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September 25, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-09-25

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Seventieth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF/rTHE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
en Opinions Are Free
Tuth WiU Prevail" _ STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG.' ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
litorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Date Set for British Elections

By LESLIE STONE
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Mr. Stone is
an English graduate student from
Oxford University. He is presently
working on a doctoral thesis on
American politics, after a consider-
able period of research study in
the United States.)
LONDON --Now we know. The
months of speculation and

doubt are over and the General
Election has been fixed for Octo-
ber 8.
The truth is no one was sur-
prised or caught unprepared. The.
election posters and pamphlets
had been printed long ago and
local meeting halls tentatively
booked by party agents for the

whole month, just in case. The
Labor leaders, Mr. Gaitskell and
Mr. Bevan, quickly wound up their
visit to Moscow and hurried back
to fire the opening salvoes in the
campaign as they alighted from
their jet at London airport.
That same evening Gaitskell
made an unscheduled appearance.

Y, SEPTEMBER'25, 1959

NIGHT EDITOR: THOMAS KABAKERI

FPA Discrimination Statement
May Offer Road to Progress

"Mrs. Xopt, I'm Afraid I Have Some Bad News
For You"

:E FRATERNITY Presidents' Assembly's
ecent passage of a policy statement against
-- "arbitr&ry selective practices" - seems
e an indication that the Interfraternity
:icil is planning to take an active part in
general movemeent against discrimination.,
hether or not they will in fact, depends
a the policy. statement's implementation.
statement passed by the Assembly does
vary substantially from 'IFC's policy of ten
s ago. However, there are indications that.
year's statement was passed, with differ--
intent. '
jr the last ten years, IFC has stood ready
ffer information and counseling services to
fraternity wishing to utilize them to try
liminate their nationals' bias clauses. How-
these services have been little used, and
e is no indication that any fraternity with
as clause on this campus has ever availed
f of them.
ack in 1949 the IFC's and Panhellenic As-
ations in the Big Ten recommended that:
r members take action to remove bias
ses. According to Jim Martens, IFC presi-
, IFC will expect its members with bias.
ses to utilize IFC help in eliminating them.
distinction between recommendation and
ctation is not very great.
A RESULT the importance of the FPA
tatemient is not inherent in it, but only in
t it promises by way of implementation. In
statement IFC says that it is "opposed to;
etive practices which are based on race,
onality or other similarly artificial criteria,
ier than on individual merit." This can be
i by the local chapters at their nationals
,n additional means toward removal of na-
al bias clauses.
he statement reiterates IFC's belief that
)se fraternities still bound by written re-.
ctions should work through the processes
heir rational conventions toward the, elim-
ion of these restrictions at once and as
as necessary."
nd it promises "to assist' local chapters and
k directly with their national organizations
ard the voluntary elimination of arbitrary
etive practices as well as written restric-

This suggests that IFC will be increasingly ac-
tive against bias clauses, for it has initiated
a definite program.,
The second point is that IFO will work
against bias of all sorts, written or unwritten.
This can be ignored at present, as there' are
no indications how IFC can eliminate unwrit-
ten bias on this campus. The FPA statement
admits that discriminatory practices repre-
sent primarily a question of attitude which
Martens believes can only be removed by "edu-
cation."
However, the most hopeful indication that
IFC will finally take effective action against
bias clauses is represented in a report submit-
ted last year to IFC's executive committee from
the Selectivity Study Committee. In this re-
port actual methods of implementation were
spelled out, and they are being actively con-
sidered by the executive committee.
A revised version of the selectivity report
has been submitted to the fraternity presidents
for their study. This report contains summaries
of past action, present conditions at the Uni-
versity, and recommendations which can be
used for implementation of the newly-passed
FApolicy.
SUCH IMPLEMENTATION involves forming
a new IFC standing committee which would
work toward eventual elimination of discrim-
inatory practices. The report spells out -six
specific duties the comnmittee could perform..
These include keeping national fraternity
offices continuously informed of important
changes in IFC and University policy regard-
ing membership selection and urging the na-
tional offices to recognize and conform to stat-
ed University policy.
It would be to everyQne's advantage if IFC
could solve the discrimination problem by it-
self and in its own way. Questions still remain
whether they will be able. to do so; and, even
if they can, whether they will solve it soon
enough. About 15 years have passed since the
movement against bias clauses gained steam.
In this time much. progress has been made. In-
stead of 22 out of 34 fraternities having
clauses, now only three or four fraternities out
of 42 chapters and two colonies have them.
However, 15 years is still a long time for a
fraternity to fail to remove its .bias clauses.
And IFC must make progress, and soon, or
pressure may become so intense that other
groups will try their hands.
-JOHN FISCHER

