55 Miles into Space
WASHINGTON M) - A seven-
pound monkey named Sam rock-
eted 55 miles high in a space cap-
The capsule was plucked from
the Atlantic, and when Sam's
compartment was opened after six
hours he was found alive and
Sam's saga began at 11:15 a.m.
EST when civilian space scientists
fired the monkey aloft in a one-
ton capsule like the type a United
States Astronaut one day may
ride into space.
The experiment, carrying for-
ward work toward manned space
flight, was intended primarily to
test an escape mechanism. Offi-
cials said the test was a success.
The capsule was propelled from
Wallops Island, off Virginia's
eastern shore, atop a Little Joe
rocket-a cluster generating 240,-
000 pounds of thrust. Three-
month-old Sam rode in a small
chamber inside the capsule, along
with some lower forms of life and
Sam was in flight for 13 min-
utes. After the capsule disengaged
from its booster, it parachuted to
the surface of the Atlantic about
200 miles from Wallops Island.
The destroyer Borie dashed to
the scene, arriving about two
hours after launch time. The one-
ton capsule soon was hauled
But the Borie's officers hesitat-
ed to open the container lest they
harm the monkey or damage any
of the instruments inside.
They thought it best to have a
doctor standing by when they
opened the chamber - but the
nearest doctor was aboard the Ft.
Mandan, a Navy landing ship
dock, hove to close by.
For more than an hour, the
Borie's crew tried to swing the
container, monkey and all, to the
Ft. Mandan. But seas were run-
ning high and they had to give
The chamber was finally carried
to the destroyer's sick bay and
-with the doctor giving instruc-
tions via radio - the Borie's sail-
ors carefully opened it. Other ad-
vice was radioed to the Borie from
Sam will be flown to the School
of Aviation Medicine-from which
his name was drawn - at Brooks
Air Force Base in Texas.
At the school, specialists will
study the monkey to gauge the
longer range effects of his rocket
The chief aim of the experiment
was to try out at high altitude a
special rocketrdesigned to enable
a future Astronaut to separate
the capsule from the booster if an
energency developed on a jour-
ney into space.
NASA officials reported the es-
cape rocket worked perfectly.
The space agency also was happy
about the quality of information
radioed from the capsule in flight.
These radio signals recorded vari-
ous experiments bearing on
manned space exploration in the
Vote To Pick Successor
Plants, Talks Resume
Dallas Doctor Links
Smoking to Cancer
NEW ORLEANS -) - Louisi-
ana decides in a Democratic pri-
mary for Governor today what it
wants next after a bumpy politi-
cal hayride with colorful Gov.
Earl K. Long.
The excitable, 64-year-old self-
styled Champion of the Down-
trodden, balked by law in seeking
a fourth term, is supporting as
his successor an aged former Gov.
James A. Noe, 68, lieutenant of
the late Huey P. (Kingfish) Long.
Long is on the Noe ticket for
lieutenant governor, trying to
hang on politically.
Public reaction to the Noe-Long
ticket is uncertain, although Long
won widespread sympathy after he
was forced against his will into
two mental hospitals during the
With an all-time record 11 can-
didates for governor, now that Ol'
Earl is out of the way, five wide-
ly known leaders figure to slice up
nearly all the predicted record
Most samplings' of public senti-
ment single out two of the five
as possible rivals for a runoff Jan.
9 if no candidate gains a first pri-
8They are New Orleans Mayor
Delesseps Morrison, who years ago
toppled the Robert Maestri regime
in New Orleans - remnant of the
"Kingfish's" days - and former
Governor Jimmie Davis, unde-
feated for public office and a
Morrison faced two Louisiana
prejudices - he is the leader of
the state's largest city and there
is plenty of rural jealousy of New
Orleans. And the mayor is a Cath-
-Associated Press Wirephoto
BACK TO WORK BUT - The steel mills and auto plants are
resuming production schedules under the 80-day federal injunc-
tion that halted the steel strike. A settlement between union-
industry negotiators has yet to be reached, and the latest talks
are set for.11 a.m. today, Federal Mediator James Finnegan an-
nounced yesterday. Though conferees seem to be making little
progress toward agreement, the call for a new session pointed to
the possibility of a forthcoming settlement proposal from the
federal mediation service itself.
