See Editorial Page
See Today for details
Vol. LIX, No. 7
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, September 14, 1978
Carter maps out
Daily Photo by BRAD BENJAMINy
ANGRY HILL AREA residents gathered in President Robben Fleming's front yard yesterday to protest University
plans to centralize Hill area dining facilities. The Regents are scheduled to consider those food consolidation plans
to 250 Hill marchers
CAMP DAVID, Md. (AP) -
President Carter appeared late
yesterday to be nearing completion of a
formula for additional Mideast
negotiations after the Camp David
summit, which is drawing to a close.
As the President shelved social and
political activities to nail down an
accord between Egypt and Israel,
diplomatic sources said the mood at the
summit was upbeat and that the
delegations appeared satisfied about
the way it was heading.
THE FORMULA, tentatively entitled
Framework of Negotiations, deals with
the future of Palestinian Arabs now
under Israeli military control and other
fundamental issues in the Arab-Israeli
dispute, the sources said.
These officials, asking not to be
identified, also said the language being
drafted was designed to be broad
enough to gain approval of Egyptian
President Anwar Sadat and Israeli
Prime Minister Menachem Begin, as
well as draw Jordan eventually into the
U.S.-led peace process.
"We are obviously approaching the
final stages," said Jody Powell, the
summit spokesman, in an overall
assessment of the eight-day-old
conference among the leaders of the
United States, Egypt and Israel.
"I CAN'T imagine any more
intensive period of discussions."
Carter canceled an evening flight to
Washington for a White House party
and postponed for one week a trip to the
Carolinas tomorrow to campaign for
Democrats. He also postponed for one
week an appearance at a "town
meeting" Saturday in a Pittsburgh
suburb as well as an appearance later
Saturday in Columbus, Ohio.
Mrs. Carter flew by helicopter to
Washington to take her husband's place
at'the reception and concert while he
worked on the compromise formula.
Powell confirmed that the drafting of
windup statements had begun.
Diplomatic sources, asking not to be
identified, said the talks might end
tonight or tomorrow morning.
"THERE HAS been a reduction of
thoughts to paper," Powell said. The
White House press secretary is serving
as spokesman for Egypt and Israel as
well as the United States.
Carter was up before daybreak to
meet with his key advisers following a
late session Tuesday night with Israeli
Prime Minister Menachem Begin, their
first formal get-together since Sunday.
Despite the step-up in U.S. efforts,
there was no sign that Carter was
imposing a deadline to end his talks
with Begin and Egyptian President
Anwar Sadat - even though Carter is
coming up against a speechmaking and
THERE HAS been no visible
breakthrough on the Palestinians or
any other key issue in the Arab-Israeli
conflict. But Carter is determined to
wrap up the conference with tangible
results, perhaps in a nationwide
A top Carter priority is to produce a
declaration regarding the 1.1 million
Palestinian Arabs living under Israeli
military control on the West Bank of the
Jordan River and in the Gaza district
on the Sinai Desert.
Begin has offered the Palestinians
administrative self-rule. Sadat,
rejecting the plan as inadequate, has
insisted on Israeli military withdrawal.
CARTER'S TASK is to find a middle
ground based on a softening of bothrthe
Israeli and Egyptian positions
acceptable enough to Jordan's King
Hussein to draw him into the
Jordan controlled the West Bank for
19 years before losing it in 1967 to Israel
in the Six-Day War. Like Sadat, the
king of Jordan is demanding
restoration of Arab sovereignty after 11
years of Israeli control.
Acting as go-between, Carter held his
second meeting Tuesday in two days
with Sadat. He then summoned Begin to
Aspen Lodge, the presidential
See CARTER, Page 7
By R. J. SMITH
During an evening protest which had some of the spirit
of a football rally, around 250 determined Hill-area
dormitory residents marched across campus yesterday
from Palmer Field to President Fleming's home and
voiced their disapproval of the University's commitment
to the consolidation of food services among four dorms on
The demonstrators, organized by the Student Coalition
to Save University Dining Systems (SUDS), met behind
Mosher-Jordan on the area slated for construction of a
new kitchen and cafeteria which would serve Couzens,
Alice Lloyd, Stockwell, and Mosher-Jordan residents.
SUDS LEADERS staged the rally to alert the Regents,
Fleming and Housing Office officials to the opinions of
some Hill-area residents on the plans to unify food
services. A survey taken last year by a specially-
designated housing task force indicated that the majority
of students on the Hill dorms would swallow as much as a
six per cent hike in dorm rates before they would choose to
leave their dorms to eat together in a central location.
SUDS feels the results of the survey were slighted in the
decision to consolidate.
The Michigan. Student Assembly voted Tuesday to
support SUDS activities, and draw up a resolution
supporting SUDS to present to the board of Regents.