on a Labor Party TV program to
report on their trip, and 48 hours
later he was at Blackpool taking
advantage of a hastily arranged
invitation to address the assembled
Trade Unionists at their annual
conference. After his forceful out-
line of Labor's platform and the
enthusiastic response he received
from the delegates no one could
doubt that the battle was on.
MR. MACMILLAN has been
-underconsiderabe pressure from
Tory sympathisers to call an elec-
tion for several months now. The
Prime Minister's personal prestige,
is high and his Party's prospects
good. After an Inauspicious start
in the wake of the Suez fiasco,
Macmillan, apparently singlehand-
edly has revived Conservative for-
tunesin the most remarkable
manner.
The early months of his ad-
ministration passed in an atmos-
phere of economic crisis. The
pound sterling ,grew weak and
there were rumors of devaluation.
A tighter money policy, bringing
higher interest rates and restric-
tions on credit increased the gov-
ernment's 'unpopularity; unem-
ployment rose. Disgruntled Tories
stayed away in droves at bye-elec-
tions or deserted to the Liberals;
in some cases the Conservative
candidates fell to third place. Sig-
nificantly the Labor vote failed to
go up, but it was assumed that
they would win the next election
by default Then gradually in the
fall of 1958.the picture began to
change.
* * *
THE LAST YEAR has been a
good one for Britain's economy.
This is a boom period of expan-
sion. The pound has never been
stronger and the consequent re-
strictions have been relaxed. Un
employment figures are down. The
Government has even been able
to hand out some tax cuts.
In foreign affairs, by a magni-
ficent feat of diplomatic conjuring,
Macmillan has managed to repair
the Atlantic, Alliance. A settle-
ment has been reached with Egypt
over the Canal and with Greece
over Cyprus, with scarcely a mur-
mur of dissent from the party old
guard.
It was the Prime Minister who
first blazed the trail to Moscow
and at the end of last month he
was able to display to a delighted
TV audience President Eisenhower
on the eve of his conversations
with Mr. Khrushche'v. There is
talk of a whole series of negotia-
tions, perhaps at the summit and
the atmosphere is one of optimism.
"The country has 'just- enjoyed a
glorious,most un-English summer
and a third royal baby, is 'on the
way. Macmillan it. seems, can do
no wrong and the Tory slogan
is "peace and pxosperity; "under-
standably their hopes are high.
* * *
LABOR supporters too greeted
the election announcement with
some relief. After the defeat in
1955 the party underwent a period
of systematic rethinking. Gaitskell
succeeded Attlee as leader and

many old heroes retired to make
way for younger blood.
New policy pamphlets have been
published on economic policy, pub-
lic ownership, social equality, hous-
ing, pensions, education and even
youth and leisure activities. The
party machine creaks and groans
still, but it is no longer the an-
tiquated curiosity it was 5 years
ago.
The party's main difficulties
have been in foreign affairs. Nye
Bevan, now apparently a tame
elder statesman, stands shoulder
to shoulder with Gaitskell on the
need for retaining the H-bomb and
the NATO alliance. But the Com-
mittee For Nuclear Disarmament's
campaign in' favor of Britain's uni-
laterial renunciation of nuclear
weapons makes a strong appeal to
the traditional idealism of many
active Labor supporters.
* * *
SO FAR Gaitskell has managed
to appease 'troubled consciences
enough .to hold .the- party, in line,
but as soon as the pressure is re-
laxed, frightening doubts quickly
rush to the surface: a resolution
against American missile bases on
British soil was narrowly carried
at last week' conference of the
Trade Unions, Congress. This in-
ternal 'dissension has sapped some