SEIZE CIVILIAN PLANE:
Brazilian Rebels Flee,
Seek Refuge in Argentina
DALLAS (-) - A Veterans Ad-
ministration scientist yesterday
said tissue studies of 238 men
who smoked more than a half
pack of cigarettes daily showed
cell changes which "probably rep-
resent a change toward cancer."
The Tobacco Research Commit-
tee immediately challenged the
statements by Dr. Oscar Auer-
bach, an associate professor at
New York Medical College who is
on the staff of the East Orange,
N. J., VA Hospital.
Dr. Robert C. Hockett of the
Tobacco Committee said "These
same observations first publicized
by Dr. Auerbach in 1956 have not
since been accepted by many oth-
er pathologists doing the same
type of work and frequently
studying more lungs."
At Medical Meeting
Auerbach's report was made at
the annual clinical session of the
American Medical Association
He said lung cancer and condi-
tions which lead to it "depend
almost completely on the number
of cigarettes smoked.''
Tests were made on nearly 20,-
000 pieces of lung tissue from 402
men who died.
All the 63 who died of lung can-
cer were smokers, 60 of them us-
ing cigarettes, the report stated.
Considerable Cell Change
Of the remaining 339 men who
died of causes other than lung
cancer, 238 had smoked one-half
pack or more of cigarettes daily.
The report said this group showed
cell changes which "probably rep-
resent a change toward cancer."
Of the 55 who did not smoke or
were light smokers, few changes
in lung cells were seen by Dr.
Auerbach and a staff including
Dr. Arthur Purdy Stout of Colum-
bia University and Dr. E. Cuyler
Hammond of the American Can-
The report said:
Smoking habits determined not
only whether each individual had
lung disease, but also the amount
of cancerous, non-cancerous and
pre-cancerous "damage done to
the lung tissues."
Gibbs girls get top. jobs
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Among smokers, as many as 75
per cent showed malignant can-
cerous change in the lining of the
lungs which had not penetrated
into the lung. The greatest per-
centage was in the group which
smoked the most cigarettes.
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BUENOS AIRES VP) - A four-
engine airliner hijacked in Bra-
zil's vestpocket air force revolt
made a surprise landing at Buenos
Aires' International Airport yes-
The Argentine government
granted them asylum.
A Brazilian embassy source said
Maj. Heber Teixeira Pinto, a rebel
leader, forced the crew to fly him
to Argentina and brought along
a Brazilian senator, Ramy Archer,
as a hostage.
The major possibly had the help
of another man, at present un-
identified, in taking over the
plane, the informant said.
Seize Passenger Plane
The plane is a Panair do Brasil
constellation seized Thursday by
rebellious officers on a regular
passenger flight from Rio de Ja-
neiro toward Belem, Brazil.
Argentine Airport sources re-
ported when it came down that
seven Brazilian Air Force officers
seeking asylum and the full crew
The Brazilian Embassy inform-
ant said, however, the constella-
tion carried only nine persons in
all, and six of these were crew-
men. Argentine authorities ques-
tioned all aboard behind closed
Stay in Amazon Basin
Between 17 and 27 men are be-
lieved to have launched the upris-
ing against President Juscelino
Kubitschek's Brazinian govern-
ment. With an eye on coming
elections, they complained that
the regime is riddled with graft
Under the leadership of Pors-
pero Punaro Barata, 30-year-old
chief flying instructor at Brazil's
Air Force School, they stole a to-
tal of five planes and holed up
overnight with the constellation's
passengers at Aragarcas, in the
Amazon basin 1,100 miles north-
west of Rio.
Early yesterday the rebels flew
the constellation deeper into the
jungles with one of the passen-
gers as hostage.
Brazilian authorities speculated
that they might have headed to
Cachimbo or to Jacareacanga,
where a similar small-scale revolt
fizzled in 1956.
The constellation, recognized by
Panair do Brasil au th or it ie s
through the lettering "P P-P C R,"
flew into Argentina unannounced.
Only when the Brazilians were
over the field at Ezeiza, 18 miles
southwest of Buenos Aires, did
they contact the tower.
Tower technicians sought to di-
vert the plane to another field.
Unable to do that, they cleared
a runway for the landing. Police
ringed the plane.
Second Front Page
December 5, 1959 Page 3
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