Sex prejudice big
FOURTEEN-YEAR-OLD Ida Fox practices with a teammate on the Poolesville, Md. High School football team. the sopho-
more back exemplifies the changing attitude toward women in sports.
Allcampus area attacks
i 1979 Ski invent roSalqF
By BRIAN BLANCHARD
The rules were drawn up more than
six years ago, officiating began'three
years later, and then, almost two
months ago, the game began with no
But college and university athletes -
along with the administrators who
support and regulate their
intercollegiate competition - aren't
yet sure what changes are needed to
satisfy the federal government that
students of both sexes are treated
equally as athletes.
A THREE-YEAR adjustment period
granted to the nation's public education
administrators by the Department of
Health, Education, and Welfare (HEW)
in 1975 to give them a chance to meet
the terms of HEW's Title IX prohibition
against discrimination based on gender
ran out this July, leaving every
educational institution in the countr-
open to the ominous risk of losing a_.
federal funding if found in violation of
The University has not yet been found
in violation of Title IX regulations and
it is unlikely that the three complaints
against the University now under
consideration by HEW will be
determined either way in the near
But several long-time observers of
the University's athletic program say
that there is need for improvement
soon, with or without an HEW decision.
ONE OF THEM-is Eunice Burns,
assistant to the Dean of Education, a
former head of the University's
Women's Commission and a former
member of a committee appointed by
the Regents to study intercollegiate
women's sports, said that although the
women's program is moving in the
right direction, "it's obviously
Of athletic scholarships Burns said,
"If we had our druthers (during early
development of the women's athletic
program), no recruiting or
scholarships would have been made"
since, as she said, "It doesn't quite fit to
hire someone, which is in a sense what
you're doing here." ' But, Burns
continued, the existence of a large
men's athletic recruiting and
scholarship program which shows no
signs of decreasing in size necessitates
similar advantages for women.
THE UNIVERSITY has not yet been
found in violation of Title IX, though,
three complaints await determination.
Two complaints - one made in Auguste
1973 and the other in June 1976 - are
still being investigated by the Chicago
branch of HEW, according to Charles;
Duffy, director of the post Secondary
Education Division of the Office for
Civil Rights within HEW. Duffy said the
most recent complaint, made in 1977 by
the Women's Equity Action League in
Washington, has been investigated by
his office and sent to HEW in
University Counsel Roderick Daane
and one of his associates William
Lemmer, emphasize that all three
complaintsin question are more than a
year old, the 1973 one qualifying as
"ancient history," according to
The attorneys also said that the
University has been giving answers to
all questions asked in occasional
telephone interviews and mailed
inquiries. "We have responded to every
request ... the ball is in their court,"
LEMMER SAID has been notified that
there will be an on-site investigation by
officials from HEW's Chicago office
"relatively soon," the first such visit
Virginia Nordby, academic affairs
policy coordinator and a Law School.
lecturer who teaches Title IX as part of
the curriculum, said one of the central
issues is how HEW will compare the
opportunities for men and women.
"It really isn't clear how you define
equality," observed Nordby.
SHE SAID HEW'S general counsel
clarified one point recently when he
announced HEW would not exclude
revenue-producing sports, football,
basketball, and hockey, from the
obligations of Title IX.
Aside from this point, however,
Nordby said, "there has been no
guidance at all" from the agency.
University and.IEW officials, as well
as concerned observers, agree with
Nordby that it may be some time before
interpretation of Title IX guidelines by
HEW in Washington will give anyone a
chance to evaluate schools to see
whether or not the rules are being
broken in such sensitive areas as
scholarships and recruitment.
' BothCharles Iarris, assistant athletic
director, and Phyllis Ocker, women's
athletic director, said they thought the
University is taking all necessary steps
to meet the Title IX requirements but
that it is a job made more difficult by
the fact that it isn't clear what the
"They (HEW officials) are not reallyl
sure what the rules and ramifications
should be," said Harris.'
"They (HEW officials) have not yet
gone on record as saying, 'This is ri
and this is wrong'," according to Ock,
SHE SAID THE first test will come
the courts as soon as a university
college is put through a test case
determine the legal requirements. S
said there has not yet been any su
Marsha Federbhsh, a local equ
opportunities specialist, filed the fit
complaint in the area in 1973, befo
Title IX regualtion had begun. H
"ground-breaker" listed 125 questior
covering virtually every area in wh
she thought discrimination might ha
Federbush's complaint - describe
as a "shot-gun blast" approach l
attorney Daane - is still beit
investigated by HEW and Federbu
claims that the men's and women
programs are "still totallyrout
balance," citing the area
scholarships as the most inequitable.