j

Copyright, 199, The Putitzer Pblishing Coo
St. Louis Post-Dispatch

Herblock is away due to illness

SGC IN REVIEW:
New Council Plan Ill-Considered

HAROLD MACMILLAN ,
... calls general election
of Labor's vitality and tends to
create a blurred image in the vot-
er's mind. The ranks will close for
the election, but it may be 'too
late.
Since 1832 no British political
party has won a clear majority at
three elections in a row. If the
Conservatives ,w~in this time it will
be a record. At present they are
running 51/25 aheadon the latest
public opinion polls and pulling
away. At a similar stage in .1950
they were 10% ahead yet still lost
by a narrow margin.
However, then Britain had a
Labor Government and the rule
seems.to be that a majority of the
"don't knows" always wind up vot-
ing for the status quo. go it looks
like another Tory victory. At 'least,
that's what the betting men tell us.

[HERE ARE two points in the
are comparatively new. The
romise of the IF ' to work
auses within the framework of1

above which
first Is the
against bias
the national.

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
{.The Road Showe

JOW THAT the public appearances of Mr.'
K's tour are over, we can breathe more
sily. There were great risks in sending the
ading Communist of the world into our
owded cities, and if the security measures to
rtect him look excessive, we must remember
iat it is better to have been safe than sorry.
There have been some embarrassing inci-
nts. These were bound to happen once both
)iernments accepted the half-baked idea that
e great issues which divide us can be dealt
th by face-to-face catch-as-catch-can en-
)nters. Mr. K. does seem to have embarked
i the journey with the odd notion that he
uld alter American policy by haranguing the
ople. The President seems to have toyed with
e idea that a sight-seeing tour of the United
ates might make a new man of Mr. K.
The, rough passages were to be expected as
ng as the trip was regarded as an exercise
mutual conversion and seduction. But these
cidents are not likely to have any lasting im-
rtance, and there is certainly no reason to
ink that what Mr. K. and the President have
say to one another has been altered in any
gnificant way. Neither can follow his per-
nal feelings. The President is confined with-
the limits of the Western alliance and of
e long-established positions of the United
ates government. Mr. K., for all of his being
dictator, is confined within the limits of the
assive Soviet system and of its alliances.
LTHOUGH Mr. K. rebuffed the heckling
about Hungary, about censorship, and about
Editorial Staff
THOMAS TURNER, Editor
ILIP POWER ROBERT JUNKER
Itorial Director City Editor
ARLES KOZOLL............ Personnel Director
AN KAATZ................. Magazine Editor
RTON HUTHWAITE............. Features Editor
A BENAGH.....................Sports Editor
CJMA SAWAYA......Associate Personnel Director
MES BOW ............Associate City Editor
SAN HOLTZER.........Associate Editorial Director

ALTER LIPPMANN.
other dark spots in his regime, it must be said,
I believe, that on the basic theme of his visit
he has been straightforward. He has not
glossed over, indeed he has emphasized, the
fact that the two social orders are rivals. He.
has insisted, of course, that the Soviets will
win the competition. But he has admitted
frankly that it will take years of very hard
effort to catch up with us and to surpass us,
This was an admission, indeed it was an argu-:
merit, that the Soviet Union must have peace
for many years to come.
There is no way of telling now whether he
communicated this message to the multitudes
who saw and heard on television. But there is
little doubt that he has been understood by
the United States government which, as a mat-
ter of fact, has for some considerable time
realized the Soviet need for peace and Mr. K's
intention to avoid war.
In fact, the President would not have invit-
ed Mr. K. to come to Washington had he not
been certain that the Soviet Union and Mr. K.
want to avoid war, to avoid it, not because they
love us but because they themselves need years
of peace, in order to do what they have set
themselves to do.
This was the crucial point. It has injected
an element of sincerity and credibility into
Mr. K's persistent appeals for peace. If this
crucial point is true, it marks the radical dif-
ference between the totalitarianism of the So-
viet Union today and the totalitarianism of
Germany under the Nazis. For Hitler's goals
could be achieved only by military conquest.
The Soviet goals in the era over which Mr. K.
presides cannot be achieved, indeed they would
be utterly impossible, if there were war.
Now that the serious discussions are begin-
ning, we cannot afford to be distracted and
diverted from the main purpose of the ex-
change of visits by the trivialities and the ir-
relevancies of the pitter-patter of the propa-
gandists and of the exhibitionists. We have
need to talk with Mr. K. and he has need to
talk with us. For while our conflict is irrecon-
cilable in this generation, both of us know
that it cannot be settled by arms.
(c) 1959. New York Herald Tribune Inc.

