Page 2-Friday, December 8,1978-The Michigan Daily
Lee blasts mind control
MIDEAST PACT DEADLINE NEARS:
(Continued from Page 1)'
poorly investigated these areas." The
bureau is a citizen's group probing
possible conspiracies involved in the
Kennedy and King assassinations. It is
also interested in the implications mind
control techniques may have on mass
mind control, Lee said.
The use of mind control drugs by
government agencies goes back before
there even was a CIA. The government
has been investigating the use of drugs
from marijuana and LSD to hypnosis,
electroshock and ESP, Lee said.
Rationalization for such investigation
and experimentation by the gover-
npent was said to be a response. to
Russian technology in this area, accor-
ding to Lee. "This is a myth. What they
were actually interested in was con-
trolling their own agents, as well as
trying to get information from enemy
agents. They were looking for a weapon
to use in their intelligence operations,"
IN 1942, the Office of Strategic Ser-
vices (OSS) - the war-time CIA -
began exploring drugs and testing them
on everyone from "average citizens to
soldiers, mental patients, gangsters
and even their own intelligence agen-
ts," Lee said.
The first drug that OSS hit upon as a
truth drug was marijuana, he said. Pot
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was administered in the form of
cigarettes, but was odorless and
tasteless. Subjects were unaware of the
presence of the drug, but felt the effec-
ts, Lee explained.
Lee also summarized his in-
vestigation for truth drugs. On April 20,
1950 the CIA Launched Project
Bluebird, the first official CIA mind
control investigation. By August, 1951,
the project had phased into another
aspect under the name of Artichoke and
assumed a more aggressive theme, Lee
said, involving experiments with hyp-
nosis, ESP, and lobotomies, 1953
marked the beginning of MK-ULTRA
which was a major drug testing
program with 149 sub-projects, he ad-
Intejiest in developing mind control
drugs has gone through three distinct
phases, Lee said. The first was resear-
ch and development of the drugs. Here
basic lab work was involved 'and in-
terest centered around synthesizing
The second phase included testing the
drugs on various subjects, many of
which were unaware that they were
guinea pigs, Lee said.
"The CIA has never been punished
for testing these drugs illegally
although some deaths have been in-
volved," he said. The third phase ws
the operational aspects of the projects.
The drugs were used in covert
operations both domestically and in
foreign countries, Lee said.
LSD was investigated in 1951. It
proved only to be a catalyst for ex-
periences and not a truth drug at all,
Lee said. "It is a very powerful drug
and is a factor of investigation expan-
ding to other drugs. LSD accentuates
predispostion," Lee said. "The CIA was
looking for a weapon for their in-
telligence operations. LSD was used in
interrogrations, but CIA agents are
known to have taken it themselves.
WASHINGTON (AP)-President with reporters at a White House
Carter warned Egypt and Israel breakfast and then told Israeli Am-
yesterday "that failure to meet the bassador Simcha Dinitz in an Oval
Dec. 17 deadline for completing a Office meeting that "any violation of
Middle East peace treaty would cast this very solemn date that was
doubt on their intention to carry out agreed to at Camp David would be a
the terms of the agreement. serious precedent to set for the
The president, showing increasing future."
frustration over the inability of DINITZ REPLIED during a brief
negotiators to surmount two ob- photo session that he agreed "100
stacles that have stalled the treaty, per cent" and said, "I think time
said passage of the deadline without doesn't work for peace."
an agreement would be "a very The ambassador told reporters af-
serious matter" with "far-reaching ter-the 30-minute meeting-announ-
adverse effects." 'ced as a last-minute addition to Car-
HE SAID MISSING the deadline, ter's schedule-that he avoided
set at the Camp David summit in naming Egypt as the cause for the
September, "would cast doubt on delay because he didn't want to up-
whether the Egyptians and the set negotiations. Then he added: "I
Israelis would carry out the difficult can only tell you it's not Israel."'
terms of the upcoming peace Carter, in his discussion with
treaty." reporters, also warned Israel again-
Carter urged both sides to carry st establishing new settlements on
out the Camp David Summit the West Bank and Gaza Strip
agreements "not grudgingly, but en- territory it occupies.
thusiastically." ISRAEL HAS SAID it has no plans
Carter discussed the treaty delays to build new Jewish settlements af-
ay an: New summ
readv to meet wit
ter Dec. 17; the date it claims a
freeze on such building expires. Car-
ter said he would consider new con-
struction there a violation of the
Camp David accords.
The chance that the Dec. 17
deadline might slip by without final
agreement on a peace treaty prom-
pted Carter' to direct Secretary of
State Cyrus Vance to travel to the
Middle East this weekend for talks
with Egyptian President Anwar
Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister
"If the Egyptians and the Israelis
violate the three-month limit on
negotiating the treaty, it will be a
very serious matter to us and I think
to them," Carter said at the breatk-
fast. "That is why I am sending Cy
Vance to Egypt and Israel."
VANCE IS DUE in Cairo on Sun-
day and in Jerusalem on Tuesday.
No date has been given for his return
to Washington, but officials said he
hoped to be back by the middle of
th Dayan or Weizman in Europe "the
lis pick up the phone." Sadat said
n Khalil and the Israelis "may take
city - -_
date of grad.