CHAR MOLLISON, assistant direct
of the "Sprint" program within t
Women's Equity Action League
Washington, the group which filed t
most recent complaint in 1977, said t
greatest obstacle to equality on playij
fields and recruiting is inaction i
HEW in Washington.
"Few policy decisions have be
approved by Secretary (Josepl
Califano" and his hesitancy I.
delayed Title IX's effectivenes
The League's complaint centered
athletic scholarships since, accordit
to Mollison, the University plans
grant the cash equivalent of 20 "ft
rides," or full expense scholarships
women this year, 30 next year, and
the following academic year. Th
compares, she said, with 125 full rid
in the all-male revenue producir
sports - 90 in football, 15-in basketba
20 in hockey - and 60 in the remainin
male non-revenue sports.
MOLLISON ADDED that, unlike t
men, women at the University can on
receive half-tuition athlet
In June, 1976 Lee Beckett of Gran
Rapids, the mother of Laura Becket
now a University senior, made
complaint asking that a varsit
women's golf team be formed and th
scholarships be made available t
women. Both of these requests hav
been satisfied since then, but Beckel
senior still expresses doubt that wome
are getting a fair shake at sports in Ant
By SHELLEY WOLSON
Ann Arbor police are continuing to
investigate two apparently unrelated
campus area rape attempts, one in an
apartment Monday night and the other
The Ann Arbor Film Cooperative presents of Aud. A
WEDNESDAY, September 13
THE BEST WAY
(Claude Miller, 1975) 7 & 10:35-AUD A
A beguiling comic drama concerning transvestism, humiliation, and a quest for
friendship in a boy's camp. This remarkably assured first film by the past assistant
to Truffaut, Godard and Bresson has received great praise in Europe for its per-
ceptive rendering of childhood crises and sensitive performances. ANN ARBOR
PREMIERE. In French, with subtitles.
LANCELOT OF THE LAKE
(Robert Bresson, 1974) 8:40 only-AUD A
Bresson's severe vision of the Arthurian legends of Camelot and the Quest for the
Holy Grail. He removes all the gloss and fat that Hollywood has dumped on the
medieval romance and leaves a starry beautiful world of clanking armor, great
piety, and impossible honor. "Bresson s latest film is an unqualified Masterpiece.
It is a film that only he could make."-TAKE ONE. "A film to see again and again;
never have economics of composition, of editing, of bridging dialogue been more
beautifully planned."-THE NEW YORKER. Critics Prize, Cannes Film Festival, 1974.
In-French, with subtitles. Plus Short: TO PARISFAL (Bruce Bailee, 1963). In a few
short moments (16 minutes), Bailee captures the essence of all great epics and
quests. Music by Wagner.
TOMORROW: George Romero night. NIGHT OF THE LIVING DEAD and MAR-
TIN. The.director will speak.
The Ann Arbor Film Cooperative is looking for new members. Ask for details at our showings. <
early yesterday on a street near cam-
A third incident is also being in-
vestigated by police who are
questioning a 20-year-old local man in
connection with an alleged knife-point
rape Monday evening of a 16-year-old
ACCORDING TO police reports,
about 8 a.m. a 21-year-old woman was
awakened by noises in her apartment in
the 300 block of North Ingalls. The
woman told police that a man entered
her bedroom and attempted to tear off
her clothes. After she screamed
repeatedly, the man fled. The suspect is
a white male, possible Mexican, five
feet seven inches-tall.
The second incident occurred early
yesterday morning while a 19-year-old
woman was walking along the 500 block
of South State Street. She told police
that a man approached her and asked if
she wanted a ride. The woman tried to
walk away, but the man reached out
and grabbed her by the breast. The vic-
tim started to run and the man jumped
into a parked car and drove away. The
suspect is a white male, about five feet
eight inches tall and weighs about 150
The third attack allegedly occurred
about 7:30 p.m. Monday night when a
16-year-old girl went for a ride with an
acquaintance who drove to an area
near Waters and Lohr roads, pulled a
knife and raped her, according to her
police testimony. She was then driven
home. Police arrested the 20-year-old
FIGHTING REPOR TEDLY HEA VYIN TWO CITIES;
MASAYA, Nicaragua (AP)
street fighting raged through
battled city yesterday as
guard troops fought for groun
inch against rebels trying to o%
President Anastasio Somoza.
"They are fighting all over
COURSES IN JUDAICA
HEBREW FOR BEGINNERS..... ....... Mon. & Thurs.
INTERMEDIATE HEBREW. Thursdays 7:00-8:30 p.m.