SUDS plans to make a 20-minute presentation to the
Regents during the time allotted for public comments at
their September meeting in the Administration Building
this afternoon. The eight Regents are expected to review
the Housing Office's selection of sites for consolidation
tomorrow. They may then order the Office to go ahead
and select architects to construct the Mosher-Jqrdan
See HILL, Page 7
n.. r~ a ... ....--
Ford indicted for Pinto crash
From Wire Service Reports
ELKHART, Ind. - An Indiana grand
jury indicted Ford Motor Co. on
riminal charges yesterday in
onnection with a Pinto automobile
crash in which three teen-age girls
were killed. The jury said Ford knew
the Pinto fuel tanks were unsafe but did
nothing about it.
The panel said the tanks were
"recklessly designed and
manufactured in such a manner as
would likely cause the Pinto to flame
and burn upon rear-end impact, and
that the Ford Motor Co. had a legal duty
to warn the general public."
FORD, WHICH is involved in multi--
million dollar civil suits concerning the
Pinto, announced in June that it was
recalling 1.5 million 1971-76 Pintos and
30,000 Mercury Bobcats to improve the
safety of the fuel tanks, but the recall is
just getting tinder way.
The grand jury, impaneled by
Elkhart County Superior Court,
indicted Ford on three counts of
reckless homicide and one count of
criminal recklessness. Maximum
penalties would total $35,000 in fines.
Ford called the action unprecedented
and "unwarranted" and said it had not
broken any Indiana laws. H. R. Nolte
Jr., Ford vice president and general
counsel, said in a statement released in
Detroit that the automaker would study
the indictment and "take appropriate
ELKHART COUNTY Prosecutor
Michael Cosentino said he expected
Ford to challenge the indictment, which
he described as "certain to make law."
The charges stemmed from the Aug.
10 deaths of Judy Ulrich, 18, of Osceola,
Ind., her sister, Lynn, 16, and, their
cousin, Donna Ulrich, 18, ofRoanoke,
Ill. The three girls burned to death
when their 1973 Pinto sedan exploded
after being hit from behind by a van on
a northern Indiana highway.
The driver of the van, Robert
Duggar, 21, of Goshen, was not indicted
because, the grand jury said, "although
he may have been negligent, we do not
believe it constituted a criminal act."
CONSENTINO SAID individuals
could have been indicted by the grand
jury but it decided to go with the
corporate indictment, which cannot
include a jail term. Had individuals
been indicted, the penalties could have
been as much as 2-8 years in prison for
each count of reckless homicide and up
to a year in prison for the criminal
Cosentino said, "The thrust of the
state's case will be to show that the
design, engineering and manufacturing
of the Ford Pinto was inappropriate
and recklessly done, that Ford came to
know of the car's defects and did
nothing about it."
Ford denies the tanks on the Pintos
and Bobcats are any more susceptible
to explosion than those of other small
cars from early model-years, when no
federal rear-end collision standards
THE RECALL could cost Ford $40
million or more. The company also has
been hurt by the fact that sales of 1978
Pintos have declined, even though these
models contain a redesigned fuel
system, introduced in 1977, which Ford
says eliminates the fire danger.
National Highway Traffic Safety
Administration figures show at least 59
persons have been killed in fiery
crashes involving Pintos.
The biggest jury award came Feb. 6
when an Orange County, Calif., jury
awarded $127.8 million - including $125
million in punitive damages - to a
See FORD, Page 11
MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP) -
President Anastasio Somoza declared
martial law throughout his .embattled
nation last night as national guard
troops clashed with guerrilla-led rebels
trying to overthrow him.
The decree, which Somoza said will
last 30 days, suspends constitutional
EARLIER YESTERDAY, Somoza
sent battle-weary troops to north-
western Nicaragua to dislodge rebels
dug in at three key cities in a fight to
control this Central American nation.'
Government sources said troops tired
from five days of battling insurgents in
Masaya and other cities were moved
toward Leon, Estili and Chinadega,
major cities in Nicaragua's most
populous northwestern sector. The
number of troops involved was not im-
In 1974, after a guerrilla raid and kid-
napping of 40 prominent Nicaraguan
citizens that brought the first world at-
tention to the Nicaraguan guerrilla
movement, Somoza declared martial
law in a decree that wasn't lifted until a
year ago, and then only under
Heavy fighting also broke out again
in the south yesterday. The Red Cross
said it received requests for medical
supplies to be held on standby for use in
the Rivas City area, 80 miles south of
Managua and 15 miles from. the Costa
Reports from Leon said rebels con-
trol that city of 100,000.
+ It has been nearly three
months since Beverly Gold
vanished from her apartment on
Division St., but. her parents
remain hopeful the 20-year-old
University junior will return. See
story, Page .
" Lee Harvey Oswald's widow
testified before the House
yesterday. See story, Page 3.
" The newly-formed Campus
Labor Support Group marched to
the Administration Building
yesterday, urging campus labor
groups to band together to face
the 'U'. See story, Page 7.