By KENNETH MacELDOWNEY
Daily Staff Writer
AFTER viewing the new Student
Government Council plan and
hearing it debated during the SGC
meeting on Wednesday, it appears
the whole thing was thrown to-
gether much too rapidly.
Even though more than three
months were spent in hashing out
the new plan, it is still filled with
the ambiguities and technical mis-
takes that makes the entire plan
seem of little value.
While it is true that naming the
League and IFC incorrectly may
not be of much importance, it does
give an impression of the failure
to take much care in considering
the plan.
* * *
IT IS IN the sections containing
ambiguities that the plan gives its
worst impression. It is indicative,
too, that the section on referral of
SGC actions which received the
most attention from the clarifica-
tion committee would be the most
confusing.
As was pointed out at the last
SGC meeting, the quorum for the
referral committee must include
at least one student, one faculty
member and one from the admin-
istration. Under this system, theo-
retically, it would be possible for
the two students on the committee
to render it impossible for the
referral committee to review SGC
actions by merely not attending
the meeting.
The possibility of this ever hap-
pening does seem remote but not
impossible. This may be a minor
point, but it does illustrate one of
the basic things wrong with the
plan: a lack of clarity.
IN HIS REMARKS about the
composition' of the referral com-
mittee, David Kessel brought up
a good point that should be con-
sidered in future meetings. In any
sort of review situation, absolute
impartiality is needed. It is ridicu-
lous to even think that the presi-
dent of SGC and the Dean of Men
and Women would go into a meet-
ing of the referral group not hav-
ing already made up their own
minds to a certain degree.
To achieve impartiality in the
committee will take much more
thought. Perhaps it is even im-
possible. But it seems that almost
any other combination of people

-I

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:

/

71

and possibly friends of each law-
yer, he would not be taken seri-
ously. But this is basically what
is' being done here.
This demand by -all groups in-
volved to have representation on
the referral committee shows once
again the basic lack of faith that
has been evident throughout the

1Writer Disputes Editorial on Pre

months since revision of the' plan
was started.
If each group involved trusted
each other, minor difficulties in
the working of the plan could have
been overlooked; but with the sit-
uation as it is now the chances for
the success of the revised plan
seems very slight.

To the Editor:
PHILIP POWER'S editorial in
Tuesday's Daily exemplifies
misguided liberalism at its muddy
worst. Mr. Power has discerned a
relationship between racial dis-
crimination and racial prejudice,
and has concluded that "we (by
which he seems to mean white
Protestants) must concern our-
selves not so much with the de-
segregation of schooling and hous-
ing as with the "personal accept-
ance of members of minority
groups, as human beings of valid-
ity and dignity equal to our own."
He has also understood that the
word "conformity" is currently a
periorative, and consequently
manages to insinuate-although,
apparently, without any intention
of doing so-that insofar as the
sort of integration sought by the
NAACP implies a certain con-
formity, that sort of integration
is by no means unequivocally de-
sirable. And by way of illustration,
he expressed the fear that Jewish
cooking, Japanese architecture,
and Negro spirituals (his examples
of Amreican culutral diversity)
may disappear from the American
scene as a result of our present
concern with what he calls "the
material aspects of integration."
Assuming that Mr. Power is not
a clever propagandist for some
White Citizens' Council but merely
a well-meaning undergraduate
who, despite his validity and dig-
nity as Editorial Director, is still
open to reason-and assuming also
that some of whatever sympa-
thetic readers his editorial may
have found are similarly flexible--
it seems worthwhile to try to cor-
rect Mr. Power's misconceptions.