ADVANCED HEBREW..... Tuesdays 7:00-8:30 p.m.
YIDDISH FOR BEGINNERS... ... .. .. Tues. & Thurs.
JEWISH LITERATURE Wednesdays 8:30-10:00 p.m.
JEWISH COOKING.... 5 Sundays, Beginning Oct. 29
TORAH &.HAFTARAH CHANT.. Time To Be Arranged
BASIC JUDAISM...... .Mondays 7:00-10:00 p.m.
BOOK OF KOHELET. .. Wednesdays 8:30-10:00 p.m.
TALMUD MEGILLAH... .Mondays 8:30-10:00 p.m.
WEDDINGS & MARRIAGE. Tuesdays 7:00-8:30 p.m.
JEWISH VALUES...... Wednesdays 7:00-8:30 p.m.
HALACHIC JUDAISM & MODERN PSYCHOLOGICAL
PROBLEMS....... Thursdays 7:00-8:30 p.m.
AMERICAN JEWISH EXPERIENCE........ Thursdaysj
(A Pilot Program course. . . . . . . . . . . at Alice Lloyd
Priority enrollment to Pilot Program students, space
BROWN BAG SERIES
The Howard R. Marsh Center for the, Study o
Journalistic Performance will again sponsor a serie
of Wednesday brown bag sessions to explore aspect
of mass communication. All are open to the publi
Each will be 12:10 to 1 p.m. in 2040F LSA Building
rages in IN"
-Bloody We have been told there are many dead
this em- and wounded," said a soldier ata
national roadblock on the outskirts of this rebe
d inch by stronghold, 18 miles southeast of the
verthrow capital Managua.
THE REAR window of his police
the city. cruiser had been shattered by gunfire
and the front grill was splattered with
Intense anti-government fighting als
was said to be continuing in Esteli, 90
miles north of Managua, and in Leon, 45
miles to the northwest. But reports
were sketchy, since telephone lines
were torn down and military roadblock
made travel difficult.
One refugee fleeing Masaya waving a
white flag said he had cowered on the
floor of his house for two days, listening
as to the richocheting automatic-weapons
"IT WAS shooting without end," he
C "said. "There were rockets, bombs, gun.
fire, everything all night."
. "'A group of farmhands gathered on a
dirt road leading to Masaya said their
woman employer was killed by national
;or "The Senora asked us to come with
her to climb a small hill on the ranch to
see what was happening," said one
Ia woman who asked not to be named.
r, National guardsmen started shooting at
nd them, she said, and her employer wa
shot in the leg.
d "WE SAID 'Please don't kill us. W
a are on our own land,' " said the fa
1 mhand. She said the woman told th
e farmhands to flee, but they returne
later to find her lying in a field, he
e chest riddled with bullets.
e Red Cross workers and journalist
h were barred from Masaya, but th
heavy gunfire could be heard from th
o vantage point of a national guar
0 barricade outside the town.
5 A national guard airplane like on
s that rocketed the rebellious city
Matagalpa two weeks ago flew ove
ONE SOLDIER said the 7,500-mai
national guard-Nicaragua's ar
my-planned to continue what it i
calling "clean-up operations" i
Masaya through the night.
A guard spokesman in Managu
refused to comment on the progress o
the government sweep against th
The latest round of violence agains
Somoza's authoritarian military
government erupted three weeks ago
when leftist Sandinista guerrillas stor
> med the national capitol building.
Uprisings in several Nicaraguan cities
since then have involved both San-
dinistas and local dissidents, mostly
THE PRESIDENT of Nicaragua's
central bank yesterday suspended con-
versionaof the national currency, the
cordoha, into other currencies. No
reason was given, but such a step can
be aimed at preventiing the flight 'of
wealth from the national currency in
times of crisis.
In Managua, government troops un-
covered what they described as "enor-
mous" caches of weapons in several
rebel hideouts. A source said the
weapons include numerous automatic
rifles, rockets, home-made noise bombs
and Molotov cocktails.
"The French Press, 1978," Profess
Charles Eisendrath, Department of Journalism
"Reducing the Gap Between Medi
Researchers and Editors,"Fred Currie
President of Market Opinion Research ar
Adjunct Professor of Journalism
Oct. 4 "The Changing Book Business," Susan
Evans, doctoral student in mass communication
Oct. 18 "Trade Unionism and the Journalist,"
Larry Hatfield, San Francisco Examiner and NEH
10 a.m.-6 p.m.
$1.25 per hour
"Distribution Channels and the Print
Media," Professor John Stevens, Department
"Specialized Audiences and Public
Radio," Allen Hundley, National Public Radio
and NEH Fellow