,,ii
protestm-of the Camp Dav.
developments. *
But the man-in-the-street in Cai
seemed less unsure that Sadat wat
pursuing the right path.
"The Syrians and the PLO can
knock their heads against the wall;
said merchant Amir Soliman. "If t4
had been smart they would have play
the game with us and they'd hate
gotten something." .
THE SOVIET news agency Tass, in a
harsh attack on Sadat, said the
Egyptian leader had "betrayed" his
fellow Arabs and had accepted the
dictates of Israel and Washington. One
proof, Tass said, is in provisions of
stipulating that Israel need not pull out
of the Sinai until three years after a
peace is signed.
In Europe, the British and West
German governments were among the
first to issue statements, both
underlining Carter's warning that there
are difficult problems ahead. Austrian
Chancellor Bruno Kreisky, a frequent
Mideast mediator, noted that the
central issue of the Palestinians future
remains unsolved.

But settlements

000

(Continued from Page One)

}U
HITCHCOK DOUBLE FEATURE
THE LADY VANISHES (at 7:00)
A tittle old lady disappears on a train and the young woman (MARGARET
LOCKWOOD) who knows she saw her gets frantic when no one supports her
claim, although MICHAEL REDGRAVE wants to.
SECRET AGENT (at 9:05)
PETER LORRE, MADELINE CARROLL and JOHN GIELGAD star in this tale of a
novelist pressed into the Secret Service who shoots an innocent man and
must find a double agent. Only recently available.
WED: DUEL IN THE SUN
Both shows $2.50 OLD ARCH.
CINEMA GUILD Oneshow$1.50 AUD.
CYRA McFADDEN'S BESTSELLING SATIRE
ON AMERICAN SUBURBIA IS BACK-IN A
$1.95 SIGNET PAPERBACK
R-- IAL
A YEAR IN THE I IFE OF MARIN COUNTY
Cyra McFadden
Curmplot* Lith Original Illustrations
if there's life beyond death, it's in Merin County.
California, where the game is to Get Out in Front
of It. Stay Mellow At All Costs, and evolve in a
mind-boggling mosaic of chessboard alliances and
hip-cultural mind-sets.
THE SERIAL: it's a rollicking 52-gush soap opera
of pseudo-sophistication, mountaintop weddings,
and creative divorce groups, where you'll meet
Kate and Harvey Holroyd your lverage taid-back
Marin County couple.
Read it at your ownrisk Ms
Fro rit t t ' u

Jordan Valley in the east and spread
along the Mediterranean coastline of
the Sinai to the west of Israel.
Settlements started going up after
Israel captured these lands in the 1967
war, and the settlement movement
gained new force when Prime Minister
Menachem Begin came to power in
1977, proclaiming the West Bank of the
Jordan River "liberated territory."
For Begin, and many Israelis, the
West Bank is the land God promised to
the Jews. As prime minister, Begin has
tried to work toward a peace
agreement that would safeguard the
existing settlements and the right of
Jews to live in the West Bank.
IT WAS ON the settlement issue -
specifically Jewish settlements in the
Sinai Peninsula, seized from Egypt in
1967 - that President Carter noted
"agreement has not been reached."
President Anwar Sadat wanted the
Sinai settlements disbanded and Begin
could not agree.
Begin announced the issue would
come before the Israeli Parliament for

"a free vote" and he would accept its
decision.
That means one result of the Camp
David, summit has been to set up a
national debate in Israel on the
emotion-laden question.
IN JANUARY, Begin declared:
"Israelis do not burn settlements. They
build settlements and keep them." And
he said no Israeli government could
dismantle a settlement "and stay in
office even one day."
But Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan
has told settlers in the Sinai that the
people of Israel would not support them
if the settlements blocked a peace
agreement.
And there are many Israelis, such as
adherents of the "Peace Now"
movement, who would be willing to give
up settlements if that would ensure
peace.
YET THE historical fact remains:
Israel has never voluntarily abandoned
a settlement.
Have those basic attitudes been
changed by the talks at Camp David
and is Israel now willing to pay the
price of abandoning settlements to
achieve peace. 4
The question can only be answered by
the national debate that must now take
place in Israel in the coming weeks.
THE DEBATE began almost as soon
as the Washinton announcement that a
framework for peace had been agreed
upon.
Parliament member Beula Cohen, a

remain,
member of Begin's Likud bloc and a7
fiery supporter of settlements,
immediately called for a vote of nd
confidence in Begin. Israel Television'
quoted her as saying, "This is not a
peace treaty but a treaty of war."
But Defense Minister Ezer Weizmani
one of the Camp David negotiators, said
when asked in a U.S. television
interview about how Parliament will
vote on the issue: "I think when Israel
hears about the Camp. David
agreements. . . it will vote for the
possibility of peace."
THE IMMEDIATE Israeli decision
will be on the settlements in Egyptian
Sinai, about two dozen outposts
clustered along the Mediterranean
coast in northern Sinai and three
settlements in the south along the Gulf
of Aqaba and at Sharm el-Sheikh.
Those are the settlements that
directly concern Egypt and there will
have to be agreement on them to get an
Israel-Egyptian peace pact.
A broader peace agreement, perhaps
encompassing Jordan, would have to
deal with another group of settlements
- almost 50 outposts in the West Bank
of the Jordan River.
A third settlement problem is in the
Golan Heights in the north, seized from
Syria in 1967, where some 3,500 Israelis
live and work in 25 settlements. With
Syria not involved'in peace talks and so
far opposed to the Sadat-Begin
meetings, those Golan settlements have
not been discussed.

AUDIT IONS
September 20,21 1978
University Of Michigan
Professional Theatre Program
* S S
GUEST ARTIST SERIES
RICHARD THE SECOND
By William Shakespeare
Nov. 29 - Dec. 2
SHOWCASE SERIES

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