Fighting was reported heavy there,
with hundreds of residents fleeing on
foot, carrying a few belongings in bat-
tered suitcases or on their backs. Most
carried white flags, hoping the soldiers
and guerrillas would not shoot at them.
IN PREPARATION for the gover-
nment sweep, guerrillas threw up cob-
blestone barricades on the -Pan
American Highway leading to the
cities, stopping all traffic.
More than 400 persons have been
killed and at least 800 wounded since
the bloody street fighting erupted
Saturday night when the guerrillas of
the Sandinista Liberation Front laun-
ched their offensive against gover-
nment troops, according to Red Cross
No official death toll was available,
since the Red Cross has been prevented
from clearing the dead in some of the
most embattled areas.
IN WASHINGTON, a ranking mem-
ber of the Senate, Foreign Relations
Committee, Sen. Frank Church (D-
Idaho) said Somoza appeared "at the
end of his rope" and suggested the
United States cut off economic aid in
order to hasten the president's down-
An Associated Press correspondent
said some guerrillas manning the
barricades in Leon, 45 miles northwest
of the capital, were armed with belt-fed
heavy caliber machineguns, shotguns,
rifles and handguns.
election Tuesday. Most other in-
cumbents fared better, however,
as voters in 14 states and the
District of Columbia went to the
polls. See story, Page 9.
9 Arabs, Germans, Italians,
Frenchmen and other foreign
groups have taken to land-buying
as a major form of investment
and the're buying U.S. property
by the mile, due at least in part to
the shrinking dollar. Check it out
on the Editorial Page.
For happenings, weather
and local briefs,
see TODAY, page 3.
Murder suspect still at large
By RICHARD BERKE
The search fora man sought by city police in connection
with Tuesday's shooting death on North Campus entered its
36th hour last night when police said they were no closer to
apprehending the suspect than at the start of the in-
Police4ssued a warrant early Tuesday afternoon for the
arrest of city resident John Maddox on an open charge of
murder following the shooting that left a custodial supervisor
at the University's School of Music dead and another janitor
wounded. Police said they are not sure if Maddox, described
as armed and dangerous, is at large in Ann Arbor or if he has
fled the city.
THERE HAVE BEEN reports that Maddox committed,
the murder in a fit of jealousy over William Van Johnson's
relationship with Maddox's former wife, who was a Univer-
sity employee working for the victim. Police Lt. Eddie
Owens, however, called that motive "speculation."
Van Johnson, 48, was shot shortly before 12:36 a.m.
Tuesday and died of multiple wounds at University Hospital
less than one hour later, according to police. Rockey Mayne,
the bystander at the scene of the shooting, was hit in the
shoulder by a stray bullet, hospitalized, and was released
yesterday evening from University Hospital.
Witnesses told police that Van Johnson had driven a
University van to the loading dock behind the School of Music
to collect waiting workers' keys when a man pulled up in a
car behind him, got out, and started shouting.
THEN, ACCORDING to accounts told to police by five or
six bystanders, Van Johnson invited the man inside the
building and began climbing onto the loading dock.
Witnesses said the assailant pulled out a handgun and
began firing, hitting Mayne before he shot down Van John-
son. The assailant then fled by car from the scene and police
found the victim in a corridor behind the loading dock.
Police are still awaiting the results of an autopsy perfor-
med on Van Johnson Tuesday to resolve conflicting reports
that the victim was struck by two or four bullets. Two detec-
tives are continuing efforts to catch thesuspect.
Police said Maddox, who has no police record, is black, 6-
foot-1, and weight 225 pounds.
Van Johnson, an Ann Arbor resident, had worked as a
custodial shift supervisor for the University since February
1977. His duties included overnight checks to make sure doors
and windows of University buildings were locked.
* Acting Maryland Gov. Blair
Lee was defeated in the primary
N - --04F
West Detroit? We used
to call it Ann Arbor
By MARK PARRENT
One by one they've disappeared. The
arms along Plymouth Road which on-
e formed a buffer zone between the
hustle and bustle of metropolitan
Detroit and the scholarly atmosphere of
(SMSA) and merge it into the six coun-
ty Detroit area SMSA. ,
COUNTY OFFICIALS fear such a
change would result in lower visibility
for the Ann Arbor area, especially
among national firms interested in
Census Bureau official Richard For-
stall said there is a "very good chance"
that some such compromise would be
Worked out by the Office of Federal
Statistical Policy and Standards, of
which Forstall is a Census Bureau
status under the proposal is the number
of residents who commute to another
SMSA to work, as well as the number of
commuters from neighboring SMSAs
who work in the city.
Washtenaw County Planning Com-
"We are not a continuous urban area
with the city of Detroit," said Komar.
KOMAR SAID disadvantages of
being merged with the Detoit area are
many. She said fewer statistics would
'We are not a continuons