By The Associated Press
Israeli Foreign Minister Moshe Dayan said yesterday
a new Camp David-type summit meeting may b needed
to break the deadlock in the stalled Egyptian Israeli peace
talks in Washington.
Dayan, who is in Switzerland, said Egyptian demands
to renegotiate parts of the Israeli-approved U.S. draft
peace treaty might cause "a major and difficult
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime
Minister Menachem Begin agreed at the Camp David
summit called by President Carter to sign the treaty by
Dec. 17, but time is running out and it appears that target
date will not be met.
DAYAN AND ISRAELI Defense Minister Ezer
Weizman said yesterday they have no plans to meet with
Egyptian Prime Minister Mustafa Khalil to discuss the
deadlocked Mideast peace negotiations.
J(Khalil, who is in London, told Isreali radio he was
Dayan said there's "nothing in the reports" he will
meet with Khalil. Weizman wasi quoted by the Israeli
press as saying he has no plans to leave Israel, which has
been unwilling to reopen the;Washington talks on the draft
treaty Begin has said Israel is ready to sign.
THE EGYPTIANS want to renegotiatesseveral points
in the draft. Officials in Egypt and Israel hope Secretary
of State Cyrus Vance's upcoming trip to Cairo and
Jerusalem will help break the deadlock. Vance is due in
Cairo on Sunday and Jerusalem late Monday.
Cairo's official Middle East News Agency saidlKhalil
was to meet Dayan and Weizman in London or Bonn in the
next few days. Dayan will be in Switzerland until today.
The Jerusalem Post said in an editorial the Vance trip
might succeed if he offers ideas that could "move the
parties back to the original Camp David agreements."
minute the Israe
Oneg Sha bat
House passes $25 drinking fine
Dr. George Siegel
Rabbi Michael Balinsky
Friday, December 8
1429 Hilt Street
(Continued from Page 1)
to review the state law extensively
before she could decide whether it con-
flicts with the $5 fine.
Before yesterday's vote, there had
been widespread speculation that the
Lansing lawmakers would be unable to
pass any kind of legislation regarding
the drinking age proposal until after the
HOWEVER, IF the Senate passes the
motion next week, which is still doub-
tful according to Bullard, the bill would
take effect December 22, the same day
the ballot proposal becomes law. If the
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
volume LXXXIX. No.76
Friday. December 8. 1978
is edited and managed by students at the University
of Michigan. News phone 764-0562. Second class
postage is paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109.
Published daily Tuesday through Sunday morning
during the University year at 420 Maynard Street.
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outside Ann Arbor.
Summer session published Tuesday through
Saturday morning. Subscription rates: $6.50 in Ann
Arbor; $7,00 by mail outside Ann Arbor.
legislature doesn't move on the bill, the
current penalty which could require
first time offenders to spend up to 90
days in jail and pay fines up''to $100
would be in effect.
Bullard said he would meet with
Senate Majority Leader William Faust
(D-Westland) and Senate Judiciary
Committee Chairman Basil Brown (D-
Highland Park) to try to get the bill
pushed through the Senate as fast as
possible.-Bullard said the bill would
probably go first to the Judiciary
Committee and perhaps to the Senate
floor by the end of the week.
Bullard said that although Faust has
been "very receptive" to the bill, it
doesn't necessarily mean the
legislation will be passed before the
recess, scheduled to begin within a few,
"WE'VE BEEN pushing Faust and
we'll continue to do so. But I think time
is short, and we still may not be able to
pass anything in this session," said
Several weeks ago when the Ann Ar-
bor lawmaker said he would introduce
his proposal, his aide, Dan Sharp, con-
cluded it might be necessary to make a
"trade-off" arrangement by hardening
the penalty imposed on-those convicted
of selling liquor to minors to get other
legislators to vote for the bill.
But Sharp said yesterday no such
trade-off proved necessary although
Bullard mentioned the change over the
local authority issue was a concession.
"We decided to accept that part
because we didh't want to get bogged
down ' on it.' We' wanted it out of the
House as soon as possible," said
He said another amendment which
was introduced yesterday but failed
would have allowed city administrators
to place the local jurisdiction issue on
the city ballot to let the voters decide.
But he added that many legislators
rejected that idea because they felt it
would have probably meant too low a
penalty. He did not mention what the
lawmakers' reaction would be if the at-
torney general's legal advisors or the
state's courts decide that local officials
do have discretion to set lower
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(Continued from Page 1)
about the department, about its
teaching policies. . . the apparent
narrowness of its approach in some
respects," he said.
The Samoff sympathizers said they
will boycott all political science classes
except those taught by the assistant
professor himself and the "Politics and
Liberation" course, since it was
initiated by students.
Also yesterday. Dick Brazee. Mike
Students pledge boycott
Taylor, and Peter Downs of the Samoff
Student Support Committee dropped in
on an LSA Executive Committee
meeting to present members with
petitions demandirg that the Political
Science Department rescind its tenure
refusals to Samoff. Copies of the ap-
peal, signed by 1,200 students, had been
given to University Regents at their
November meeting. Copies have also
been sent to the Political Science