erners for jobs requiring some sort
of formal education. The people
who discriminate may or may not
be prejudiced, but their feelings
about what they regard as the
characteristics of the races they
dislike are their own affair, not
Mr. Power's. Whether a restaurant
manager who refuses to serve Ne-
groes is also prejudiced' (i.e., con-
siders them intrinsically inferior)
or has a Negro wife is of no im-
portance to the Negro who has
come to the restaurant for a meal
and is turned out. And the man-
ager may -have a Negro wife.
Americans have long since per-
fected the dichotomy between
business and pleasure.
** , ,
THE FRATERNITY boys, with
their talk of the necessity of the
lethargy of progress (page- 1 of
Tuesday's Daily affords an ex-
ample of this hoary subterfuge),
have understood the difference be-
tween prejudice and discrimina-
tion very well. "You can't legislate
against prejudice," they have said
weightily for more years than Mr.
Power can remember, and they are
right. What they hope to conceal
with this is that discrimination
can be, and occasionally has been,
legislated against, with the, success
that Mr. Power himself notes. at
the beginning of his editorial. As
long as discrimination-which es-
sentially consists in depriving an
American of equality of oppor-
tunity, either in violation of the
Constitution or in violation of its
spirit as interpreted by the courts
-is confused with prejudice, as
long as white people like Mr.
Power appeal to other white people
to rid themselves of their racial.
ureiudries as at n tn Plminating

And so he talks glibly of "giving"
a Negro "a Detroit car, a room in
a desegregated housing project,
integrated sehools for his kids."
This, he says, is easy compared
with "real integration.". People
have been bleeding all over the
country for many years in connec-
tion with that car and room and
school, white people as well as
black, but Power sees no difficulty.
Similarly, he tells "the aspiring
Negro or Jew or Pole who wants
to be integrated: just conform to
the American way of life and
you're in." Whatever the'American
way of- life may be, discrimination
is clearly a part of it, and in that
sense no Negro can conform, not
even if he wanted to. What is
wanted is a change in the Ameri-
can way of life, an end to dis'
crimination.
MR. POWER'S immaturity, im-'
plicit in his way of writing of
Negro ghettoes, Negro schools, and
Negro unemployment, his evident
ignorance, not, perhaps, of statis-
tics, but of the. complexity and
enormity of the personal problems
faced by most Negroes, the pom-

posities and absurdities of his style
(what in anybody's jargon is a
"human being of validity"?) -
these would all be forgivable, even
in an Editorial Director, were he
writing one of the other kinds of
Daily editorials: something heavily
humorous about coeds or parking
problems, or some weighty piece
attacking student apathy, or some
ponderous comentary on the in-
numerable problems attendant up-
on dormitory life, Big Ten foot-
ball, or something equally signifi-
cant. Unfortunately, Mr. Power
chose to write about something
which really matters. If Daily edi-
torials have any influence at all,
it follows that they can be as
potentially harmful as beneficial.
Since the Daily is as much a rep-
resentative of Michigan's students
as is the fotball team, it is perti-
nent to ask why the Daily's staff
could not be selected as are mem-
bers of the fotoball team, on the
basis of qualificitions determined
by thefaculty. This, a properly
prejudiced procedure, might result
in discrimination presently much
to be desired.
-R. B. Schmerl

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

(Continued from Page 3)
St. Louis State Hospital, St. Louis,
Mo., has a need of Recreational Thera-
pists, at present in the Adjunctive
Therapies Dept. of the hopsitai.
is recruiting for an Administrative Asst.
position in their dept. of nursing serv-
ice. College grad, with previous busi-
ness eretarial and/or hospital ex-

these jobs can be made in Rm. 1020,
Admin. Bldg., during the following
hours: Mon. through Fri., 1:30 p.m. to
4:45 p.m.
Employers desirous of hiring students
for part-time work should contact Jim
Stempson at Ext. 2000.
- MALE
1 Physiology Lab Technician
3 Sales Survey
3 Door to Door Sales
10 Shoe Salesmen

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